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18-485-DAL
Monday, May 07, 2018

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Business Employment Dynamics in Louisiana – Third Quarter 2017

From June 2017 to September 2017 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Louisiana totaled 97,543, while gross job losses numbered 96,361, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 1,182, compared to the previous quarter when gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 5,225. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Louisiana declined by about 1,300 between June and September 2017 after falling by nearly 3,700 in the previous quarter. (See chart 1.) However, Louisiana’s gross job losses fell by more than 7,700 between June and September 2017 to its second-lowest level since March 2015. The gain of 1,182 jobs in September 2017 was the state’s fourth net job gain in the last 11 quarters.

Gross job gains represented 6.1 percent of private sector employment in Louisiana in the third quarter of 2017, compared to 6.0 percent for the nation. (See chart 2.) With few exceptions, the rates of gross job gains exceeded or matched the national rate of job gains since June 2005. Gross job losses in the state represented 6.1 percent of private sector employment in the quarter ended in September 2017, the same as the national rate. Except for the third quarter of 2017, Louisiana’s rates of gross job losses have exceeded the national averages in each quarter since June 2009.

During the third quarter of 2017, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 5 of the 11 industry sectors in Louisiana. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by about 2,500. While nearly 16,500 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, more than 19,000 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended in September 2017. In professional and business services, approximately 16,900 jobs were created in opening and expending establishments and nearly 14,700 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of about 2,200 jobs. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,500 in one other sector, education and health services. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in six industry sectors in Louisiana. Within retail trade, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 2,038. Gross job losses also exceeded gross job gains by more than 1,000 in the manufacturing and construction sectors. Among the three other sectors with losses–other services, transportation and warehousing, and financial activities–gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 200.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for Fourth Quarter 2017 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 25, 2018.

Effects of Hurricanes Irma and Maria on the Business Employment Dynamics

Hurricanes Irma and Maria made landfall in the United States on September 7 and September 20,2017, respectively, during the BED third quarter reference period. These events did not cause changes to BED methodology. However, they did affect data collection in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. For more information, please visit the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) section of the following webpage: www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

 

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Louisiana, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

107,42094,259102,53698,85697,5436.85.96.46.26.1

At expanding establishments

88,89376,54585,06083,18180,4615.64.85.35.25.0

At opening establishments

18,52717,71417,47615,67517,0821.21.11.11.01.1

Gross job losses

103,707103,46993,274104,08196,3616.56.55.96.56.1

At contracting establishments

86,82186,90177,36685,27081,1885.45.54.95.35.1

At closing establishments

16,88616,56815,90818,81115,1731.11.01.01.21.0

Net employment change (2)

3,713-9,2109,262-5,2251,1820.3-0.60.5-0.30.0

Construction

Gross job gains

14,33112,13815,70614,56411,99610.28.610.99.98.2

At expanding establishments

12,45410,41514,03813,34810,7508.97.49.79.17.3

At opening establishments

1,8771,7231,6681,2161,2461.31.21.20.80.9

Gross job losses

13,11713,5269,97514,01513,4239.49.76.99.59.1

At contracting establishments

11,29512,0408,40812,53312,0408.18.65.88.58.2

At closing establishments

1,8221,4861,5671,4821,3831.31.11.11.00.9

Net employment change (2)

1,214-1,3885,731549-1,4270.8-1.14.00.4-0.9

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

5,5035,0745,8026,5924,5034.13.84.34.93.3

At expanding establishments

4,7354,5545,3686,1554,0953.53.44.04.63.0

At opening establishments

7685204344374080.60.40.30.30.3

Gross job losses

6,4485,8834,9797,5725,5774.84.43.75.64.1

At contracting establishments

5,8185,3954,3934,8564,9804.34.03.33.63.7

At closing establishments

6304885862,7165970.50.40.42.00.4

Net employment change (2)

-945-809823-980-1,074-0.7-0.60.6-0.7-0.8

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

3,4452,9213,3673,0913,0524.94.14.94.44.4

At expanding establishments

2,8682,3322,7702,5942,5114.13.34.03.73.6

At opening establishments

5775895974975410.80.80.90.70.8

Gross job losses

3,1923,4433,3103,3842,9994.55.04.84.84.3

At contracting establishments

2,6002,7732,5042,8212,3613.74.03.64.03.4

At closing establishments

5926708065636380.81.01.20.80.9

Net employment change (2)

253-52257-293530.4-0.90.1-0.40.1

Retail trade

Gross job gains

13,84214,40613,42712,12512,2695.96.15.75.25.3

At expanding establishments

11,82512,48211,74610,71510,3285.05.35.04.64.5

At opening establishments

2,0171,9241,6811,4101,9410.90.80.70.60.8

Gross job losses

14,68213,75214,41114,23514,3076.35.96.26.16.1

At contracting establishments

12,66912,38712,87012,57612,1565.45.35.55.45.2

At closing establishments

2,0131,3651,5411,6592,1510.90.60.70.70.9

Net employment change (2)

-840654-984-2,110-2,038-0.40.2-0.5-0.9-0.8

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

4,3394,1123,9363,8373,4646.25.95.65.65.0

At expanding establishments

3,6173,5763,5623,3713,1175.25.15.14.94.5

At opening establishments

7225363744663471.00.80.50.70.5

Gross job losses

4,3874,6564,0044,7373,6476.36.65.76.85.3

At contracting establishments

3,9124,1443,4214,0163,0285.65.94.95.84.4

At closing establishments

4755125837216190.70.70.81.00.9

Net employment change (2)

-48-544-68-900-183-0.1-0.7-0.1-1.2-0.3

Information

Gross job gains

2,4801,3902,5511,3132,19510.96.211.35.99.9

At expanding establishments

1,6411,2662,1549851,3577.25.69.54.46.1

At opening establishments

8391243973288383.70.61.81.53.8

Gross job losses

2,4531,6201,6102,8492,08210.87.37.112.79.3

At contracting establishments

2,0531,2261,2091,9091,8569.05.55.38.58.3

At closing establishments

4003944019402261.81.81.84.21.0

Net employment change (2)

27-230941-1,5361130.1-1.14.2-6.80.6

Financial activities

Gross job gains

5,3274,0094,2444,2534,1016.24.64.94.94.8

At expanding establishments

4,4973,2123,2783,3553,1885.23.73.83.93.7

At opening establishments

8307979668989131.00.91.11.01.1

Gross job losses

4,4074,9234,3204,5994,2515.15.75.05.45.0

At contracting establishments

3,5233,9753,3593,5963,3954.14.63.94.24.0

At closing establishments

8849489611,0038561.01.11.11.21.0

Net employment change (2)

920-914-76-346-1501.1-1.1-0.1-0.5-0.2

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

19,48313,88616,70015,01216,9359.36.68.07.38.1

At expanding establishments

15,72310,47813,63112,19813,5477.55.06.55.96.5

At opening establishments

3,7603,4083,0692,8143,3881.81.61.51.41.6

Gross job losses

16,43518,32814,94415,77914,6877.88.77.27.67.1

At contracting establishments

13,44614,13311,71312,45812,0346.46.75.66.05.8

At closing establishments

2,9894,1953,2313,3212,6531.42.01.61.61.3

Net employment change (2)

3,048-4,4421,756-7672,2481.5-2.10.8-0.31.0

Education and health services

Gross job gains

14,88713,16912,32813,72913,7985.14.44.14.64.6

At expanding establishments

12,63910,67710,16011,26511,3994.33.63.43.83.8

At opening establishments

2,2482,4922,1682,4642,3990.80.80.70.80.8

Gross job losses

12,27312,37213,27112,64912,2784.14.24.54.34.2

At contracting establishments

10,12110,04910,59510,5999,9733.43.43.63.63.4

At closing establishments

2,1522,3232,6762,0502,3050.70.80.90.70.8

Net employment change (2)

2,614797-9431,0801,5201.00.2-0.40.30.4

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

17,53716,75817,30517,64419,0367.67.27.57.68.2

At expanding establishments

13,81012,30512,46013,60214,8686.05.35.45.96.4

At opening establishments

3,7274,4534,8454,0424,1681.61.92.11.71.8

Gross job losses

19,04917,64715,63516,94316,4948.37.76.87.37.1

At contracting establishments

15,43814,69013,29514,03013,9796.76.45.86.06.0

At closing establishments

3,6112,9572,3402,9132,5151.61.31.01.31.1

Net employment change (2)

-1,512-8891,6707012,542-0.7-0.50.70.31.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

3,4502,9853,6063,2913,0627.66.58.27.46.9

At expanding establishments

2,6862,3772,8692,6992,4825.95.26.56.15.6

At opening establishments

7646087375925801.71.31.71.31.3

Gross job losses

3,3283,3733,0133,4073,2547.37.46.87.77.4

At contracting establishments

2,6702,7382,3432,7762,6485.96.05.36.36.0

At closing establishments

6586356706316061.41.41.51.41.4

Net employment change (2)

122-388593-116-1920.3-0.91.4-0.3-0.5

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017

United States(1)

6.46.26.06.26.05.85.95.45.86.1

Alabama

6.25.86.15.56.05.85.85.25.65.8

Alaska

9.19.89.411.08.511.210.09.89.910.5

Arizona

7.26.05.86.26.65.25.55.45.75.3

Arkansas

6.25.95.65.25.75.65.45.05.65.5

California

6.96.96.76.96.56.26.36.06.66.4

Colorado

7.16.66.87.16.66.26.56.26.36.4

Connecticut

5.25.15.55.75.25.45.25.15.15.7

Delaware

6.36.26.66.66.56.66.25.97.06.6

District of Columbia

6.25.65.75.75.45.85.64.75.65.3

Florida

7.46.76.16.65.65.86.15.56.17.5

Georgia

6.76.66.36.26.15.95.85.86.16.2

Hawaii

6.05.05.15.25.44.85.04.85.45.3

Idaho

7.97.57.97.36.77.36.76.36.66.6

Illinois

5.76.15.85.75.65.75.65.45.56.0

Indiana

5.85.45.75.75.55.15.25.15.55.5

Iowa

6.15.76.15.65.45.85.95.55.75.7

Kansas

6.25.95.85.56.35.65.75.66.65.7

Kentucky

6.86.15.76.15.96.35.85.45.95.8

Louisiana

6.85.96.46.26.16.56.55.96.56.1

Maine

6.77.47.27.76.57.47.16.47.77.5

Maryland

6.66.66.16.46.15.96.25.96.26.2

Massachusetts

5.75.65.56.15.55.45.45.15.25.6

Michigan

5.75.55.65.75.35.55.45.05.36.0

Minnesota

6.15.75.85.75.45.55.74.75.35.7

Mississippi

6.36.35.75.95.75.55.65.96.05.9

Missouri

5.75.75.95.65.95.45.64.95.65.9

Montana

7.67.88.17.97.27.77.57.17.78.0

Nebraska

6.45.75.95.65.95.96.25.26.15.9

Nevada

6.86.26.66.36.35.55.65.26.05.8

New Hampshire

6.46.35.76.65.66.35.95.65.96.5

New Jersey

6.36.45.56.76.05.95.95.85.56.2

New Mexico

7.06.66.46.76.56.26.56.26.36.3

New York

6.36.16.26.56.25.95.95.75.76.1

North Carolina

6.36.36.26.36.05.95.75.55.96.0

North Dakota

8.26.77.66.86.77.17.76.76.96.8

Ohio

5.75.75.75.85.15.75.45.15.45.6

Oklahoma

6.36.56.36.66.56.06.36.55.96.0

Oregon

6.96.66.96.56.56.46.35.75.96.3

Pennsylvania

5.65.45.25.55.45.15.15.05.25.2

Rhode Island

5.65.76.36.55.95.95.85.95.96.3

South Carolina

6.36.56.06.15.75.65.45.66.06.4

South Dakota

6.46.06.46.35.76.26.15.96.36.0

Tennessee

5.95.85.15.45.45.25.14.95.15.2

Texas

6.25.95.85.85.95.55.45.25.45.7

Utah

7.46.87.76.86.86.76.46.16.26.3

Vermont

7.27.06.67.96.77.47.06.86.87.8

Virginia

6.26.26.06.25.86.15.95.65.96.2

Washington

6.77.16.87.16.36.66.75.66.16.3

West Virginia

6.56.46.36.46.96.46.26.46.56.5

Wisconsin

5.55.55.95.65.05.65.34.85.55.7

Wyoming

8.58.88.88.58.78.88.78.19.07.9

Puerto Rico

5.85.85.15.24.15.75.45.75.26.2

Virgin Islands

6.26.05.36.24.26.86.05.54.78.3

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, May 07, 2018