Effects of Recent Hurricanes on BLS Data Collection and Reporting
Several U.S. states, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands suffered heavy damage from three major hurricanes in late August and September 2017. Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria have affected data collection in many BLS surveys. Here is a summary of those effects. We will continue to update this page as more information becomes available.
Hurricane Harvey first made landfall on Friday, August 25, in Texas and caused catastrophic damage there. After returning to the Gulf of Mexico, Harvey was downgraded to a tropical storm and then made landfall a second time on Wednesday, August 30, in Louisiana.
Before Hurricane Irma hit the lower Florida Keys on Sunday, September 10, Irma already had caused severe damage in St. Thomas and St. John in the U.S. Virgin Islands. Puerto Rico also suffered damage from Irma. After moving north from the Keys, Irma made landfall again later on September 10 on Florida’s southern coast. Irma was a Category 5 hurricane when near the U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico. Irma dropped to a Category 4 when passing through the Florida Keys, then a Category 2 hurricane when hitting mainland Florida.
Hurricane Maria made landfall in St. Croix in the U.S. Virgin Islands and in Puerto Rico on Wednesday, September 20, causing catastrophic damage. These areas already had suffered damage from Hurricane Irma earlier in the month.
Current Employment Statistics (Establishment Survey)
The reference period of the establishment survey is the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. People are not counted as employed if they are not paid for the entire pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Hurricane Harvey made landfall before the survey’s September reference period. Hurricane Irma made landfall during the September reference period. As a result, Hurricanes Harvey and Irma affected September payroll estimates for the nation, Texas, Florida, and other areas.
More information about how Hurricanes Harvey and Irma affected September 2017 national nonfarm payroll data, including survey response rates, is available at https://www.bls.gov/ces/cesharveyirma.htm. Data for September were released Friday, October 6, 2017.
National nonfarm employment estimates do not include Puerto Rico or the U.S. Virgin Islands. For more information about employment estimates for Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, see the State and Metro Area information below.
State and Metro Area
The estimates of employment, hours, and earnings for Puerto Rico and the U.S Virgin Islands are published by BLS in the State Employment and Unemployment news release. Puerto Rico also produces geographic area estimates with guidance from BLS. These estimates are published in the Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release.
Because of the devastation caused by Hurricanes Irma and Maria, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands were not able to conduct normal data collection for their establishment surveys. Given the lack of adequate sample data, reliable September 2017 estimates for Puerto Rico and the U.S Virgin Islands cannot be produced at this time. BLS plans to publish revised August 2017 estimates on October 20, 2017, for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. BLS will continue to monitor the situation and will produce estimates for these territories when adequate sample data become available.
Employment, hours, and earnings estimates for Texas, Florida and other areas affected by the hurricanes will be released on October 20, 2017, in the State Employment and Unemployment news release.
Current Population Survey (Household Survey)
Hurricane Harvey made landfall well before the September reference period for the household survey. Hurricane Irma struck Florida on September 10, at the start of the September reference period (Sunday, September 10, through Saturday, September 16, 2017). The U.S. Census Bureau began collecting data for the household survey on Sunday, September 17. Data collection started somewhat later in areas severely affected by Hurricane Irma. Throughout the collection period, the Census Bureau closely monitored response rates in these areas and in areas severely affected by Hurricane Harvey.
The household survey has two measures that show some of the impact of bad weather on employment and hours at work. The survey collects data on the number of people who had a job but were not at work for the entire reference week due to bad weather. These people are counted as employed regardless of whether they were paid for the time off. The household survey also provides a measure of the number of people who usually work full time but worked part time (1 to 34 hours) during the survey reference week due to bad weather.
Current and historical data on people who were not at work for all or part of the reference week due to weather are available on the household survey's most requested statistics page. September data were released Friday, October 6, 2017.
The Current Population Survey is conducted only in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. National household estimates do not include Puerto Rico or the U.S. Virgin Islands. For more information about labor force estimates for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, see Local Area Unemployment Statistics below.
Local Area Unemployment Statistics
Puerto Rico conducts its own monthly household survey, patterned after the Current Population Survey, to produce labor force information for Puerto Rico. The estimates are published in the State Employment and Unemployment news release. Puerto Rico also produces labor force estimates for geographic areas, with guidance from BLS. These estimates are published in the Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release.
Because of the devastation caused by Hurricanes Irma and Maria, Puerto Rico was not able to administer its household survey for the September 2017 reference period. To date, there has been very limited contact between BLS and the Puerto Rico Department of Labor staff. BLS continues to monitor the situation.
The U.S. Virgin Islands do not conduct a household survey and, therefore, do not participate in the Local Area Unemployment Statistics program.
Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Island statistics at a glance are available at:
Producer Price Indexes
Hurricanes Harvey and Irma did not affect the overall September 2017 response rate for the Producer Price Index (PPI). However, some respondents from the affected areas may have been unable to report their data. As a result, BLS may receive their information late, or it may need revision. BLS imputes missing prices with the price changes for similar products for which prices were reported. All PPI data are subject to revision 4 months after first publication to allow for late reports and corrections. The recalculated September 2017 indexes would reflect any late pricing information when they are published with the release of January 2018 PPI data.
Consumer Price Index
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) program collects data throughout the month. BLS collects prices for commodities and services during three pricing periods, each for about a third of the month. BLS collects prices for shelter during the entire month.
Hurricane Harvey had a small impact on survey response rates in August. Price collection late in the month was disrupted in 2 of the 87 collection areas, both in Texas (Houston and Beaumont). The impact on collection in September was minimal.
Hurricane Irma made landfall during the second pricing period in September. Data collection was affected in the following areas in Florida that were on-cycle for collection in September: Tampa, Fort Myers, Melbourne, and Ocala. The Miami area was off-cycle for data collection in September.
Hurricane Maria did not affect CPI data collection because the CPI does not collect price data in Puerto Rico or the U.S. Virgin Islands.
A list of collection areas and their pricing cycles is available in Appendix 4 in the BLS Handbook of Methods.
BLS released September CPI data on October 13. The data are available from the news release, interactive charts, and supplemental files.
Import and Export Price Indexes
Hurricanes Harvey and Irma had a small impact on data collection for import and export price indexes for September 2017. Hurricane Maria did not affect data collection in September 2017 because the reference period is the first week of the month.
Some respondents from the affected areas could not report their data. As a result, BLS may receive information late, which could lead to revisions to the indexes. BLS first imputes missing prices using the price changes for similar items for which prices were reported. All data are subject to revision in each of the 3 months after first publication to allow for late reports and corrections. Recalculated September 2017 indexes would reflect any late pricing information when BLS publishes the indexes for October, November, and December 2017.
Last Modified Date: October 16, 2017