Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

National Compensation Survey
PRINT:Print
NCS NCS Program Links

What are employer costs for wages and benefits?

Employer Costs for Wages and Benefits and Changes in CostsThe Employment Cost Index (ECI) component of the National Compensation Survey (NCS) is a Principal Federal Economic Indicator that measures changes in labor costs. Average hourly costs for employee compensation are presented in the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) series.

Who has benefits?

Who has benefits and how do benefits work?The NCS also provides benefits incidence data on the percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer provided benefit plans. The survey covers a broad range of benefits including holidays and vacations, sick leave, health and life insurance, and retirement plans. Details of employer-provided health and retirement plan provisions are also provided.

Announcements

NCS News Releases

Paid sick leave available to 75% of private industry workers in March 2020

09/24/2020

Paid sick leave was available to 75 percent of private industry workers. Among industries, access to paid sick leave ranged from 52 percent of workers in leisure and hospitality to 93 percent of workers in financial activities and information.
HTML | PDF | RSS | Charts

Compensation costs up 0.5% Mar 2020 to Jun 2020 and up 2.7% over the year ending Jun 2020

07/31/2020

Compensation costs rose 0.5 percent for civilian workers, seasonally adjusted, from March 2020 to June 2020. Over the year, compensation rose 2.7 percent, with wages and salaries rising 2.9 percent and benefit costs increasing 2.2 percent.
HTML | PDF | RSS | Charts

Civilian workers compensation costs average $38.20 per hour worked in June 2020

09/17/2020

Employer costs for civilian workers averaged $26.17 per hour worked for wages and salaries and $12.04 for benefits in June 2020. Health insurance costs were $3.18, accounting for 8.3 percent of total compensation costs.
HTML | PDF | RSS | Charts

Regional News Releases

Subscribe to the BLS News Service — receive National Compensation Survey news releases and other major economic indicators by e-mail.

Archived News Releases

 

NCS Databases

Databases

Database Name Special
Notice
Top
Picks
Data
Finder
One
Screen
Multi-
Screen
Tables Text Files
Pay
Modeled Wage Estimates
  Top Picks for Wage Modeling Data Finder for Wage Modeling One Screen Data Search for Wage Modeling Multi Screen Data Search for Wage Modeling   Text Files for Wage Modeling
Pay & Cost of Benefits
Employment Cost Index
  Top Picks for ECI Data Finder for ECI One Screen Data Search for ECI Multi Screen Data Search for ECI Tables for ECI Text Files for ECI
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation
  Top Picks for ECEC Data Finder for ECEC One Screen Data Search for ECEC Multi Screen Data Search for ECEC Tables for ECEC Text Files for ECEC
Benefit Incidence & Provisions
Employee Benefits Survey
(1985 to 2006)

  Top Picks for EBS   One Screen Data Search for EBS Multi Screen Data Search for EBS   Text Files for EBS
National Compensation Survey - Benefits (Beginning with
2010 data)*
  Top Picks for NCS Benefits     Multi Screen Data Search for NCS Benefits Tables for NCS Benefits Text Files for NCS Benefits

*2007 to 2009 benefits data are not available in the National Compensation Survey data base.
For data during these years, see the NCS publication archive.

 

More Tools

  • Series Report — already know the series identifier for the statistic you want? Use this shortcut to retrieve your data.
  • Public data Application Programming Interface (API) — provides access to economic data from all BLS programs. For more information, see the Public Data API information and resources page.
  • National Compensation Search — allows you to search through all the National Compensation Survey publications that are currently available electronically.

All NCS Databases »

 

NCS Tables

Employment Cost Index

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC)

Benefits

 

NCS Publications and Other Documentation

 

NCS Frequently Asked Questions

 

Other BLS Resources

  • Compensation Research and Program Development Group—carries out research that addresses methodological, conceptual, and technical issues of concern to the National Compensation Survey, Occupational Requirements Survey, and the Workplace Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities Programs.
  • Guide for Evaluating Your Firm's Jobs and Pay (PDF)—explains how the Bureau determines the work level of an occupation in the National Compensation Survey.
  • Information Guide (PDF)—provides descriptions of the information and data produced by BLS, as well as descriptions of the publications in which they appear.
  • Modeled Wage Estimates—annual estimates of average hourly wages for occupations by job characteristics and within geographical location.
  • Occupational Requirements Survey—provides job-related information regarding physical demands; environmental conditions; education, training, and experience; as well as cognitive and mental requirements for jobs in the U.S. economy.
  • Work Stoppages—monthly and annual data and analysis of major work stoppages involving 1,000 or more workers.

Other Useful Links

  • Compendium of Federal Datasets Addressing Health Disparities (PDF)—is a free resource of publicly available data relevant to research and programs aiming to reduce health disparities by exploring the relationship between socioeconomic factors and the social determinants of health.
  • Employee Benefits Security Administration—provides participant and compliance assistance in the areas of retirement, health and other employee benefits.
  • Healthcare.gov Glossary—provides terms and definitions used on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' HealthCare.gov website.
  • Health Insurance Definitions (PDF)—provides terms and definitions approved by the Federal Government's Interdepartmental Committee on Employment-based Health Insurance Surveys for use in Federal surveys collecting employer-based health insurance data.
  • Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs-responsible for ensuring employers doing business with the federal government comply with the laws and regulations requiring equal employment opportunity.
  • Wage and Hour Division—responsible for enforcing federal labor laws including minimum wage and hour standards.

 

Contact Us

Contacts

The Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, Branch of Survey Information and Publications, will be glad to assist you with questions about any of the components of the National Compensation Survey.

Ways to Contact BLS Directly

Email: Contact us

Telephone: (202) 691-6199 (Monday - Friday, 8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M.)

Information and assistance is also available from any BLS regional office.

TDD

Information voice phone: (202) 691-5200 The Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Write or Personal Visit

Bureau of Labor Statistics
OCLT/SI&P
2 Massachusetts Ave., N.E. - Suite 4160
Washington, D.C. 20212-0001

Other Ways to Access our Data:

Libraries

Federal Depository Libraries provide free access to government documents. Many of these libraries receive BLS publications. Check with a location near you.

 

Latest Numbers

RSS

EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX (ECI) News Release

TOTAL COMPENSATION: 3-month % change (SA)

Civilian workers
0.5% in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Private industry workers
0.4% in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

State and local government workers
0.6% in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

TOTAL COMPENSATION: 12-month % change (NSA)

Civilian workers
2.7% in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Private industry workers
2.7% in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

State and local government workers
2.7% in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION (ECEC) News Release

Total compensation: per hour worked

Civilian workers
$38.20 in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Private industry workers
$35.96 in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

State and local government workers
$52.36 in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Subscribe

Subscribe to receive free BLS Economic News Release e-mail.

Subscribe to the BLS News Service e-mail