The Employment Cost Index (ECI) component of the National Compensation Survey (NCS) is a Principal Federal Economic Indicator that measures changes in labor costs. Average hourly costs for employee compensation are presented in the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) series.
The NCS also provides benefits incidence data on the percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer provided benefit plans. The survey covers a broad range of benefits including holidays and vacations, sick leave, health and life insurance, and retirement plans. Details of employer-provided health and retirement plan provisions are also provided.
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Retirement benefits were available to 91 percent of state and local government workers. Sixty-nine percent of workers in
the lowest 10 percent wage category and 95 percent of workers in the highest 10 percent wage category had access.
Compensation costs rose 0.8 percent for civilian workers, seasonally adjusted, from December 2019 to March 2020. Over the year, compensation rose 2.8 percent, with wages and salaries rising 3.1 percent and benefit costs increasing 2.1 percent.
Wage and salary costs for private industry workers averaged $24.36 per hour worked and benefit costs averaged $10.37 in December 2019. Supplemental pay costs were $1.19 per hour worked, accounting for 3.4 percent of total compensation costs.
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Employment Cost Index
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC)
Employment Cost Trends
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The Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, Branch of Survey Information and Publications, will be glad to assist you with questions about any of the components of the National Compensation Survey.
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Information and assistance is also available from any BLS regional office.TDD
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TOTAL COMPENSATION: 3-month % change (SA)
TOTAL COMPENSATION: 12-month % change (NSA)
Total compensation: per hour worked