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Economic News Release
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Employment Cost Index Summary

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                 USDL-22-0712
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, April 29, 2022

Technical information: (202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov

				EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX  March 2022

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 1.4 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month 
period ending in March 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries 
increased 1.2 percent and benefit costs increased 1.8 percent from December 2021. (See tables A, 1, 
2, and 3.)

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 4.5 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 
2022 and increased 2.6 percent in March 2021. Wages and salaries increased 4.7 percent for the 
12-month period ending in March 2022 and increased 2.7 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
March 2021. Benefit costs increased 4.1 percent over the year and increased 2.5 percent for the 
12-month period ending in March 2021. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 4.8 percent over the year. In March 2021, 
the increase was 2.8 percent. Wages and salaries increased 5.0 percent for the 12-month period ending 
in March 2022 and increased 3.0 percent in March 2021. The cost of benefits increased 4.1 percent for 
the 12-month period ending in March 2022 and increased 2.5 percent in March 2021. Inflation-adjusted 
(constant dollar) private wages and salaries declined 3.3 percent for the 12 months ending March 2022. 
Inflation-adjusted benefit costs in the private sector declined 4.0 percent over that same period. 
(See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Among private industry occupational groups, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period ending 
in March 2022 ranged from 4.0 percent for natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 
to 7.8 percent for service occupations. (See table 5.)

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 3.2 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in March 2022, compared with an increase of 2.0 percent in March 2021. Wages and salaries 
increased 3.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2022 and 1.6 percent a year ago. Benefit 
costs increased 3.5 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2022. The prior year increase was 
2.6 percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Updated Employment Weights

Beginning with the December 2022 news release, the Employment Cost Index will introduce new 
employment weights based on the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system, see 
www.bls.gov/soc/2018/home.htm.
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Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted, current dollar 12-month, not seasonally adjusted, constant dollar
Dec.
2021
Mar.
2022
Mar.
2021
Dec.
2021
Mar.
2022
Mar.
2021
Dec.
2021
Mar.
2022

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

1.0 1.4 2.6 4.0 4.5 0.1 -2.9 -3.7

Wages and salaries

1.0 1.2 2.7 4.5 4.7 0.1 -2.3 -3.6

Benefits

0.9 1.8 2.5 2.8 4.1 -0.1 -3.9 -4.2

Private industry

Compensation(2)

1.1 1.4 2.8 4.4 4.8 0.2 -2.5 -3.5

Wages and salaries

1.1 1.3 3.0 5.0 5.0 0.4 -1.9 -3.3

Benefits

0.9 1.9 2.5 2.9 4.1 -0.2 -3.8 -4.0

Health benefits

- - 2.1 0.4 2.2 - - -

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.7 1.1 2.0 2.6 3.2 -0.6 -4.2 -4.9

Wages and salaries

0.7 0.9 1.6 2.7 3.1 -1.0 -4.1 -5.1

Benefits

0.9 1.5 2.6 2.5 3.5 0.1 -4.3 -4.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.

Note: All estimates in the table can be found in the public database at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm. Dashes indicate data not available.

Last Modified Date: April 29, 2022