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Economic News Release
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Employment Cost Index Summary

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                            USDL-20-1466
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, July 31, 2020

Technical information: (202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov

				EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX  June 2020

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.5 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month
period ending in June 2020, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries
increased 0.4 percent and benefit costs increased 0.8 percent from March 2020.
(See tables A, 1, 2, and 3.)

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.7 percent for the 12-month period ending in June
2020 and also increased 2.7 percent in June 2019. Wages and salaries increased 2.9 percent over the
year and also increased 2.9 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2019. Benefit costs
increased 2.2 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2020. In June 2019, the increase was
2.3 percent. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.7 percent over the year. In June 2019,
the increase was 2.6 percent. Wages and salaries increased 2.9 percent for the 12-month period
ending in June 2020 and increased 3.0 percent in June 2019. The cost of benefits rose 2.0 percent
for the 12-month period ending in June 2020 and increased 1.8 percent in June 2019.
(See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 1.9 percent for the 12-month period ending in June
2020. (For further information, see www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.pdf.)

Among private industry occupational groups, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period
ending in June 2020 ranged from 2.1 percent for management, professional, and related occupations
to 3.4 percent for service occupations. Within industry supersectors, compensation cost increases
ranged from 1.9 percent for education and health services to 3.6 percent for leisure and
hospitality. (See table 5.)

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 2.7 percent for the 12-month
period ending in June 2020, compared with an increase of 3.0 percent in June 2019. Wages and
salaries increased 2.6 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2020 and 2.5 percent a year
ago. Benefit costs increased 3.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2020. The prior year
increase was 3.6 percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2020 Employment Cost Index
The Employment Cost Index (ECI) reference date was June 12, 2020. Response rates for June were
comparable with prior releases, and no changes in estimation procedures were necessary.
Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/bls/effects-of-covid-19-on-workplace-
injuries-and-illnesses-compensation-and-occupational-requirements.htm#ECI.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2020
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2019
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Jun.
2020

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

0.8 0.5 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.7

Wages and salaries

0.9 0.4 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.9

Benefits

0.4 0.8 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2

Private industry

Compensation(2)

0.8 0.4 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7

Wages and salaries

1.0 0.4 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.3 2.9

Benefits

0.2 0.7 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.6 2.0

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.6 3.0 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7

Wages and salaries

0.6 0.6 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.6

Benefits

0.9 0.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.

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Last Modified Date: July 31, 2020