Employment Cost Index Summary

NEWS RELEASE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

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				 EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX – September 2017

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.7 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month period 
ending in September 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries (which make 
up about 70 percent of compensation costs) increased 0.7 percent, and benefits (which make up the remaining 30 
percent of compensation) increased 0.8 percent. (See tables A, 1, 2, and 3.)

Civilian Workers

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.5 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 
2017. In September 2016, compensation costs increased 2.3 percent. Wages and salaries increased 2.5 percent 
for the 12-month period ending in September 2017 and increased 2.4 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
September 2016. Benefit costs increased 2.4 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2017. In 
September 2016, the increase was 2.3 percent. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

					Hurricanes Harvey and Irma
Hurricanes Harvey and Irma had minimal impact on data collection in the September 2017 reference period.  For
further information on how recent hurricanes impacted survey response, see 
www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm.

Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.5 percent over the year. In September 2016, the 
increase was 2.3 percent. Wages and salaries increased 2.6 percent for the current 12-month period. In 
September 2016, the increase was 2.4 percent. The cost of benefits rose 2.4 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in September 2017, higher than the 1.8 percent increase in September 2016. (See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 1.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2017. 
(For further information, see www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.pdf.)

Among occupational groups, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-month period 
ending in September 2017 ranged from 2.3 percent for management, professional, and related occupations to 3.2 
percent for production, transportation, and material moving occupations. (See table 5.)

Among industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-month period 
ending in September 2017 ranged from 1.9 percent for education and health services to 3.4 percent for leisure 
and hospitality. (See table 5.)

State and Local Government 

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 2.4 percent for the 12-month period ending 
in September 2017. In September 2016, the increase was 2.6 percent. Wages and salaries increased 2.0 percent 
for the 12-month period ending in September 2017, the same as the September 2016 increase. Benefit costs 
increased 3.0 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2017, less than the prior year’s increase of 
3.7 percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
Table A.  Major series of the Employment Cost Index
(Percent change)

Category                     3-month,                               12-month,
                       seasonally adjusted                   not seasonally adjusted
                         June       Sept.          Sept.     Dec.      Mar.     June     Sept.
                         2017       2017           2016      2016      2017     2017     2017
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
   CIVILIAN WORKERS[1]

Compensation[2]          0.5        0.7            2.3       2.2       2.4      2.4      2.5
Wages and salaries       0.5        0.7            2.4       2.3       2.5      2.3      2.5
Benefits                 0.6        0.8            2.3       2.1       2.2      2.5      2.4

   PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Compensation[2]          0.5        0.8            2.3       2.2       2.3      2.4      2.5
Wages and salaries       0.5        0.7            2.4       2.3       2.6      2.4      2.6
Benefits                 0.6        0.7            1.8       1.8       1.9      2.2      2.4

   STATE AND LOCAL
     GOVERNMENT

Compensation[2]          0.5        0.6            2.6       2.4       2.6      2.6      2.4
Wages and salaries       0.4        0.5            2.0       2.1       2.2      2.1      2.0
Benefits                 0.7        0.8            3.7       3.1       3.1      3.2      3.0
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

  [1] Includes private industry and state and local government. 2 Includes wages and salaries and benefits.
  [2] Includes wages and salaries and benefits.

		 
The Employment Cost Index for December 2017 is scheduled for release on Wednesday, January 31, 2018, at 8:30 
a.m. (EST).

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Last Modified Date: October 31, 2017