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Employment Cost Trends
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The National Compensation Survey produces quarterly indexes measuring change over time in labor costs, Employment Cost Index (ECI), and quarterly data measuring level of average costs per hour worked, Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC).

Announcements

  • Introducing 2021 fixed employment weights and 2018 SOC codes for the Employment Cost Index Read More »

Next Releases:

  • The Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) September 2022 is scheduled to be released on December 15, 2022 at 10:00 A.M. Eastern Time.
  • The Employment Cost Index (ECI) for September 2022 is scheduled to be released on October 28, 2022 at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.

ECT News Releases

Compensation costs up 1.3% Mar 2022 to Jun 2022 and up 5.1% over the year ending Jun 2022

07/29/2022

Compensation costs increased 1.3 percent for civilian workers, seasonally adjusted, from March 2022 to June 2022. Over the year, total compensation rose 5.1 percent, wages and salaries rose 5.3 percent, and benefit costs rose 4.8 percent.
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Private industry compensation costs average $38.91 per hour worked in June 2022

09/20/2022

Employer costs for private industry workers averaged $27.44 per hour worked for wages and salaries and $11.47 for benefits in June 2022. Insurance costs were $2.96 per hour, accounting for 7.6 percent of total compensation costs.
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Regional News Releases

Subscribe to the BLS News Service — receive the Employment Cost Index and Employer Costs for Employee Compensation news releases by e-mail.

Archived News Releases


ECT Databases

Databases

Database Name Special
Notice
Top
Picks
Data
Finder
One
Screen
Multi-
Screen
Tables Text Files
Employment Cost Index
NAICS-SOC basis (2001-Present)
  Top Picks for ECI Data Finder for ECI One Screen Data Search for ECI Multi Screen Data Search for ECI Tables for ECI Text Files for ECI
SIC-OCS basis (1979-2005)
  Top Picks for SIC-OCS basis (1979-2005)   One Screen Data Search for SIC-OCS basis (1979-2005) Multi Screen Data Search for SIC-OCS basis (1979-2005) Tables for SIC-OCS basis (1979-2005) Text Files for SIC-OCS basis (1979-2005)
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation
NAICS-SOC basis (2004-Present)
  Top Picks for ECEC Data Finder for ECEC One Screen Data Search for ECEC Multi Screen Data Search for ECEC Tables for ECEC Text Files for ECEC
SIC-OCS basis (1986-2003)
  Top Picks for SIC-OCS basis (1986-2003)   One Screen Data Search for SIC-OCS basis (1986-2003) Multi Screen Data Search for SIC-OCS basis (1986-2003) Tables for SIC-OCS basis (1986-2003) Text Files for SIC-OCS basis (1986-2003)

 

More Tools

  • Series Report — already know the series identifier for the statistic you want? Use this shortcut to retrieve your data.
  • Public data Application Programming Interface (API) — provides access to economic data from all BLS programs. For more information, see the Public Data API information and resources page.
  • National Compensation Search — allows you to search through all the National Compensation Survey publications that are currently available electronically.

All ECT Databases »

 

ECT Tables

Employment Cost Index

  • News Release Tables (XLSX)
  • Historical Tables
    • Seasonal Data (XLSX) 2001 - Present
    • Non-Seasonal Current and Constant Dollar Data (XLSX) 2001 - Present
    • Continuous Data (XLSX) 1975 - Present
  • Discontinued Tables
    • Standard Errors (TXT) (PDF)
    • Current Dollar Historical Listing: NAICS basis (TXT) (PDF) March 2001 - March 2022
    • Current Dollar Historical Listing: SIC basis (TXT) (PDF) September 1975 - December 2005
    • Constant Dollar Historical Listing: NAICS basis (TXT) (PDF) March 2001 - March 2022
    • Constant Dollar Historical Listing: SIC basis (TXT) (PDF) September 1975 - December 2005
    • Continuous Historical Listings (TXT) (PDF) September 1975 - March 2022
    • Health Benefits Historical Listings (TXT) (PDF) 1982 - 2020

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC)

  • News Release Tables (XLSX)
  • Dataset Spreadsheets
    • Civilian Workers (XLSX) 2004 - Present
    • Private Industry Workers (XLSX) 2004 - Present
    • State and Local Government Workers (XLSX) 2004 - Present
    • Compensation Percentile Estimates (XLSX) 2009 - Present
    • Metropolitan Areas (XLSX) 2009 - Present
    • Annual and Quarterly Historical Listing: SIC basis (XLSX) March 1986 - December 2003
  • Historical PDF and TXT Tables
    • Quarterly Historical Listing: NAICS basis (TXT) (PDF) March 2004 - September 2021
    • Quarterly Historical Listing: SIC basis (TXT)) (PDF) March 2002 - December 2003
    • Annual Historical Listing: SIC basis (TXT) (PDF) March 1986 - March 2001
    • Supplemental Tables: NAICS basis (TXT) (PDF) June 2021
    • Supplemental Tables: NAICS basis (TXT) (PDF) December 2006 - June 2021

 

ECT Videos

What Is the Employment Cost Index?

How the Employment Cost Index Is Used


ECT Publications and Other Documentation

Factsheets

General

ECI

ECEC

Articles

General

ECI

ECEC

Methodology

Past Notices

ECI

ECEC

All NCS Publications (including benefits, compensation costs, and wages) »

 

ECT Frequently Asked Questions

Other BLS Resources

  • Benefits—comprehensive data on incidence and provisions of employer-sponsored benefit plans.
  • Compensation Research and Program Development Group—carries out research that addresses methodological, conceptual, and technical issues of concern to the National Compensation Survey, Occupational Requirements Survey, and the Workplace Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities Programs.
  • Guide for Evaluating Your Firm's Jobs and Pay (PDF)—explains how the Bureau determines the work level of an occupation in the National Compensation Survey.
  • Information Guide (PDF)—provides descriptions of the information and data produced by BLS, as well as descriptions of the publications in which they appear.
  • Modeled Wage Estimates—annual estimates of average hourly wages for occupations by job characteristics and within geographical location.
  • Occupational Requirements Survey—provides job-related information regarding physical demands; environmental conditions; education, training, and experience; as well as cognitive and mental requirements for jobs in the U.S. economy.
  • Work Stoppages—monthly and annual data and analysis of major work stoppages involving 1,000 or more workers.

Other Useful Links

  • Compendium of Federal Datasets Addressing Health Disparities (PDF)—is a free resource of publicly available data relevant to research and programs aiming to reduce health disparities by exploring the relationship between socioeconomic factors and the social determinants of health.
  • Employee Benefits Security Administration—provides participant and compliance assistance in the areas of retirement, health and other employee benefits.
  • Healthcare.gov Glossary—provides terms and definitions used on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' HealthCare.gov website.
  • Health Insurance Definitions (PDF)—provides terms and definitions approved by the Federal Government's Interdepartmental Committee on Employment-based Health Insurance Surveys for use in Federal surveys collecting employer-based health insurance data.
  • Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs—responsible for ensuring employers doing business with the federal government comply with the laws and regulations requiring equal employment opportunity.
  • Wage and Hour Division—responsible for enforcing federal labor laws including minimum wage and hour standards.

Contact Us

Contacts

The Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, Branch of Survey Information and Publications, will be glad to assist you with questions about any of the components of the National Compensation Survey.

Ways to Contact BLS Directly

Email: Contact us

Telephone: (202) 691-6199 (Monday - Friday, 8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M. ET)

Information and assistance is also available from any BLS regional office.

Assistive communications

Information voice phone: (202) 691-5200
Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1

Other Ways to Access our Data:

Libraries
Federal Depository Libraries provide free access to government documents. Many of these libraries receive BLS publications. Check with a location near you.

 

Latest Numbers

RSS

EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX (ECI)News Release

TOTAL COMPENSATION: 3-month % change (SA)

Civilian workers
1.3% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

Private industry workers
1.5% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

State and local government workers
0.8% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

TOTAL COMPENSATION: 12-month % change (NSA)

Civilian workers
5.1% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

Private industry workers
5.5% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

State and local government workers
3.4% in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION (ECEC)News Release

Total compensation: per hour worked

Civilian workers
$41.03 in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

Private industry workers
$38.91 in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

State and local government workers
$55.47 in 2nd Qtr of 2022 Historical Data

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