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19-47-DAL
Monday, March 04, 2019

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Technical information:
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Business Employment Dynamics in Arkansas – Second Quarter 2018

From March 2018 to June 2018, gross job losses in private sector establishments in Arkansas totaled 57,117, while gross job gains numbered 50,184, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 6,933. In the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,584. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job losses in Arkansas rose in the latest quarter after decreasing or remaining unchanged in the three quarters prior to June 2018. In the latest quarter, gross job losses increased by nearly 6,000, to the highest level since June 2017. (See chart 1.) Gross job gains fell for the second consecutive quarter, down by 4,529 in the three months ended in June 2018 to 50,184. This was the lowest quarterly gain since the series inception in September 1992.

Gross job losses represented 5.6 percent of private sector employment in Arkansas in the quarter ended in June 2018, while nationally gross job losses accounted for 5.8 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) With few exceptions, Arkansas’s rate of gross job losses has been below the national rate since the series began in September 1992. The state’s rate of gross job gains was 5.0 percent in June 2018, the lowest rate of gross job gains since the series inception. Nationally, the rate of gross job gains accounted for 6.1 percent of private sector employment.

During the second quarter of 2018, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in 6 of the 10 industry sectors in Arkansas. The professional and business services sector had the largest net job loss during the quarter. This sector created 8,868 jobs at opening and expanding establishments, but lost 12,129 jobs at closing and contracting establishments, for a net loss of 3,261 jobs. In leisure and hospitality, opening and expanding establishments created 8,309 jobs, while closing and contracting establishments lost 10,289 jobs, resulting in a net loss of 1,980 jobs. The only other sector to show a net loss greater than 1,000 jobs was retail trade, which saw 6,545 gross job gains, but 8,044 gross job losses. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in four industry sectors in Arkansas. Education and health services had a net employment gain of 654, with 7,372 jobs added at opening and expanding establishments and 6,718 jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments. The remaining three sectors each had net job gains that were less than 500.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for Third Quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 24, 2019 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Arkansas, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

53,955 57,887 61,837 54,713 50,184 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.0

At expanding establishments

44,190 47,622 49,379 43,203 41,545 4.4 4.8 4.9 4.3 4.1

At opening establishments

9,765 10,265 12,458 11,510 8,639 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.1 0.9

Gross job losses

57,494 55,030 51,164 51,129 57,117 5.7 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.6

At contracting establishments

48,964 46,115 39,957 42,732 48,657 4.9 4.6 4.0 4.2 4.8

At closing establishments

8,530 8,915 11,207 8,397 8,460 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-3,539 2,857 10,673 3,584 -6,933 -0.3 0.3 1.0 0.4 -0.6

Construction

Gross job gains

4,525 4,669 4,972 4,174 4,168 8.7 9.2 9.8 8.0 8.2

At expanding establishments

3,543 3,925 3,968 3,014 3,409 6.8 7.7 7.8 5.8 6.7

At opening establishments

982 744 1,004 1,160 759 1.9 1.5 2.0 2.2 1.5

Gross job losses

4,840 5,156 4,645 4,909 4,018 9.3 10.1 9.1 9.5 7.9

At contracting establishments

3,899 4,378 3,792 4,146 3,357 7.5 8.6 7.4 8.0 6.6

At closing establishments

941 778 853 763 661 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-315 -487 327 -735 150 -0.6 -0.9 0.7 -1.5 0.3

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

4,374 4,557 4,989 4,349 3,992 2.7 2.9 3.2 2.7 2.5

At expanding establishments

4,151 4,358 4,748 4,085 3,853 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.5 2.4

At opening establishments

223 199 241 264 139 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Gross job losses

4,252 3,708 3,569 3,232 4,433 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.0 2.7

At contracting establishments

4,116 3,424 2,824 3,007 4,229 2.6 2.2 1.8 1.9 2.6

At closing establishments

136 284 745 225 204 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.1

Net employment change (2)

122 849 1420 1,117 -441 0.0 0.5 0.9 0.7 -0.2

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

2,325 2,768 3,455 2,607 2,028 5.0 5.9 7.3 5.6 4.3

At expanding establishments

1,822 2,245 2,933 2,107 1,626 3.9 4.8 6.2 4.5 3.4

At opening establishments

503 523 522 500 402 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9

Gross job losses

2,845 2,293 2,314 2,159 2,548 6.1 5.0 4.9 4.5 5.4

At contracting establishments

2,277 1,754 1,646 1,763 2,054 4.9 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4

At closing establishments

568 539 668 396 494 1.2 1.2 1.4 0.8 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-520 475 1,141 448 -520 -1.1 0.9 2.4 1.1 -1.1

Retail trade

Gross job gains

7,149 7,651 7,128 7,231 6,545 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.1 4.7

At expanding establishments

6,249 6,475 5,964 6,078 5,349 4.4 4.6 4.3 4.3 3.8

At opening establishments

900 1,176 1,164 1,153 1,196 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

7,895 7,785 7,837 7,256 8,044 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.1 5.7

At contracting establishments

6,747 6,529 6,685 6,366 7,156 4.8 4.6 4.8 4.5 5.1

At closing establishments

1,148 1,256 1,152 890 888 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-746 -134 -709 -25 -1,499 -0.6 -0.1 -0.5 0.0 -1.0

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

2,574 2,366 3,132 2,677 2,428 4.9 4.5 5.9 5.0 4.5

At expanding establishments

2,259 1,887 2,713 2,317 2,116 4.3 3.6 5.1 4.3 3.9

At opening establishments

315 479 419 360 312 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6

Gross job losses

2,140 2,431 1,888 2,401 2,356 4.1 4.6 3.5 4.5 4.3

At contracting establishments

1,826 2,148 1,409 1,976 2,069 3.5 4.1 2.6 3.7 3.8

At closing establishments

314 283 479 425 287 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.5

Net employment change (2)

434 -65 1244 276 72 0.8 -0.1 2.4 0.5 0.2

Financial activities

Gross job gains

2,371 2,302 2,321 2,517 2,641 4.8 4.6 4.7 5.1 5.2

At expanding establishments

1,812 1,748 1,733 1,883 1,934 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.8

At opening establishments

559 554 588 634 707 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4

Gross job losses

2,333 2,363 2,010 2,076 2,296 4.7 4.8 4.1 4.2 4.6

At contracting establishments

1,786 1,720 1,432 1,494 1,758 3.6 3.5 2.9 3.0 3.5

At closing establishments

547 643 578 582 538 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1

Net employment change (2)

38 -61 311 441 345 0.1 -0.2 0.6 0.9 0.6

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

9,550 11,794 10,571 8,695 8,868 6.7 8.2 7.3 5.8 6.1

At expanding establishments

8,013 9,214 8,435 7,164 7,272 5.6 6.4 5.8 4.8 5.0

At opening establishments

1,537 2,580 2,136 1,531 1,596 1.1 1.8 1.5 1.0 1.1

Gross job losses

12,465 10,397 8,823 9,044 12,129 8.7 7.3 6.1 6.1 8.3

At contracting establishments

10,883 8,825 6,965 7,537 10,492 7.6 6.2 4.8 5.1 7.2

At closing establishments

1,582 1,572 1,858 1,507 1,637 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-2,915 1,397 1,748 -349 -3,261 -2.0 0.9 1.2 -0.3 -2.2

Education and health services

Gross job gains

8,161 7,155 8,022 7,938 7,372 4.4 3.9 4.3 4.2 4.0

At expanding establishments

6,631 6,271 6,656 6,029 6,317 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.4

At opening establishments

1,530 884 1,366 1,909 1,055 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.6

Gross job losses

6,306 6,885 6,910 7,367 6,718 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.9 3.6

At contracting establishments

5,196 5,491 5,175 5,642 5,356 2.8 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9

At closing establishments

1,110 1,394 1,735 1,725 1,362 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.7

Net employment change (2)

1,855 270 1,112 571 654 1.0 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

8,925 10,861 10,195 9,857 8,309 7.6 9.4 8.6 8.3 7.1

At expanding establishments

6,550 8,672 8,278 7,027 6,557 5.6 7.5 7.0 5.9 5.6

At opening establishments

2,375 2,189 1,917 2,830 1,752 2.0 1.9 1.6 2.4 1.5

Gross job losses

9,918 9,213 9,085 8,461 10,289 8.5 7.9 7.7 7.2 8.7

At contracting establishments

8,719 7,927 7,059 7,441 8,819 7.5 6.8 6.0 6.3 7.5

At closing establishments

1,199 1,286 2,026 1,020 1,470 1.0 1.1 1.7 0.9 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-993 1,648 1,110 1,396 -1,980 -0.9 1.5 0.9 1.1 -1.6

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

1,857 1,940 2,218 1,821 1,848 7.8 8.1 9.2 7.6 7.8

At expanding establishments

1,360 1,379 1,674 1,391 1,419 5.7 5.8 6.9 5.8 6.0

At opening establishments

497 561 544 430 429 2.1 2.3 2.3 1.8 1.8

Gross job losses

1,929 1,934 1,952 2,025 1,889 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.5 8.0

At contracting establishments

1,493 1,517 1,330 1,482 1,441 6.2 6.3 5.5 6.2 6.1

At closing establishments

436 417 622 543 448 1.8 1.7 2.6 2.3 1.9

Net employment change (2)

-72 6 266 -204 -41 -0.2 0.1 1.1 -0.9 -0.2

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018

United States(1)

6.2 6.0 6.4 6.0 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.4 5.8

Alabama

5.6 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.7

Alaska

10.9 8.7 9.7 9.8 10.9 9.9 10.8 10.2 8.8 10.7

Arizona

6.2 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.9

Arkansas

5.4 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.6

California

6.9 6.5 6.9 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.9 6.3

Colorado

7.0 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.3 6.5 6.1 6.0 6.1

Connecticut

5.7 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.8 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.0

Delaware

6.7 6.4 7.0 7.1 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.0

District of Columbia

5.7 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.7 5.5

Florida

6.6 5.8 8.2 6.1 6.5 6.1 7.5 5.3 5.5 6.1

Georgia

6.2 6.2 6.9 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.6 5.6 6.4

Hawaii

5.2 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.8 5.5

Idaho

7.3 6.7 7.4 7.9 7.3 6.6 6.8 6.6 5.9 6.7

Illinois

5.7 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.6 6.0 5.3 5.1 5.5

Indiana

5.7 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.5

Iowa

5.7 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.4

Kansas

5.5 6.3 5.9 5.2 5.7 6.5 5.7 5.2 5.5 5.6

Kentucky

6.1 6.0 6.1 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.6

Louisiana

6.3 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.1 6.6 6.1 6.0 5.8 6.5

Maine

7.7 6.5 7.2 7.2 8.1 6.8 7.5 6.6 7.0 7.1

Maryland

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 5.7 5.8

Massachusetts

6.1 5.4 5.7 5.4 6.1 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.4

Michigan

5.8 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.3 6.0 5.4 4.6 5.1

Minnesota

5.7 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.0 5.3

Mississippi

5.9 5.9 6.3 5.5 5.7 6.0 5.9 5.4 5.8 6.0

Missouri

5.6 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.5 5.2 5.7

Montana

7.9 7.2 8.5 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1 7.8

Nebraska

5.5 5.9 6.2 5.6 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.8

Nevada

6.2 6.2 6.6 6.5 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.4 5.8

New Hampshire

6.6 5.5 6.7 6.1 6.7 6.0 6.6 5.9 5.9 6.3

New Jersey

6.7 6.0 6.4 5.6 6.5 5.6 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.7

New Mexico

6.8 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.5 6.2

New York

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.3 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.8

North Carolina

6.3 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.0 5.5 5.2 5.5

North Dakota

6.8 6.7 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.2

Ohio

5.8 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.0 5.4

Oklahoma

6.6 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.5 6.5

Oregon

6.7 6.6 6.8 7.8 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.0 5.6 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.5 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1

Rhode Island

6.5 6.0 6.6 6.3 6.3 5.9 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.1

South Carolina

6.1 5.8 7.0 5.9 7.5 6.1 6.2 5.3 4.7 6.5

South Dakota

6.2 5.8 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.7 5.9 6.1

Tennessee

5.5 5.4 5.9 5.0 5.5 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.1

Texas

5.9 5.9 6.4 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.2

Utah

6.8 7.0 7.0 7.4 6.9 6.3 6.3 5.9 6.0 6.3

Vermont

7.9 6.5 7.4 6.4 7.2 6.8 7.8 6.5 7.0 7.3

Virginia

6.4 5.9 6.3 5.8 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.2 5.8

Washington

7.1 6.4 6.9 7.2 7.3 6.2 6.4 6.0 5.7 6.3

West Virginia

6.4 6.7 6.3 6.8 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.8 6.4

Wisconsin

5.6 5.0 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.0 4.7 5.5

Wyoming

8.6 8.7 8.7 8.4 8.2 9.1 7.9 8.4 8.0 8.3

Puerto Rico

5.4 4.5 7.1 8.4 8.0 5.4 6.8 11.8 6.8 6.2

Virgin Islands

6.7 4.2 9.2 12.0 12.5 5.3 11.6 28.2 16.8 8.6

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, March 04, 2019