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News Release Information

20-589-DAL
Tuesday, May 05, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Louisiana – Third Quarter 2019

From June 2019 to September 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Louisiana were 94,769, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 99,020, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Acting Regional Commissioner Susan Mendez noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment loss of 4,251 jobs in the private sector during the third quarter of 2019. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 8,615. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the third quarter of 2019, gross job gains represented 5.9 percent of private-sector employment in Louisiana; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Louisiana, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 79,842 in the third quarter of 2019, an increase of 883 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 14,927 jobs gained in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of 3,483 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the third quarter of 2019, gross job losses represented 6.1 percent of private-sector employment in Louisiana; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Louisiana, contracting establishments lost 82,188 jobs in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of 8,500 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 16,832 jobs, an increase of 1,536 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 11 industry sectors in Louisiana in the third quarter of 2019. Education and health services had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 2,002 jobs. This was the result of 14,023 gross job gains and 12,021 gross job losses. The transportation and warehousing sector had a net gain of 1,060 jobs. Construction showed a net loss of 2,909 jobs, the largest loss of any sector in the state. Louisiana’s retail trade sector had a net loss of 1,766 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Fourth Quarter 2019 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 29, 2020.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

 

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Louisiana, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

101,284 99,438 95,919 97,369 94,769 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.9

At expanding establishments

84,950 80,555 79,145 78,959 79,842 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.0

At opening establishments

16,334 18,883 16,774 18,410 14,927 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.9

Gross job losses

100,616 92,940 94,705 105,984 99,020 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.5 6.1

At contracting establishments

84,506 78,395 78,349 90,688 82,188 5.3 4.9 4.9 5.6 5.1

At closing establishments

16,110 14,545 16,356 15,296 16,832 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0

Net employment change (2)

668 6,498 1,214 -8,615 -4,251 0.0 0.4 0.0 -0.5 -0.2

Construction

Gross job gains

14,598 13,264 12,395 10,630 10,368 9.5 8.8 8.3 7.3 7.5

At expanding establishments

12,875 11,623 11,067 8,719 9,177 8.4 7.7 7.4 6.0 6.6

At opening establishments

1,723 1,641 1,328 1,911 1,191 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.3 0.9

Gross job losses

17,287 14,141 14,152 17,864 13,277 11.3 9.4 9.4 12.3 9.5

At contracting establishments

15,609 12,811 12,629 16,782 11,705 10.2 8.5 8.4 11.6 8.4

At closing establishments

1,678 1,330 1,523 1,082 1,572 1.1 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-2,689 -877 -1,757 -7,234 -2,909 -1.8 -0.6 -1.1 -5.0 -2.0

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

4,543 5,941 5,941 4,492 4,150 3.3 4.3 4.3 3.3 3.0

At expanding establishments

4,075 5,223 5,413 3,828 3,962 3.0 3.8 3.9 2.8 2.9

At opening establishments

468 718 528 664 188 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.1

Gross job losses

4,944 4,193 4,507 4,869 5,316 3.6 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.8

At contracting establishments

4,512 3,836 3,844 4,542 4,719 3.3 2.8 2.8 3.3 3.4

At closing establishments

432 357 663 327 597 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.4

Net employment change (2)

-401 1,748 1,434 -377 -1,166 -0.3 1.2 1.0 -0.2 -0.8

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

3,036 3,088 3,176 2,833 2,819 4.3 4.4 4.6 4.1 4.1

At expanding establishments

2,588 2,521 2,635 2,528 2,366 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.4

At opening establishments

448 567 541 305 453 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.7

Gross job losses

3,053 2,940 3,241 3,246 2,886 4.4 4.2 4.6 4.7 4.2

At contracting establishments

2,500 2,437 2,652 2,757 2,430 3.6 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.5

At closing establishments

553 503 589 489 456 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

-17 148 -65 -413 -67 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.6 -0.1

Retail trade

Gross job gains

12,720 12,014 12,580 13,348 12,049 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.9 5.4

At expanding establishments

10,650 10,247 10,650 11,272 10,530 4.7 4.5 4.7 5.0 4.7

At opening establishments

2,070 1,767 1,930 2,076 1,519 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.7

Gross job losses

13,609 13,294 13,279 14,201 13,815 5.9 5.9 5.9 6.4 6.2

At contracting establishments

11,466 11,865 11,631 12,494 11,594 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.6 5.2

At closing establishments

2,143 1,429 1,648 1,707 2,221 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-889 -1,280 -699 -853 -1,766 -0.3 -0.6 -0.3 -0.5 -0.8

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

4,468 5,599 3,825 3,862 4,649 6.3 7.6 5.1 5.1 6.2

At expanding establishments

3,788 5,061 3,262 3,236 4,170 5.3 6.9 4.3 4.3 5.6

At opening establishments

680 538 563 626 479 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6

Gross job losses

3,217 3,221 4,042 4,822 3,589 4.5 4.4 5.4 6.4 4.8

At contracting establishments

2,694 2,815 3,659 4,127 3,055 3.8 3.8 4.9 5.5 4.1

At closing establishments

523 406 383 695 534 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.7

Net employment change (2)

1,251 2,378 -217 -960 1,060 1.8 3.2 -0.3 -1.3 1.4

Information

Gross job gains

2,010 2,251 1,711 1,769 2,290 9.1 10.1 7.6 8.0 10.6

At expanding establishments

1,719 2,005 1,536 1,504 1,814 7.8 9.0 6.8 6.8 8.4

At opening establishments

291 246 175 265 476 1.3 1.1 0.8 1.2 2.2

Gross job losses

2,250 1,213 1,664 2,752 2,247 10.2 5.4 7.4 12.5 10.4

At contracting establishments

1,944 1,027 1,290 2,001 2,034 8.8 4.6 5.7 9.1 9.4

At closing establishments

306 186 374 751 213 1.4 0.8 1.7 3.4 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-240 1,038 47 -983 43 -1.1 4.7 0.2 -4.5 0.2

Financial activities

Gross job gains

4,513 4,632 4,590 4,438 4,308 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0

At expanding establishments

3,428 3,560 3,663 3,650 3,517 4.0 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.1

At opening establishments

1,085 1,072 927 788 791 1.3 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

4,656 4,602 4,289 4,113 4,117 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.9 4.8

At contracting establishments

3,576 3,343 3,261 3,262 3,228 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8

At closing establishments

1,080 1,259 1,028 851 889 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.0 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-143 30 301 325 191 -0.2 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

15,528 15,564 17,021 16,044 14,912 7.3 7.3 8.0 7.5 6.9

At expanding establishments

12,907 11,456 13,694 12,664 11,623 6.1 5.4 6.4 5.9 5.4

At opening establishments

2,621 4,108 3,327 3,380 3,289 1.2 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.5

Gross job losses

15,070 14,847 14,778 16,453 16,255 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.6 7.6

At contracting establishments

12,039 11,561 10,869 12,966 13,089 5.7 5.4 5.1 6.0 6.1

At closing establishments

3,031 3,286 3,909 3,487 3,166 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5

Net employment change (2)

458 717 2,243 -409 -1,343 0.2 0.4 1.1 -0.1 -0.7

Education and health services

Gross job gains

13,986 13,871 11,579 14,746 14,023 4.7 4.6 3.8 4.9 4.6

At expanding establishments

12,137 11,367 9,761 12,044 12,033 4.1 3.8 3.2 4.0 3.9

At opening establishments

1,849 2,504 1,818 2,702 1,990 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7

Gross job losses

12,023 10,428 12,451 13,004 12,021 4.0 3.5 4.1 4.3 4.0

At contracting establishments

9,608 8,728 9,947 11,135 9,723 3.2 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.2

At closing establishments

2,415 1,700 2,504 1,869 2,298 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.8

Net employment change (2)

1,963 3,443 -872 1,742 2,002 0.7 1.1 -0.3 0.6 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

19,131 17,018 16,348 18,642 18,680 8.1 7.2 6.9 7.9 7.9

At expanding establishments

14,962 12,566 11,926 14,229 15,101 6.3 5.3 5.0 6.0 6.4

At opening establishments

4,169 4,452 4,422 4,413 3,579 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.5

Gross job losses

17,653 17,939 16,137 17,831 18,178 7.5 7.6 6.8 7.5 7.6

At contracting establishments

14,840 14,869 13,686 14,941 14,990 6.3 6.3 5.8 6.3 6.3

At closing establishments

2,813 3,070 2,451 2,890 3,188 1.2 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.3

Net employment change (2)

1,478 -921 211 811 502 0.6 -0.4 0.1 0.4 0.3

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

3,293 2,865 3,176 3,329 3,271 7.4 6.4 7.1 7.5 7.4

At expanding establishments

2,805 2,270 2,543 2,495 2,758 6.3 5.1 5.7 5.6 6.2

At opening establishments

488 595 633 834 513 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.9 1.2

Gross job losses

3,356 2,869 2,989 3,201 3,258 7.6 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.4

At contracting establishments

2,659 2,348 2,406 2,525 2,475 6.0 5.3 5.4 5.7 5.6

At closing establishments

697 521 583 676 783 1.6 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.8

Net employment change (2)

-63 -4 187 128 13 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.3 0.0

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019

United States(1)

6.0 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.9 5.8

Alabama

6.0 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.3 5.5 6.0 5.9

Alaska

8.9 11.0 10.0 10.8 9.5 10.7 9.8 9.0 10.2 10.1

Arizona

6.6 6.2 5.6 5.7 6.4 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.7 4.8

Arkansas

6.1 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.5 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.7 5.5

California

6.5 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.4 6.1

Colorado

6.6 6.8 6.6 7.0 6.6 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.4

Connecticut

5.3 5.3 5.2 5.8 5.5 5.7 4.9 5.7 5.9 5.8

Delaware

5.7 6.6 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.5 5.6 5.5 6.3 6.2

District of Columbia

5.3 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.1 4.9 5.5 5.4

Florida

6.8 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.5 5.8 6.1 5.6 6.3 5.7

Georgia

6.7 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.8 5.7 6.4 6.1

Hawaii

5.1 5.8 5.4 4.7 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.9 6.1 5.3

Idaho

6.8 7.4 7.5 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.3 6.1 6.7 6.8

Illinois

5.5 5.5 5.2 5.6 4.9 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.3 5.6

Indiana

5.2 5.6 5.9 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.8 5.7

Iowa

5.3 5.8 5.1 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.6

Kansas

5.9 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.6

Kentucky

5.8 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.9 5.7

Louisiana

6.3 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.5 6.1

Maine

6.1 7.3 7.2 7.5 6.4 7.5 6.7 6.4 7.5 7.2

Maryland

6.3 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.4 5.7 6.4 6.6

Massachusetts

5.6 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.3 6.1 5.3 5.2 5.7 5.9

Michigan

5.0 5.6 5.1 5.5 5.1 6.2 5.2 4.6 5.8 6.0

Minnesota

5.5 5.7 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.7 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.8

Mississippi

5.9 6.5 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.9 5.3 6.2 6.0 5.8

Missouri

5.9 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.8 5.8

Montana

7.2 8.9 7.6 8.0 7.3 7.9 7.2 8.0 7.7 7.7

Nebraska

5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.5

Nevada

6.7 6.6 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.4 6.0 5.7

New Hampshire

5.7 6.6 6.3 6.4 5.8 6.8 5.7 5.7 6.3 6.6

New Jersey

6.0 6.4 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.4 5.7 5.6 5.8 6.1

New Mexico

6.4 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.3 6.1

New York

6.1 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.3 5.9 5.9

North Carolina

5.7 6.7 6.3 6.1 5.7 6.4 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.9

North Dakota

6.6 6.8 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.7 7.1

Ohio

5.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.8

Oklahoma

6.7 6.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8 6.2 6.1

Oregon

6.2 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 5.8 6.1 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.4 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.2

Rhode Island

6.2 6.4 5.8 6.4 5.8 6.4 5.7 5.6 6.7 6.2

South Carolina

5.8 7.4 6.4 6.3 6.0 6.5 5.4 6.0 6.2 5.7

South Dakota

6.0 6.3 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.0

Tennessee

5.8 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.3 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.1

Texas

6.0 6.2 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2

Utah

7.3 6.9 7.3 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.2

Vermont

6.9 7.4 6.7 6.9 6.3 7.6 6.8 6.3 7.1 7.6

Virginia

5.7 6.3 6.4 6.1 5.2 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.0

Washington

6.2 6.4 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.6 5.7 6.0

West Virginia

7.0 6.3 6.0 6.2 5.8 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.7

Wisconsin

5.1 5.4 5.1 5.5 4.8 5.9 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.8

Wyoming

8.3 10.0 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.4 7.8 7.8 9.6 8.7

Puerto Rico

7.2 6.0 7.1 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.8 5.1 5.8 5.4

Virgin Islands

12.8 7.9 11.9 8.8 11.2 5.9 7.1 7.4 6.1 6.6

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 05, 2020