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News Release Information

20-1372-DAL
Wednesday, August 05, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Oklahoma – Fourth Quarter 2019

From September 2019 to December 2019, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Oklahoma totaled 82,766, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments numbered 80,110, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 2,656 jobs in the private sector during the fourth quarter of 2019. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,876. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the fourth quarter of 2019, gross job gains represented 6.4 percent of private-sector employment in Oklahoma; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 6.2 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Oklahoma, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 65,181 in the fourth quarter of 2019, an increase of 781 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 17,585 jobs gained in the fourth quarter of 2019, an increase of 173 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the fourth quarter of 2019, gross job losses represented 6.2 percent of private-sector employment in Oklahoma; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.6 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Oklahoma, contracting establishments lost 66,273 jobs in the fourth quarter of 2019, an increase of 2,202 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 13,837 jobs, a decrease of 1,028 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

During the fourth quarter of 2019, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 7 of the 11 industry sectors in Oklahoma. Transportation and warehousing had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 5,020 jobs. This was the result of 7,586 gross job gains and 2,566 gross job losses. The education and health services sector had a net gain of 2,042 jobs. Construction saw a net loss of 1,408 jobs, the largest of any sector in the state. Oklahoma’s manufacturing sector had a net loss of 799 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for First Quarter 2020 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 28, 2020.  


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Oklahoma, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec. 2018 Mar. 2019 June 2019 Sept. 2019 Dec. 2019 Dec. 2018 Mar. 2019 June 2019 Sept. 2019 Dec. 2019

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

84,052 74,976 76,968 81,812 82,766 6.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.4

At expanding establishments

66,373 60,931 61,138 64,400 65,181 5.1 4.7 4.7 5.0 5.0

At opening establishments

17,679 14,045 15,830 17,412 17,585 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4

Gross job losses

78,597 75,282 80,251 78,936 80,110 6.1 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.2

At contracting establishments

62,326 61,262 65,514 64,071 66,273 4.8 4.7 5.1 5.0 5.1

At closing establishments

16,271 14,020 14,737 14,865 13,837 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1

Net employment change (2)

5,455 -306 -3,283 2,876 2,656 0.4 0.0 -0.3 0.2 0.2

Construction

Gross job gains

8,436 9,024 8,043 8,420 6,646 10.2 10.8 9.7 10.1 8.1

At expanding establishments

6,756 7,576 6,714 6,753 5,349 8.2 9.1 8.1 8.1 6.5

At opening establishments

1,680 1,448 1,329 1,667 1,297 2.0 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.6

Gross job losses

8,500 7,859 9,041 7,681 8,054 10.4 9.4 10.9 9.2 9.8

At contracting establishments

6,900 6,338 7,579 6,021 6,593 8.4 7.6 9.1 7.2 8.0

At closing establishments

1,600 1,521 1,462 1,660 1,461 2.0 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.8

Net employment change (2)

-64 1,165 -998 739 -1,408 -0.2 1.4 -1.2 0.9 -1.7

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

5,180 5,298 4,636 4,266 4,803 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.0 3.4

At expanding establishments

4,171 4,273 3,924 3,674 4,259 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.6 3.0

At opening establishments

1,009 1,025 712 592 544 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.4

Gross job losses

5,041 4,388 4,891 5,231 5,602 3.7 3.1 3.5 3.7 4.0

At contracting establishments

3,701 3,566 4,195 4,698 5,085 2.7 2.5 3.0 3.3 3.6

At closing establishments

1,340 822 696 533 517 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4

Net employment change (2)

139 910 -255 -965 -799 0.0 0.6 -0.2 -0.7 -0.6

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

4,193 2,810 2,977 3,002 3,031 7.2 4.8 5.1 5.3 5.2

At expanding establishments

3,398 2,233 2,369 2,223 2,230 5.8 3.8 4.1 3.9 3.8

At opening establishments

795 577 608 779 801 1.4 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.4

Gross job losses

3,144 2,764 2,891 3,316 2,901 5.4 4.8 5.0 5.7 5.0

At contracting establishments

1,961 2,088 2,261 2,333 2,374 3.4 3.6 3.9 4.0 4.1

At closing establishments

1,183 676 630 983 527 2.0 1.2 1.1 1.7 0.9

Net employment change (2)

1,049 46 86 -314 130 1.8 0.0 0.1 -0.4 0.2

Retail trade

Gross job gains

9,263 10,410 10,295 11,087 10,645 5.2 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.0

At expanding establishments

7,883 8,595 8,433 9,216 8,918 4.4 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.0

At opening establishments

1,380 1,815 1,862 1,871 1,727 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

11,241 10,328 10,906 10,134 10,632 6.3 5.8 6.2 5.7 6.0

At contracting establishments

9,768 9,042 9,323 8,675 9,157 5.5 5.1 5.3 4.9 5.2

At closing establishments

1,473 1,286 1,583 1,459 1,475 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,978 82 -611 953 13 -1.1 0.1 -0.3 0.6 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,071 2,094 2,935 5,744 7,586 9.5 3.8 5.6 10.6 12.9

At expanding establishments

4,334 1,651 2,662 5,394 6,746 8.1 3.0 5.1 10.0 11.5

At opening establishments

737 443 273 350 840 1.4 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.4

Gross job losses

2,356 4,765 2,452 2,348 2,566 4.4 8.8 4.7 4.4 4.4

At contracting establishments

1,862 4,462 2,055 1,879 2,066 3.5 8.2 3.9 3.5 3.5

At closing establishments

494 303 397 469 500 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

2,715 -2,671 483 3,396 5,020 5.1 -5.0 0.9 6.2 8.5

Information

Gross job gains

951 969 1,017 1,035 900 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.3 4.6

At expanding establishments

650 783 719 731 759 3.3 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.9

At opening establishments

301 186 298 304 141 1.5 0.9 1.5 1.6 0.7

Gross job losses

1,307 1,198 1,077 1,113 916 6.6 6.0 5.5 5.7 4.7

At contracting establishments

1,144 880 799 858 745 5.8 4.4 4.1 4.4 3.8

At closing establishments

163 318 278 255 171 0.8 1.6 1.4 1.3 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-356 -229 -60 -78 -16 -1.8 -1.1 -0.3 -0.4 -0.1

Financial activities

Gross job gains

3,976 3,543 3,706 3,362 3,873 5.1 4.6 4.8 4.3 5.0

At expanding establishments

2,892 2,778 2,851 2,579 2,832 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.7

At opening establishments

1,084 765 855 783 1,041 1.4 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.3

Gross job losses

4,123 3,603 3,730 3,542 4,054 5.3 4.7 4.8 4.6 5.3

At contracting establishments

3,162 2,678 2,876 2,613 3,145 4.1 3.5 3.7 3.4 4.1

At closing establishments

961 925 854 929 909 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-147 -60 -24 -180 -181 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.3

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

15,449 13,089 13,844 13,938 15,160 8.0 6.8 7.2 7.2 7.7

At expanding establishments

11,860 10,618 10,395 10,876 10,783 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.5

At opening establishments

3,589 2,471 3,449 3,062 4,377 1.9 1.3 1.8 1.6 2.2

Gross job losses

14,426 12,250 13,411 14,282 13,841 7.5 6.3 7.0 7.3 7.1

At contracting establishments

11,341 9,855 10,789 11,092 10,728 5.9 5.1 5.6 5.7 5.5

At closing establishments

3,085 2,395 2,622 3,190 3,113 1.6 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.6

Net employment change (2)

1,023 839 433 -344 1,319 0.5 0.5 0.2 -0.1 0.6

Education and health services

Gross job gains

9,755 8,841 10,065 9,329 10,286 4.6 4.2 4.7 4.3 4.8

At expanding establishments

7,595 7,428 8,373 7,348 7,998 3.6 3.5 3.9 3.4 3.7

At opening establishments

2,160 1,413 1,692 1,981 2,288 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.1

Gross job losses

8,881 8,660 8,995 8,881 8,244 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.2 3.8

At contracting establishments

6,611 6,458 6,743 7,041 6,673 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.1

At closing establishments

2,270 2,202 2,252 1,840 1,571 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.7

Net employment change (2)

874 181 1,070 448 2,042 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

14,642 13,200 13,520 15,801 14,539 8.4 7.5 7.8 9.2 8.3

At expanding establishments

11,139 10,529 10,360 11,353 11,277 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.6 6.4

At opening establishments

3,503 2,671 3,160 4,448 3,262 2.0 1.5 1.8 2.6 1.9

Gross job losses

13,243 12,433 15,217 13,407 13,287 7.7 7.1 8.8 7.8 7.6

At contracting establishments

10,877 10,188 12,637 11,415 11,082 6.3 5.8 7.3 6.6 6.3

At closing establishments

2,366 2,245 2,580 1,992 2,205 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.3

Net employment change (2)

1,399 767 -1,697 2,394 1,252 0.7 0.4 -1.0 1.4 0.7

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

2,933 2,911 2,884 2,916 2,759 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.2 7.6

At expanding establishments

2,354 2,205 2,125 2,239 2,240 6.6 6.2 6.0 6.3 6.2

At opening establishments

579 706 759 677 519 1.6 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.4

Gross job losses

2,879 2,722 2,795 2,674 2,510 8.0 7.6 7.8 7.5 7.0

At contracting establishments

2,295 2,070 2,010 2,094 1,885 6.4 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.3

At closing establishments

584 652 785 580 625 1.6 1.8 2.2 1.6 1.7

Net employment change (2)

54 189 89 242 249 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019

United States(1)

6.3 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.6

Alabama

6.3 6.0 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.3 5.5 6.0 5.9 5.7

Alaska

11.0 10.0 10.8 9.5 10.2 9.8 9.0 10.2 10.1 10.2

Arizona

6.2 5.6 5.7 6.4 6.4 5.1 5.5 5.7 4.8 5.2

Arkansas

5.9 5.2 5.0 5.5 6.4 5.0 5.1 5.7 5.5 4.8

California

6.9 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.7 5.9 6.2 6.4 6.1 5.9

Colorado

6.8 6.6 7.0 6.6 6.7 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2

Connecticut

5.3 5.2 5.8 5.5 5.5 4.9 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.5

Delaware

6.6 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.5 5.6 5.5 6.3 6.2 6.2

District of Columbia

5.6 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.1 4.9 5.5 5.4 4.7

Florida

6.4 6.1 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.1 5.6 6.3 5.7 5.9

Georgia

6.3 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.5 5.8 5.7 6.4 6.1 5.6

Hawaii

5.8 5.4 4.7 5.5 5.6 5.1 5.9 6.1 5.3 5.4

Idaho

7.4 7.5 7.1 6.9 7.7 6.3 6.1 6.7 6.8 6.3

Illinois

5.5 5.2 5.6 4.9 5.6 5.6 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.2

Indiana

5.6 5.9 5.2 5.4 6.0 5.0 4.8 5.8 5.7 5.1

Iowa

5.8 5.1 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.6 5.3

Kansas

6.1 5.4 5.7 5.7 6.3 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.7

Kentucky

6.1 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.9 5.7 5.8

Louisiana

6.2 5.9 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.5 6.1 5.8

Maine

7.3 7.2 7.5 6.4 7.4 6.7 6.4 7.5 7.2 7.0

Maryland

6.8 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.5 6.4 5.7 6.4 6.6 5.8

Massachusetts

5.8 5.7 6.0 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.5

Michigan

5.6 5.1 5.5 5.1 5.8 5.2 4.6 5.8 6.0 5.3

Minnesota

5.7 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.8 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.8 5.6

Mississippi

6.5 5.7 5.8 5.5 6.2 5.3 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5

Missouri

5.8 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.2

Montana

8.9 7.6 8.0 7.3 8.6 7.2 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.2

Nebraska

5.9 5.7 5.7 5.6 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.8

Nevada

6.6 6.0 5.9 6.0 6.8 5.5 5.4 6.0 5.7 5.0

New Hampshire

6.6 6.3 6.4 5.8 6.6 5.7 5.7 6.3 6.6 5.9

New Jersey

6.4 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.5 5.7 5.6 5.8 6.1 5.8

New Mexico

6.8 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.7 6.1 5.8 6.3 6.1 6.2

New York

6.3 6.0 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.3 5.9 5.9 5.7

North Carolina

6.7 6.3 6.1 5.7 6.2 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.9 5.3

North Dakota

6.8 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.7 7.1 6.7

Ohio

5.6 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.8 5.3

Oklahoma

6.5 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.4 6.1 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.2

Oregon

6.7 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.7 6.0 5.8 6.1 6.2 5.8

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.4 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.2 4.9

Rhode Island

6.4 5.8 6.4 5.8 6.5 5.7 5.6 6.7 6.2 5.9

South Carolina

7.4 6.4 6.3 6.0 6.5 5.4 6.0 6.2 5.7 5.9

South Dakota

6.3 5.7 6.2 5.8 6.4 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.0 5.7

Tennessee

5.8 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.6 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.0

Texas

6.2 5.5 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.1

Utah

6.9 7.3 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.3

Vermont

7.4 6.7 6.9 6.3 6.9 6.8 6.3 7.1 7.6 6.4

Virginia

6.3 6.4 6.1 5.2 6.6 5.6 5.5 5.9 6.0 5.5

Washington

6.4 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.6 5.6 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.7

West Virginia

6.3 6.0 6.2 5.8 6.2 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.7 7.1

Wisconsin

5.4 5.1 5.5 4.8 5.5 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.8 5.0

Wyoming

10.0 8.6 8.5 8.5 9.3 7.8 7.8 9.6 8.7 8.6

Puerto Rico

6.0 7.1 6.4 6.1 5.4 6.8 5.1 5.8 5.4 4.9

Virgin Islands

7.9 11.9 8.8 11.2 10.2 7.1 7.4 6.1 6.6 7.1

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 05, 2020