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News Release Information

20-2082-SAN
Friday, November 06, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Business Employment Dynamics in Washington – First Quarter 2020

From December 2019 to March 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Washington were 216,627, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 215,647, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 980 jobs in the private sector during the first quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 23,187. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the first quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 7.4 percent of private-sector employment in Washington; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.5 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Washington, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 151,421 in the first quarter of 2020, a decrease of 13,554 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 65,206 jobs gained in the first quarter of 2020, an increase of 39,662 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the first quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 7.4 percent of private-sector employment in Washington; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.1 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Washington, contracting establishments lost 160,271 jobs in the first quarter of 2020, an increase of 15,154 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 55,376 jobs, an increase of 33,161 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 11 industry sectors in Washington in the first quarter of 2020. Retail trade had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 3,982 jobs. This was the result of 20,747 gross job gains and 16,765 gross job losses. The construction industry had a net gain of 3,407 jobs. Leisure and hospitality showed a net loss of 10,414 jobs, the largest loss of any sector in the state. Washington’s manufacturing industry sector had a net loss of 2,279 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2020 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 29, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on First Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Washington, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

182,351190,598174,815190,519216,6276.46.66.16.67.4

At expanding establishments

161,724166,818150,793164,975151,4215.75.85.35.75.2

At opening establishments

20,62723,78024,02225,54465,2060.70.80.80.92.2

Gross job losses

171,257167,681175,064167,332215,6476.15.86.15.87.4

At contracting establishments

144,109144,129155,344145,117160,2715.15.05.45.05.5

At closing establishments

27,14823,55219,72022,21555,3761.00.80.70.81.9

Net employment change (2)

11,09422,917-24923,1879800.30.80.00.80.0

Construction

Gross job gains

19,19020,28316,65319,99919,8579.29.88.29.79.3

At expanding establishments

16,87417,57414,02317,44817,1148.18.56.98.58.0

At opening establishments

2,3162,7092,6302,5512,7431.11.31.31.21.3

Gross job losses

18,92619,31518,73816,83716,4509.19.39.28.27.7

At contracting establishments

16,09616,73016,78614,62914,7797.78.18.27.16.9

At closing establishments

2,8302,5851,9522,2081,6711.41.21.01.10.8

Net employment change (2)

264968-2,0853,1623,4070.10.5-1.01.51.6

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

10,10510,3938,8829,75710,5503.53.53.03.33.6

At expanding establishments

9,5909,7248,4849,1209,5553.33.32.93.13.3

At opening establishments

5156693986379950.20.20.10.20.3

Gross job losses

8,28910,28910,4059,98812,8292.93.53.53.44.4

At contracting establishments

7,7529,3729,7008,72811,9912.73.23.33.04.1

At closing establishments

5379177051,2608380.20.30.20.40.3

Net employment change (2)

1,816104-1,523-231-2,2790.60.0-0.5-0.1-0.8

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

6,2006,0886,3047,4795,9994.74.64.75.64.4

At expanding establishments

5,3015,2805,5776,3055,0224.04.04.24.73.7

At opening establishments

8998087271,1749770.70.60.50.90.7

Gross job losses

5,9575,9525,9606,4056,0504.54.54.54.74.5

At contracting establishments

4,9484,9515,1815,1395,3803.73.73.93.84.0

At closing establishments

1,0091,0017791,2666700.80.80.60.90.5

Net employment change (2)

2431363441,074-510.20.10.20.9-0.1

Retail trade

Gross job gains

23,29621,25319,72420,05720,7476.15.55.15.25.3

At expanding establishments

21,84119,51518,23418,39818,6085.75.14.74.84.8

At opening establishments

1,4551,7381,4901,6592,1390.40.40.40.40.5

Gross job losses

16,50020,40618,50918,99016,7654.35.34.85.04.3

At contracting establishments

14,63517,36416,88317,23415,2253.84.54.44.53.9

At closing establishments

1,8653,0421,6261,7561,5400.50.80.40.50.4

Net employment change (2)

6,7968471,2151,0673,9821.80.20.30.21.0

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

5,8565,9996,0098,3876,1045.55.75.77.85.6

At expanding establishments

5,0825,2875,0227,8405,5464.85.04.87.35.1

At opening establishments

7747129875475580.70.70.90.50.5

Gross job losses

6,2325,7545,5655,5836,7465.95.55.35.26.2

At contracting establishments

5,4975,0964,9395,0356,3955.24.94.74.75.9

At closing establishments

7356586265483510.70.60.60.50.3

Net employment change (2)

-3762454442,804-642-0.40.20.42.6-0.6

Information

Gross job gains

6,8166,5995,4384,9606,7094.94.63.73.44.5

At expanding establishments

6,3656,0304,9694,4056,1364.64.23.43.04.1

At opening establishments

4515694695555730.30.40.30.40.4

Gross job losses

3,7443,2203,3165,3053,6752.72.32.33.72.5

At contracting establishments

2,3512,8082,9294,7653,2471.72.02.03.32.2

At closing establishments

1,3934123875404281.00.30.30.40.3

Net employment change (2)

3,0723,3792,122-3453,0342.22.31.4-0.32.0

Financial activities

Gross job gains

7,3677,7447,6857,7546,7854.95.25.15.14.5

At expanding establishments

6,5526,5656,2876,6235,2704.44.44.24.43.5

At opening establishments

8151,1791,3981,1311,5150.50.80.90.71.0

Gross job losses

6,0856,3226,9577,2076,1544.14.24.64.84.1

At contracting establishments

5,0535,0165,5735,8335,4013.43.33.73.93.6

At closing establishments

1,0321,3061,3841,3747530.70.90.90.90.5

Net employment change (2)

1,2821,4227285476310.81.00.50.30.4

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

26,24728,65728,79227,31426,2816.36.86.76.36.0

At expanding establishments

22,21324,57423,55722,98122,6565.35.85.55.35.2

At opening establishments

4,0344,0835,2354,3333,6251.01.01.21.00.8

Gross job losses

23,95722,94125,83025,13722,9315.75.46.15.85.3

At contracting establishments

19,84918,63922,92821,18220,0354.74.45.44.94.6

At closing establishments

4,1084,3022,9023,9552,8961.01.00.70.90.7

Net employment change (2)

2,2905,7162,9622,1773,3500.61.40.60.50.7

Education and health services

Gross job gains

20,66318,21221,24822,92758,9714.43.84.54.812.2

At expanding establishments

16,91915,44417,58017,28613,9163.63.23.73.62.9

At opening establishments

3,7442,7683,6685,64145,0550.80.60.81.29.3

Gross job losses

17,96717,11816,68419,15256,2553.93.63.54.011.7

At contracting establishments

13,94514,74314,17015,29616,2253.03.13.03.23.4

At closing establishments

4,0222,3752,5143,85640,0300.90.50.50.88.3

Net employment change (2)

2,6961,0944,5643,7752,7160.50.21.00.80.5

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

27,06129,33226,27926,23225,1397.98.57.67.77.3

At expanding establishments

23,03224,80822,01122,27420,9026.77.26.46.56.1

At opening establishments

4,0294,5244,2683,9584,2371.21.31.21.21.2

Gross job losses

27,92628,41729,15624,26635,5538.28.38.67.110.4

At contracting establishments

23,84424,47025,78820,85032,6577.07.17.66.19.6

At closing establishments

4,0823,9473,3683,4162,8961.21.21.01.00.8

Net employment change (2)

-865915-2,8771,966-10,414-0.30.2-1.00.6-3.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

8,8086,8915,7027,2516,3249.47.26.07.56.6

At expanding establishments

8,1516,0394,8156,3494,7818.76.35.16.65.0

At opening establishments

6578528879021,5430.70.90.90.91.6

Gross job losses

5,5696,2326,9995,5446,8856.06.57.45.87.2

At contracting establishments

4,7455,3686,0764,6725,9525.15.66.44.96.2

At closing establishments

8248649238729330.90.91.00.91.0

Net employment change (2)

3,239659-1,2971,707-5613.40.7-1.41.7-0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020

United States(1)

6.06.15.96.25.55.55.95.85.56.1

Alabama

6.15.95.86.25.55.65.95.95.55.9

Alaska

10.110.79.610.39.29.010.110.110.29.5

Arizona

5.75.76.36.45.65.55.64.95.25.9

Arkansas

5.35.05.66.55.15.15.75.84.95.5

California

6.46.66.36.86.16.16.46.06.06.7

Colorado

6.67.06.66.76.36.36.26.46.27.0

Connecticut

5.35.85.55.55.25.75.85.85.65.9

Delaware

6.56.06.26.76.25.66.66.36.26.6

District of Columbia

5.55.45.55.45.25.05.55.34.75.3

Florida

6.26.56.66.65.45.66.35.85.96.2

Georgia

6.76.16.26.55.65.76.56.05.55.9

Hawaii

5.54.85.65.75.25.95.85.25.25.8

Idaho

7.57.17.07.77.66.16.76.86.36.1

Illinois

5.25.65.05.65.05.25.35.65.26.0

Indiana

5.85.15.46.04.94.85.95.65.16.0

Iowa

5.15.85.35.85.25.65.85.75.55.9

Kansas

5.65.75.66.35.45.75.85.75.76.0

Kentucky

5.85.85.96.25.35.56.05.75.66.1

Louisiana

6.16.25.95.95.36.16.56.15.76.3

Maine

7.57.46.57.36.46.77.47.36.97.0

Maryland

6.46.46.26.45.75.76.56.35.96.7

Massachusetts

6.16.05.35.85.25.25.65.95.66.0

Michigan

5.25.55.15.85.04.65.75.95.35.7

Minnesota

5.25.85.45.85.05.25.55.85.65.6

Mississippi

5.75.85.76.25.66.26.15.75.66.2

Missouri

5.45.75.86.25.25.35.85.85.35.7

Montana

7.68.17.48.67.78.17.77.77.27.7

Nebraska

5.75.75.76.25.85.75.75.55.86.1

Nevada

6.16.06.16.85.45.46.25.55.06.3

New Hampshire

6.46.45.86.66.05.76.36.66.06.4

New Jersey

5.76.26.06.55.75.75.96.25.86.3

New Mexico

6.76.36.87.06.15.86.56.16.36.5

New York

6.06.15.86.05.55.45.95.95.76.4

North Carolina

6.46.05.86.35.85.15.96.05.45.7

North Dakota

7.16.76.56.76.86.46.77.16.67.0

Ohio

5.65.75.35.75.15.25.75.95.35.6

Oklahoma

5.96.06.46.55.45.96.36.26.26.7

Oregon

6.46.36.26.76.25.86.16.25.86.5

Pennsylvania

5.25.35.25.44.94.85.45.14.95.6

Rhode Island

5.96.36.06.56.15.76.56.25.96.5

South Carolina

6.66.46.06.55.56.56.25.95.96.6

South Dakota

5.76.25.96.46.06.25.96.05.86.6

Tennessee

5.45.55.55.74.94.95.25.15.05.3

Texas

5.65.85.96.05.05.35.35.35.15.5

Utah

7.37.06.86.86.66.26.66.36.36.4

Vermont

6.97.16.36.95.86.37.17.66.47.6

Virginia

6.46.15.56.55.65.55.86.35.56.1

Washington

6.46.66.16.67.46.15.86.15.87.4

West Virginia

6.16.25.96.26.06.76.66.77.16.8

Wisconsin

5.25.54.85.45.04.95.35.95.05.3

Wyoming

9.08.58.69.48.67.89.58.98.79.3

Puerto Rico

7.26.45.95.45.05.25.85.54.95.2

Virgin Islands

12.98.912.010.37.27.66.96.47.38.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, November 06, 2020