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News Release Information

21-1517-SAN
Tuesday, August 17, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Business Employment Dynamics in Alaska – Fourth Quarter 2020

From September 2020 to December 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Alaska were 29,978, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 17,110, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 12,868 jobs in the private sector during the fourth quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 4,924. (See chart 1.)

Chart 1. Private-sector gross job gains and losses in Alaska, December 2015-December 2020, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the fourth quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 13.4 percent of private-sector employment in Alaska; nationally, gross job gains also accounted for 7.4 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Alaska, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 25,402 in the fourth quarter of 2020, an increase of 4,364 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 4,576 jobs gained in the fourth quarter of 2020, a decrease of 511 jobs from the previous quarter.

Chart 2. Private-sector gross job gains as a percent of employment, United States and Alaska, December 2015-December 2020, seasonally adjusted

Gross job losses

In the fourth quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 7.7 percent of private-sector employment in Alaska; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.7 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Alaska, contracting establishments lost 14,207 jobs in the fourth quarter of 2020, a decrease of 2,760 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 2,903 jobs, a decrease of 1,331 jobs from the previous quarter.

Chart 3. Private-sector gross job losses as a percent of employment, United States and Alaska, December 2015-December 2020, seasonally adjusted

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in all seven published industry sectors in Alaska in the fourth quarter of 2020. Transportation and warehousing had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 2,331 jobs. This was the result of 3,326 gross job gains and 995 gross job losses. The leisure and hospitality industry had a net gain of 2,139 jobs. Retail trade had a net increase of 1,441 jobs, and education and health services showed a net job gain of 1,038.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for First Quarter 2021 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 27, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Fourth Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Alaska, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

25,708 22,994 15,976 26,125 29,978 10.3 9.2 6.9 12.2 13.4

At expanding establishments

21,513 19,718 12,370 21,038 25,402 8.6 7.9 5.3 9.8 11.4

At opening establishments

4,195 3,276 3,606 5,087 4,576 1.7 1.3 1.6 2.4 2.0

Gross job losses

25,494 23,781 56,612 21,201 17,110 10.2 9.5 24.5 9.9 7.7

At contracting establishments

21,637 20,775 49,508 16,967 14,207 8.7 8.3 21.4 7.9 6.4

At closing establishments

3,857 3,006 7,104 4,234 2,903 1.5 1.2 3.1 2.0 1.3

Net employment change (2)

214 -787 -40,636 4,924 12,868 0.1 -0.3 -17.6 2.3 5.7

Construction

Gross job gains

3,092 3,143 2,546 2,748 2,940 18.9 18.0 15.4 18.0 18.5

At expanding establishments

2,562 2,613 2,113 2,019 2,349 15.7 15.0 12.8 13.2 14.8

At opening establishments

530 530 433 729 591 3.2 3.0 2.6 4.8 3.7

Gross job losses

2,668 2,737 4,480 2,592 2,610 16.3 15.7 27.1 17.0 16.5

At contracting establishments

2,160 2,265 3,995 2,060 2,220 13.2 13.0 24.2 13.5 14.0

At closing establishments

508 472 485 532 390 3.1 2.7 2.9 3.5 2.5

Net employment change (2)

424 406 -1,934 156 330 2.6 2.3 -11.7 1.0 2.0

Retail trade

Gross job gains

2,212 2,259 1,478 2,960 2,683 6.2 6.4 4.3 9.1 8.0

At expanding establishments

1,709 1,954 1,297 2,441 2,392 4.8 5.5 3.8 7.5 7.1

At opening establishments

503 305 181 519 291 1.4 0.9 0.5 1.6 0.9

Gross job losses

2,656 1,886 5,840 1,861 1,242 7.6 5.3 17.2 5.8 3.7

At contracting establishments

2,207 1,599 5,287 1,615 1,137 6.3 4.5 15.6 5.0 3.4

At closing establishments

449 287 553 246 105 1.3 0.8 1.6 0.8 0.3

Net employment change (2)

-444 373 -4,362 1,099 1,441 -1.4 1.1 -12.9 3.3 4.3

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

1,896 1,720 894 3,110 3,326 9.3 8.6 5.2 20.1 19.3

At expanding establishments

1,564 1,573 635 2,614 3,031 7.7 7.9 3.7 16.9 17.6

At opening establishments

332 147 259 496 295 1.6 0.7 1.5 3.2 1.7

Gross job losses

2,467 2,349 5,483 1,658 995 12.2 11.8 31.8 10.7 5.8

At contracting establishments

2,005 2,187 5,135 1,210 701 9.9 11.0 29.8 7.8 4.1

At closing establishments

462 162 348 448 294 2.3 0.8 2.0 2.9 1.7

Net employment change (2)

-571 -629 -4,589 1,452 2,331 -2.9 -3.2 -26.6 9.4 13.5

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

2,756 3,019 1,929 3,107 2,646 10.0 10.7 7.2 12.4 10.3

At expanding establishments

2,213 2,535 1,211 2,397 2,062 8.0 9.0 4.5 9.6 8.0

At opening establishments

543 484 718 710 584 2.0 1.7 2.7 2.8 2.3

Gross job losses

2,474 2,412 5,344 2,323 2,063 9.0 8.6 20.0 9.3 8.0

At contracting establishments

2,071 1,935 4,644 1,785 1,595 7.5 6.9 17.4 7.1 6.2

At closing establishments

403 477 700 538 468 1.5 1.7 2.6 2.2 1.8

Net employment change (2)

282 607 -3,415 784 583 1.0 2.1 -12.8 3.1 2.3

Education and health services

Gross job gains

2,469 1,816 1,469 2,648 2,583 4.9 3.6 3.0 5.4 5.3

At expanding establishments

2,177 1,573 1,157 2,385 2,209 4.3 3.1 2.4 4.9 4.5

At opening establishments

292 243 312 263 374 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.8

Gross job losses

1,986 2,075 3,820 1,752 1,545 4.0 4.1 7.8 3.6 3.2

At contracting establishments

1,700 1,901 3,484 1,547 1,260 3.4 3.8 7.1 3.2 2.6

At closing establishments

286 174 336 205 285 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.6

Net employment change (2)

483 -259 -2,351 896 1,038 0.9 -0.5 -4.8 1.8 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

4,914 4,681 1,678 5,647 4,991 13.5 13.0 5.7 23.5 19.3

At expanding establishments

3,741 3,659 1,021 4,245 3,848 10.3 10.2 3.5 17.7 14.9

At opening establishments

1,173 1,022 657 1,402 1,143 3.2 2.8 2.2 5.8 4.4

Gross job losses

5,893 5,073 19,511 3,676 2,852 16.1 14.1 66.0 15.3 11.0

At contracting establishments

4,747 4,244 16,141 2,406 2,126 13.0 11.8 54.6 10.0 8.2

At closing establishments

1,146 829 3,370 1,270 726 3.1 2.3 11.4 5.3 2.8

Net employment change (2)

-979 -392 -17,833 1,971 2,139 -2.6 -1.1 -60.3 8.2 8.3

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

809 801 630 989 816 8.3 8.3 6.9 11.4 9.3

At expanding establishments

718 675 486 763 650 7.4 7.0 5.3 8.8 7.4

At opening establishments

91 126 144 226 166 0.9 1.3 1.6 2.6 1.9

Gross job losses

806 822 1,610 779 782 8.3 8.5 17.6 9.0 8.9

At contracting establishments

707 658 1,314 613 608 7.3 6.8 14.4 7.1 6.9

At closing establishments

99 164 296 166 174 1.0 1.7 3.2 1.9 2.0

Net employment change (2)

3 -21 -980 210 34 0.0 -0.2 -10.7 2.4 0.4

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020

United States(1)

6.2 5.5 4.8 9.4 7.4 5.5 6.1 17.0 6.0 5.7

Alabama

6.2 5.5 4.8 7.8 7.8 5.5 5.9 12.6 5.9 5.0

Alaska

10.3 9.2 6.9 12.2 13.4 10.2 9.5 24.5 9.9 7.7

Arizona

6.4 5.6 5.7 7.9 7.4 5.2 5.9 11.7 6.2 4.9

Arkansas

6.5 5.1 4.8 7.5 7.1 4.9 5.5 12.0 5.6 5.1

California

6.8 6.1 5.2 8.7 8.4 6.0 6.7 18.6 7.3 6.2

Colorado

6.7 6.3 5.8 10.0 7.5 6.2 7.0 14.9 6.3 7.2

Connecticut

5.5 5.2 4.3 11.2 6.5 5.6 5.9 19.7 5.1 5.8

Delaware

6.7 6.2 4.9 10.3 6.7 6.2 6.6 17.7 6.3 5.7

District of Columbia

5.4 5.2 3.3 8.3 5.2 4.7 5.3 22.4 5.8 5.5

Florida

6.6 5.4 6.1 9.5 7.6 5.9 6.2 13.9 6.8 5.6

Georgia

6.5 5.6 5.4 9.2 7.8 5.5 5.9 15.0 6.4 5.2

Hawaii

5.7 5.2 3.6 7.4 14.7 5.2 5.8 29.8 12.7 4.6

Idaho

7.7 7.6 6.4 8.4 8.7 6.3 6.1 11.2 6.5 6.1

Illinois

5.6 5.0 4.6 9.7 6.5 5.2 6.0 18.4 5.6 6.1

Indiana

6.0 4.9 4.7 8.3 6.9 5.1 6.0 13.7 5.4 5.0

Iowa

5.8 5.2 4.4 7.4 6.8 5.5 5.9 13.0 5.6 5.1

Kansas

6.3 5.4 5.0 7.9 7.0 5.7 6.0 13.3 6.0 6.0

Kentucky

6.2 5.3 4.6 8.8 6.8 5.6 6.1 15.3 5.0 5.4

Louisiana

5.9 5.3 4.5 8.8 8.7 5.7 6.3 16.9 7.2 5.5

Maine

7.3 6.4 5.4 12.0 8.5 6.9 7.0 21.7 6.0 6.3

Maryland

6.4 5.7 4.7 11.0 7.1 5.9 6.7 21.9 5.9 5.9

Massachusetts

5.8 5.2 3.7 12.5 7.0 5.6 6.0 24.2 5.6 5.6

Michigan

5.8 5.0 4.0 10.9 6.8 5.3 5.7 20.7 4.8 7.0

Minnesota

5.8 5.0 4.3 9.0 7.0 5.6 5.6 17.6 5.4 6.9

Mississippi

6.2 5.6 5.1 8.7 7.9 5.6 6.2 12.9 5.5 4.9

Missouri

6.2 5.2 4.7 8.5 7.2 5.3 5.7 14.3 5.7 5.3

Montana

8.6 7.7 6.8 9.9 9.3 7.2 7.7 13.8 7.2 6.8

Nebraska

6.2 5.8 4.9 8.1 6.8 5.8 6.1 12.1 5.9 5.6

Nevada

6.8 5.4 5.3 12.8 8.9 5.0 6.3 29.2 6.4 5.7

New Hampshire

6.6 6.0 4.5 11.9 7.4 6.0 6.4 18.8 5.1 6.5

New Jersey

6.5 5.7 4.6 15.7 8.1 5.8 6.3 28.1 5.8 5.9

New Mexico

7.0 6.1 4.5 8.3 7.1 6.3 6.5 17.6 6.0 7.6

New York

6.0 5.5 3.9 13.3 7.4 5.7 6.4 26.9 5.9 6.4

North Carolina

6.3 5.8 4.8 8.5 7.8 5.4 5.7 14.5 5.6 5.1

North Dakota

6.7 6.8 5.2 8.8 7.2 6.6 7.0 17.2 6.9 7.1

Ohio

5.7 5.1 4.5 7.7 6.6 5.3 5.6 14.4 5.3 5.2

Oklahoma

6.5 5.4 5.6 6.8 7.8 6.2 6.7 12.3 6.4 5.6

Oregon

6.7 6.2 5.0 9.0 7.4 5.8 6.5 18.4 6.2 6.5

Pennsylvania

5.4 4.9 3.6 10.3 6.2 4.9 5.6 18.2 5.0 5.3

Rhode Island

6.5 6.1 4.5 12.9 7.5 5.9 6.5 25.2 5.3 7.1

South Carolina

6.5 5.5 5.1 8.8 8.1 5.9 6.6 14.9 6.1 5.3

South Dakota

6.4 6.0 5.1 8.6 7.2 5.8 6.6 11.6 5.5 6.2

Tennessee

5.7 4.9 4.4 8.1 7.5 5.0 5.3 13.7 5.4 4.6

Texas

6.0 5.0 4.7 7.2 7.5 5.1 5.5 13.6 6.0 4.8

Utah

6.8 6.6 6.5 9.1 8.1 6.3 6.4 10.9 6.2 5.5

Vermont

6.9 5.8 4.6 12.3 7.6 6.4 7.6 18.5 5.7 7.9

Virginia

6.5 5.6 4.7 10.2 7.0 5.5 6.1 18.2 5.3 5.3

Washington

6.6 7.4 4.9 8.9 7.1 5.8 7.4 16.9 6.2 6.0

West Virginia

6.2 6.0 5.1 8.8 7.4 7.1 6.8 13.8 7.0 6.2

Wisconsin

5.4 5.0 4.4 7.6 6.3 5.0 5.3 14.4 5.2 5.1

Wyoming

9.4 8.6 6.4 10.7 10.0 8.7 9.3 18.1 7.7 7.6

Puerto Rico

5.4 5.0 4.0 11.0 6.6 4.9 5.2 16.9 5.1 4.9

Virgin Islands

10.3 7.2 5.3 8.4 8.9 7.3 8.3 19.8 12.3 5.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, August 17, 2021