Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, and age
2018 2019 2020 2021
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

256,937 257,456 258,066 258,703 258,389 258,864 259,431 260,015 259,629 260,049 260,558 261,080 260,924

Civilian labor force

161,507 162,004 162,012 162,769 163,036 162,877 163,802 164,435 163,875 158,158 160,327 160,607 160,310

Participation rate

62.9 62.9 62.8 62.9 63.1 62.9 63.1 63.2 63.1 60.8 61.5 61.5 61.4

Employed

154,979 155,606 155,901 156,550 156,780 156,919 157,903 158,544 157,642 137,565 146,199 149,769 150,372

Employment-population ratio

60.3 60.4 60.4 60.5 60.7 60.6 60.9 61.0 60.7 52.9 56.1 57.4 57.6

Unemployed

6,528 6,398 6,111 6,220 6,257 5,958 5,899 5,891 6,232 20,594 14,128 10,838 9,938

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.8 13.0 8.8 6.7 6.2

Not in labor force

95,430 95,452 96,054 95,934 95,353 95,987 95,630 95,581 95,755 101,891 100,231 100,473 100,614

Persons who currently want a job

5,144 5,175 5,291 5,383 5,218 5,113 5,005 4,834 5,149 8,990 7,304 7,047 6,913

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

124,252 124,511 124,816 125,135 124,964 125,199 125,481 125,771 125,576 125,783 126,035 126,294 126,227

Civilian labor force

86,023 86,217 85,913 86,239 86,447 86,462 86,846 86,996 86,660 83,879 85,001 85,277 85,043

Participation rate

69.2 69.2 68.8 68.9 69.2 69.1 69.2 69.2 69.0 66.7 67.4 67.5 67.4

Employed

82,542 82,697 82,630 82,932 83,088 83,234 83,649 83,873 83,355 73,748 77,711 79,428 79,687

Employment-population ratio

66.4 66.4 66.2 66.3 66.5 66.5 66.7 66.7 66.4 58.6 61.7 62.9 63.1

Unemployed

3,481 3,520 3,283 3,307 3,359 3,228 3,197 3,123 3,305 10,132 7,291 5,849 5,355

Unemployment rate

4.0 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.8 12.1 8.6 6.9 6.3

Not in labor force

38,228 38,293 38,903 38,896 38,517 38,737 38,634 38,775 38,915 41,904 41,034 41,017 41,185

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

115,750 116,018 116,328 116,644 116,512 116,753 117,040 117,328 117,182 117,411 117,672 117,933 117,905

Civilian labor force

83,066 83,267 83,075 83,350 83,564 83,564 83,836 83,985 83,690 81,162 82,205 82,325 82,082

Participation rate

71.8 71.8 71.4 71.5 71.7 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.4 69.1 69.9 69.8 69.6

Employed

80,044 80,184 80,189 80,437 80,628 80,732 81,034 81,278 80,783 71,749 75,445 76,931 77,197

Employment-population ratio

69.2 69.1 68.9 69.0 69.2 69.1 69.2 69.3 68.9 61.1 64.1 65.2 65.5

Unemployed

3,022 3,084 2,887 2,913 2,936 2,832 2,802 2,707 2,907 9,412 6,760 5,394 4,885

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.5 11.6 8.2 6.6 6.0

Not in labor force

32,684 32,750 33,253 33,294 32,947 33,189 33,204 33,343 33,491 36,249 35,467 35,608 35,823

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

132,685 132,945 133,250 133,569 133,426 133,665 133,951 134,245 134,053 134,266 134,522 134,786 134,697

Civilian labor force

75,483 75,787 76,099 76,530 76,589 76,415 76,955 77,439 77,214 74,279 75,326 75,330 75,267

Participation rate

56.9 57.0 57.1 57.3 57.4 57.2 57.5 57.7 57.6 55.3 56.0 55.9 55.9

Employed

72,436 72,909 73,271 73,617 73,691 73,685 74,254 74,670 74,287 63,817 68,488 70,341 70,685

Employment-population ratio

54.6 54.8 55.0 55.1 55.2 55.1 55.4 55.6 55.4 47.5 50.9 52.2 52.5

Unemployed

3,047 2,878 2,828 2,913 2,898 2,730 2,702 2,768 2,927 10,462 6,838 4,989 4,582

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.8 14.1 9.1 6.6 6.1

Not in labor force

57,202 57,159 57,151 57,039 56,836 57,250 56,995 56,806 56,839 59,987 59,197 59,456 59,429

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

124,408 124,675 124,983 125,297 125,176 125,420 125,705 125,995 125,842 126,073 126,336 126,602 126,549

Civilian labor force

72,477 72,864 73,163 73,488 73,620 73,515 73,997 74,481 74,220 71,641 72,486 72,357 72,329

Participation rate

58.3 58.4 58.5 58.7 58.8 58.6 58.9 59.1 59.0 56.8 57.4 57.2 57.2

Employed

69,804 70,275 70,657 70,942 71,076 71,107 71,633 72,056 71,653 61,963 66,089 67,782 68,097

Employment-population ratio

56.1 56.4 56.5 56.6 56.8 56.7 57.0 57.2 56.9 49.1 52.3 53.5 53.8

Unemployed

2,673 2,590 2,506 2,546 2,544 2,409 2,364 2,426 2,566 9,678 6,398 4,575 4,232

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.5 13.5 8.8 6.3 5.9

Not in labor force

51,932 51,811 51,820 51,810 51,557 51,904 51,708 51,514 51,622 54,432 53,850 54,244 54,219

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,778 16,763 16,755 16,762 16,701 16,691 16,687 16,691 16,606 16,566 16,550 16,545 16,470

Civilian labor force

5,964 5,872 5,774 5,931 5,853 5,797 5,968 5,968 5,964 5,356 5,636 5,925 5,899

Participation rate

35.5 35.0 34.5 35.4 35.0 34.7 35.8 35.8 35.9 32.3 34.1 35.8 35.8

Employed

5,131 5,148 5,055 5,171 5,076 5,079 5,235 5,210 5,206 3,853 4,665 5,056 5,078

Employment-population ratio

30.6 30.7 30.2 30.8 30.4 30.4 31.4 31.2 31.3 23.3 28.2 30.6 30.8

Unemployed

834 725 718 761 777 718 733 758 759 1,504 970 869 820

Unemployment rate

14.0 12.3 12.4 12.8 13.3 12.4 12.3 12.7 12.7 28.1 17.2 14.7 13.9

Not in labor force

10,814 10,891 10,981 10,831 10,849 10,894 10,718 10,723 10,641 11,210 10,914 10,620 10,572

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

Note: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 02, 2021