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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-3. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment 2018 2019 2020 2021
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,278 10,410 10,239 10,175 10,160 10,024 9,983 9,726 9,513 8,458 8,543 9,197 9,015

Participation rate

45.8 46.0 46.4 46.5 46.1 45.3 46.7 46.3 46.4 42.9 44.5 45.6 45.1

Employed

9,707 9,833 9,676 9,581 9,589 9,499 9,473 9,194 8,934 6,849 7,454 8,310 8,192

Employment-population ratio

43.3 43.4 43.9 43.8 43.5 42.9 44.3 43.8 43.5 34.7 38.8 41.2 40.9

Unemployed

571 577 563 594 571 524 510 533 580 1,609 1,089 887 823

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.2 5.1 5.5 6.1 19.0 12.7 9.6 9.1

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,838 35,845 36,309 36,046 36,099 35,971 36,409 36,164 35,821 33,519 34,434 35,189 34,415

Participation rate

57.3 57.5 57.6 57.8 58.1 57.8 57.7 58.0 58.0 54.9 55.2 55.6 54.9

Employed

34,296 34,347 34,886 34,668 34,801 34,635 35,097 34,814 34,449 28,517 31,042 32,413 32,004

Employment-population ratio

54.8 55.1 55.3 55.6 56.0 55.6 55.6 55.9 55.8 46.7 49.8 51.2 51.1

Unemployed

1,542 1,498 1,424 1,377 1,299 1,336 1,312 1,351 1,372 5,002 3,392 2,776 2,411

Unemployment rate

4.3 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.8 14.9 9.9 7.9 7.0

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,651 37,914 37,416 37,361 37,233 37,455 37,510 37,483 37,236 36,298 36,376 35,694 35,554

Participation rate

65.6 65.5 65.4 65.3 65.3 65.0 65.3 64.7 64.5 63.2 63.8 62.4 62.8

Employed

36,353 36,644 36,200 36,153 36,013 36,340 36,382 36,392 36,066 31,578 33,226 33,408 33,431

Employment-population ratio

63.4 63.3 63.3 63.2 63.1 63.1 63.3 62.8 62.5 55.0 58.3 58.4 59.0

Unemployed

1,299 1,270 1,217 1,208 1,219 1,115 1,128 1,090 1,170 4,720 3,150 2,285 2,122

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 13.0 8.7 6.4 6.0

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

56,419 56,842 57,370 58,240 58,474 58,389 58,840 59,856 60,211 60,782 61,162 59,696 60,657

Participation rate

73.7 74.2 73.8 73.5 73.7 73.8 73.7 73.8 73.3 72.1 72.3 72.0 72.0

Employed

55,183 55,610 56,193 56,996 57,188 57,146 57,622 58,666 58,936 56,196 57,753 57,267 58,333

Employment-population ratio

72.1 72.6 72.3 71.9 72.1 72.3 72.2 72.4 71.8 66.6 68.3 69.1 69.2

Unemployed

1,236 1,232 1,176 1,244 1,285 1,242 1,218 1,190 1,276 4,587 3,409 2,429 2,324

Unemployment rate

2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 7.5 5.6 4.1 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 02, 2021