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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-9. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason 2018 2019 2020 2021
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,168 3,037 2,867 2,878 2,919 2,755 2,720 2,742 3,153 17,738 10,726 7,454 6,603

On temporary layoff

847 875 868 818 861 815 817 799 1,146 14,650 6,676 3,011 2,334

Not on temporary layoff

2,322 2,162 1,999 2,060 2,058 1,940 1,903 1,943 2,007 3,088 4,050 4,443 4,269

Permanent job losers

1,664 1,476 1,305 1,367 1,395 1,347 1,300 1,322 1,373 2,397 3,277 3,569 3,477

Persons who completed temporary jobs

658 686 693 693 663 593 602 621 634 691 773 874 792

Job leavers

785 822 818 751 808 818 821 808 770 567 661 735 710

Reentrants

1,928 1,969 1,844 1,971 1,924 1,858 1,739 1,721 1,800 1,818 2,180 2,078 2,113

New entrants

650 587 570 601 618 556 600 587 533 506 532 529 540


PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Total unemployed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

48.5 47.3 47.0 46.4 46.6 46.0 46.3 46.8 50.4 86.0 76.1 69.0 66.2

On temporary layoff

13.0 13.6 14.2 13.2 13.7 13.6 13.9 13.6 18.3 71.0 47.3 27.9 23.4

Not on temporary layoff

35.5 33.7 32.8 33.2 32.8 32.4 32.4 33.2 32.1 15.0 28.7 41.2 42.8

Job leavers

12.0 12.8 13.4 12.1 12.9 13.7 14.0 13.8 12.3 2.7 4.7 6.8 7.1

Reentrants

29.5 30.7 30.2 31.8 30.7 31.0 29.6 29.4 28.8 8.8 15.5 19.2 21.2

New entrants

9.9 9.1 9.3 9.7 9.9 9.3 10.2 10.0 8.5 2.5 3.8 4.9 5.4


UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF
THE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 11.2 6.7 4.6 4.1

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Reentrants

1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.3

New entrants

0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

NOTE: Detail for the data shown in this table will not necessarily add to total unemployed because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 02, 2021