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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-11. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, and race
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Total White Black or African
American
Asian
1st
2020
1st
2021
1st
2020
1st
2021
1st
2020
1st
2021
1st
2020
1st
2021

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

259,629 260,924 200,969 201,612 33,211 33,511 16,339 16,514

Civilian labor force

163,423 159,880 126,401 123,501 20,663 20,137 10,447 10,356

Participation rate

62.9 61.3 62.9 61.3 62.2 60.1 63.9 62.7

Employed

156,726 149,466 121,796 116,268 19,292 18,131 10,106 9,741

Unemployed

6,697 10,414 4,605 7,233 1,372 2,006 341 615

Unemployment rate

4.1 6.5 3.6 5.9 6.6 10.0 3.3 5.9

Not in labor force

96,206 101,044 74,569 78,111 12,548 13,374 5,892 6,158

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,576 126,227 98,287 98,605 15,185 15,339 7,646 7,741

Civilian labor force

86,280 84,673 67,964 66,529 9,705 9,616 5,544 5,494

Participation rate

68.7 67.1 69.1 67.5 63.9 62.7 72.5 71.0

Employed

82,514 78,859 65,279 62,369 8,985 8,574 5,385 5,197

Unemployed

3,766 5,814 2,685 4,159 720 1,043 159 297

Unemployment rate

4.4 6.9 4.0 6.3 7.4 10.8 2.9 5.4

Not in labor force

39,295 41,554 30,322 32,077 5,480 5,723 2,102 2,247

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,182 117,905 92,096 92,467 13,979 14,154 7,202 7,283

Civilian labor force

83,526 81,924 65,828 64,359 9,388 9,318 5,445 5,403

Participation rate

71.3 69.5 71.5 69.6 67.2 65.8 75.6 74.2

Employed

80,133 76,560 63,403 60,523 8,741 8,338 5,287 5,119

Unemployed

3,393 5,364 2,425 3,835 646 980 157 284

Unemployment rate

4.1 6.5 3.7 6.0 6.9 10.5 2.9 5.3

Not in labor force

33,656 35,981 26,268 28,108 4,592 4,836 1,757 1,880

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

134,053 134,697 102,683 103,007 18,026 18,172 8,693 8,773

Civilian labor force

77,143 75,207 58,436 56,972 10,958 10,521 4,903 4,862

Participation rate

57.5 55.8 56.9 55.3 60.8 57.9 56.4 55.4

Employed

74,212 70,607 56,517 53,899 10,307 9,558 4,721 4,544

Unemployed

2,931 4,600 1,920 3,073 652 963 182 318

Unemployment rate

3.8 6.1 3.3 5.4 5.9 9.2 3.7 6.5

Not in labor force

56,911 59,490 44,246 46,035 7,068 7,652 3,790 3,911

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,842 126,549 96,689 97,059 16,797 16,963 8,230 8,307

Civilian labor force

74,292 72,413 56,209 54,784 10,584 10,156 4,831 4,789

Participation rate

59.0 57.2 58.1 56.4 63.0 59.9 58.7 57.7

Employed

71,702 68,144 54,509 51,969 10,016 9,244 4,651 4,478

Unemployed

2,591 4,269 1,700 2,815 567 912 179 311

Unemployment rate

3.5 5.9 3.0 5.1 5.4 9.0 3.7 6.5

Not in labor force

51,550 54,136 40,481 42,275 6,213 6,806 3,400 3,518

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,606 16,470 12,184 12,086 2,435 2,395 907 925

Civilian labor force

5,605 5,543 4,364 4,358 692 663 172 164

Participation rate

33.8 33.7 35.8 36.1 28.4 27.7 19.0 17.7

Employed

4,891 4,763 3,884 3,776 534 549 167 144

Unemployed

714 781 480 582 158 113 5 20

Unemployment rate

12.7 14.1 11.0 13.4 22.8 17.1 2.8 12.4

Not in labor force

11,001 10,927 7,820 7,728 1,743 1,732 735 761

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 02, 2021