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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-18. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Total White Black or African
American
Asian Hispanic or Latino
4th
2018
4th
2019
4th
2018
4th
2019
4th
2018
4th
2019
4th
2018
4th
2019
4th
2018
4th
2019

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Total unemployed

5,817 5,485 3,979 3,792 1,248 1,128 306 276 1,231 1,182

Less than 5 weeks

1,963 1,876 1,417 1,381 372 321 79 86 462 467

5 to 14 weeks

1,768 1,637 1,208 1,109 382 372 104 77 360 356

15 weeks and over

2,085 1,972 1,354 1,302 494 436 123 112 408 360

15 to 26 weeks

833 809 556 546 160 158 56 56 180 144

27 weeks and over

1,251 1,163 798 756 334 277 66 56 228 216

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

22.6 21.4 21.8 20.1 24.7 24.0 27.3 23.4 20.5 18.9

Median duration, in weeks

9.2 9.2 8.6 8.6 10.5 10.3 11.5 10.1 8.3 7.8

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Total unemployed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Less than 5 weeks

33.8 34.2 35.6 36.4 29.8 28.4 25.9 31.2 37.6 39.5

5 to 14 weeks

30.4 29.8 30.4 29.2 30.6 32.9 34.1 28.1 29.3 30.1

15 weeks and over

35.8 36.0 34.0 34.3 39.6 38.6 40.1 40.7 33.2 30.4

15 to 26 weeks

14.3 14.8 14.0 14.4 12.8 14.0 18.4 20.5 14.7 12.2

27 weeks and over

21.5 21.2 20.1 19.9 26.7 24.6 21.7 20.2 18.5 18.2

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see https://www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 10, 2020