Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-3. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, and age
2019 2020
Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

260,181 259,502 259,628 259,758 259,896 260,047 260,204 260,373 260,558 260,742 260,925 261,085 261,230

Civilian labor force

164,579 164,455 164,448 162,721 156,478 158,200 159,797 160,085 160,818 160,078 160,718 160,536 160,567

Participation rate

63.3 63.4 63.3 62.6 60.2 60.8 61.4 61.5 61.7 61.4 61.6 61.5 61.5

Employed

158,735 158,659 158,732 155,536 133,370 137,224 142,100 143,777 147,276 147,543 149,669 149,809 149,830

Employment-population ratio

61.0 61.1 61.1 59.9 51.3 52.8 54.6 55.2 56.5 56.6 57.4 57.4 57.4

Unemployed

5,844 5,796 5,717 7,185 23,109 20,975 17,697 16,308 13,542 12,535 11,049 10,728 10,736

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.5 3.5 4.4 14.8 13.3 11.1 10.2 8.4 7.8 6.9 6.7 6.7

Not in labor force

95,602 95,047 95,180 97,037 103,418 101,847 100,407 100,288 99,740 100,664 100,207 100,548 100,663

Persons who currently want a job

4,888 4,948 5,010 5,490 9,917 8,917 8,136 7,680 7,049 7,184 6,682 7,127 7,331


Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

125,852 125,513 125,575 125,639 125,707 125,782 125,860 125,944 126,036 126,127 126,218 126,296 126,367

Civilian labor force

87,034 86,954 86,914 86,113 83,166 83,895 84,577 84,534 85,270 85,199 85,495 85,161 85,175

Participation rate

69.2 69.3 69.2 68.5 66.2 66.7 67.2 67.1 67.7 67.6 67.7 67.4 67.4

Employed

83,995 83,897 83,867 82,302 71,892 73,694 75,656 76,256 78,213 78,663 79,537 79,267 79,481

Employment-population ratio

66.7 66.8 66.8 65.5 57.2 58.6 60.1 60.5 62.1 62.4 63.0 62.8 62.9

Unemployed

3,039 3,057 3,048 3,811 11,274 10,200 8,921 8,278 7,057 6,537 5,958 5,894 5,694

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.5 3.5 4.4 13.6 12.2 10.5 9.8 8.3 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.7

Not in labor force

38,818 38,559 38,661 39,526 42,541 41,887 41,283 41,409 40,765 40,928 40,722 41,135 41,192


Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

117,413 117,110 117,181 117,254 117,330 117,410 117,492 117,580 117,672 117,763 117,854 117,936 118,010

Civilian labor force

83,996 83,970 83,930 83,171 80,490 81,073 81,922 81,861 82,461 82,293 82,505 82,226 82,244

Participation rate

71.5 71.7 71.6 70.9 68.6 69.1 69.7 69.6 70.1 69.9 70.0 69.7 69.7

Employed

81,373 81,329 81,235 79,785 69,975 71,668 73,605 74,173 75,903 76,258 77,013 76,777 77,004

Employment-population ratio

69.3 69.4 69.3 68.0 59.6 61.0 62.6 63.1 64.5 64.8 65.3 65.1 65.3

Unemployed

2,623 2,641 2,695 3,385 10,515 9,405 8,317 7,688 6,558 6,036 5,492 5,449 5,240

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.1 3.2 4.1 13.1 11.6 10.2 9.4 8.0 7.3 6.7 6.6 6.4

Not in labor force

33,417 33,140 33,251 34,083 36,841 36,337 35,570 35,719 35,211 35,470 35,349 35,710 35,767


Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

134,329 133,988 134,053 134,119 134,189 134,265 134,344 134,429 134,523 134,615 134,707 134,788 134,862

Civilian labor force

77,545 77,500 77,534 76,608 73,312 74,305 75,220 75,551 75,548 74,879 75,222 75,376 75,392

Participation rate

57.7 57.8 57.8 57.1 54.6 55.3 56.0 56.2 56.2 55.6 55.8 55.9 55.9

Employed

74,740 74,762 74,865 73,234 61,478 63,530 66,444 67,520 69,063 68,880 70,131 70,542 70,350

Employment-population ratio

55.6 55.8 55.8 54.6 45.8 47.3 49.5 50.2 51.3 51.2 52.1 52.3 52.2

Unemployed

2,805 2,738 2,669 3,374 11,834 10,775 8,776 8,030 6,485 5,998 5,091 4,834 5,042

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.5 3.4 4.4 16.1 14.5 11.7 10.6 8.6 8.0 6.8 6.4 6.7

Not in labor force

56,784 56,488 56,519 57,511 60,877 59,960 59,124 58,879 58,975 59,737 59,485 59,413 59,471


Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

126,082 125,770 125,841 125,915 125,991 126,072 126,155 126,243 126,336 126,429 126,520 126,604 126,681

Civilian labor force

74,616 74,502 74,501 73,657 70,896 71,548 72,479 72,866 72,728 71,865 72,255 72,395 72,422

Participation rate

59.2 59.2 59.2 58.5 56.3 56.8 57.5 57.7 57.6 56.8 57.1 57.2 57.2

Employed

72,172 72,099 72,171 70,691 59,938 61,630 64,321 65,270 66,667 66,328 67,534 67,941 67,872

Employment-population ratio

57.2 57.3 57.4 56.1 47.6 48.9 51.0 51.7 52.8 52.5 53.4 53.7 53.6

Unemployed

2,443 2,404 2,330 2,966 10,958 9,918 8,158 7,596 6,061 5,537 4,721 4,453 4,551

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.2 3.1 4.0 15.5 13.9 11.3 10.4 8.3 7.7 6.5 6.2 6.3

Not in labor force

51,466 51,267 51,341 52,258 55,096 54,524 53,676 53,377 53,608 54,563 54,265 54,209 54,259


Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,686 16,622 16,606 16,590 16,574 16,566 16,557 16,550 16,550 16,551 16,551 16,545 16,538

Civilian labor force

5,967 5,982 6,017 5,894 5,093 5,579 5,396 5,358 5,630 5,920 5,958 5,915 5,900

Participation rate

35.8 36.0 36.2 35.5 30.7 33.7 32.6 32.4 34.0 35.8 36.0 35.8 35.7

Employed

5,190 5,231 5,326 5,060 3,457 3,926 4,174 4,333 4,706 4,957 5,122 5,091 4,955

Employment-population ratio

31.1 31.5 32.1 30.5 20.9 23.7 25.2 26.2 28.4 29.9 30.9 30.8 30.0

Unemployed

778 751 691 834 1,636 1,653 1,222 1,024 924 963 836 825 946

Unemployment rate

13.0 12.6 11.5 14.1 32.1 29.6 22.6 19.1 16.4 16.3 14.0 13.9 16.0

Not in labor force

10,719 10,640 10,588 10,696 11,481 10,987 11,161 11,192 10,920 10,631 10,593 10,630 10,638

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 08, 2021