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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-3. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, and age
2019 2020
Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept.

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

259,638 259,845 260,020 260,181 259,502 259,628 259,758 259,896 260,047 260,204 260,373 260,558 260,742

Civilian labor force

164,051 164,401 164,347 164,556 164,606 164,546 162,913 156,481 158,227 159,932 159,870 160,838 160,143

Participation rate

63.2 63.3 63.2 63.2 63.4 63.4 62.7 60.2 60.8 61.5 61.4 61.7 61.4

Employed

158,298 158,544 158,536 158,803 158,714 158,759 155,772 133,403 137,242 142,182 143,532 147,288 147,563

Employment-population ratio

61.0 61.0 61.0 61.0 61.2 61.1 60.0 51.3 52.8 54.6 55.1 56.5 56.6

Unemployed

5,753 5,857 5,811 5,753 5,892 5,787 7,140 23,078 20,985 17,750 16,338 13,550 12,580

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 4.4 14.7 13.3 11.1 10.2 8.4 7.9

Not in labor force

95,587 95,444 95,673 95,625 94,896 95,082 96,845 103,415 101,820 100,273 100,503 99,720 100,599

Persons who currently want a job

4,861 4,756 4,832 4,832 4,904 4,962 5,509 9,916 8,962 8,195 7,732 6,985 7,227


Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

125,583 125,687 125,773 125,852 125,513 125,575 125,639 125,707 125,782 125,860 125,944 126,036 126,127

Civilian labor force

86,855 86,901 87,104 87,049 87,088 87,008 86,123 83,139 83,900 84,596 84,533 85,315 85,237

Participation rate

69.2 69.1 69.3 69.2 69.4 69.3 68.5 66.1 66.7 67.2 67.1 67.7 67.6

Employed

83,747 83,776 84,018 84,034 83,940 83,871 82,357 71,916 73,702 75,629 76,212 78,255 78,674

Employment-population ratio

66.7 66.7 66.8 66.8 66.9 66.8 65.6 57.2 58.6 60.1 60.5 62.1 62.4

Unemployed

3,109 3,126 3,086 3,015 3,147 3,137 3,765 11,223 10,199 8,967 8,321 7,061 6,563

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6 4.4 13.5 12.2 10.6 9.8 8.3 7.7

Not in labor force

38,728 38,786 38,669 38,803 38,426 38,568 39,516 42,569 41,881 41,264 41,411 40,720 40,890


Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

117,140 117,242 117,331 117,413 117,110 117,181 117,254 117,330 117,410 117,492 117,580 117,672 117,763

Civilian labor force

83,841 83,911 84,057 84,008 84,087 84,001 83,176 80,461 81,057 81,995 81,904 82,512 82,296

Participation rate

71.6 71.6 71.6 71.5 71.8 71.7 70.9 68.6 69.0 69.8 69.7 70.1 69.9

Employed

81,146 81,196 81,377 81,390 81,345 81,202 79,832 69,977 71,672 73,641 74,184 75,945 76,231

Employment-population ratio

69.3 69.3 69.4 69.3 69.5 69.3 68.1 59.6 61.0 62.7 63.1 64.5 64.7

Unemployed

2,695 2,715 2,679 2,618 2,743 2,799 3,344 10,483 9,385 8,354 7,720 6,567 6,065

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.3 4.0 13.0 11.6 10.2 9.4 8.0 7.4

Not in labor force

33,300 33,330 33,274 33,405 33,023 33,180 34,078 36,870 36,352 35,497 35,676 35,160 35,467


Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

134,054 134,158 134,247 134,329 133,988 134,053 134,119 134,189 134,265 134,344 134,429 134,523 134,615

Civilian labor force

77,195 77,500 77,243 77,507 77,518 77,538 76,790 73,343 74,327 75,336 75,337 75,523 74,906

Participation rate

57.6 57.8 57.5 57.7 57.9 57.8 57.3 54.7 55.4 56.1 56.0 56.1 55.6

Employed

74,551 74,769 74,518 74,769 74,774 74,888 73,415 61,487 63,540 66,552 67,320 69,033 68,890

Employment-population ratio

55.6 55.7 55.5 55.7 55.8 55.9 54.7 45.8 47.3 49.5 50.1 51.3 51.2

Unemployed

2,644 2,731 2,725 2,738 2,744 2,651 3,375 11,855 10,787 8,783 8,017 6,489 6,016

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 4.4 16.2 14.5 11.7 10.6 8.6 8.0

Not in labor force

56,859 56,658 57,004 56,822 56,470 56,514 57,329 60,847 59,938 59,009 59,092 59,000 59,709


Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

125,806 125,907 125,998 126,082 125,770 125,841 125,915 125,991 126,072 126,155 126,243 126,336 126,429

Civilian labor force

74,313 74,542 74,291 74,584 74,512 74,501 73,840 70,913 71,558 72,580 72,720 72,715 71,850

Participation rate

59.1 59.2 59.0 59.2 59.2 59.2 58.6 56.3 56.8 57.5 57.6 57.6 56.8

Employed

71,990 72,130 71,881 72,200 72,097 72,179 70,886 59,947 61,638 64,426 65,113 66,637 66,289

Employment-population ratio

57.2 57.3 57.0 57.3 57.3 57.4 56.3 47.6 48.9 51.1 51.6 52.7 52.4

Unemployed

2,323 2,411 2,411 2,383 2,415 2,323 2,954 10,966 9,920 8,154 7,607 6,078 5,561

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 4.0 15.5 13.9 11.2 10.5 8.4 7.7

Not in labor force

51,493 51,365 51,706 51,498 51,258 51,340 52,075 55,079 54,514 53,575 53,523 53,622 54,578


Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,691 16,696 16,692 16,686 16,622 16,606 16,590 16,574 16,566 16,557 16,550 16,550 16,551

Civilian labor force

5,897 5,948 5,999 5,964 6,007 6,043 5,897 5,108 5,612 5,356 5,245 5,611 5,997

Participation rate

35.3 35.6 35.9 35.7 36.1 36.4 35.5 30.8 33.9 32.3 31.7 33.9 36.2

Employed

5,162 5,218 5,278 5,213 5,273 5,378 5,054 3,479 3,932 4,114 4,235 4,706 5,043

Employment-population ratio

30.9 31.3 31.6 31.2 31.7 32.4 30.5 21.0 23.7 24.8 25.6 28.4 30.5

Unemployed

735 730 721 752 734 665 843 1,628 1,681 1,242 1,011 905 954

Unemployment rate

12.5 12.3 12.0 12.6 12.2 11.0 14.3 31.9 29.9 23.2 19.3 16.1 15.9

Not in labor force

10,794 10,748 10,693 10,722 10,614 10,562 10,693 11,467 10,953 11,201 11,304 10,939 10,554

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: October 05, 2020