Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-3. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, and age
2020 2021
Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

259,758 259,896 260,047 260,204 260,373 260,558 260,742 260,925 261,085 261,230 260,851 260,918 261,003

Civilian labor force

162,721 156,478 158,200 159,797 160,085 160,818 160,078 160,718 160,536 160,567 160,161 160,211 160,558

Participation rate

62.6 60.2 60.8 61.4 61.5 61.7 61.4 61.6 61.5 61.5 61.4 61.4 61.5

Employed

155,536 133,370 137,224 142,100 143,777 147,276 147,543 149,669 149,809 149,830 150,031 150,239 150,848

Employment-population ratio

59.9 51.3 52.8 54.6 55.2 56.5 56.6 57.4 57.4 57.4 57.5 57.6 57.8

Unemployed

7,185 23,109 20,975 17,697 16,308 13,542 12,535 11,049 10,728 10,736 10,130 9,972 9,710

Unemployment rate

4.4 14.8 13.3 11.1 10.2 8.4 7.8 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.0

Not in labor force

97,037 103,418 101,847 100,407 100,288 99,740 100,664 100,207 100,548 100,663 100,690 100,708 100,445

Persons who currently want a job

5,490 9,917 8,917 8,136 7,680 7,049 7,184 6,682 7,127 7,331 6,957 6,933 6,850


Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

125,639 125,707 125,782 125,860 125,944 126,036 126,127 126,218 126,296 126,367 126,192 126,224 126,266

Civilian labor force

86,113 83,166 83,895 84,577 84,534 85,270 85,199 85,495 85,161 85,175 85,149 85,061 84,917

Participation rate

68.5 66.2 66.7 67.2 67.1 67.7 67.6 67.7 67.4 67.4 67.5 67.4 67.3

Employed

82,302 71,892 73,694 75,656 76,256 78,213 78,663 79,537 79,267 79,481 79,714 79,666 79,681

Employment-population ratio

65.5 57.2 58.6 60.1 60.5 62.1 62.4 63.0 62.8 62.9 63.2 63.1 63.1

Unemployed

3,811 11,274 10,200 8,921 8,278 7,057 6,537 5,958 5,894 5,694 5,434 5,395 5,236

Unemployment rate

4.4 13.6 12.2 10.5 9.8 8.3 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.4 6.3 6.2

Not in labor force

39,526 42,541 41,887 41,283 41,409 40,765 40,928 40,722 41,135 41,192 41,043 41,163 41,349


Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

117,254 117,330 117,410 117,492 117,580 117,672 117,763 117,854 117,936 118,010 117,864 117,902 117,949

Civilian labor force

83,171 80,490 81,073 81,922 81,861 82,461 82,293 82,505 82,226 82,244 82,173 82,095 81,978

Participation rate

70.9 68.6 69.1 69.7 69.6 70.1 69.9 70.0 69.7 69.7 69.7 69.6 69.5

Employed

79,785 69,975 71,668 73,605 74,173 75,903 76,258 77,013 76,777 77,004 77,204 77,193 77,194

Employment-population ratio

68.0 59.6 61.0 62.6 63.1 64.5 64.8 65.3 65.1 65.3 65.5 65.5 65.4

Unemployed

3,385 10,515 9,405 8,317 7,688 6,558 6,036 5,492 5,449 5,240 4,969 4,902 4,784

Unemployment rate

4.1 13.1 11.6 10.2 9.4 8.0 7.3 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.0 6.0 5.8

Not in labor force

34,083 36,841 36,337 35,570 35,719 35,211 35,470 35,349 35,710 35,767 35,691 35,807 35,972


Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

134,119 134,189 134,265 134,344 134,429 134,523 134,615 134,707 134,788 134,862 134,660 134,694 134,737

Civilian labor force

76,608 73,312 74,305 75,220 75,551 75,548 74,879 75,222 75,376 75,392 75,012 75,149 75,641

Participation rate

57.1 54.6 55.3 56.0 56.2 56.2 55.6 55.8 55.9 55.9 55.7 55.8 56.1

Employed

73,234 61,478 63,530 66,444 67,520 69,063 68,880 70,131 70,542 70,350 70,316 70,572 71,167

Employment-population ratio

54.6 45.8 47.3 49.5 50.2 51.3 51.2 52.1 52.3 52.2 52.2 52.4 52.8

Unemployed

3,374 11,834 10,775 8,776 8,030 6,485 5,998 5,091 4,834 5,042 4,696 4,577 4,474

Unemployment rate

4.4 16.1 14.5 11.7 10.6 8.6 8.0 6.8 6.4 6.7 6.3 6.1 5.9

Not in labor force

57,511 60,877 59,960 59,124 58,879 58,975 59,737 59,485 59,413 59,471 59,648 59,545 59,096


Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

125,915 125,991 126,072 126,155 126,243 126,336 126,429 126,520 126,604 126,681 126,507 126,546 126,594

Civilian labor force

73,657 70,896 71,548 72,479 72,866 72,728 71,865 72,255 72,395 72,422 72,147 72,173 72,668

Participation rate

58.5 56.3 56.8 57.5 57.7 57.6 56.8 57.1 57.2 57.2 57.0 57.0 57.4

Employed

70,691 59,938 61,630 64,321 65,270 66,667 66,328 67,534 67,941 67,872 67,851 67,928 68,513

Employment-population ratio

56.1 47.6 48.9 51.0 51.7 52.8 52.5 53.4 53.7 53.6 53.6 53.7 54.1

Unemployed

2,966 10,958 9,918 8,158 7,596 6,061 5,537 4,721 4,453 4,551 4,296 4,245 4,155

Unemployment rate

4.0 15.5 13.9 11.3 10.4 8.3 7.7 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.0 5.9 5.7

Not in labor force

52,258 55,096 54,524 53,676 53,377 53,608 54,563 54,265 54,209 54,259 54,360 54,373 53,926


Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,590 16,574 16,566 16,557 16,550 16,550 16,551 16,551 16,545 16,538 16,481 16,470 16,460

Civilian labor force

5,894 5,093 5,579 5,396 5,358 5,630 5,920 5,958 5,915 5,900 5,841 5,942 5,913

Participation rate

35.5 30.7 33.7 32.6 32.4 34.0 35.8 36.0 35.8 35.7 35.4 36.1 35.9

Employed

5,060 3,457 3,926 4,174 4,333 4,706 4,957 5,122 5,091 4,955 4,975 5,118 5,142

Employment-population ratio

30.5 20.9 23.7 25.2 26.2 28.4 29.9 30.9 30.8 30.0 30.2 31.1 31.2

Unemployed

834 1,636 1,653 1,222 1,024 924 963 836 825 946 865 825 771

Unemployment rate

14.1 32.1 29.6 22.6 19.1 16.4 16.3 14.0 13.9 16.0 14.8 13.9 13.0

Not in labor force

10,696 11,481 10,987 11,161 11,192 10,920 10,631 10,593 10,630 10,638 10,640 10,528 10,547

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 02, 2021