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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-3. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, and age
2019 2020
Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

258,693 258,861 259,037 259,225 259,432 259,638 259,845 260,020 260,181 259,502 259,628 259,758 259,896

Civilian labor force

162,546 162,782 163,133 163,373 163,894 164,051 164,401 164,347 164,556 164,606 164,546 162,913 156,481

Participation rate

62.8 62.9 63.0 63.0 63.2 63.2 63.3 63.2 63.2 63.4 63.4 62.7 60.2

Employed

156,696 156,844 157,148 157,346 157,895 158,298 158,544 158,536 158,803 158,714 158,759 155,772 133,403

Employment-population ratio

60.6 60.6 60.7 60.7 60.9 61.0 61.0 61.0 61.0 61.2 61.1 60.0 51.3

Unemployed

5,850 5,938 5,985 6,027 5,999 5,753 5,857 5,811 5,753 5,892 5,787 7,140 23,078

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 4.4 14.7

Not in labor force

96,147 96,079 95,905 95,852 95,538 95,587 95,444 95,673 95,625 94,896 95,082 96,845 103,415

Persons who currently want a job

5,105 5,037 5,312 5,016 5,117 4,861 4,756 4,832 4,832 4,904 4,962 5,509 9,916


Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

125,114 125,197 125,285 125,378 125,481 125,583 125,687 125,773 125,852 125,513 125,575 125,639 125,707

Civilian labor force

86,233 86,412 86,549 86,793 86,824 86,855 86,901 87,104 87,049 87,088 87,008 86,123 83,139

Participation rate

68.9 69.0 69.1 69.2 69.2 69.2 69.1 69.3 69.2 69.4 69.3 68.5 66.1

Employed

82,999 83,213 83,358 83,589 83,613 83,747 83,776 84,018 84,034 83,940 83,871 82,357 71,916

Employment-population ratio

66.3 66.5 66.5 66.7 66.6 66.7 66.7 66.8 66.8 66.9 66.8 65.6 57.2

Unemployed

3,234 3,199 3,191 3,204 3,210 3,109 3,126 3,086 3,015 3,147 3,137 3,765 11,223

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6 4.4 13.5

Not in labor force

38,881 38,785 38,736 38,585 38,657 38,728 38,786 38,669 38,803 38,426 38,568 39,516 42,569


Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

116,665 116,752 116,843 116,939 117,040 117,140 117,242 117,331 117,413 117,110 117,181 117,254 117,330

Civilian labor force

83,421 83,569 83,568 83,771 83,852 83,841 83,911 84,057 84,008 84,087 84,001 83,176 80,461

Participation rate

71.5 71.6 71.5 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.6 71.5 71.8 71.7 70.9 68.6

Employed

80,609 80,761 80,780 80,975 81,046 81,146 81,196 81,377 81,390 81,345 81,202 79,832 69,977

Employment-population ratio

69.1 69.2 69.1 69.2 69.2 69.3 69.3 69.4 69.3 69.5 69.3 68.1 59.6

Unemployed

2,812 2,808 2,788 2,796 2,806 2,695 2,715 2,679 2,618 2,743 2,799 3,344 10,483

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.3 4.0 13.0

Not in labor force

33,244 33,184 33,275 33,168 33,187 33,300 33,330 33,274 33,405 33,023 33,180 34,078 36,870


Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

133,579 133,664 133,753 133,847 133,951 134,054 134,158 134,247 134,329 133,988 134,053 134,119 134,189

Civilian labor force

76,313 76,370 76,584 76,580 77,070 77,195 77,500 77,243 77,507 77,518 77,538 76,790 73,343

Participation rate

57.1 57.1 57.3 57.2 57.5 57.6 57.8 57.5 57.7 57.9 57.8 57.3 54.7

Employed

73,697 73,631 73,790 73,757 74,282 74,551 74,769 74,518 74,769 74,774 74,888 73,415 61,487

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.1 55.2 55.1 55.5 55.6 55.7 55.5 55.7 55.8 55.9 54.7 45.8

Unemployed

2,616 2,739 2,793 2,823 2,788 2,644 2,731 2,725 2,738 2,744 2,651 3,375 11,855

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 4.4 16.2

Not in labor force

57,266 57,294 57,169 57,267 56,881 56,859 56,658 57,004 56,822 56,470 56,514 57,329 60,847


Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

125,332 125,419 125,509 125,604 125,705 125,806 125,907 125,998 126,082 125,770 125,841 125,915 125,991

Civilian labor force

73,440 73,439 73,655 73,585 74,116 74,313 74,542 74,291 74,584 74,512 74,501 73,840 70,913

Participation rate

58.6 58.6 58.7 58.6 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.0 59.2 59.2 59.2 58.6 56.3

Employed

71,136 71,038 71,209 71,120 71,665 71,990 72,130 71,881 72,200 72,097 72,179 70,886 59,947

Employment-population ratio

56.8 56.6 56.7 56.6 57.0 57.2 57.3 57.0 57.3 57.3 57.4 56.3 47.6

Unemployed

2,304 2,401 2,447 2,465 2,451 2,323 2,411 2,411 2,383 2,415 2,323 2,954 10,966

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 4.0 15.5

Not in labor force

51,892 51,980 51,853 52,019 51,590 51,493 51,365 51,706 51,498 51,258 51,340 52,075 55,079


Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,696 16,690 16,686 16,682 16,687 16,691 16,696 16,692 16,686 16,622 16,606 16,590 16,574

Civilian labor force

5,685 5,774 5,910 6,017 5,926 5,897 5,948 5,999 5,964 6,007 6,043 5,897 5,108

Participation rate

34.1 34.6 35.4 36.1 35.5 35.3 35.6 35.9 35.7 36.1 36.4 35.5 30.8

Employed

4,951 5,044 5,159 5,250 5,184 5,162 5,218 5,278 5,213 5,273 5,378 5,054 3,479

Employment-population ratio

29.7 30.2 30.9 31.5 31.1 30.9 31.3 31.6 31.2 31.7 32.4 30.5 21.0

Unemployed

734 730 751 767 742 735 730 721 752 734 665 843 1,628

Unemployment rate

12.9 12.6 12.7 12.7 12.5 12.5 12.3 12.0 12.6 12.2 11.0 14.3 31.9

Not in labor force

11,010 10,916 10,776 10,665 10,761 10,794 10,748 10,693 10,722 10,614 10,562 10,693 11,467

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: May 11, 2020