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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2020 2021
Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

201,023 201,082 201,154 201,233 201,319 201,417 201,515 201,610 201,685 201,749 201,588 201,606 201,642

Civilian labor force

125,803 121,158 122,702 123,991 123,748 124,512 124,202 124,672 124,038 124,208 123,727 123,737 123,819

Participation rate

62.6 60.3 61.0 61.6 61.5 61.8 61.6 61.8 61.5 61.6 61.4 61.4 61.4

Employed

120,840 104,028 107,550 111,527 112,372 115,342 115,510 117,146 116,665 116,703 116,699 116,859 117,166

Employment-population ratio

60.1 51.7 53.5 55.4 55.8 57.3 57.3 58.1 57.8 57.8 57.9 58.0 58.1

Unemployed

4,963 17,129 15,152 12,464 11,376 9,170 8,691 7,525 7,373 7,505 7,027 6,878 6,653

Unemployment rate

3.9 14.1 12.3 10.1 9.2 7.4 7.0 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.4

Not in labor force

75,220 79,924 78,453 77,241 77,571 76,906 77,313 76,939 77,647 77,541 77,862 77,869 77,823

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,420 63,608 64,221 64,708 64,412 64,946 65,001 65,123 64,648 64,593 64,550 64,434 64,289

Participation rate

71.0 69.0 69.7 70.1 69.8 70.3 70.4 70.4 69.9 69.8 69.8 69.7 69.5

Employed

63,012 55,757 57,340 58,918 59,077 60,459 60,780 61,314 60,844 60,872 60,988 60,989 60,935

Employment-population ratio

68.4 60.5 62.2 63.9 64.0 65.5 65.8 66.3 65.8 65.8 66.0 66.0 65.9

Unemployed

2,407 7,850 6,881 5,791 5,335 4,487 4,220 3,808 3,804 3,721 3,561 3,446 3,353

Unemployment rate

3.7 12.3 10.7 8.9 8.3 6.9 6.5 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,777 53,594 54,250 55,066 55,186 55,140 54,568 54,866 54,717 54,980 54,529 54,599 54,911

Participation rate

57.7 55.4 56.0 56.9 57.0 56.9 56.3 56.5 56.4 56.6 56.2 56.3 56.6

Employed

53,789 45,555 47,155 49,352 49,880 51,111 50,813 51,761 51,765 51,871 51,739 51,782 52,155

Employment-population ratio

55.6 47.1 48.7 51.0 51.5 52.7 52.4 53.3 53.3 53.4 53.3 53.4 53.7

Unemployed

1,988 8,039 7,094 5,714 5,306 4,029 3,755 3,105 2,953 3,109 2,790 2,817 2,756

Unemployment rate

3.6 15.0 13.1 10.4 9.6 7.3 6.9 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,606 3,956 4,231 4,217 4,150 4,425 4,633 4,683 4,673 4,635 4,648 4,704 4,619

Participation rate

37.8 32.5 34.8 34.7 34.2 36.5 38.2 38.6 38.5 38.2 38.4 38.9 38.2

Employed

4,038 2,716 3,054 3,257 3,415 3,771 3,917 4,071 4,056 3,960 3,972 4,088 4,076

Employment-population ratio

33.2 22.3 25.1 26.8 28.1 31.1 32.3 33.5 33.4 32.7 32.8 33.8 33.7

Unemployed

568 1,240 1,176 960 735 654 716 612 616 675 676 616 543

Unemployment rate

12.3 31.3 27.8 22.8 17.7 14.8 15.5 13.1 13.2 14.6 14.5 13.1 11.8


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

33,238 33,267 33,294 33,323 33,353 33,386 33,420 33,453 33,486 33,516 33,493 33,511 33,530

Civilian labor force

20,558 19,507 19,848 20,009 20,065 20,112 19,942 20,123 20,165 20,055 20,189 20,154 20,362

Participation rate

61.8 58.6 59.6 60.0 60.2 60.2 59.7 60.2 60.2 59.8 60.3 60.1 60.7

Employed

19,164 16,247 16,525 16,939 17,182 17,530 17,558 17,955 18,087 18,061 18,323 18,159 18,412

Employment-population ratio

57.7 48.8 49.6 50.8 51.5 52.5 52.5 53.7 54.0 53.9 54.7 54.2 54.9

Unemployed

1,394 3,260 3,323 3,069 2,883 2,582 2,385 2,169 2,077 1,994 1,866 1,995 1,951

Unemployment rate

6.8 16.7 16.7 15.3 14.4 12.8 12.0 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.2 9.9 9.6

Not in labor force

12,680 13,760 13,446 13,314 13,288 13,274 13,478 13,330 13,321 13,461 13,305 13,357 13,168

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,450 8,882 8,973 9,146 9,222 9,281 9,124 9,224 9,217 9,222 9,348 9,340 9,430

Participation rate

67.5 63.4 64.0 65.1 65.6 65.9 64.7 65.4 65.2 65.2 66.1 66.0 66.6

Employed

8,798 7,457 7,593 7,677 7,838 8,059 7,975 8,166 8,184 8,265 8,468 8,383 8,501

Employment-population ratio

62.9 53.2 54.1 54.7 55.8 57.3 56.6 57.9 57.9 58.4 59.9 59.2 60.0

Unemployed

652 1,425 1,380 1,469 1,384 1,222 1,149 1,058 1,033 956 880 957 928

Unemployment rate

6.9 16.0 15.4 16.1 15.0 13.2 12.6 11.5 11.2 10.4 9.4 10.2 9.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,359 10,014 10,106 10,125 10,140 10,140 10,093 10,169 10,242 10,088 10,138 10,127 10,181

Participation rate

61.6 59.5 60.0 60.0 60.1 60.0 59.7 60.1 60.4 59.5 59.8 59.7 60.0

Employed

9,806 8,361 8,433 8,694 8,794 8,945 8,999 9,230 9,320 9,238 9,274 9,225 9,294

Employment-population ratio

58.3 49.7 50.1 51.6 52.1 52.9 53.2 54.5 55.0 54.5 54.7 54.4 54.8

Unemployed

553 1,653 1,674 1,431 1,346 1,195 1,093 939 921 849 864 902 887

Unemployment rate

5.3 16.5 16.6 14.1 13.3 11.8 10.8 9.2 9.0 8.4 8.5 8.9 8.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

748 610 768 737 703 691 726 731 706 746 703 687 752

Participation rate

30.8 25.2 31.7 30.5 29.1 28.6 30.1 30.3 29.3 31.0 29.3 28.7 31.4

Employed

560 428 500 568 550 525 584 559 583 558 581 551 616

Employment-population ratio

23.0 17.7 20.6 23.5 22.8 21.8 24.2 23.2 24.2 23.2 24.2 23.0 25.7

Unemployed

189 182 268 169 153 166 142 172 123 188 122 136 136

Unemployment rate

25.2 29.9 35.0 22.9 21.8 24.0 19.6 23.5 17.4 25.2 17.3 19.8 18.1


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,419 16,363 16,385 16,471 16,420 16,597 16,668 16,542 16,558 16,583 16,423 16,588 16,532

Civilian labor force

10,473 9,967 10,007 10,114 10,470 10,582 10,480 10,382 10,380 10,253 10,317 10,315 10,422

Participation rate

63.8 60.9 61.1 61.4 63.8 63.8 62.9 62.8 62.7 61.8 62.8 62.2 63.0

Employed

10,040 8,526 8,519 8,708 9,220 9,461 9,553 9,598 9,685 9,645 9,631 9,792 9,799

Employment-population ratio

61.1 52.1 52.0 52.9 56.2 57.0 57.3 58.0 58.5 58.2 58.6 59.0 59.3

Unemployed

434 1,441 1,488 1,406 1,250 1,121 926 784 695 608 686 523 623

Unemployment rate

4.1 14.5 14.9 13.9 11.9 10.6 8.8 7.6 6.7 5.9 6.6 5.1 6.0

Not in labor force

5,945 6,396 6,378 6,356 5,950 6,015 6,188 6,160 6,179 6,329 6,106 6,273 6,110


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

43,895 43,975 44,053 44,132 44,212 44,300 44,388 44,475 44,559 44,639 44,521 44,587 44,651

Civilian labor force

29,402 27,842 28,252 28,864 28,586 28,940 28,804 29,156 29,152 29,150 28,920 29,174 29,273

Participation rate

67.0 63.3 64.1 65.4 64.7 65.3 64.9 65.6 65.4 65.3 65.0 65.4 65.6

Employed

27,645 22,583 23,283 24,686 24,942 25,897 25,834 26,582 26,688 26,436 26,437 26,701 26,975

Employment-population ratio

63.0 51.4 52.9 55.9 56.4 58.5 58.2 59.8 59.9 59.2 59.4 59.9 60.4

Unemployed

1,757 5,259 4,969 4,178 3,644 3,042 2,969 2,575 2,463 2,714 2,482 2,473 2,298

Unemployment rate

6.0 18.9 17.6 14.5 12.7 10.5 10.3 8.8 8.4 9.3 8.6 8.5 7.9

Not in labor force

14,493 16,133 15,801 15,268 15,626 15,361 15,584 15,318 15,407 15,489 15,601 15,413 15,378

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,806 15,322 15,507 15,589 15,488 15,760 15,859 16,080 15,951 15,856 15,789 15,952 16,007

Participation rate

79.8 77.2 78.0 78.2 77.6 78.8 79.1 80.1 79.3 78.6 78.5 79.2 79.3

Employed

15,006 12,769 13,167 13,604 13,755 14,218 14,463 14,767 14,700 14,462 14,578 14,727 14,804

Employment-population ratio

75.7 64.3 66.2 68.3 68.9 71.1 72.1 73.5 73.0 71.7 72.5 73.1 73.4

Unemployed

800 2,553 2,340 1,985 1,733 1,542 1,397 1,313 1,251 1,395 1,211 1,224 1,203

Unemployment rate

5.1 16.7 15.1 12.7 11.2 9.8 8.8 8.2 7.8 8.8 7.7 7.7 7.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,244 11,363 11,531 11,965 11,904 11,912 11,575 11,746 11,821 11,906 11,779 11,794 11,909

Participation rate

61.0 56.5 57.2 59.3 58.8 58.8 57.0 57.7 58.0 58.3 57.8 57.8 58.3

Employed

11,513 9,077 9,350 10,128 10,248 10,652 10,306 10,688 10,851 10,820 10,743 10,792 11,035

Employment-population ratio

57.3 45.1 46.4 50.2 50.7 52.5 50.7 52.5 53.2 52.9 52.7 52.9 54.0

Unemployed

731 2,286 2,181 1,838 1,656 1,260 1,270 1,058 970 1,086 1,036 1,002 874

Unemployment rate

6.0 20.1 18.9 15.4 13.9 10.6 11.0 9.0 8.2 9.1 8.8 8.5 7.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,351 1,157 1,214 1,309 1,194 1,267 1,370 1,331 1,380 1,388 1,352 1,428 1,356

Participation rate

33.8 28.9 30.3 32.6 29.7 31.5 34.0 33.0 34.2 34.3 33.6 35.4 33.6

Employed

1,125 737 766 954 939 1,027 1,066 1,127 1,137 1,155 1,116 1,182 1,135

Employment-population ratio

28.1 18.4 19.1 23.8 23.4 25.5 26.5 27.9 28.2 28.6 27.7 29.3 28.2

Unemployed

226 419 447 355 255 240 303 203 243 234 236 247 221

Unemployment rate

16.7 36.3 36.8 27.1 21.4 18.9 22.1 15.3 17.6 16.8 17.4 17.3 16.3


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 02, 2021