HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2016 2017
Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

197,809 197,906 198,013 198,132 198,253 198,380 198,509 198,633 198,745 198,845 198,453 198,525 198,604

Civilian labor force

124,985 124,732 124,271 124,555 124,769 124,736 124,826 124,700 124,578 124,616 124,675 124,856 125,046

Participation rate

63.2 63.0 62.8 62.9 62.9 62.9 62.9 62.8 62.7 62.7 62.8 62.9 63.0

Employed

119,624 119,341 119,198 119,120 119,412 119,269 119,391 119,310 119,370 119,263 119,311 119,740 120,180

Employment-population ratio

60.5 60.3 60.2 60.1 60.2 60.1 60.1 60.1 60.1 60.0 60.1 60.3 60.5

Unemployed

5,361 5,391 5,074 5,434 5,357 5,466 5,435 5,391 5,208 5,354 5,364 5,116 4,866

Unemployment rate

4.3 4.3 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.9

Not in labor force

72,825 73,174 73,742 73,578 73,484 73,644 73,683 73,932 74,168 74,229 73,778 73,669 73,557

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,276 65,182 64,935 65,117 65,208 65,207 65,283 65,259 65,124 65,146 65,345 65,362 65,219

Participation rate

72.2 72.1 71.8 71.9 72.0 71.9 72.0 71.9 71.7 71.7 72.1 72.0 71.9

Employed

62,707 62,595 62,498 62,515 62,540 62,536 62,589 62,592 62,608 62,476 62,730 62,877 62,850

Employment-population ratio

69.4 69.2 69.1 69.1 69.0 69.0 69.0 68.9 68.9 68.7 69.2 69.3 69.2

Unemployed

2,568 2,587 2,437 2,603 2,668 2,671 2,693 2,668 2,516 2,669 2,615 2,485 2,369

Unemployment rate

3.9 4.0 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,125 54,953 54,727 54,871 54,940 54,863 54,871 54,852 54,808 54,872 54,798 54,988 55,153

Participation rate

58.0 57.8 57.5 57.6 57.6 57.5 57.5 57.4 57.4 57.4 57.4 57.6 57.8

Employed

52,972 52,773 52,749 52,686 52,910 52,720 52,799 52,774 52,783 52,813 52,646 52,949 53,211

Employment-population ratio

55.7 55.5 55.4 55.3 55.5 55.3 55.3 55.3 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.5 55.7

Unemployed

2,153 2,180 1,977 2,186 2,030 2,143 2,072 2,078 2,026 2,059 2,152 2,039 1,942

Unemployment rate

3.9 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,584 4,597 4,610 4,566 4,621 4,665 4,672 4,589 4,645 4,599 4,531 4,505 4,674

Participation rate

37.2 37.3 37.3 37.0 37.4 37.8 37.8 37.2 37.6 37.2 36.7 36.5 37.9

Employed

3,944 3,973 3,951 3,920 3,962 4,013 4,002 3,944 3,979 3,974 3,934 3,913 4,119

Employment-population ratio

32.0 32.2 32.0 31.8 32.1 32.5 32.4 31.9 32.2 32.2 31.9 31.7 33.4

Unemployed

640 624 659 646 659 652 670 645 666 625 597 592 555

Unemployment rate

14.0 13.6 14.3 14.2 14.3 14.0 14.3 14.1 14.3 13.6 13.2 13.1 11.9


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

31,753 31,792 31,828 31,866 31,904 31,945 31,987 32,028 32,068 32,105 32,063 32,095 32,128

Civilian labor force

19,503 19,415 19,433 19,551 19,548 19,767 19,826 19,801 19,856 19,844 19,993 19,998 20,002

Participation rate

61.4 61.1 61.1 61.4 61.3 61.9 62.0 61.8 61.9 61.8 62.4 62.3 62.3

Employed

17,764 17,711 17,844 17,879 17,915 18,170 18,181 18,104 18,262 18,292 18,445 18,378 18,409

Employment-population ratio

55.9 55.7 56.1 56.1 56.2 56.9 56.8 56.5 56.9 57.0 57.5 57.3 57.3

Unemployed

1,739 1,704 1,589 1,672 1,633 1,597 1,646 1,696 1,594 1,552 1,548 1,620 1,593

Unemployment rate

8.9 8.8 8.2 8.6 8.4 8.1 8.3 8.6 8.0 7.8 7.7 8.1 8.0

Not in labor force

12,250 12,377 12,394 12,315 12,356 12,178 12,161 12,228 12,212 12,261 12,070 12,097 12,126

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,885 9,015 8,893 8,996 8,993 8,950 9,000 9,011 9,018 9,056 9,106 9,081 9,132

Participation rate

67.2 68.1 67.1 67.8 67.7 67.3 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.7 68.1 67.8 68.1

Employed

8,119 8,166 8,224 8,262 8,257 8,269 8,264 8,223 8,328 8,366 8,437 8,369 8,384

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.7 62.1 62.3 62.2 62.2 62.0 61.6 62.3 62.5 63.1 62.5 62.6

Unemployed

766 849 669 735 737 680 736 789 691 690 669 713 747

Unemployment rate

8.6 9.4 7.5 8.2 8.2 7.6 8.2 8.8 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.8 8.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,860 9,672 9,821 9,822 9,856 10,025 10,074 10,079 10,135 10,094 10,124 10,162 10,173

Participation rate

61.5 60.2 61.1 61.0 61.2 62.2 62.4 62.3 62.6 62.3 62.6 62.7 62.7

Employed

9,080 9,007 9,099 9,112 9,141 9,316 9,370 9,367 9,418 9,410 9,450 9,438 9,497

Employment-population ratio

56.6 56.1 56.6 56.6 56.7 57.8 58.0 57.9 58.2 58.1 58.4 58.3 58.6

Unemployed

780 666 721 710 715 709 703 712 716 683 673 724 676

Unemployment rate

7.9 6.9 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.1 6.8 6.7 7.1 6.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

758 727 720 732 698 792 752 710 703 694 764 754 697

Participation rate

30.3 29.0 28.7 29.2 27.8 31.5 29.9 28.2 27.9 27.6 30.4 30.0 27.7

Employed

565 538 521 505 518 585 546 515 516 515 558 571 528

Employment-population ratio

22.6 21.5 20.8 20.1 20.6 23.3 21.7 20.5 20.5 20.5 22.2 22.7 21.0

Unemployed

193 189 199 227 180 207 206 196 187 178 205 183 169

Unemployment rate

25.4 26.0 27.6 31.0 25.8 26.2 27.4 27.5 26.6 25.7 26.9 24.3 24.3


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

14,911 14,853 14,938 15,032 15,211 15,304 15,310 15,344 15,323 15,433 15,157 15,228 15,285

Civilian labor force

9,434 9,458 9,432 9,523 9,657 9,702 9,760 9,797 9,634 9,678 9,641 9,709 9,635

Participation rate

63.3 63.7 63.1 63.4 63.5 63.4 63.7 63.8 62.9 62.7 63.6 63.8 63.0

Employed

9,061 9,100 9,047 9,192 9,288 9,293 9,381 9,462 9,342 9,423 9,281 9,377 9,318

Employment-population ratio

60.8 61.3 60.6 61.1 61.1 60.7 61.3 61.7 61.0 61.1 61.2 61.6 61.0

Unemployed

373 358 385 332 368 409 379 334 292 256 360 332 317

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.8 4.1 3.5 3.8 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.0 2.6 3.7 3.4 3.3

Not in labor force

5,477 5,395 5,506 5,509 5,554 5,603 5,550 5,547 5,690 5,755 5,517 5,519 5,650


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

40,386 40,474 40,558 40,646 40,732 40,825 40,919 41,011 41,102 41,190 40,922 41,003 41,081

Civilian labor force

26,772 26,600 26,534 26,706 26,802 26,988 27,063 26,931 26,990 27,079 27,044 27,251 27,387

Participation rate

66.3 65.7 65.4 65.7 65.8 66.1 66.1 65.7 65.7 65.7 66.1 66.5 66.7

Employed

25,279 24,966 25,044 25,149 25,346 25,460 25,331 25,389 25,448 25,486 25,453 25,727 25,986

Employment-population ratio

62.6 61.7 61.7 61.9 62.2 62.4 61.9 61.9 61.9 61.9 62.2 62.7 63.3

Unemployed

1,493 1,634 1,490 1,557 1,456 1,528 1,732 1,542 1,541 1,594 1,590 1,523 1,402

Unemployment rate

5.6 6.1 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.7 6.4 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.6 5.1

Not in labor force

13,613 13,874 14,023 13,940 13,930 13,838 13,856 14,080 14,113 14,111 13,879 13,753 13,694

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,793 14,687 14,612 14,762 14,849 14,895 14,833 14,861 14,881 14,821 14,898 14,938 14,957

Participation rate

81.3 80.5 79.9 80.6 80.9 80.9 80.4 80.4 80.3 79.8 80.9 80.9 80.9

Employed

14,081 13,952 13,959 14,091 14,135 14,176 14,035 14,118 14,113 14,102 14,187 14,253 14,291

Employment-population ratio

77.3 76.5 76.3 76.9 77.0 77.0 76.1 76.4 76.2 75.9 77.0 77.2 77.3

Unemployed

712 735 653 671 714 719 798 743 768 720 711 685 666

Unemployment rate

4.8 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.8 5.4 5.0 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,808 10,747 10,680 10,766 10,806 10,957 11,001 10,912 10,971 11,083 11,028 11,119 11,127

Participation rate

58.7 58.2 57.7 58.0 58.1 58.8 58.9 58.3 58.5 58.9 59.0 59.4 59.3

Employed

10,210 10,045 10,071 10,085 10,234 10,322 10,296 10,314 10,411 10,424 10,336 10,494 10,600

Employment-population ratio

55.4 54.4 54.4 54.4 55.1 55.4 55.1 55.1 55.5 55.4 55.3 56.0 56.5

Unemployed

598 702 609 681 572 635 705 598 560 659 692 625 527

Unemployment rate

5.5 6.5 5.7 6.3 5.3 5.8 6.4 5.5 5.1 5.9 6.3 5.6 4.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,171 1,166 1,242 1,178 1,147 1,136 1,229 1,158 1,138 1,175 1,117 1,193 1,304

Participation rate

31.2 31.0 33.0 31.2 30.3 30.0 32.4 30.5 29.9 30.8 29.3 31.3 34.1

Employed

988 969 1,014 974 977 962 1,000 958 924 960 930 980 1,095

Employment-population ratio

26.3 25.8 26.9 25.8 25.8 25.4 26.3 25.2 24.3 25.2 24.4 25.7 28.6

Unemployed

183 197 228 204 170 174 229 200 214 215 187 214 209

Unemployment rate

15.6 16.9 18.4 17.3 14.8 15.3 18.6 17.3 18.8 18.3 16.7 17.9 16.0


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 07, 2017