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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2019 2020
Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

201,326 200,918 200,968 201,023 201,082 201,154 201,233 201,319 201,417 201,515 201,610 201,685 201,749

Civilian labor force

127,160 127,121 127,019 125,803 121,158 122,702 123,991 123,748 124,512 124,202 124,672 124,038 124,208

Participation rate

63.2 63.3 63.2 62.6 60.3 61.0 61.6 61.5 61.8 61.6 61.8 61.5 61.6

Employed

123,164 123,258 123,149 120,840 104,028 107,550 111,527 112,372 115,342 115,510 117,146 116,665 116,703

Employment-population ratio

61.2 61.3 61.3 60.1 51.7 53.5 55.4 55.8 57.3 57.3 58.1 57.8 57.8

Unemployed

3,997 3,863 3,869 4,963 17,129 15,152 12,464 11,376 9,170 8,691 7,525 7,373 7,505

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.0 3.0 3.9 14.1 12.3 10.1 9.2 7.4 7.0 6.0 5.9 6.0

Not in labor force

74,166 73,797 73,949 75,220 79,924 78,453 77,241 77,571 76,906 77,313 76,939 77,647 77,541

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,022 66,146 66,029 65,420 63,608 64,221 64,708 64,412 64,946 65,001 65,123 64,648 64,593

Participation rate

71.6 71.8 71.7 71.0 69.0 69.7 70.1 69.8 70.3 70.4 70.4 69.9 69.8

Employed

64,219 64,299 64,175 63,012 55,757 57,340 58,918 59,077 60,459 60,780 61,314 60,844 60,872

Employment-population ratio

69.6 69.8 69.7 68.4 60.5 62.2 63.9 64.0 65.5 65.8 66.3 65.8 65.8

Unemployed

1,803 1,846 1,854 2,407 7,850 6,881 5,791 5,335 4,487 4,220 3,808 3,804 3,721

Unemployment rate

2.7 2.8 2.8 3.7 12.3 10.7 8.9 8.3 6.9 6.5 5.8 5.9 5.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

56,454 56,304 56,264 55,777 53,594 54,250 55,066 55,186 55,140 54,568 54,866 54,717 54,980

Participation rate

58.3 58.3 58.2 57.7 55.4 56.0 56.9 57.0 56.9 56.3 56.5 56.4 56.6

Employed

54,854 54,796 54,711 53,789 45,555 47,155 49,352 49,880 51,111 50,813 51,761 51,765 51,871

Employment-population ratio

56.6 56.7 56.6 55.6 47.1 48.7 51.0 51.5 52.7 52.4 53.3 53.3 53.4

Unemployed

1,600 1,508 1,553 1,988 8,039 7,094 5,714 5,306 4,029 3,755 3,105 2,953 3,109

Unemployment rate

2.8 2.7 2.8 3.6 15.0 13.1 10.4 9.6 7.3 6.9 5.7 5.4 5.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,684 4,671 4,726 4,606 3,956 4,231 4,217 4,150 4,425 4,633 4,683 4,673 4,635

Participation rate

38.3 38.3 38.8 37.8 32.5 34.8 34.7 34.2 36.5 38.2 38.6 38.5 38.2

Employed

4,090 4,163 4,263 4,038 2,716 3,054 3,257 3,415 3,771 3,917 4,071 4,056 3,960

Employment-population ratio

33.4 34.1 35.0 33.2 22.3 25.1 26.8 28.1 31.1 32.3 33.5 33.4 32.7

Unemployed

594 508 462 568 1,240 1,176 960 735 654 716 612 616 675

Unemployment rate

12.7 10.9 9.8 12.3 31.3 27.8 22.8 17.7 14.8 15.5 13.1 13.2 14.6


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

33,215 33,184 33,211 33,238 33,267 33,294 33,323 33,353 33,386 33,420 33,453 33,486 33,516

Civilian labor force

20,989 20,802 20,950 20,558 19,507 19,848 20,009 20,065 20,112 19,942 20,123 20,165 20,055

Participation rate

63.2 62.7 63.1 61.8 58.6 59.6 60.0 60.2 60.2 59.7 60.2 60.2 59.8

Employed

19,687 19,524 19,699 19,164 16,247 16,525 16,939 17,182 17,530 17,558 17,955 18,087 18,061

Employment-population ratio

59.3 58.8 59.3 57.7 48.8 49.6 50.8 51.5 52.5 52.5 53.7 54.0 53.9

Unemployed

1,302 1,278 1,251 1,394 3,260 3,323 3,069 2,883 2,582 2,385 2,169 2,077 1,994

Unemployment rate

6.2 6.1 6.0 6.8 16.7 16.7 15.3 14.4 12.8 12.0 10.8 10.3 9.9

Not in labor force

12,226 12,382 12,262 12,680 13,760 13,446 13,314 13,288 13,274 13,478 13,330 13,321 13,461

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,555 9,412 9,479 9,450 8,882 8,973 9,146 9,222 9,281 9,124 9,224 9,217 9,222

Participation rate

68.4 67.4 67.8 67.5 63.4 64.0 65.1 65.6 65.9 64.7 65.4 65.2 65.2

Employed

8,988 8,875 8,910 8,798 7,457 7,593 7,677 7,838 8,059 7,975 8,166 8,184 8,265

Employment-population ratio

64.3 63.6 63.7 62.9 53.2 54.1 54.7 55.8 57.3 56.6 57.9 57.9 58.4

Unemployed

567 537 568 652 1,425 1,380 1,469 1,384 1,222 1,149 1,058 1,033 956

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.7 6.0 6.9 16.0 15.4 16.1 15.0 13.2 12.6 11.5 11.2 10.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,693 10,652 10,733 10,359 10,014 10,106 10,125 10,140 10,140 10,093 10,169 10,242 10,088

Participation rate

63.7 63.5 63.9 61.6 59.5 60.0 60.0 60.1 60.0 59.7 60.1 60.4 59.5

Employed

10,111 10,081 10,211 9,806 8,361 8,433 8,694 8,794 8,945 8,999 9,230 9,320 9,238

Employment-population ratio

60.2 60.1 60.8 58.3 49.7 50.1 51.6 52.1 52.9 53.2 54.5 55.0 54.5

Unemployed

582 570 522 553 1,653 1,674 1,431 1,346 1,195 1,093 939 921 849

Unemployment rate

5.4 5.4 4.9 5.3 16.5 16.6 14.1 13.3 11.8 10.8 9.2 9.0 8.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

742 739 738 748 610 768 737 703 691 726 731 706 746

Participation rate

30.3 30.3 30.3 30.8 25.2 31.7 30.5 29.1 28.6 30.1 30.3 29.3 31.0

Employed

588 567 578 560 428 500 568 550 525 584 559 583 558

Employment-population ratio

24.0 23.3 23.7 23.0 17.7 20.6 23.5 22.8 21.8 24.2 23.2 24.2 23.2

Unemployed

154 171 160 189 182 268 169 153 166 142 172 123 188

Unemployment rate

20.7 23.2 21.7 25.2 29.9 35.0 22.9 21.8 24.0 19.6 23.5 17.4 25.2


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,482 16,178 16,421 16,419 16,363 16,385 16,471 16,420 16,597 16,668 16,542 16,558 16,583

Civilian labor force

10,439 10,331 10,530 10,473 9,967 10,007 10,114 10,470 10,582 10,480 10,382 10,380 10,253

Participation rate

63.3 63.9 64.1 63.8 60.9 61.1 61.4 63.8 63.8 62.9 62.8 62.7 61.8

Employed

10,172 10,016 10,273 10,040 8,526 8,519 8,708 9,220 9,461 9,553 9,598 9,685 9,645

Employment-population ratio

61.7 61.9 62.6 61.1 52.1 52.0 52.9 56.2 57.0 57.3 58.0 58.5 58.2

Unemployed

267 315 257 434 1,441 1,488 1,406 1,250 1,121 926 784 695 608

Unemployment rate

2.6 3.1 2.4 4.1 14.5 14.9 13.9 11.9 10.6 8.8 7.6 6.7 5.9

Not in labor force

6,043 5,848 5,891 5,945 6,396 6,378 6,356 5,950 6,015 6,188 6,160 6,179 6,329


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

43,986 43,742 43,820 43,895 43,975 44,053 44,132 44,212 44,300 44,388 44,475 44,559 44,639

Civilian labor force

29,530 29,646 29,805 29,402 27,842 28,252 28,864 28,586 28,940 28,804 29,156 29,152 29,150

Participation rate

67.1 67.8 68.0 67.0 63.3 64.1 65.4 64.7 65.3 64.9 65.6 65.4 65.3

Employed

28,269 28,364 28,480 27,645 22,583 23,283 24,686 24,942 25,897 25,834 26,582 26,688 26,436

Employment-population ratio

64.3 64.8 65.0 63.0 51.4 52.9 55.9 56.4 58.5 58.2 59.8 59.9 59.2

Unemployed

1,260 1,282 1,326 1,757 5,259 4,969 4,178 3,644 3,042 2,969 2,575 2,463 2,714

Unemployment rate

4.3 4.3 4.4 6.0 18.9 17.6 14.5 12.7 10.5 10.3 8.8 8.4 9.3

Not in labor force

14,456 14,096 14,015 14,493 16,133 15,801 15,268 15,626 15,361 15,584 15,318 15,407 15,489

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,897 16,109 16,030 15,806 15,322 15,507 15,589 15,488 15,760 15,859 16,080 15,951 15,856

Participation rate

80.0 81.6 81.0 79.8 77.2 78.0 78.2 77.6 78.8 79.1 80.1 79.3 78.6

Employed

15,391 15,565 15,515 15,006 12,769 13,167 13,604 13,755 14,218 14,463 14,767 14,700 14,462

Employment-population ratio

77.5 78.8 78.4 75.7 64.3 66.2 68.3 68.9 71.1 72.1 73.5 73.0 71.7

Unemployed

505 544 515 800 2,553 2,340 1,985 1,733 1,542 1,397 1,313 1,251 1,395

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.4 3.2 5.1 16.7 15.1 12.7 11.2 9.8 8.8 8.2 7.8 8.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,288 12,223 12,412 12,244 11,363 11,531 11,965 11,904 11,912 11,575 11,746 11,821 11,906

Participation rate

61.1 61.1 61.9 61.0 56.5 57.2 59.3 58.8 58.8 57.0 57.7 58.0 58.3

Employed

11,725 11,679 11,803 11,513 9,077 9,350 10,128 10,248 10,652 10,306 10,688 10,851 10,820

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.4 58.9 57.3 45.1 46.4 50.2 50.7 52.5 50.7 52.5 53.2 52.9

Unemployed

562 545 609 731 2,286 2,181 1,838 1,656 1,260 1,270 1,058 970 1,086

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.5 4.9 6.0 20.1 18.9 15.4 13.9 10.6 11.0 9.0 8.2 9.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,346 1,314 1,363 1,351 1,157 1,214 1,309 1,194 1,267 1,370 1,331 1,380 1,388

Participation rate

33.5 32.9 34.1 33.8 28.9 30.3 32.6 29.7 31.5 34.0 33.0 34.2 34.3

Employed

1,153 1,121 1,161 1,125 737 766 954 939 1,027 1,066 1,127 1,137 1,155

Employment-population ratio

28.7 28.0 29.0 28.1 18.4 19.1 23.8 23.4 25.5 26.5 27.9 28.2 28.6

Unemployed

193 194 202 226 419 447 355 255 240 303 203 243 234

Unemployment rate

14.3 14.7 14.8 16.7 36.3 36.8 27.1 21.4 18.9 22.1 15.3 17.6 16.8


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 08, 2021