Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2021 2022
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

201,968 202,057 202,138 202,199 202,250 202,819 202,875 202,932 202,982 203,039 203,125 203,229 203,324

Civilian labor force

124,207 124,204 124,279 124,677 124,780 125,782 126,139 126,364 125,664 125,772 125,706 125,705 126,172

Participation rate

61.5 61.5 61.5 61.7 61.7 62.0 62.2 62.3 61.9 61.9 61.9 61.9 62.1

Employed

118,557 119,009 119,376 120,084 120,749 121,497 121,967 122,357 121,606 121,724 121,587 121,822 122,129

Employment-population ratio

58.7 58.9 59.1 59.4 59.7 59.9 60.1 60.3 59.9 60.0 59.9 59.9 60.1

Unemployed

5,650 5,194 4,903 4,593 4,032 4,285 4,172 4,007 4,058 4,048 4,119 3,884 4,043

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.2

Not in labor force

77,760 77,853 77,859 77,521 77,469 77,038 76,736 76,568 77,319 77,267 77,419 77,524 77,152

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,814 64,957 64,693 64,973 65,000 65,736 65,972 66,059 65,540 65,653 65,556 65,430 65,600

Participation rate

69.9 70.1 69.8 70.0 70.0 70.2 70.5 70.6 70.0 70.1 70.0 69.8 69.9

Employed

61,944 62,257 62,374 62,835 63,047 63,612 63,995 64,043 63,521 63,620 63,529 63,464 63,553

Employment-population ratio

66.9 67.2 67.3 67.7 67.9 68.0 68.4 68.4 67.8 67.9 67.8 67.7 67.7

Unemployed

2,870 2,699 2,320 2,138 1,953 2,124 1,977 2,015 2,020 2,033 2,027 1,966 2,048

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.2 3.6 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,764 54,574 54,901 55,069 55,177 55,169 55,312 55,376 55,215 55,315 55,318 55,565 55,661

Participation rate

56.3 56.1 56.4 56.6 56.7 57.0 57.1 57.2 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.3 57.4

Employed

52,432 52,574 52,800 53,030 53,493 53,449 53,571 53,803 53,656 53,731 53,727 54,123 54,125

Employment-population ratio

53.9 54.0 54.2 54.5 54.9 55.2 55.3 55.6 55.4 55.5 55.4 55.8 55.8

Unemployed

2,332 2,000 2,101 2,039 1,684 1,720 1,740 1,572 1,559 1,583 1,591 1,442 1,535

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,629 4,673 4,684 4,635 4,603 4,877 4,855 4,930 4,909 4,804 4,832 4,711 4,911

Participation rate

38.4 38.7 38.8 38.4 38.2 39.1 38.9 39.5 39.4 38.5 38.7 37.7 39.3

Employed

4,181 4,178 4,202 4,219 4,209 4,435 4,400 4,510 4,429 4,373 4,331 4,235 4,451

Employment-population ratio

34.7 34.6 34.8 35.0 34.9 35.6 35.3 36.2 35.5 35.1 34.7 33.9 35.6

Unemployed

448 495 482 415 395 442 455 420 480 431 501 476 460

Unemployment rate

9.7 10.6 10.3 9.0 8.6 9.1 9.4 8.5 9.8 9.0 10.4 10.1 9.4


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

33,645 33,673 33,699 33,725 33,749 33,978 34,004 34,030 34,055 34,079 34,107 34,138 34,171

Civilian labor force

20,681 20,626 20,565 20,477 20,506 21,056 21,145 21,134 21,209 21,475 21,213 21,174 21,123

Participation rate

61.5 61.3 61.0 60.7 60.8 62.0 62.2 62.1 62.3 63.0 62.2 62.0 61.8

Employed

18,879 19,017 18,962 19,143 19,057 19,597 19,751 19,825 19,963 20,141 19,975 19,907 19,776

Employment-population ratio

56.1 56.5 56.3 56.8 56.5 57.7 58.1 58.3 58.6 59.1 58.6 58.3 57.9

Unemployed

1,803 1,608 1,603 1,335 1,449 1,459 1,394 1,309 1,246 1,335 1,238 1,268 1,347

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.8 7.8 6.5 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.0 6.4

Not in labor force

12,964 13,047 13,135 13,248 13,243 12,922 12,859 12,895 12,846 12,604 12,895 12,964 13,048

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,471 9,389 9,479 9,466 9,378 9,741 9,966 9,817 9,969 9,983 9,866 9,764 9,707

Participation rate

66.6 65.9 66.5 66.4 65.7 67.5 69.0 67.9 68.9 68.9 68.1 67.3 66.8

Employed

8,616 8,644 8,699 8,787 8,723 9,051 9,327 9,264 9,360 9,416 9,342 9,212 9,125

Employment-population ratio

60.6 60.7 61.0 61.6 61.1 62.7 64.5 64.1 64.7 65.0 64.4 63.5 62.8

Unemployed

855 745 780 679 655 690 640 553 608 566 524 552 582

Unemployment rate

9.0 7.9 8.2 7.2 7.0 7.1 6.4 5.6 6.1 5.7 5.3 5.7 6.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,472 10,450 10,383 10,301 10,445 10,568 10,537 10,569 10,555 10,731 10,628 10,688 10,643

Participation rate

61.5 61.3 60.9 60.3 61.1 61.9 61.7 61.8 61.7 62.7 62.0 62.3 62.0

Employed

9,653 9,702 9,673 9,802 9,794 9,954 9,897 9,984 10,022 10,102 10,030 10,119 10,018

Employment-population ratio

56.7 56.9 56.7 57.4 57.3 58.3 57.9 58.4 58.6 59.0 58.6 59.0 58.4

Unemployed

819 748 710 500 651 614 640 585 533 629 598 569 625

Unemployment rate

7.8 7.2 6.8 4.9 6.2 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.0 5.9 5.6 5.3 5.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

738 787 703 711 683 747 642 749 686 762 719 722 773

Participation rate

30.9 33.0 29.5 29.8 28.6 30.2 26.0 30.3 27.7 30.8 29.0 29.1 31.1

Employed

609 671 590 554 540 592 528 577 581 622 603 576 634

Employment-population ratio

25.5 28.1 24.7 23.2 22.6 24.0 21.4 23.3 23.5 25.1 24.3 23.2 25.5

Unemployed

129 115 113 157 143 155 114 172 104 140 116 146 140

Unemployment rate

17.4 14.6 16.0 22.0 21.0 20.7 17.8 22.9 15.2 18.3 16.1 20.3 18.1


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,555 16,540 16,485 16,513 16,612 16,903 16,782 16,803 16,826 16,815 16,910 16,920 16,989

Civilian labor force

10,610 10,652 10,767 10,781 10,739 10,880 10,555 10,761 10,837 10,912 10,894 10,980 11,096

Participation rate

64.1 64.4 65.3 65.3 64.6 64.4 62.9 64.0 64.4 64.9 64.4 64.9 65.3

Employed

10,135 10,207 10,310 10,362 10,326 10,492 10,231 10,460 10,504 10,651 10,565 10,693 10,790

Employment-population ratio

61.2 61.7 62.5 62.8 62.2 62.1 61.0 62.3 62.4 63.3 62.5 63.2 63.5

Unemployed

476 445 457 419 413 388 324 300 333 261 330 287 307

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.1 2.8 3.1 2.4 3.0 2.6 2.8

Not in labor force

5,945 5,889 5,718 5,731 5,873 6,022 6,227 6,042 5,989 5,903 6,016 5,940 5,893


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

45,004 45,083 45,159 45,232 45,303 45,740 45,816 45,888 45,963 46,039 46,119 46,200 46,287

Civilian labor force

29,481 29,566 29,663 29,979 29,883 30,390 30,492 30,475 30,376 30,610 30,670 30,363 30,918

Participation rate

65.5 65.6 65.7 66.3 66.0 66.4 66.6 66.4 66.1 66.5 66.5 65.7 66.8

Employed

27,666 27,758 27,962 28,432 28,427 28,893 29,136 29,209 29,121 29,279 29,364 29,170 29,539

Employment-population ratio

61.5 61.6 61.9 62.9 62.7 63.2 63.6 63.7 63.4 63.6 63.7 63.1 63.8

Unemployed

1,815 1,808 1,701 1,547 1,456 1,497 1,356 1,265 1,255 1,331 1,306 1,193 1,379

Unemployment rate

6.2 6.1 5.7 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.3 3.9 4.5

Not in labor force

15,523 15,518 15,496 15,253 15,420 15,350 15,324 15,414 15,587 15,429 15,449 15,837 15,369

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

16,230 16,326 16,213 16,422 16,266 16,586 16,700 16,619 16,604 16,717 16,743 16,452 16,625

Participation rate

79.8 80.1 79.4 80.3 79.4 80.0 80.4 79.9 79.7 80.1 80.1 78.6 79.3

Employed

15,327 15,408 15,410 15,681 15,580 15,867 16,086 15,979 15,989 16,152 16,170 15,870 15,976

Employment-population ratio

75.4 75.6 75.5 76.7 76.1 76.6 77.5 76.8 76.8 77.4 77.4 75.8 76.2

Unemployed

904 918 803 741 687 719 614 640 615 566 573 581 649

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.6 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.3 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,977 11,932 12,054 12,170 12,288 12,383 12,403 12,477 12,331 12,466 12,486 12,515 12,812

Participation rate

58.1 57.8 58.3 58.7 59.2 59.6 59.6 59.8 59.0 59.6 59.6 59.6 60.9

Employed

11,255 11,272 11,374 11,531 11,682 11,775 11,802 11,950 11,857 11,876 11,926 12,113 12,264

Employment-population ratio

54.6 54.6 55.0 55.7 56.3 56.6 56.7 57.3 56.8 56.8 56.9 57.7 58.3

Unemployed

722 661 680 639 606 608 601 527 474 591 560 402 547

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.5 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.2 3.8 4.7 4.5 3.2 4.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,273 1,307 1,396 1,387 1,328 1,421 1,389 1,379 1,441 1,427 1,441 1,397 1,482

Participation rate

31.4 32.2 34.3 34.1 32.6 33.6 32.8 32.5 34.0 33.5 33.8 32.7 34.6

Employed

1,084 1,078 1,178 1,220 1,165 1,251 1,248 1,280 1,275 1,252 1,268 1,187 1,299

Employment-population ratio

26.7 26.5 29.0 30.0 28.6 29.6 29.5 30.2 30.1 29.4 29.7 27.8 30.3

Unemployed

190 229 218 167 163 170 141 98 165 175 173 210 183

Unemployment rate

14.9 17.5 15.6 12.1 12.2 12.0 10.2 7.1 11.5 12.2 12.0 15.0 12.3


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: September 02, 2022