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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2022 2023
Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

202,819 202,875 202,932 202,982 203,039 203,125 203,229 203,324 203,420 203,522 203,617 203,684 204,062

Civilian labor force

125,697 126,026 126,262 125,623 125,721 125,703 125,736 126,147 126,117 126,180 125,902 126,408 126,699

Participation rate

62.0 62.1 62.2 61.9 61.9 61.9 61.9 62.0 62.0 62.0 61.8 62.1 62.1

Employed

121,404 121,850 122,241 121,549 121,669 121,582 121,851 122,125 122,261 122,063 121,807 122,556 122,776

Employment-population ratio

59.9 60.1 60.2 59.9 59.9 59.9 60.0 60.1 60.1 60.0 59.8 60.2 60.2

Unemployed

4,293 4,175 4,021 4,074 4,052 4,121 3,885 4,022 3,856 4,117 4,094 3,852 3,924

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.1

Not in labor force

77,122 76,849 76,670 77,359 77,318 77,423 77,493 77,177 77,303 77,342 77,716 77,276 77,362

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,657 65,833 65,924 65,497 65,618 65,554 65,458 65,616 65,884 66,032 65,759 66,045 66,118

Participation rate

70.2 70.3 70.4 69.9 70.0 69.9 69.8 69.9 70.2 70.3 70.0 70.3 70.0

Employed

63,521 63,843 63,901 63,471 63,589 63,532 63,500 63,592 64,012 64,026 63,767 64,189 64,210

Employment-population ratio

67.9 68.2 68.2 67.8 67.9 67.8 67.7 67.8 68.2 68.2 67.9 68.3 68.0

Unemployed

2,137 1,990 2,023 2,026 2,029 2,022 1,958 2,024 1,871 2,006 1,992 1,856 1,908

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.1 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,178 55,326 55,398 55,217 55,299 55,312 55,543 55,625 55,348 55,340 55,174 55,461 55,637

Participation rate

57.0 57.2 57.2 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.3 57.3 57.0 57.0 56.8 57.1 57.3

Employed

53,467 53,591 53,825 53,655 53,715 53,713 54,095 54,087 53,885 53,691 53,562 53,918 54,093

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.4 55.6 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.8 55.7 55.5 55.3 55.1 55.5 55.7

Unemployed

1,711 1,734 1,573 1,561 1,585 1,598 1,448 1,538 1,463 1,649 1,611 1,543 1,544

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,861 4,867 4,940 4,910 4,803 4,837 4,735 4,907 4,885 4,807 4,969 4,902 4,944

Participation rate

39.0 39.0 39.6 39.4 38.5 38.7 37.9 39.3 39.1 38.5 39.7 39.2 39.6

Employed

4,416 4,416 4,515 4,423 4,366 4,336 4,256 4,446 4,364 4,346 4,478 4,449 4,472

Employment-population ratio

35.4 35.4 36.2 35.5 35.0 34.7 34.1 35.6 34.9 34.8 35.8 35.5 35.8

Unemployed

445 451 424 487 438 501 480 460 521 462 491 453 472

Unemployment rate

9.2 9.3 8.6 9.9 9.1 10.4 10.1 9.4 10.7 9.6 9.9 9.2 9.5


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

33,978 34,004 34,030 34,055 34,079 34,107 34,138 34,171 34,204 34,237 34,272 34,301 34,487

Civilian labor force

21,054 21,139 21,125 21,205 21,464 21,209 21,174 21,129 21,260 21,247 21,365 21,418 21,697

Participation rate

62.0 62.2 62.1 62.3 63.0 62.2 62.0 61.8 62.2 62.1 62.3 62.4 62.9

Employed

19,604 19,751 19,821 19,956 20,125 19,965 19,900 19,785 20,016 19,988 20,139 20,189 20,535

Employment-population ratio

57.7 58.1 58.2 58.6 59.1 58.5 58.3 57.9 58.5 58.4 58.8 58.9 59.5

Unemployed

1,450 1,388 1,304 1,249 1,339 1,245 1,274 1,344 1,244 1,259 1,226 1,229 1,162

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.6 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.4 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.4

Not in labor force

12,924 12,865 12,905 12,851 12,615 12,898 12,964 13,042 12,944 12,990 12,907 12,883 12,790

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,738 9,960 9,815 9,962 9,975 9,863 9,766 9,714 9,892 9,783 9,947 9,956 10,115

Participation rate

67.4 68.9 67.9 68.8 68.9 68.0 67.3 66.9 68.0 67.2 68.3 68.3 68.7

Employed

9,053 9,323 9,261 9,354 9,409 9,336 9,213 9,133 9,322 9,269 9,408 9,446 9,579

Employment-population ratio

62.7 64.5 64.0 64.6 65.0 64.4 63.5 62.9 64.1 63.7 64.6 64.8 65.0

Unemployed

685 637 554 608 567 527 553 582 570 514 539 510 535

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.4 5.6 6.1 5.7 5.3 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,568 10,536 10,567 10,559 10,725 10,624 10,683 10,640 10,637 10,696 10,633 10,679 10,804

Participation rate

61.9 61.7 61.8 61.7 62.7 62.0 62.3 62.0 61.9 62.2 61.8 62.0 62.6

Employed

9,957 9,899 9,981 10,019 10,095 10,025 10,110 10,017 10,057 10,080 10,077 10,093 10,301

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.0 58.4 58.6 59.0 58.5 59.0 58.4 58.6 58.6 58.6 58.6 59.7

Unemployed

611 637 586 540 630 599 573 624 579 616 556 586 504

Unemployment rate

5.8 6.0 5.5 5.1 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.9 5.4 5.8 5.2 5.5 4.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

748 644 743 684 764 723 726 774 731 768 785 784 778

Participation rate

30.3 26.1 30.1 27.6 30.9 29.2 29.2 31.2 29.4 30.8 31.4 31.4 31.0

Employed

594 529 578 582 622 604 577 635 636 639 654 650 655

Employment-population ratio

24.0 21.4 23.4 23.5 25.1 24.4 23.3 25.6 25.6 25.7 26.2 26.0 26.1

Unemployed

154 115 165 101 142 119 148 139 95 128 131 134 123

Unemployment rate

20.6 17.8 22.2 14.8 18.6 16.5 20.4 18.0 12.9 16.7 16.7 17.1 15.8


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,903 16,782 16,803 16,826 16,815 16,910 16,920 16,989 17,132 17,129 16,980 17,005 17,541

Civilian labor force

10,870 10,566 10,771 10,846 10,916 10,895 10,976 11,084 11,106 11,106 10,995 10,918 11,240

Participation rate

64.3 63.0 64.1 64.5 64.9 64.4 64.9 65.2 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.2 64.1

Employed

10,489 10,248 10,472 10,514 10,652 10,568 10,691 10,778 10,832 10,781 10,704 10,654 10,926

Employment-population ratio

62.1 61.1 62.3 62.5 63.4 62.5 63.2 63.4 63.2 62.9 63.0 62.7 62.3

Unemployed

382 318 299 332 263 326 285 305 274 325 291 265 313

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.0 2.8 3.1 2.4 3.0 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.8

Not in labor force

6,032 6,216 6,032 5,980 5,899 6,015 5,944 5,906 6,025 6,023 5,984 6,086 6,301


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

45,740 45,816 45,888 45,963 46,039 46,119 46,200 46,287 46,373 46,459 46,545 46,624 47,010

Civilian labor force

30,384 30,496 30,487 30,400 30,622 30,686 30,390 30,920 30,673 30,725 30,600 30,893 31,153

Participation rate

66.4 66.6 66.4 66.1 66.5 66.5 65.8 66.8 66.1 66.1 65.7 66.3 66.3

Employed

28,905 29,139 29,214 29,122 29,270 29,355 29,172 29,526 29,462 29,430 29,382 29,611 29,737

Employment-population ratio

63.2 63.6 63.7 63.4 63.6 63.7 63.1 63.8 63.5 63.3 63.1 63.5 63.3

Unemployed

1,479 1,357 1,274 1,278 1,352 1,331 1,218 1,395 1,211 1,295 1,218 1,281 1,416

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.0 4.5 3.9 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.5

Not in labor force

15,355 15,319 15,401 15,563 15,417 15,433 15,810 15,367 15,700 15,734 15,944 15,731 15,857

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

16,578 16,702 16,626 16,616 16,725 16,751 16,469 16,633 16,536 16,653 16,526 16,725 16,795

Participation rate

80.0 80.4 80.0 79.8 80.2 80.2 78.7 79.3 78.7 79.1 78.4 79.2 78.6

Employed

15,872 16,081 15,978 15,983 16,133 16,148 15,864 15,967 15,967 16,000 15,925 16,047 16,073

Employment-population ratio

76.6 77.5 76.8 76.7 77.3 77.3 75.8 76.1 76.0 76.0 75.5 76.0 75.2

Unemployed

705 622 648 633 592 603 605 666 569 653 601 677 722

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0 3.4 3.9 3.6 4.0 4.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,384 12,403 12,476 12,341 12,472 12,493 12,522 12,807 12,771 12,655 12,637 12,785 13,024

Participation rate

59.6 59.6 59.8 59.1 59.6 59.6 59.6 60.9 60.6 59.9 59.7 60.3 61.1

Employed

11,781 11,808 11,950 11,863 11,885 11,939 12,118 12,260 12,314 12,185 12,179 12,307 12,447

Employment-population ratio

56.7 56.7 57.3 56.8 56.8 57.0 57.7 58.3 58.4 57.7 57.6 58.1 58.4

Unemployed

603 595 526 478 587 554 403 546 457 469 458 478 577

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.8 4.2 3.9 4.7 4.4 3.2 4.3 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.7 4.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,423 1,391 1,385 1,443 1,425 1,443 1,400 1,481 1,366 1,417 1,438 1,383 1,334

Participation rate

33.7 32.9 32.7 34.0 33.5 33.8 32.7 34.6 31.8 33.0 33.4 32.0 30.8

Employed

1,252 1,250 1,285 1,276 1,252 1,268 1,190 1,299 1,181 1,245 1,279 1,257 1,217

Employment-population ratio

29.6 29.5 30.3 30.1 29.4 29.7 27.8 30.3 27.5 29.0 29.7 29.1 28.1

Unemployed

171 141 100 167 173 175 210 182 185 173 159 126 116

Unemployment rate

12.0 10.1 7.2 11.6 12.2 12.1 15.0 12.3 13.6 12.2 11.0 9.1 8.7


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 03, 2023