HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2018 2019
Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

199,950 200,039 200,132 200,236 200,356 200,476 200,596 200,690 200,774 200,382 200,447 200,508 200,576

Civilian labor force

125,675 125,689 125,765 125,716 125,347 125,617 126,100 126,334 126,680 126,351 126,313 126,404 125,900

Participation rate

62.9 62.8 62.8 62.8 62.6 62.7 62.9 63.0 63.1 63.1 63.0 63.0 62.8

Employed

121,228 121,298 121,357 121,507 121,074 121,507 121,923 122,036 122,318 121,880 122,168 122,143 121,944

Employment-population ratio

60.6 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.4 60.6 60.8 60.8 60.9 60.8 60.9 60.9 60.8

Unemployed

4,447 4,392 4,408 4,209 4,272 4,110 4,177 4,299 4,362 4,471 4,144 4,261 3,957

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.1

Not in labor force

74,274 74,349 74,367 74,521 75,009 74,858 74,496 74,355 74,094 74,030 74,134 74,104 74,676

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,919 65,844 65,822 65,614 65,527 65,661 65,771 65,961 66,110 66,051 66,052 66,014 65,802

Participation rate

72.0 71.9 71.8 71.6 71.4 71.5 71.6 71.8 71.9 72.0 72.0 71.9 71.6

Employed

63,724 63,738 63,680 63,681 63,513 63,664 63,785 63,960 64,046 63,890 64,088 63,936 63,896

Employment-population ratio

69.6 69.6 69.5 69.5 69.2 69.4 69.4 69.6 69.6 69.6 69.8 69.6 69.6

Unemployed

2,195 2,106 2,142 1,933 2,014 1,996 1,986 2,000 2,064 2,161 1,964 2,078 1,906

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.2 3.3 2.9 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.1 2.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,192 55,253 55,439 55,537 55,372 55,378 55,778 55,819 55,995 55,740 55,814 55,806 55,671

Participation rate

57.4 57.5 57.6 57.7 57.5 57.5 57.8 57.9 58.0 57.8 57.9 57.9 57.7

Employed

53,451 53,496 53,635 53,764 53,616 53,792 54,062 54,023 54,226 53,959 54,151 54,140 54,133

Employment-population ratio

55.6 55.6 55.8 55.9 55.7 55.8 56.1 56.0 56.2 56.0 56.2 56.1 56.1

Unemployed

1,742 1,756 1,804 1,774 1,757 1,586 1,716 1,796 1,769 1,781 1,663 1,666 1,538

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,564 4,593 4,504 4,565 4,447 4,578 4,551 4,554 4,575 4,560 4,447 4,585 4,427

Participation rate

37.0 37.3 36.6 37.1 36.1 37.2 37.0 37.0 37.2 37.2 36.3 37.4 36.1

Employed

4,053 4,063 4,042 4,063 3,945 4,051 4,076 4,052 4,047 4,031 3,929 4,067 3,915

Employment-population ratio

32.9 33.0 32.8 33.0 32.1 32.9 33.1 32.9 32.9 32.9 32.0 33.2 31.9

Unemployed

511 529 462 502 501 527 476 502 528 530 518 517 512

Unemployment rate

11.2 11.5 10.3 11.0 11.3 11.5 10.5 11.0 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.3 11.6


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

32,672 32,704 32,737 32,771 32,810 32,848 32,887 32,923 32,956 32,868 32,897 32,925 32,955

Civilian labor force

20,233 20,294 20,371 20,496 20,384 20,504 20,564 20,451 20,460 20,628 20,575 20,432 20,589

Participation rate

61.9 62.1 62.2 62.5 62.1 62.4 62.5 62.1 62.1 62.8 62.5 62.1 62.5

Employed

18,911 19,096 19,057 19,151 19,108 19,265 19,290 19,232 19,107 19,220 19,137 19,073 19,219

Employment-population ratio

57.9 58.4 58.2 58.4 58.2 58.6 58.7 58.4 58.0 58.5 58.2 57.9 58.3

Unemployed

1,321 1,198 1,314 1,345 1,276 1,239 1,274 1,219 1,353 1,408 1,437 1,359 1,370

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.0 6.6 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.7

Not in labor force

12,439 12,410 12,366 12,275 12,426 12,345 12,323 12,472 12,496 12,240 12,322 12,493 12,366

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,266 9,380 9,167 9,325 9,394 9,349 9,400 9,310 9,284 9,367 9,414 9,399 9,456

Participation rate

67.8 68.5 66.9 67.9 68.3 67.9 68.2 67.4 67.2 67.9 68.2 68.0 68.3

Employed

8,674 8,790 8,580 8,756 8,828 8,800 8,814 8,771 8,709 8,705 8,734 8,753 8,811

Employment-population ratio

63.4 64.2 62.6 63.8 64.2 63.9 63.9 63.5 63.0 63.1 63.3 63.3 63.7

Unemployed

593 590 587 569 565 549 586 539 575 662 680 646 645

Unemployment rate

6.4 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.2 7.1 7.2 6.9 6.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,244 10,235 10,404 10,424 10,356 10,422 10,327 10,303 10,359 10,419 10,366 10,316 10,411

Participation rate

62.1 62.0 63.0 63.0 62.5 62.8 62.2 62.0 62.2 62.8 62.4 62.0 62.5

Employed

9,716 9,755 9,834 9,793 9,769 9,874 9,825 9,789 9,749 9,847 9,822 9,777 9,859

Employment-population ratio

58.9 59.1 59.5 59.2 59.0 59.5 59.2 58.9 58.6 59.3 59.1 58.8 59.2

Unemployed

528 481 571 631 587 548 501 515 611 572 544 539 552

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.7 5.5 6.1 5.7 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.9 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

722 680 800 748 634 733 837 837 817 842 795 717 722

Participation rate

28.9 27.2 32.0 30.0 25.4 29.4 33.6 33.6 32.8 34.0 32.1 29.0 29.2

Employed

522 552 643 602 510 591 650 672 650 669 582 542 549

Employment-population ratio

20.8 22.1 25.7 24.1 20.5 23.7 26.1 27.0 26.1 27.0 23.5 21.9 22.2

Unemployed

201 128 157 145 124 141 187 165 167 173 213 174 173

Unemployment rate

27.8 18.8 19.6 19.4 19.5 19.3 22.4 19.7 20.5 20.6 26.8 24.3 24.0


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

15,933 15,874 15,934 15,922 16,093 16,011 16,030 16,096 16,138 16,034 16,055 16,245 16,290

Civilian labor force

10,039 9,941 10,147 10,156 10,260 10,303 10,280 10,334 10,262 10,298 10,369 10,402 10,180

Participation rate

63.0 62.6 63.7 63.8 63.8 64.3 64.1 64.2 63.6 64.2 64.6 64.0 62.5

Employed

9,760 9,727 9,825 9,842 9,951 9,943 9,956 10,050 9,929 9,978 10,045 10,082 9,957

Employment-population ratio

61.3 61.3 61.7 61.8 61.8 62.1 62.1 62.4 61.5 62.2 62.6 62.1 61.1

Unemployed

279 214 322 314 309 360 324 284 334 321 324 320 223

Unemployment rate

2.8 2.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.5 3.1 2.7 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.2

Not in labor force

5,894 5,933 5,787 5,766 5,832 5,709 5,750 5,762 5,876 5,736 5,686 5,843 6,110


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

42,507 42,592 42,679 42,767 42,863 42,959 43,054 43,146 43,234 43,044 43,127 43,205 43,289

Civilian labor force

28,219 28,207 28,369 28,502 28,253 28,388 28,513 28,820 28,963 28,985 28,724 28,929 28,546

Participation rate

66.4 66.2 66.5 66.6 65.9 66.1 66.2 66.8 67.0 67.3 66.6 67.0 65.9

Employed

26,865 26,834 27,077 27,223 26,935 27,102 27,266 27,524 27,701 27,579 27,480 27,566 27,348

Employment-population ratio

63.2 63.0 63.4 63.7 62.8 63.1 63.3 63.8 64.1 64.1 63.7 63.8 63.2

Unemployed

1,354 1,373 1,292 1,279 1,317 1,287 1,248 1,296 1,261 1,406 1,245 1,363 1,198

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.3 4.7 4.2

Not in labor force

14,288 14,385 14,310 14,265 14,610 14,571 14,541 14,326 14,271 14,060 14,403 14,277 14,743

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,516 15,439 15,547 15,513 15,425 15,424 15,448 15,595 15,651 15,699 15,675 15,832 15,611

Participation rate

80.9 80.3 80.7 80.4 79.7 79.5 79.5 80.1 80.2 80.8 80.5 81.2 79.9

Employed

14,891 14,843 14,952 15,006 14,852 14,832 14,854 15,063 15,107 15,066 15,117 15,187 15,028

Employment-population ratio

77.6 77.2 77.6 77.7 76.8 76.5 76.4 77.3 77.4 77.6 77.7 77.9 76.9

Unemployed

626 596 595 508 574 592 594 533 544 633 557 646 583

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.5 4.0 3.6 4.1 3.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,410 11,519 11,632 11,689 11,608 11,689 11,767 11,857 12,002 11,968 11,798 11,839 11,762

Participation rate

58.8 59.3 59.7 59.9 59.3 59.6 59.9 60.2 60.8 60.9 59.9 60.0 59.5

Employed

10,869 10,930 11,072 11,137 11,025 11,188 11,266 11,308 11,487 11,396 11,331 11,321 11,330

Employment-population ratio

56.0 56.2 56.8 57.0 56.3 57.0 57.3 57.4 58.2 58.0 57.5 57.4 57.3

Unemployed

541 589 560 552 582 501 501 550 515 572 466 518 432

Unemployment rate

4.7 5.1 4.8 4.7 5.0 4.3 4.3 4.6 4.3 4.8 4.0 4.4 3.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,293 1,250 1,190 1,299 1,220 1,276 1,298 1,367 1,310 1,318 1,252 1,257 1,172

Participation rate

32.9 31.8 30.3 33.0 30.9 32.3 32.8 34.5 33.0 33.3 31.6 31.7 29.5

Employed

1,105 1,061 1,054 1,080 1,058 1,082 1,145 1,154 1,107 1,117 1,031 1,058 989

Employment-population ratio

28.2 27.0 26.8 27.4 26.8 27.4 28.9 29.1 27.9 28.2 26.0 26.6 24.9

Unemployed

187 189 137 219 161 193 153 214 202 201 221 199 183

Unemployment rate

14.5 15.1 11.5 16.9 13.2 15.2 11.8 15.6 15.4 15.2 17.6 15.9 15.6


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: May 03, 2019