HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2018 2019
Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

199,738 199,799 199,871 199,950 200,039 200,132 200,236 200,356 200,476 200,596 200,690 200,774 200,382

Civilian labor force

125,318 125,862 125,642 125,675 125,689 125,765 125,716 125,347 125,617 126,100 126,334 126,680 126,351

Participation rate

62.7 63.0 62.9 62.9 62.8 62.8 62.8 62.6 62.7 62.9 63.0 63.1 63.1

Employed

120,899 121,241 121,180 121,228 121,298 121,357 121,507 121,074 121,507 121,923 122,036 122,318 121,880

Employment-population ratio

60.5 60.7 60.6 60.6 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.4 60.6 60.8 60.8 60.9 60.8

Unemployed

4,419 4,621 4,461 4,447 4,392 4,408 4,209 4,272 4,110 4,177 4,299 4,362 4,471

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5

Not in labor force

74,420 73,937 74,229 74,274 74,349 74,367 74,521 75,009 74,858 74,496 74,355 74,094 74,030

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,703 65,887 65,877 65,919 65,844 65,822 65,614 65,527 65,661 65,771 65,961 66,110 66,051

Participation rate

71.9 72.1 72.0 72.0 71.9 71.8 71.6 71.4 71.5 71.6 71.8 71.9 72.0

Employed

63,502 63,651 63,698 63,724 63,738 63,680 63,681 63,513 63,664 63,785 63,960 64,046 63,890

Employment-population ratio

69.5 69.6 69.6 69.6 69.6 69.5 69.5 69.2 69.4 69.4 69.6 69.6 69.6

Unemployed

2,201 2,236 2,179 2,195 2,106 2,142 1,933 2,014 1,996 1,986 2,000 2,064 2,161

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3 2.9 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,910 55,254 55,172 55,192 55,253 55,439 55,537 55,372 55,378 55,778 55,819 55,995 55,740

Participation rate

57.2 57.5 57.4 57.4 57.5 57.6 57.7 57.5 57.5 57.8 57.9 58.0 57.8

Employed

53,272 53,456 53,381 53,451 53,496 53,635 53,764 53,616 53,792 54,062 54,023 54,226 53,959

Employment-population ratio

55.5 55.7 55.6 55.6 55.6 55.8 55.9 55.7 55.8 56.1 56.0 56.2 56.0

Unemployed

1,638 1,798 1,791 1,742 1,756 1,804 1,774 1,757 1,586 1,716 1,796 1,769 1,781

Unemployment rate

3.0 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,705 4,721 4,593 4,564 4,593 4,504 4,565 4,447 4,578 4,551 4,554 4,575 4,560

Participation rate

38.1 38.3 37.2 37.0 37.3 36.6 37.1 36.1 37.2 37.0 37.0 37.2 37.2

Employed

4,125 4,134 4,101 4,053 4,063 4,042 4,063 3,945 4,051 4,076 4,052 4,047 4,031

Employment-population ratio

33.4 33.5 33.3 32.9 33.0 32.8 33.0 32.1 32.9 33.1 32.9 32.9 32.9

Unemployed

580 587 492 511 529 462 502 501 527 476 502 528 530

Unemployment rate

12.3 12.4 10.7 11.2 11.5 10.3 11.0 11.3 11.5 10.5 11.0 11.6 11.6


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

32,575 32,607 32,638 32,672 32,704 32,737 32,771 32,810 32,848 32,887 32,923 32,956 32,868

Civilian labor force

20,250 20,518 20,452 20,233 20,294 20,371 20,496 20,384 20,504 20,564 20,451 20,460 20,628

Participation rate

62.2 62.9 62.7 61.9 62.1 62.2 62.5 62.1 62.4 62.5 62.1 62.1 62.8

Employed

18,696 19,118 19,063 18,911 19,096 19,057 19,151 19,108 19,265 19,290 19,232 19,107 19,220

Employment-population ratio

57.4 58.6 58.4 57.9 58.4 58.2 58.4 58.2 58.6 58.7 58.4 58.0 58.5

Unemployed

1,554 1,399 1,389 1,321 1,198 1,314 1,345 1,276 1,239 1,274 1,219 1,353 1,408

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.8 6.8 6.5 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.0 6.6 6.8

Not in labor force

12,325 12,089 12,186 12,439 12,410 12,366 12,275 12,426 12,345 12,323 12,472 12,496 12,240

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,269 9,448 9,317 9,266 9,380 9,167 9,325 9,394 9,349 9,400 9,310 9,284 9,367

Participation rate

68.0 69.3 68.2 67.8 68.5 66.9 67.9 68.3 67.9 68.2 67.4 67.2 67.9

Employed

8,572 8,889 8,752 8,674 8,790 8,580 8,756 8,828 8,800 8,814 8,771 8,709 8,705

Employment-population ratio

62.9 65.2 64.1 63.4 64.2 62.6 63.8 64.2 63.9 63.9 63.5 63.0 63.1

Unemployed

697 559 565 593 590 587 569 565 549 586 539 575 662

Unemployment rate

7.5 5.9 6.1 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.2 7.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,224 10,264 10,319 10,244 10,235 10,404 10,424 10,356 10,422 10,327 10,303 10,359 10,419

Participation rate

62.2 62.4 62.6 62.1 62.0 63.0 63.0 62.5 62.8 62.2 62.0 62.2 62.8

Employed

9,549 9,642 9,718 9,716 9,755 9,834 9,793 9,769 9,874 9,825 9,789 9,749 9,847

Employment-population ratio

58.1 58.6 59.0 58.9 59.1 59.5 59.2 59.0 59.5 59.2 58.9 58.6 59.3

Unemployed

674 621 600 528 481 571 631 587 548 501 515 611 572

Unemployment rate

6.6 6.1 5.8 5.2 4.7 5.5 6.1 5.7 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.9 5.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

758 806 816 722 680 800 748 634 733 837 837 817 842

Participation rate

30.2 32.1 32.6 28.9 27.2 32.0 30.0 25.4 29.4 33.6 33.6 32.8 34.0

Employed

575 587 592 522 552 643 602 510 591 650 672 650 669

Employment-population ratio

22.9 23.4 23.6 20.8 22.1 25.7 24.1 20.5 23.7 26.1 27.0 26.1 27.0

Unemployed

183 219 224 201 128 157 145 124 141 187 165 167 173

Unemployment rate

24.1 27.1 27.4 27.8 18.8 19.6 19.4 19.5 19.3 22.4 19.7 20.5 20.6


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

15,731 15,792 15,983 15,933 15,874 15,934 15,922 16,093 16,011 16,030 16,096 16,138 16,034

Civilian labor force

9,889 9,925 10,097 10,039 9,941 10,147 10,156 10,260 10,303 10,280 10,334 10,262 10,298

Participation rate

62.9 62.8 63.2 63.0 62.6 63.7 63.8 63.8 64.3 64.1 64.2 63.6 64.2

Employed

9,587 9,630 9,786 9,760 9,727 9,825 9,842 9,951 9,943 9,956 10,050 9,929 9,978

Employment-population ratio

60.9 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.3 61.7 61.8 61.8 62.1 62.1 62.4 61.5 62.2

Unemployed

301 294 311 279 214 322 314 309 360 324 284 334 321

Unemployment rate

3.0 3.0 3.1 2.8 2.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.5 3.1 2.7 3.3 3.1

Not in labor force

5,842 5,868 5,886 5,894 5,933 5,787 5,766 5,832 5,709 5,750 5,762 5,876 5,736


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

42,249 42,335 42,419 42,507 42,592 42,679 42,767 42,863 42,959 43,054 43,146 43,234 43,044

Civilian labor force

27,831 28,023 27,939 28,219 28,207 28,369 28,502 28,253 28,388 28,513 28,820 28,963 28,985

Participation rate

65.9 66.2 65.9 66.4 66.2 66.5 66.6 65.9 66.1 66.2 66.8 67.0 67.3

Employed

26,434 26,656 26,528 26,865 26,834 27,077 27,223 26,935 27,102 27,266 27,524 27,701 27,579

Employment-population ratio

62.6 63.0 62.5 63.2 63.0 63.4 63.7 62.8 63.1 63.3 63.8 64.1 64.1

Unemployed

1,397 1,366 1,412 1,354 1,373 1,292 1,279 1,317 1,287 1,248 1,296 1,261 1,406

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.9

Not in labor force

14,418 14,313 14,479 14,288 14,385 14,310 14,265 14,610 14,571 14,541 14,326 14,271 14,060

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,327 15,315 15,369 15,516 15,439 15,547 15,513 15,425 15,424 15,448 15,595 15,651 15,699

Participation rate

80.4 80.2 80.3 80.9 80.3 80.7 80.4 79.7 79.5 79.5 80.1 80.2 80.8

Employed

14,660 14,724 14,694 14,891 14,843 14,952 15,006 14,852 14,832 14,854 15,063 15,107 15,066

Employment-population ratio

76.9 77.1 76.8 77.6 77.2 77.6 77.7 76.8 76.5 76.4 77.3 77.4 77.6

Unemployed

667 591 674 626 596 595 508 574 592 594 533 544 633

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.9 4.4 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.5 4.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,257 11,416 11,248 11,410 11,519 11,632 11,689 11,608 11,689 11,767 11,857 12,002 11,968

Participation rate

58.4 59.1 58.1 58.8 59.3 59.7 59.9 59.3 59.6 59.9 60.2 60.8 60.9

Employed

10,736 10,821 10,695 10,869 10,930 11,072 11,137 11,025 11,188 11,266 11,308 11,487 11,396

Employment-population ratio

55.7 56.0 55.2 56.0 56.2 56.8 57.0 56.3 57.0 57.3 57.4 58.2 58.0

Unemployed

521 595 553 541 589 560 552 582 501 501 550 515 572

Unemployment rate

4.6 5.2 4.9 4.7 5.1 4.8 4.7 5.0 4.3 4.3 4.6 4.3 4.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,248 1,291 1,322 1,293 1,250 1,190 1,299 1,220 1,276 1,298 1,367 1,310 1,318

Participation rate

31.9 33.0 33.8 32.9 31.8 30.3 33.0 30.9 32.3 32.8 34.5 33.0 33.3

Employed

1,038 1,111 1,138 1,105 1,061 1,054 1,080 1,058 1,082 1,145 1,154 1,107 1,117

Employment-population ratio

26.6 28.4 29.1 28.2 27.0 26.8 27.4 26.8 27.4 28.9 29.1 27.9 28.2

Unemployed

210 180 184 187 189 137 219 161 193 153 214 202 201

Unemployment rate

16.8 14.0 13.9 14.5 15.1 11.5 16.9 13.2 15.2 11.8 15.6 15.4 15.2


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 01, 2019