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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2020 2021
June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

201,233 201,319 201,417 201,515 201,610 201,685 201,749 201,588 201,606 201,642 201,687 201,743 201,814

Civilian labor force

123,991 123,748 124,512 124,202 124,672 124,038 124,208 123,727 123,737 123,819 123,964 123,897 123,800

Participation rate

61.6 61.5 61.8 61.6 61.8 61.5 61.6 61.4 61.4 61.4 61.5 61.4 61.3

Employed

111,527 112,372 115,342 115,510 117,146 116,665 116,703 116,699 116,859 117,166 117,358 117,553 117,320

Employment-population ratio

55.4 55.8 57.3 57.3 58.1 57.8 57.8 57.9 58.0 58.1 58.2 58.3 58.1

Unemployed

12,464 11,376 9,170 8,691 7,525 7,373 7,505 7,027 6,878 6,653 6,606 6,344 6,480

Unemployment rate

10.1 9.2 7.4 7.0 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.2

Not in labor force

77,241 77,571 76,906 77,313 76,939 77,647 77,541 77,862 77,869 77,823 77,723 77,845 78,013

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,708 64,412 64,946 65,001 65,123 64,648 64,593 64,550 64,434 64,289 64,593 64,492 64,478

Participation rate

70.1 69.8 70.3 70.4 70.4 69.9 69.8 69.8 69.7 69.5 69.8 69.7 69.6

Employed

58,918 59,077 60,459 60,780 61,314 60,844 60,872 60,988 60,989 60,935 61,155 61,182 61,122

Employment-population ratio

63.9 64.0 65.5 65.8 66.3 65.8 65.8 66.0 66.0 65.9 66.1 66.1 66.0

Unemployed

5,791 5,335 4,487 4,220 3,808 3,804 3,721 3,561 3,446 3,353 3,439 3,311 3,357

Unemployment rate

8.9 8.3 6.9 6.5 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,066 55,186 55,140 54,568 54,866 54,717 54,980 54,529 54,599 54,911 54,603 54,698 54,800

Participation rate

56.9 57.0 56.9 56.3 56.5 56.4 56.6 56.2 56.3 56.6 56.2 56.3 56.4

Employed

49,352 49,880 51,111 50,813 51,761 51,765 51,871 51,739 51,782 52,155 51,965 52,079 52,084

Employment-population ratio

51.0 51.5 52.7 52.4 53.3 53.3 53.4 53.3 53.4 53.7 53.5 53.6 53.6

Unemployed

5,714 5,306 4,029 3,755 3,105 2,953 3,109 2,790 2,817 2,756 2,638 2,618 2,716

Unemployment rate

10.4 9.6 7.3 6.9 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.8 5.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,217 4,150 4,425 4,633 4,683 4,673 4,635 4,648 4,704 4,619 4,768 4,707 4,522

Participation rate

34.7 34.2 36.5 38.2 38.6 38.5 38.2 38.4 38.9 38.2 39.5 39.0 37.5

Employed

3,257 3,415 3,771 3,917 4,071 4,056 3,960 3,972 4,088 4,076 4,238 4,292 4,114

Employment-population ratio

26.8 28.1 31.1 32.3 33.5 33.4 32.7 32.8 33.8 33.7 35.1 35.6 34.1

Unemployed

960 735 654 716 612 616 675 676 616 543 530 415 408

Unemployment rate

22.8 17.7 14.8 15.5 13.1 13.2 14.6 14.5 13.1 11.8 11.1 8.8 9.0


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

33,323 33,353 33,386 33,420 33,453 33,486 33,516 33,493 33,511 33,530 33,551 33,572 33,595

Civilian labor force

20,009 20,065 20,112 19,942 20,123 20,165 20,055 20,189 20,154 20,362 20,544 20,439 20,679

Participation rate

60.0 60.2 60.2 59.7 60.2 60.2 59.8 60.3 60.1 60.7 61.2 60.9 61.6

Employed

16,939 17,182 17,530 17,558 17,955 18,087 18,061 18,323 18,159 18,412 18,546 18,584 18,769

Employment-population ratio

50.8 51.5 52.5 52.5 53.7 54.0 53.9 54.7 54.2 54.9 55.3 55.4 55.9

Unemployed

3,069 2,883 2,582 2,385 2,169 2,077 1,994 1,866 1,995 1,951 1,998 1,854 1,910

Unemployment rate

15.3 14.4 12.8 12.0 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.2 9.9 9.6 9.7 9.1 9.2

Not in labor force

13,314 13,288 13,274 13,478 13,330 13,321 13,461 13,305 13,357 13,168 13,007 13,133 12,916

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,146 9,222 9,281 9,124 9,224 9,217 9,222 9,348 9,340 9,430 9,465 9,460 9,607

Participation rate

65.1 65.6 65.9 64.7 65.4 65.2 65.2 66.1 66.0 66.6 66.8 66.7 67.7

Employed

7,677 7,838 8,059 7,975 8,166 8,184 8,265 8,468 8,383 8,501 8,498 8,533 8,648

Employment-population ratio

54.7 55.8 57.3 56.6 57.9 57.9 58.4 59.9 59.2 60.0 59.9 60.1 60.9

Unemployed

1,469 1,384 1,222 1,149 1,058 1,033 956 880 957 928 967 927 958

Unemployment rate

16.1 15.0 13.2 12.6 11.5 11.2 10.4 9.4 10.2 9.8 10.2 9.8 10.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,125 10,140 10,140 10,093 10,169 10,242 10,088 10,138 10,127 10,181 10,315 10,293 10,358

Participation rate

60.0 60.1 60.0 59.7 60.1 60.4 59.5 59.8 59.7 60.0 60.7 60.6 60.9

Employed

8,694 8,794 8,945 8,999 9,230 9,320 9,238 9,274 9,225 9,294 9,429 9,448 9,473

Employment-population ratio

51.6 52.1 52.9 53.2 54.5 55.0 54.5 54.7 54.4 54.8 55.5 55.6 55.7

Unemployed

1,431 1,346 1,195 1,093 939 921 849 864 902 887 887 844 886

Unemployment rate

14.1 13.3 11.8 10.8 9.2 9.0 8.4 8.5 8.9 8.7 8.6 8.2 8.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

737 703 691 726 731 706 746 703 687 752 764 686 714

Participation rate

30.5 29.1 28.6 30.1 30.3 29.3 31.0 29.3 28.7 31.4 32.0 28.7 29.9

Employed

568 550 525 584 559 583 558 581 551 616 620 603 648

Employment-population ratio

23.5 22.8 21.8 24.2 23.2 24.2 23.2 24.2 23.0 25.7 25.9 25.2 27.1

Unemployed

169 153 166 142 172 123 188 122 136 136 144 83 67

Unemployment rate

22.9 21.8 24.0 19.6 23.5 17.4 25.2 17.3 19.8 18.1 18.9 12.1 9.3


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,471 16,420 16,597 16,668 16,542 16,558 16,583 16,423 16,588 16,532 16,532 16,529 16,428

Civilian labor force

10,114 10,470 10,582 10,480 10,382 10,380 10,253 10,317 10,315 10,422 10,375 10,471 10,387

Participation rate

61.4 63.8 63.8 62.9 62.8 62.7 61.8 62.8 62.2 63.0 62.8 63.4 63.2

Employed

8,708 9,220 9,461 9,553 9,598 9,685 9,645 9,631 9,792 9,799 9,786 9,890 9,789

Employment-population ratio

52.9 56.2 57.0 57.3 58.0 58.5 58.2 58.6 59.0 59.3 59.2 59.8 59.6

Unemployed

1,406 1,250 1,121 926 784 695 608 686 523 623 589 581 598

Unemployment rate

13.9 11.9 10.6 8.8 7.6 6.7 5.9 6.6 5.1 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.8

Not in labor force

6,356 5,950 6,015 6,188 6,160 6,179 6,329 6,106 6,273 6,110 6,157 6,057 6,042


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

44,132 44,212 44,300 44,388 44,475 44,559 44,639 44,521 44,587 44,651 44,719 44,786 44,857

Civilian labor force

28,864 28,586 28,940 28,804 29,156 29,152 29,150 28,920 29,174 29,273 29,199 29,243 29,367

Participation rate

65.4 64.7 65.3 64.9 65.6 65.4 65.3 65.0 65.4 65.6 65.3 65.3 65.5

Employed

24,686 24,942 25,897 25,834 26,582 26,688 26,436 26,437 26,701 26,975 26,889 27,110 27,183

Employment-population ratio

55.9 56.4 58.5 58.2 59.8 59.9 59.2 59.4 59.9 60.4 60.1 60.5 60.6

Unemployed

4,178 3,644 3,042 2,969 2,575 2,463 2,714 2,482 2,473 2,298 2,310 2,133 2,184

Unemployment rate

14.5 12.7 10.5 10.3 8.8 8.4 9.3 8.6 8.5 7.9 7.9 7.3 7.4

Not in labor force

15,268 15,626 15,361 15,584 15,318 15,407 15,489 15,601 15,413 15,378 15,520 15,543 15,490

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,589 15,488 15,760 15,859 16,080 15,951 15,856 15,789 15,952 16,007 16,086 16,079 16,068

Participation rate

78.2 77.6 78.8 79.1 80.1 79.3 78.6 78.5 79.2 79.3 79.6 79.5 79.3

Employed

13,604 13,755 14,218 14,463 14,767 14,700 14,462 14,578 14,727 14,804 14,882 15,006 15,005

Employment-population ratio

68.3 68.9 71.1 72.1 73.5 73.0 71.7 72.5 73.1 73.4 73.6 74.1 74.0

Unemployed

1,985 1,733 1,542 1,397 1,313 1,251 1,395 1,211 1,224 1,203 1,204 1,073 1,063

Unemployment rate

12.7 11.2 9.8 8.8 8.2 7.8 8.8 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,965 11,904 11,912 11,575 11,746 11,821 11,906 11,779 11,794 11,909 11,790 11,928 12,071

Participation rate

59.3 58.8 58.8 57.0 57.7 58.0 58.3 57.8 57.8 58.3 57.6 58.2 58.8

Employed

10,128 10,248 10,652 10,306 10,688 10,851 10,820 10,743 10,792 11,035 10,909 11,043 11,111

Employment-population ratio

50.2 50.7 52.5 50.7 52.5 53.2 52.9 52.7 52.9 54.0 53.3 53.8 54.1

Unemployed

1,838 1,656 1,260 1,270 1,058 970 1,086 1,036 1,002 874 881 884 959

Unemployment rate

15.4 13.9 10.6 11.0 9.0 8.2 9.1 8.8 8.5 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,309 1,194 1,267 1,370 1,331 1,380 1,388 1,352 1,428 1,356 1,323 1,236 1,228

Participation rate

32.6 29.7 31.5 34.0 33.0 34.2 34.3 33.6 35.4 33.6 32.8 30.6 30.4

Employed

954 939 1,027 1,066 1,127 1,137 1,155 1,116 1,182 1,135 1,098 1,061 1,066

Employment-population ratio

23.8 23.4 25.5 26.5 27.9 28.2 28.6 27.7 29.3 28.2 27.2 26.3 26.4

Unemployed

355 255 240 303 203 243 234 236 247 221 225 175 162

Unemployment rate

27.1 21.4 18.9 22.1 15.3 17.6 16.8 17.4 17.3 16.3 17.0 14.2 13.2


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: July 02, 2021