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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2022 2023
Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

203,522 203,617 203,684 204,062 204,118 204,186 204,261 204,345 204,433 204,536 204,645 204,756 204,867

Civilian labor force

126,180 125,902 126,408 126,699 126,756 126,933 127,174 127,273 127,306 127,329 127,976 127,829 127,651

Participation rate

62.0 61.8 62.1 62.1 62.1 62.2 62.3 62.3 62.3 62.3 62.5 62.4 62.3

Employed

122,063 121,807 122,556 122,776 122,738 122,831 123,224 123,112 123,389 123,393 123,571 123,456 123,220

Employment-population ratio

60.0 59.8 60.2 60.2 60.1 60.2 60.3 60.2 60.4 60.3 60.4 60.3 60.1

Unemployed

4,117 4,094 3,852 3,924 4,017 4,102 3,950 4,161 3,917 3,936 4,405 4,373 4,431

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.5

Not in labor force

77,342 77,716 77,276 77,362 77,362 77,253 77,087 77,072 77,127 77,207 76,669 76,926 77,216

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,032 65,759 66,045 66,118 66,083 66,304 66,299 66,433 66,543 66,414 66,565 66,643 66,360

Participation rate

70.3 70.0 70.3 70.0 69.9 70.2 70.1 70.2 70.3 70.2 70.3 70.3 70.0

Employed

64,026 63,767 64,189 64,210 64,125 64,287 64,363 64,343 64,545 64,423 64,324 64,321 64,135

Employment-population ratio

68.2 67.9 68.3 68.0 67.9 68.0 68.1 68.0 68.2 68.0 67.9 67.9 67.6

Unemployed

2,006 1,992 1,856 1,908 1,958 2,018 1,936 2,089 1,998 1,991 2,241 2,322 2,225

Unemployment rate

3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.4 3.5 3.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,340 55,174 55,461 55,637 55,733 55,656 55,882 55,950 55,994 56,188 56,451 56,401 56,255

Participation rate

57.0 56.8 57.1 57.3 57.4 57.3 57.5 57.5 57.6 57.7 58.0 57.9 57.7

Employed

53,691 53,562 53,918 54,093 54,142 53,994 54,304 54,323 54,536 54,690 54,826 54,810 54,662

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.1 55.5 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.9 55.9 56.1 56.2 56.3 56.2 56.1

Unemployed

1,649 1,611 1,543 1,544 1,591 1,661 1,578 1,627 1,458 1,498 1,625 1,591 1,593

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,807 4,969 4,902 4,944 4,940 4,973 4,993 4,890 4,769 4,727 4,960 4,785 5,036

Participation rate

38.5 39.7 39.2 39.6 39.6 39.8 39.9 39.1 38.1 37.8 39.6 38.2 40.2

Employed

4,346 4,478 4,449 4,472 4,471 4,550 4,557 4,445 4,308 4,281 4,421 4,324 4,423

Employment-population ratio

34.8 35.8 35.5 35.8 35.8 36.4 36.4 35.5 34.4 34.2 35.3 34.5 35.3

Unemployed

462 491 453 472 469 423 436 445 461 447 539 460 613

Unemployment rate

9.6 9.9 9.2 9.5 9.5 8.5 8.7 9.1 9.7 9.5 10.9 9.6 12.2


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

34,237 34,272 34,301 34,487 34,519 34,550 34,583 34,613 34,644 34,678 34,714 34,751 34,788

Civilian labor force

21,247 21,365 21,418 21,697 21,893 22,152 21,790 21,874 21,695 21,751 21,746 21,868 21,871

Participation rate

62.1 62.3 62.4 62.9 63.4 64.1 63.0 63.2 62.6 62.7 62.6 62.9 62.9

Employed

19,988 20,139 20,189 20,535 20,654 21,037 20,766 20,641 20,402 20,496 20,596 20,616 20,601

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.8 58.9 59.5 59.8 60.9 60.0 59.6 58.9 59.1 59.3 59.3 59.2

Unemployed

1,259 1,226 1,229 1,162 1,239 1,114 1,025 1,234 1,292 1,255 1,150 1,253 1,270

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.0 4.7 5.6 6.0 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.8

Not in labor force

12,990 12,907 12,883 12,790 12,626 12,399 12,793 12,738 12,949 12,927 12,969 12,883 12,918

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,783 9,947 9,956 10,115 10,218 10,400 10,005 10,084 10,053 10,114 10,131 10,185 10,025

Participation rate

67.2 68.3 68.3 68.7 69.3 70.5 67.8 68.2 68.0 68.3 68.4 68.6 67.5

Employed

9,269 9,408 9,446 9,579 9,700 9,860 9,556 9,519 9,465 9,576 9,620 9,611 9,494

Employment-population ratio

63.7 64.6 64.8 65.0 65.8 66.8 64.7 64.4 64.0 64.7 64.9 64.8 63.9

Unemployed

514 539 510 535 518 539 449 565 588 538 511 574 531

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.5 5.6 5.9 5.3 5.0 5.6 5.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,696 10,633 10,679 10,804 10,877 10,986 11,054 11,051 10,886 10,922 10,872 10,873 11,055

Participation rate

62.2 61.8 62.0 62.6 63.0 63.6 63.9 63.9 62.9 63.0 62.7 62.6 63.6

Employed

10,080 10,077 10,093 10,301 10,319 10,522 10,573 10,469 10,300 10,353 10,359 10,389 10,464

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.6 58.6 59.7 59.8 60.9 61.1 60.5 59.5 59.7 59.7 59.8 60.2

Unemployed

616 556 586 504 558 464 481 582 586 569 514 485 590

Unemployment rate

5.8 5.2 5.5 4.7 5.1 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.4 5.2 4.7 4.5 5.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

768 785 784 778 797 766 732 740 756 715 742 810 791

Participation rate

30.8 31.4 31.4 31.0 31.7 30.4 29.0 29.2 29.8 28.2 29.2 31.8 31.0

Employed

639 654 650 655 635 655 637 653 638 568 617 616 642

Employment-population ratio

25.7 26.2 26.0 26.1 25.2 26.0 25.2 25.8 25.1 22.3 24.3 24.2 25.2

Unemployed

128 131 134 123 163 111 95 87 118 148 125 194 148

Unemployment rate

16.7 16.7 17.1 15.8 20.4 14.5 12.9 11.7 15.6 20.7 16.9 24.0 18.8


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

17,129 16,980 17,005 17,541 17,444 17,545 17,557 17,511 17,491 17,600 17,515 17,633 17,593

Civilian labor force

11,106 10,995 10,918 11,240 11,348 11,390 11,396 11,408 11,435 11,556 11,486 11,580 11,480

Participation rate

64.8 64.8 64.2 64.1 65.1 64.9 64.9 65.1 65.4 65.7 65.6 65.7 65.3

Employed

10,781 10,704 10,654 10,926 10,962 11,067 11,073 11,073 11,073 11,288 11,131 11,250 11,129

Employment-population ratio

62.9 63.0 62.7 62.3 62.8 63.1 63.1 63.2 63.3 64.1 63.6 63.8 63.3

Unemployed

325 291 265 313 386 323 323 335 363 267 355 330 351

Unemployment rate

2.9 2.6 2.4 2.8 3.4 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.2 2.3 3.1 2.8 3.1

Not in labor force

6,023 5,984 6,086 6,301 6,096 6,154 6,162 6,104 6,056 6,044 6,029 6,053 6,112


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

46,459 46,545 46,624 47,010 47,103 47,194 47,288 47,380 47,473 47,569 47,671 47,774 47,877

Civilian labor force

30,725 30,600 30,893 31,153 31,444 31,517 31,589 31,690 31,943 32,052 31,977 32,144 32,028

Participation rate

66.1 65.7 66.3 66.3 66.8 66.8 66.8 66.9 67.3 67.4 67.1 67.3 66.9

Employed

29,430 29,382 29,611 29,737 29,789 30,071 30,185 30,407 30,571 30,637 30,420 30,660 30,498

Employment-population ratio

63.3 63.1 63.5 63.3 63.2 63.7 63.8 64.2 64.4 64.4 63.8 64.2 63.7

Unemployed

1,295 1,218 1,281 1,416 1,655 1,446 1,404 1,283 1,372 1,416 1,557 1,484 1,529

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.0 4.1 4.5 5.3 4.6 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.9 4.6 4.8

Not in labor force

15,734 15,944 15,731 15,857 15,659 15,677 15,699 15,690 15,530 15,517 15,694 15,630 15,850

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

16,653 16,526 16,725 16,795 16,882 16,969 16,956 17,123 17,224 17,290 17,164 17,262 17,120

Participation rate

79.1 78.4 79.2 78.6 78.8 79.1 78.9 79.5 79.8 80.0 79.2 79.5 78.7

Employed

16,000 15,925 16,047 16,073 16,036 16,293 16,260 16,434 16,576 16,599 16,433 16,523 16,407

Employment-population ratio

76.0 75.5 76.0 75.2 74.9 76.0 75.7 76.3 76.8 76.8 75.9 76.1 75.4

Unemployed

653 601 677 722 846 676 696 690 649 691 731 739 714

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.6 4.0 4.3 5.0 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.8 4.0 4.3 4.3 4.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,655 12,637 12,785 13,024 13,085 13,069 13,111 13,150 13,182 13,271 13,343 13,379 13,239

Participation rate

59.9 59.7 60.3 61.1 61.3 61.1 61.2 61.2 61.3 61.6 61.8 61.8 61.0

Employed

12,185 12,179 12,307 12,447 12,460 12,482 12,576 12,700 12,638 12,745 12,752 12,805 12,700

Employment-population ratio

57.7 57.6 58.1 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.7 59.1 58.7 59.1 59.0 59.1 58.5

Unemployed

469 458 478 577 626 587 534 450 544 525 591 573 539

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.6 3.7 4.4 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.4 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,417 1,438 1,383 1,334 1,477 1,479 1,522 1,417 1,537 1,492 1,470 1,503 1,668

Participation rate

33.0 33.4 32.0 30.8 34.0 34.0 34.9 32.4 35.0 33.9 33.4 34.0 37.7

Employed

1,245 1,279 1,257 1,217 1,294 1,296 1,349 1,273 1,357 1,292 1,236 1,331 1,391

Employment-population ratio

29.0 29.7 29.1 28.1 29.8 29.8 30.9 29.1 31.0 29.4 28.0 30.1 31.4

Unemployed

173 159 126 116 183 183 174 144 180 200 235 172 277

Unemployment rate

12.2 11.0 9.1 8.7 12.4 12.4 11.4 10.1 11.7 13.4 16.0 11.4 16.6


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: November 03, 2023