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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2018 2019
Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

200,774 200,382 200,447 200,508 200,576 200,658 200,746 200,843 200,953 201,062 201,172 201,254 201,326

Civilian labor force

126,546 126,261 126,276 126,398 125,911 126,091 126,319 126,398 126,853 127,018 127,122 127,191 127,197

Participation rate

63.0 63.0 63.0 63.0 62.8 62.8 62.9 62.9 63.1 63.2 63.2 63.2 63.2

Employed

122,209 121,812 122,119 122,111 121,964 121,970 122,199 122,213 122,566 122,955 123,028 123,077 123,175

Employment-population ratio

60.9 60.8 60.9 60.9 60.8 60.8 60.9 60.8 61.0 61.2 61.2 61.2 61.2

Unemployed

4,337 4,448 4,157 4,286 3,947 4,121 4,120 4,185 4,286 4,063 4,094 4,115 4,022

Unemployment rate

3.4 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2

Not in labor force

74,228 74,121 74,172 74,111 74,665 74,568 74,427 74,445 74,100 74,044 74,050 74,063 74,129

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

66,081 66,034 66,037 66,020 65,815 65,980 65,942 65,988 66,064 66,109 66,115 66,204 66,076

Participation rate

71.9 72.0 71.9 71.9 71.6 71.8 71.7 71.7 71.8 71.8 71.7 71.8 71.6

Employed

64,015 63,869 64,067 63,937 63,915 64,041 64,015 64,007 64,099 64,224 64,173 64,247 64,238

Employment-population ratio

69.6 69.6 69.8 69.6 69.6 69.7 69.6 69.6 69.6 69.7 69.6 69.7 69.6

Unemployed

2,066 2,165 1,970 2,083 1,900 1,938 1,928 1,980 1,965 1,886 1,941 1,957 1,839

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.3 3.0 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,894 55,650 55,782 55,777 55,657 55,600 55,758 55,726 56,152 56,348 56,399 56,299 56,429

Participation rate

57.9 57.8 57.9 57.8 57.7 57.6 57.8 57.7 58.1 58.3 58.3 58.2 58.3

Employed

54,144 53,895 54,114 54,102 54,120 53,930 54,054 54,060 54,379 54,709 54,755 54,666 54,827

Employment-population ratio

56.1 55.9 56.1 56.1 56.1 55.9 56.0 56.0 56.3 56.6 56.6 56.5 56.6

Unemployed

1,750 1,755 1,668 1,676 1,538 1,670 1,704 1,666 1,773 1,639 1,644 1,633 1,602

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,571 4,577 4,456 4,600 4,438 4,511 4,619 4,684 4,636 4,561 4,608 4,688 4,692

Participation rate

37.2 37.3 36.3 37.5 36.2 36.8 37.7 38.3 37.9 37.3 37.6 38.3 38.4

Employed

4,050 4,048 3,938 4,073 3,930 3,999 4,131 4,145 4,088 4,022 4,099 4,164 4,111

Employment-population ratio

32.9 33.0 32.1 33.2 32.1 32.6 33.7 33.9 33.4 32.9 33.5 34.0 33.6

Unemployed

521 529 518 528 509 513 489 539 548 539 509 524 581

Unemployment rate

11.4 11.6 11.6 11.5 11.5 11.4 10.6 11.5 11.8 11.8 11.0 11.2 12.4


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

32,956 32,868 32,897 32,925 32,955 32,984 33,014 33,045 33,081 33,116 33,152 33,184 33,215

Civilian labor force

20,422 20,615 20,557 20,437 20,587 20,567 20,439 20,722 20,604 20,685 20,704 20,675 20,949

Participation rate

62.0 62.7 62.5 62.1 62.5 62.4 61.9 62.7 62.3 62.5 62.5 62.3 63.1

Employed

19,082 19,211 19,140 19,093 19,235 19,302 19,216 19,502 19,485 19,550 19,571 19,527 19,712

Employment-population ratio

57.9 58.4 58.2 58.0 58.4 58.5 58.2 59.0 58.9 59.0 59.0 58.8 59.3

Unemployed

1,340 1,404 1,417 1,344 1,352 1,265 1,223 1,220 1,119 1,135 1,133 1,148 1,238

Unemployment rate

6.6 6.8 6.9 6.6 6.6 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.9

Not in labor force

12,534 12,253 12,341 12,488 12,368 12,417 12,575 12,323 12,477 12,431 12,448 12,509 12,266

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,304 9,374 9,410 9,396 9,451 9,418 9,302 9,500 9,487 9,488 9,485 9,504 9,591

Participation rate

67.3 68.0 68.2 68.0 68.3 68.0 67.1 68.4 68.2 68.1 68.0 68.1 68.6

Employed

8,712 8,714 8,744 8,765 8,823 8,840 8,773 8,956 8,937 8,976 9,003 9,019 9,034

Employment-population ratio

63.0 63.2 63.3 63.4 63.8 63.8 63.3 64.5 64.3 64.5 64.6 64.6 64.6

Unemployed

592 660 667 630 628 579 528 543 550 512 482 485 557

Unemployment rate

6.4 7.0 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,309 10,403 10,362 10,318 10,416 10,480 10,404 10,431 10,400 10,478 10,494 10,445 10,625

Participation rate

61.9 62.7 62.4 62.0 62.6 62.9 62.4 62.5 62.2 62.6 62.6 62.3 63.3

Employed

9,727 9,833 9,819 9,776 9,860 9,947 9,858 9,893 9,944 9,987 9,984 9,929 10,094

Employment-population ratio

58.4 59.2 59.1 58.8 59.2 59.7 59.1 59.2 59.5 59.7 59.6 59.2 60.1

Unemployed

582 570 544 542 556 533 546 537 456 491 511 516 530

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.4 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

808 838 784 723 720 669 733 792 717 719 724 727 734

Participation rate

32.5 33.8 31.7 29.3 29.2 27.1 29.8 32.2 29.1 29.3 29.5 29.6 29.9

Employed

642 664 577 552 552 516 585 653 604 588 584 579 583

Employment-population ratio

25.8 26.8 23.3 22.3 22.4 20.9 23.7 26.5 24.6 23.9 23.8 23.6 23.8

Unemployed

166 173 206 171 168 153 149 139 113 132 141 147 151

Unemployment rate

20.5 20.7 26.3 23.7 23.3 22.9 20.3 17.6 15.8 18.3 19.4 20.3 20.6


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,138 16,034 16,055 16,245 16,290 16,361 16,557 16,399 16,433 16,400 16,399 16,558 16,482

Civilian labor force

10,287 10,309 10,366 10,400 10,194 10,317 10,528 10,452 10,527 10,521 10,713 10,705 10,478

Participation rate

63.7 64.3 64.6 64.0 62.6 63.1 63.6 63.7 64.1 64.2 65.3 64.7 63.6

Employed

9,951 9,991 10,046 10,082 9,969 10,057 10,302 10,163 10,227 10,262 10,409 10,429 10,214

Employment-population ratio

61.7 62.3 62.6 62.1 61.2 61.5 62.2 62.0 62.2 62.6 63.5 63.0 62.0

Unemployed

335 318 320 318 225 260 225 290 299 259 305 276 264

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.2 2.5 2.1 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.6 2.5

Not in labor force

5,852 5,726 5,688 5,845 6,096 6,045 6,030 5,947 5,906 5,879 5,686 5,852 6,004


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

43,234 43,044 43,127 43,205 43,289 43,370 43,453 43,537 43,630 43,722 43,814 43,902 43,986

Civilian labor force

28,920 28,957 28,746 28,919 28,561 28,704 28,873 28,916 29,088 29,293 29,482 29,575 29,517

Participation rate

66.9 67.3 66.7 66.9 66.0 66.2 66.4 66.4 66.7 67.0 67.3 67.4 67.1

Employed

27,652 27,558 27,499 27,562 27,364 27,507 27,621 27,610 27,876 28,156 28,279 28,339 28,286

Employment-population ratio

64.0 64.0 63.8 63.8 63.2 63.4 63.6 63.4 63.9 64.4 64.5 64.6 64.3

Unemployed

1,268 1,400 1,248 1,357 1,198 1,197 1,252 1,305 1,213 1,137 1,203 1,236 1,231

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.8 4.3 4.7 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.2 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.2

Not in labor force

14,315 14,087 14,380 14,286 14,727 14,666 14,581 14,622 14,542 14,430 14,332 14,327 14,468

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,635 15,696 15,688 15,833 15,615 15,728 15,663 15,653 15,719 15,793 15,841 15,983 15,875

Participation rate

80.1 80.8 80.6 81.2 79.9 80.3 79.9 79.6 79.8 80.0 80.1 80.6 79.9

Employed

15,083 15,068 15,127 15,192 15,034 15,185 15,099 15,028 15,191 15,320 15,310 15,498 15,393

Employment-population ratio

77.3 77.6 77.7 77.9 76.9 77.6 77.0 76.5 77.1 77.6 77.4 78.2 77.5

Unemployed

552 628 561 641 581 543 564 625 528 473 531 485 483

Unemployment rate

3.5 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.6 4.0 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.0 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,981 11,955 11,793 11,841 11,770 11,821 11,899 11,943 12,119 12,192 12,318 12,196 12,293

Participation rate

60.7 60.8 59.9 60.0 59.5 59.7 59.9 60.0 60.8 61.0 61.5 60.8 61.1

Employed

11,469 11,386 11,328 11,324 11,337 11,341 11,396 11,493 11,609 11,723 11,834 11,675 11,736

Employment-population ratio

58.1 57.9 57.5 57.4 57.3 57.2 57.4 57.8 58.2 58.7 59.1 58.2 58.4

Unemployed

512 569 465 517 433 480 503 450 510 468 485 521 558

Unemployment rate

4.3 4.8 3.9 4.4 3.7 4.1 4.2 3.8 4.2 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,303 1,307 1,265 1,245 1,177 1,154 1,311 1,320 1,250 1,308 1,323 1,396 1,349

Participation rate

32.8 33.0 31.9 31.4 29.6 29.0 32.9 33.1 31.3 32.7 33.0 34.8 33.6

Employed

1,099 1,104 1,043 1,046 992 981 1,126 1,090 1,075 1,112 1,135 1,166 1,157

Employment-population ratio

27.7 27.9 26.3 26.3 25.0 24.6 28.2 27.3 26.9 27.8 28.3 29.0 28.8

Unemployed

203 203 222 200 184 174 185 230 175 196 188 230 191

Unemployment rate

15.6 15.5 17.5 16.0 15.7 15.0 14.1 17.4 14.0 15.0 14.2 16.5 14.2


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 10, 2020