Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2021 2022
Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

201,687 201,743 201,814 201,888 201,968 202,057 202,138 202,199 202,250 202,819 202,875 202,932 202,982

Civilian labor force

124,035 123,915 123,862 124,293 124,207 124,204 124,279 124,677 124,780 125,782 126,139 126,364 125,664

Participation rate

61.5 61.4 61.4 61.6 61.5 61.5 61.5 61.7 61.7 62.0 62.2 62.3 61.9

Employed

117,475 117,626 117,359 118,304 118,557 119,009 119,376 120,084 120,749 121,497 121,967 122,357 121,606

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.3 58.2 58.6 58.7 58.9 59.1 59.4 59.7 59.9 60.1 60.3 59.9

Unemployed

6,560 6,289 6,503 5,990 5,650 5,194 4,903 4,593 4,032 4,285 4,172 4,007 4,058

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.1 5.3 4.8 4.5 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2

Not in labor force

77,652 77,828 77,951 77,594 77,760 77,853 77,859 77,521 77,469 77,038 76,736 76,568 77,319

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,614 64,544 64,550 64,817 64,814 64,957 64,693 64,973 65,000 65,736 65,972 66,059 65,540

Participation rate

69.8 69.7 69.7 70.0 69.9 70.1 69.8 70.0 70.0 70.2 70.5 70.6 70.0

Employed

61,185 61,273 61,217 61,699 61,944 62,257 62,374 62,835 63,047 63,612 63,995 64,043 63,521

Employment-population ratio

66.1 66.2 66.1 66.6 66.9 67.2 67.3 67.7 67.9 68.0 68.4 68.4 67.8

Unemployed

3,428 3,271 3,333 3,118 2,870 2,699 2,320 2,138 1,953 2,124 1,977 2,015 2,020

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,651 54,669 54,770 54,922 54,764 54,574 54,901 55,069 55,177 55,169 55,312 55,376 55,215

Participation rate

56.3 56.3 56.4 56.5 56.3 56.1 56.4 56.6 56.7 57.0 57.1 57.2 57.0

Employed

52,012 52,072 52,062 52,466 52,432 52,574 52,800 53,030 53,493 53,449 53,571 53,803 53,656

Employment-population ratio

53.6 53.6 53.6 54.0 53.9 54.0 54.2 54.5 54.9 55.2 55.3 55.6 55.4

Unemployed

2,639 2,597 2,708 2,456 2,332 2,000 2,101 2,039 1,684 1,720 1,740 1,572 1,559

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.3 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.8 2.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,771 4,702 4,542 4,555 4,629 4,673 4,684 4,635 4,603 4,877 4,855 4,930 4,909

Participation rate

39.5 39.0 37.7 37.8 38.4 38.7 38.8 38.4 38.2 39.1 38.9 39.5 39.4

Employed

4,278 4,281 4,080 4,140 4,181 4,178 4,202 4,219 4,209 4,435 4,400 4,510 4,429

Employment-population ratio

35.4 35.5 33.8 34.3 34.7 34.6 34.8 35.0 34.9 35.6 35.3 36.2 35.5

Unemployed

493 421 462 415 448 495 482 415 395 442 455 420 480

Unemployment rate

10.3 9.0 10.2 9.1 9.7 10.6 10.3 9.0 8.6 9.1 9.4 8.5 9.8


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

33,551 33,572 33,595 33,619 33,645 33,673 33,699 33,725 33,749 33,978 34,004 34,030 34,055

Civilian labor force

20,543 20,489 20,671 20,431 20,681 20,626 20,565 20,477 20,506 21,056 21,145 21,134 21,209

Participation rate

61.2 61.0 61.5 60.8 61.5 61.3 61.0 60.7 60.8 62.0 62.2 62.1 62.3

Employed

18,543 18,617 18,779 18,765 18,879 19,017 18,962 19,143 19,057 19,597 19,751 19,825 19,963

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.5 55.9 55.8 56.1 56.5 56.3 56.8 56.5 57.7 58.1 58.3 58.6

Unemployed

2,000 1,872 1,892 1,666 1,803 1,608 1,603 1,335 1,449 1,459 1,394 1,309 1,246

Unemployment rate

9.7 9.1 9.2 8.2 8.7 7.8 7.8 6.5 7.1 6.9 6.6 6.2 5.9

Not in labor force

13,009 13,083 12,924 13,187 12,964 13,047 13,135 13,248 13,243 12,922 12,859 12,895 12,846

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,469 9,468 9,603 9,412 9,471 9,389 9,479 9,466 9,378 9,741 9,966 9,817 9,969

Participation rate

66.8 66.7 67.6 66.2 66.6 65.9 66.5 66.4 65.7 67.5 69.0 67.9 68.9

Employed

8,503 8,549 8,652 8,614 8,616 8,644 8,699 8,787 8,723 9,051 9,327 9,264 9,360

Employment-population ratio

60.0 60.3 60.9 60.6 60.6 60.7 61.0 61.6 61.1 62.7 64.5 64.1 64.7

Unemployed

966 920 951 798 855 745 780 679 655 690 640 553 608

Unemployment rate

10.2 9.7 9.9 8.5 9.0 7.9 8.2 7.2 7.0 7.1 6.4 5.6 6.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,309 10,321 10,346 10,285 10,472 10,450 10,383 10,301 10,445 10,568 10,537 10,569 10,555

Participation rate

60.7 60.7 60.8 60.4 61.5 61.3 60.9 60.3 61.1 61.9 61.7 61.8 61.7

Employed

9,423 9,461 9,476 9,514 9,653 9,702 9,673 9,802 9,794 9,954 9,897 9,984 10,022

Employment-population ratio

55.5 55.7 55.7 55.9 56.7 56.9 56.7 57.4 57.3 58.3 57.9 58.4 58.6

Unemployed

886 860 870 771 819 748 710 500 651 614 640 585 533

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.3 8.4 7.5 7.8 7.2 6.8 4.9 6.2 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

764 700 723 734 738 787 703 711 683 747 642 749 686

Participation rate

32.0 29.3 30.3 30.8 30.9 33.0 29.5 29.8 28.6 30.2 26.0 30.3 27.7

Employed

616 608 651 637 609 671 590 554 540 592 528 577 581

Employment-population ratio

25.8 25.4 27.3 26.7 25.5 28.1 24.7 23.2 22.6 24.0 21.4 23.3 23.5

Unemployed

148 92 71 98 129 115 113 157 143 155 114 172 104

Unemployment rate

19.3 13.2 9.9 13.3 17.4 14.6 16.0 22.0 21.0 20.7 17.8 22.9 15.2


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,532 16,529 16,428 16,514 16,555 16,540 16,485 16,513 16,612 16,903 16,782 16,803 16,826

Civilian labor force

10,381 10,477 10,412 10,652 10,610 10,652 10,767 10,781 10,739 10,880 10,555 10,761 10,837

Participation rate

62.8 63.4 63.4 64.5 64.1 64.4 65.3 65.3 64.6 64.4 62.9 64.0 64.4

Employed

9,791 9,899 9,818 10,100 10,135 10,207 10,310 10,362 10,326 10,492 10,231 10,460 10,504

Employment-population ratio

59.2 59.9 59.8 61.2 61.2 61.7 62.5 62.8 62.2 62.1 61.0 62.3 62.4

Unemployed

590 578 594 552 476 445 457 419 413 388 324 300 333

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.5 5.7 5.2 4.5 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.1 2.8 3.1

Not in labor force

6,150 6,051 6,017 5,863 5,945 5,889 5,718 5,731 5,873 6,022 6,227 6,042 5,989


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

44,719 44,786 44,857 44,927 45,004 45,083 45,159 45,232 45,303 45,740 45,816 45,888 45,963

Civilian labor force

29,137 29,165 29,319 29,488 29,481 29,566 29,663 29,979 29,883 30,390 30,492 30,475 30,376

Participation rate

65.2 65.1 65.4 65.6 65.5 65.6 65.7 66.3 66.0 66.4 66.6 66.4 66.1

Employed

26,902 27,086 27,196 27,593 27,666 27,758 27,962 28,432 28,427 28,893 29,136 29,209 29,121

Employment-population ratio

60.2 60.5 60.6 61.4 61.5 61.6 61.9 62.9 62.7 63.2 63.6 63.7 63.4

Unemployed

2,235 2,080 2,123 1,895 1,815 1,808 1,701 1,547 1,456 1,497 1,356 1,265 1,255

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.1 7.2 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.4 4.2 4.1

Not in labor force

15,582 15,620 15,538 15,439 15,523 15,518 15,496 15,253 15,420 15,350 15,324 15,414 15,587

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

16,020 16,043 16,033 16,190 16,230 16,326 16,213 16,422 16,266 16,586 16,700 16,619 16,604

Participation rate

79.3 79.3 79.1 79.7 79.8 80.1 79.4 80.3 79.4 80.0 80.4 79.9 79.7

Employed

14,886 15,020 15,024 15,241 15,327 15,408 15,410 15,681 15,580 15,867 16,086 15,979 15,989

Employment-population ratio

73.7 74.2 74.1 75.1 75.4 75.6 75.5 76.7 76.1 76.6 77.5 76.8 76.8

Unemployed

1,134 1,023 1,009 949 904 918 803 741 687 719 614 640 615

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.3 3.7 3.8 3.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,800 11,887 12,058 12,017 11,977 11,932 12,054 12,170 12,288 12,383 12,403 12,477 12,331

Participation rate

57.6 58.0 58.7 58.4 58.1 57.8 58.3 58.7 59.2 59.6 59.6 59.8 59.0

Employed

10,921 11,006 11,104 11,210 11,255 11,272 11,374 11,531 11,682 11,775 11,802 11,950 11,857

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.7 54.1 54.5 54.6 54.6 55.0 55.7 56.3 56.6 56.7 57.3 56.8

Unemployed

879 881 954 807 722 661 680 639 606 608 601 527 474

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.4 7.9 6.7 6.0 5.5 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.2 3.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,317 1,235 1,228 1,281 1,273 1,307 1,396 1,387 1,328 1,421 1,389 1,379 1,441

Participation rate

32.6 30.6 30.4 31.6 31.4 32.2 34.3 34.1 32.6 33.6 32.8 32.5 34.0

Employed

1,096 1,061 1,068 1,141 1,084 1,078 1,178 1,220 1,165 1,251 1,248 1,280 1,275

Employment-population ratio

27.2 26.3 26.4 28.2 26.7 26.5 29.0 30.0 28.6 29.6 29.5 30.2 30.1

Unemployed

221 175 160 139 190 229 218 167 163 170 141 98 165

Unemployment rate

16.8 14.1 13.0 10.9 14.9 17.5 15.6 12.1 12.2 12.0 10.2 7.1 11.5


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: May 06, 2022