HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2017 2018
Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

199,082 199,191 199,298 199,386 199,458 199,738 199,799 199,871 199,950 200,039 200,132 200,236 200,356

Civilian labor force

125,030 125,397 124,757 125,110 125,200 125,334 125,930 125,714 125,731 125,688 125,784 125,720 125,306

Participation rate

62.8 63.0 62.6 62.7 62.8 62.7 63.0 62.9 62.9 62.8 62.9 62.8 62.5

Employed

120,242 120,754 120,400 120,514 120,551 120,886 121,274 121,236 121,233 121,303 121,347 121,506 121,027

Employment-population ratio

60.4 60.6 60.4 60.4 60.4 60.5 60.7 60.7 60.6 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.4

Unemployed

4,788 4,643 4,356 4,596 4,649 4,447 4,656 4,478 4,498 4,385 4,437 4,214 4,279

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4

Not in labor force

74,053 73,794 74,541 74,276 74,258 74,405 73,869 74,157 74,219 74,350 74,348 74,517 75,049

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,298 65,348 65,244 65,394 65,511 65,732 65,948 65,928 65,982 65,890 65,855 65,614 65,505

Participation rate

71.7 71.8 71.6 71.7 71.8 71.9 72.1 72.1 72.1 72.0 71.9 71.6 71.4

Employed

62,997 63,159 63,155 63,282 63,307 63,510 63,683 63,734 63,746 63,785 63,695 63,690 63,486

Employment-population ratio

69.2 69.4 69.3 69.4 69.4 69.5 69.6 69.7 69.7 69.7 69.5 69.5 69.2

Unemployed

2,301 2,189 2,090 2,112 2,204 2,222 2,265 2,194 2,235 2,106 2,159 1,924 2,019

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.3 2.9 3.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,231 55,447 55,014 55,147 55,161 54,896 55,243 55,176 55,179 55,197 55,420 55,534 55,351

Participation rate

57.7 57.9 57.4 57.5 57.5 57.2 57.5 57.4 57.4 57.4 57.6 57.7 57.5

Employed

53,276 53,538 53,298 53,342 53,275 53,255 53,448 53,385 53,429 53,450 53,608 53,746 53,592

Employment-population ratio

55.7 55.9 55.6 55.6 55.5 55.5 55.7 55.6 55.6 55.6 55.7 55.8 55.6

Unemployed

1,955 1,909 1,715 1,805 1,886 1,641 1,795 1,791 1,750 1,747 1,812 1,787 1,759

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.0 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,500 4,602 4,499 4,569 4,528 4,705 4,738 4,610 4,570 4,601 4,510 4,572 4,450

Participation rate

36.5 37.3 36.5 37.0 36.7 38.1 38.4 37.4 37.1 37.3 36.6 37.2 36.2

Employed

3,968 4,057 3,947 3,891 3,970 4,121 4,143 4,117 4,057 4,068 4,044 4,069 3,949

Employment-population ratio

32.2 32.9 32.0 31.5 32.2 33.4 33.6 33.4 32.9 33.0 32.8 33.1 32.1

Unemployed

532 545 552 678 559 584 595 492 512 533 466 502 501

Unemployment rate

11.8 11.8 12.3 14.8 12.3 12.4 12.6 10.7 11.2 11.6 10.3 11.0 11.3


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

32,296 32,333 32,370 32,404 32,436 32,575 32,607 32,638 32,672 32,704 32,737 32,771 32,810

Civilian labor force

20,090 20,254 20,134 20,175 20,153 20,211 20,495 20,466 20,220 20,296 20,364 20,495 20,404

Participation rate

62.2 62.6 62.2 62.3 62.1 62.0 62.9 62.7 61.9 62.1 62.2 62.5 62.2

Employed

18,571 18,838 18,654 18,718 18,790 18,663 19,087 19,051 18,892 19,092 19,045 19,144 19,114

Employment-population ratio

57.5 58.3 57.6 57.8 57.9 57.3 58.5 58.4 57.8 58.4 58.2 58.4 58.3

Unemployed

1,519 1,416 1,479 1,457 1,362 1,548 1,408 1,415 1,328 1,204 1,319 1,351 1,289

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.0 7.3 7.2 6.8 7.7 6.9 6.9 6.6 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.3

Not in labor force

12,206 12,079 12,236 12,230 12,283 12,364 12,112 12,172 12,452 12,408 12,373 12,276 12,406

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,213 9,294 9,218 9,225 9,178 9,254 9,438 9,314 9,257 9,382 9,162 9,320 9,407

Participation rate

68.3 68.8 68.2 68.1 67.7 67.9 69.2 68.2 67.7 68.5 66.8 67.9 68.4

Employed

8,500 8,668 8,539 8,552 8,576 8,564 8,880 8,749 8,663 8,792 8,573 8,751 8,841

Employment-population ratio

63.0 64.2 63.1 63.1 63.2 62.9 65.1 64.1 63.3 64.2 62.5 63.7 64.3

Unemployed

713 626 679 673 601 690 558 564 594 590 589 569 566

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.7 7.4 7.3 6.6 7.5 5.9 6.1 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,127 10,166 10,204 10,219 10,252 10,197 10,254 10,337 10,229 10,233 10,406 10,426 10,361

Participation rate

62.1 62.3 62.5 62.5 62.6 62.0 62.3 62.7 62.0 62.0 63.0 63.0 62.5

Employed

9,487 9,550 9,560 9,622 9,657 9,524 9,622 9,713 9,707 9,754 9,838 9,793 9,766

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.5 58.5 58.8 59.0 57.9 58.5 59.0 58.9 59.1 59.5 59.2 59.0

Unemployed

639 616 644 597 595 673 632 624 522 479 568 633 595

Unemployment rate

6.3 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.8 6.6 6.2 6.0 5.1 4.7 5.5 6.1 5.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

751 794 712 731 723 759 803 816 734 681 796 750 635

Participation rate

29.9 31.6 28.4 29.1 28.8 30.3 32.0 32.6 29.3 27.3 31.9 30.0 25.5

Employed

584 619 555 544 557 575 584 588 521 547 635 600 508

Employment-population ratio

23.3 24.7 22.1 21.7 22.2 22.9 23.3 23.5 20.8 21.9 25.4 24.1 20.3

Unemployed

167 174 157 187 166 185 219 227 213 135 162 149 128

Unemployment rate

22.2 22.0 22.0 25.5 22.9 24.3 27.2 27.9 29.0 19.8 20.3 19.9 20.1


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

15,341 15,483 15,466 15,370 15,610 15,731 15,792 15,983 15,933 15,874 15,934 15,922 16,093

Civilian labor force

9,876 9,985 9,864 9,699 9,782 9,885 9,908 10,092 10,034 9,932 10,140 10,153 10,259

Participation rate

64.4 64.5 63.8 63.1 62.7 62.8 62.7 63.1 63.0 62.6 63.6 63.8 63.7

Employed

9,489 9,626 9,565 9,407 9,536 9,584 9,617 9,780 9,755 9,720 9,817 9,838 9,950

Employment-population ratio

61.9 62.2 61.8 61.2 61.1 60.9 60.9 61.2 61.2 61.2 61.6 61.8 61.8

Unemployed

388 359 299 292 246 300 291 313 280 212 322 314 309

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.6 3.0 3.0 2.5 3.0 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.1 3.2 3.1 3.0

Not in labor force

5,464 5,498 5,602 5,671 5,829 5,846 5,884 5,891 5,898 5,942 5,794 5,769 5,834


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

41,492 41,579 41,665 41,751 41,831 42,249 42,335 42,419 42,507 42,592 42,679 42,767 42,863

Civilian labor force

27,325 27,609 27,319 27,389 27,498 27,826 28,021 27,922 28,229 28,205 28,369 28,495 28,242

Participation rate

65.9 66.4 65.6 65.6 65.7 65.9 66.2 65.8 66.4 66.2 66.5 66.6 65.9

Employed

25,925 26,209 25,999 26,088 26,141 26,432 26,646 26,500 26,860 26,827 27,077 27,223 26,927

Employment-population ratio

62.5 63.0 62.4 62.5 62.5 62.6 62.9 62.5 63.2 63.0 63.4 63.7 62.8

Unemployed

1,400 1,400 1,321 1,301 1,356 1,393 1,375 1,421 1,368 1,378 1,292 1,273 1,315

Unemployment rate

5.1 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.7

Not in labor force

14,167 13,970 14,346 14,361 14,334 14,423 14,315 14,497 14,278 14,387 14,310 14,272 14,621

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,012 15,110 14,959 14,969 15,084 15,320 15,319 15,370 15,535 15,444 15,557 15,519 15,421

Participation rate

80.4 80.7 79.7 79.6 80.1 80.4 80.2 80.3 81.0 80.3 80.8 80.4 79.7

Employed

14,303 14,502 14,380 14,400 14,507 14,659 14,723 14,688 14,901 14,845 14,961 15,017 14,849

Employment-population ratio

76.6 77.5 76.7 76.6 77.0 76.9 77.1 76.7 77.7 77.2 77.7 77.8 76.7

Unemployed

709 608 579 569 577 661 595 682 635 599 596 502 572

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 4.3 3.9 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.2 3.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,098 11,249 11,146 11,222 11,189 11,257 11,410 11,230 11,398 11,507 11,626 11,684 11,593

Participation rate

58.5 59.2 58.5 58.8 58.5 58.4 59.1 58.0 58.8 59.2 59.7 59.8 59.2

Employed

10,576 10,637 10,601 10,676 10,598 10,737 10,815 10,677 10,856 10,917 11,065 11,131 11,009

Employment-population ratio

55.8 56.0 55.7 56.0 55.4 55.7 56.0 55.2 56.0 56.2 56.8 57.0 56.3

Unemployed

522 612 546 546 591 520 595 553 541 590 561 553 584

Unemployment rate

4.7 5.4 4.9 4.9 5.3 4.6 5.2 4.9 4.7 5.1 4.8 4.7 5.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,215 1,250 1,214 1,198 1,225 1,249 1,292 1,321 1,296 1,254 1,186 1,292 1,228

Participation rate

31.5 32.4 31.4 30.9 31.6 32.0 33.0 33.7 33.0 31.9 30.2 32.8 31.1

Employed

1,046 1,070 1,018 1,012 1,037 1,036 1,108 1,135 1,103 1,065 1,051 1,075 1,068

Employment-population ratio

27.1 27.7 26.3 26.2 26.8 26.5 28.3 29.0 28.1 27.1 26.7 27.3 27.1

Unemployed

169 180 196 185 188 213 184 186 192 189 135 218 160

Unemployment rate

13.9 14.4 16.1 15.5 15.4 17.0 14.2 14.1 14.8 15.1 11.4 16.8 13.0


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: September 07, 2018