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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2020 2021
Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

201,082 201,154 201,233 201,319 201,417 201,515 201,610 201,685 201,749 201,588 201,606 201,642 201,687

Civilian labor force

121,158 122,702 123,991 123,748 124,512 124,202 124,672 124,038 124,208 123,727 123,737 123,819 123,964

Participation rate

60.3 61.0 61.6 61.5 61.8 61.6 61.8 61.5 61.6 61.4 61.4 61.4 61.5

Employed

104,028 107,550 111,527 112,372 115,342 115,510 117,146 116,665 116,703 116,699 116,859 117,166 117,358

Employment-population ratio

51.7 53.5 55.4 55.8 57.3 57.3 58.1 57.8 57.8 57.9 58.0 58.1 58.2

Unemployed

17,129 15,152 12,464 11,376 9,170 8,691 7,525 7,373 7,505 7,027 6,878 6,653 6,606

Unemployment rate

14.1 12.3 10.1 9.2 7.4 7.0 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3

Not in labor force

79,924 78,453 77,241 77,571 76,906 77,313 76,939 77,647 77,541 77,862 77,869 77,823 77,723

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

63,608 64,221 64,708 64,412 64,946 65,001 65,123 64,648 64,593 64,550 64,434 64,289 64,593

Participation rate

69.0 69.7 70.1 69.8 70.3 70.4 70.4 69.9 69.8 69.8 69.7 69.5 69.8

Employed

55,757 57,340 58,918 59,077 60,459 60,780 61,314 60,844 60,872 60,988 60,989 60,935 61,155

Employment-population ratio

60.5 62.2 63.9 64.0 65.5 65.8 66.3 65.8 65.8 66.0 66.0 65.9 66.1

Unemployed

7,850 6,881 5,791 5,335 4,487 4,220 3,808 3,804 3,721 3,561 3,446 3,353 3,439

Unemployment rate

12.3 10.7 8.9 8.3 6.9 6.5 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

53,594 54,250 55,066 55,186 55,140 54,568 54,866 54,717 54,980 54,529 54,599 54,911 54,603

Participation rate

55.4 56.0 56.9 57.0 56.9 56.3 56.5 56.4 56.6 56.2 56.3 56.6 56.2

Employed

45,555 47,155 49,352 49,880 51,111 50,813 51,761 51,765 51,871 51,739 51,782 52,155 51,965

Employment-population ratio

47.1 48.7 51.0 51.5 52.7 52.4 53.3 53.3 53.4 53.3 53.4 53.7 53.5

Unemployed

8,039 7,094 5,714 5,306 4,029 3,755 3,105 2,953 3,109 2,790 2,817 2,756 2,638

Unemployment rate

15.0 13.1 10.4 9.6 7.3 6.9 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.0 4.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

3,956 4,231 4,217 4,150 4,425 4,633 4,683 4,673 4,635 4,648 4,704 4,619 4,768

Participation rate

32.5 34.8 34.7 34.2 36.5 38.2 38.6 38.5 38.2 38.4 38.9 38.2 39.5

Employed

2,716 3,054 3,257 3,415 3,771 3,917 4,071 4,056 3,960 3,972 4,088 4,076 4,238

Employment-population ratio

22.3 25.1 26.8 28.1 31.1 32.3 33.5 33.4 32.7 32.8 33.8 33.7 35.1

Unemployed

1,240 1,176 960 735 654 716 612 616 675 676 616 543 530

Unemployment rate

31.3 27.8 22.8 17.7 14.8 15.5 13.1 13.2 14.6 14.5 13.1 11.8 11.1


BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

33,267 33,294 33,323 33,353 33,386 33,420 33,453 33,486 33,516 33,493 33,511 33,530 33,551

Civilian labor force

19,507 19,848 20,009 20,065 20,112 19,942 20,123 20,165 20,055 20,189 20,154 20,362 20,544

Participation rate

58.6 59.6 60.0 60.2 60.2 59.7 60.2 60.2 59.8 60.3 60.1 60.7 61.2

Employed

16,247 16,525 16,939 17,182 17,530 17,558 17,955 18,087 18,061 18,323 18,159 18,412 18,546

Employment-population ratio

48.8 49.6 50.8 51.5 52.5 52.5 53.7 54.0 53.9 54.7 54.2 54.9 55.3

Unemployed

3,260 3,323 3,069 2,883 2,582 2,385 2,169 2,077 1,994 1,866 1,995 1,951 1,998

Unemployment rate

16.7 16.7 15.3 14.4 12.8 12.0 10.8 10.3 9.9 9.2 9.9 9.6 9.7

Not in labor force

13,760 13,446 13,314 13,288 13,274 13,478 13,330 13,321 13,461 13,305 13,357 13,168 13,007

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,882 8,973 9,146 9,222 9,281 9,124 9,224 9,217 9,222 9,348 9,340 9,430 9,465

Participation rate

63.4 64.0 65.1 65.6 65.9 64.7 65.4 65.2 65.2 66.1 66.0 66.6 66.8

Employed

7,457 7,593 7,677 7,838 8,059 7,975 8,166 8,184 8,265 8,468 8,383 8,501 8,498

Employment-population ratio

53.2 54.1 54.7 55.8 57.3 56.6 57.9 57.9 58.4 59.9 59.2 60.0 59.9

Unemployed

1,425 1,380 1,469 1,384 1,222 1,149 1,058 1,033 956 880 957 928 967

Unemployment rate

16.0 15.4 16.1 15.0 13.2 12.6 11.5 11.2 10.4 9.4 10.2 9.8 10.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,014 10,106 10,125 10,140 10,140 10,093 10,169 10,242 10,088 10,138 10,127 10,181 10,315

Participation rate

59.5 60.0 60.0 60.1 60.0 59.7 60.1 60.4 59.5 59.8 59.7 60.0 60.7

Employed

8,361 8,433 8,694 8,794 8,945 8,999 9,230 9,320 9,238 9,274 9,225 9,294 9,429

Employment-population ratio

49.7 50.1 51.6 52.1 52.9 53.2 54.5 55.0 54.5 54.7 54.4 54.8 55.5

Unemployed

1,653 1,674 1,431 1,346 1,195 1,093 939 921 849 864 902 887 887

Unemployment rate

16.5 16.6 14.1 13.3 11.8 10.8 9.2 9.0 8.4 8.5 8.9 8.7 8.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

610 768 737 703 691 726 731 706 746 703 687 752 764

Participation rate

25.2 31.7 30.5 29.1 28.6 30.1 30.3 29.3 31.0 29.3 28.7 31.4 32.0

Employed

428 500 568 550 525 584 559 583 558 581 551 616 620

Employment-population ratio

17.7 20.6 23.5 22.8 21.8 24.2 23.2 24.2 23.2 24.2 23.0 25.7 25.9

Unemployed

182 268 169 153 166 142 172 123 188 122 136 136 144

Unemployment rate

29.9 35.0 22.9 21.8 24.0 19.6 23.5 17.4 25.2 17.3 19.8 18.1 18.9


ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,363 16,385 16,471 16,420 16,597 16,668 16,542 16,558 16,583 16,423 16,588 16,532 16,532

Civilian labor force

9,967 10,007 10,114 10,470 10,582 10,480 10,382 10,380 10,253 10,317 10,315 10,422 10,375

Participation rate

60.9 61.1 61.4 63.8 63.8 62.9 62.8 62.7 61.8 62.8 62.2 63.0 62.8

Employed

8,526 8,519 8,708 9,220 9,461 9,553 9,598 9,685 9,645 9,631 9,792 9,799 9,786

Employment-population ratio

52.1 52.0 52.9 56.2 57.0 57.3 58.0 58.5 58.2 58.6 59.0 59.3 59.2

Unemployed

1,441 1,488 1,406 1,250 1,121 926 784 695 608 686 523 623 589

Unemployment rate

14.5 14.9 13.9 11.9 10.6 8.8 7.6 6.7 5.9 6.6 5.1 6.0 5.7

Not in labor force

6,396 6,378 6,356 5,950 6,015 6,188 6,160 6,179 6,329 6,106 6,273 6,110 6,157


HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

43,975 44,053 44,132 44,212 44,300 44,388 44,475 44,559 44,639 44,521 44,587 44,651 44,719

Civilian labor force

27,842 28,252 28,864 28,586 28,940 28,804 29,156 29,152 29,150 28,920 29,174 29,273 29,199

Participation rate

63.3 64.1 65.4 64.7 65.3 64.9 65.6 65.4 65.3 65.0 65.4 65.6 65.3

Employed

22,583 23,283 24,686 24,942 25,897 25,834 26,582 26,688 26,436 26,437 26,701 26,975 26,889

Employment-population ratio

51.4 52.9 55.9 56.4 58.5 58.2 59.8 59.9 59.2 59.4 59.9 60.4 60.1

Unemployed

5,259 4,969 4,178 3,644 3,042 2,969 2,575 2,463 2,714 2,482 2,473 2,298 2,310

Unemployment rate

18.9 17.6 14.5 12.7 10.5 10.3 8.8 8.4 9.3 8.6 8.5 7.9 7.9

Not in labor force

16,133 15,801 15,268 15,626 15,361 15,584 15,318 15,407 15,489 15,601 15,413 15,378 15,520

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,322 15,507 15,589 15,488 15,760 15,859 16,080 15,951 15,856 15,789 15,952 16,007 16,086

Participation rate

77.2 78.0 78.2 77.6 78.8 79.1 80.1 79.3 78.6 78.5 79.2 79.3 79.6

Employed

12,769 13,167 13,604 13,755 14,218 14,463 14,767 14,700 14,462 14,578 14,727 14,804 14,882

Employment-population ratio

64.3 66.2 68.3 68.9 71.1 72.1 73.5 73.0 71.7 72.5 73.1 73.4 73.6

Unemployed

2,553 2,340 1,985 1,733 1,542 1,397 1,313 1,251 1,395 1,211 1,224 1,203 1,204

Unemployment rate

16.7 15.1 12.7 11.2 9.8 8.8 8.2 7.8 8.8 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,363 11,531 11,965 11,904 11,912 11,575 11,746 11,821 11,906 11,779 11,794 11,909 11,790

Participation rate

56.5 57.2 59.3 58.8 58.8 57.0 57.7 58.0 58.3 57.8 57.8 58.3 57.6

Employed

9,077 9,350 10,128 10,248 10,652 10,306 10,688 10,851 10,820 10,743 10,792 11,035 10,909

Employment-population ratio

45.1 46.4 50.2 50.7 52.5 50.7 52.5 53.2 52.9 52.7 52.9 54.0 53.3

Unemployed

2,286 2,181 1,838 1,656 1,260 1,270 1,058 970 1,086 1,036 1,002 874 881

Unemployment rate

20.1 18.9 15.4 13.9 10.6 11.0 9.0 8.2 9.1 8.8 8.5 7.3 7.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,157 1,214 1,309 1,194 1,267 1,370 1,331 1,380 1,388 1,352 1,428 1,356 1,323

Participation rate

28.9 30.3 32.6 29.7 31.5 34.0 33.0 34.2 34.3 33.6 35.4 33.6 32.8

Employed

737 766 954 939 1,027 1,066 1,127 1,137 1,155 1,116 1,182 1,135 1,098

Employment-population ratio

18.4 19.1 23.8 23.4 25.5 26.5 27.9 28.2 28.6 27.7 29.3 28.2 27.2

Unemployed

419 447 355 255 240 303 203 243 234 236 247 221 225

Unemployment rate

36.3 36.8 27.1 21.4 18.9 22.1 15.3 17.6 16.8 17.4 17.3 16.3 17.0


Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: May 07, 2021