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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Sept.
2020
Sept.
2021
Sept.
2020
Sept.
2021
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Sept.
2020
Sept.
2021
Sept.
2020
Sept.
2021
Sept.
2020
Sept.
2021
Sept.
2020
Sept.
2021

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

8,946 9,263 35,328 35,261 35,921 35,840 20,505 20,542 15,416 15,298 59,840 60,710

Participation rate

44.2 45.9 55.6 55.7 63.5 63.1 60.6 60.9 67.8 66.2 72.2 72.0

Employed

8,093 8,644 32,284 33,351 33,055 34,273 18,713 19,577 14,342 14,696 57,021 59,213

Employment-population ratio

40.0 42.9 50.8 52.7 58.4 60.3 55.3 58.0 63.1 63.6 68.8 70.3

Unemployed

853 619 3,044 1,910 2,866 1,567 1,792 966 1,074 602 2,818 1,497

Unemployment rate

9.5 6.7 8.6 5.4 8.0 4.4 8.7 4.7 7.0 3.9 4.7 2.5

Men

Civilian labor force

5,863 6,118 21,103 21,127 18,483 18,254 11,255 10,955 7,228 7,299 29,388 29,850

Participation rate

57.1 58.5 65.7 65.7 70.4 69.9 68.2 67.9 74.0 73.3 76.0 76.0

Employed

5,371 5,765 19,363 20,024 17,182 17,460 10,422 10,480 6,760 6,980 28,076 29,135

Employment-population ratio

52.3 55.2 60.3 62.3 65.4 66.9 63.2 64.9 69.2 70.1 72.6 74.2

Unemployed

492 354 1,740 1,103 1,301 794 833 475 468 319 1,313 715

Unemployment rate

8.4 5.8 8.2 5.2 7.0 4.3 7.4 4.3 6.5 4.4 4.5 2.4

Women

Civilian labor force

3,083 3,145 14,225 14,134 17,438 17,586 9,250 9,587 8,188 7,999 30,451 30,861

Participation rate

30.9 32.4 45.2 45.4 57.6 57.2 53.4 54.5 63.1 60.9 68.8 68.6

Employed

2,722 2,879 12,921 13,327 15,874 16,812 8,292 9,097 7,582 7,716 28,946 30,078

Employment-population ratio

27.3 29.6 41.1 42.8 52.4 54.7 47.9 51.7 58.5 58.7 65.4 66.8

Unemployed

361 266 1,304 807 1,564 774 959 491 606 283 1,506 782

Unemployment rate

11.7 8.4 9.2 5.7 9.0 4.4 10.4 5.1 7.4 3.5 4.9 2.5

White

Civilian labor force

7,141 7,363 27,295 26,989 27,816 27,856 15,590 15,758 12,226 12,098 46,531 46,430

Participation rate

46.5 48.4 55.4 55.0 62.6 62.1 59.4 59.9 67.2 65.3 71.6 70.8

Employed

6,497 6,924 25,274 25,773 25,826 26,797 14,393 15,140 11,433 11,657 44,503 45,326

Employment-population ratio

42.3 45.5 51.3 52.5 58.1 59.7 54.8 57.5 62.9 62.9 68.5 69.1

Unemployed

644 439 2,021 1,216 1,991 1,059 1,197 618 793 442 2,029 1,103

Unemployment rate

9.0 6.0 7.4 4.5 7.2 3.8 7.7 3.9 6.5 3.6 4.4 2.4

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

1,023 1,022 5,320 5,507 5,296 5,171 3,252 3,148 2,045 2,023 5,576 6,088

Participation rate

33.7 34.5 56.1 57.6 65.9 66.3 63.5 63.7 70.3 70.6 75.5 76.9

Employed

878 896 4,646 4,989 4,700 4,834 2,858 2,928 1,843 1,906 5,262 5,920

Employment-population ratio

29.0 30.3 49.0 52.2 58.5 62.0 55.8 59.3 63.3 66.5 71.3 74.8

Unemployed

144 126 674 518 596 336 394 219 202 117 314 169

Unemployment rate

14.1 12.3 12.7 9.4 11.3 6.5 12.1 7.0 9.9 5.8 5.6 2.8

Asian

Civilian labor force

406 440 1,415 1,431 1,303 1,334 688 752 615 581 6,386 6,583

Participation rate

39.1 41.5 53.7 54.5 69.3 68.1 66.6 68.4 72.5 67.6 72.7 75.7

Employed

362 417 1,175 1,339 1,186 1,258 615 701 571 556 6,004 6,411

Employment-population ratio

34.9 39.3 44.5 51.0 63.0 64.2 59.5 63.8 67.3 64.7 68.3 73.7

Unemployed

44 23 240 92 117 76 73 51 44 25 382 172

Unemployment rate

10.9 5.2 17.0 6.4 9.0 5.7 10.6 6.8 7.1 4.3 6.0 2.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,069 5,317 7,371 7,739 5,771 5,650 3,589 3,457 2,183 2,193 5,866 5,981

Participation rate

56.1 57.8 67.1 67.4 71.9 70.4 70.2 69.6 74.8 71.7 78.3 80.0

Employed

4,613 5,028 6,625 7,265 5,264 5,400 3,278 3,282 1,986 2,118 5,474 5,786

Employment-population ratio

51.0 54.6 60.3 63.3 65.6 67.3 64.1 66.1 68.0 69.3 73.0 77.4

Unemployed

455 289 746 474 507 250 311 175 197 75 392 196

Unemployment rate

9.0 5.4 10.1 6.1 8.8 4.4 8.7 5.1 9.0 3.4 6.7 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: October 08, 2021