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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
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HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2019
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2019
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2019

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

10,273 10,008 36,540 36,701 37,364 37,404 21,767 21,658 15,597 15,747 57,279 59,077

Participation rate

46.4 46.3 58.0 58.4 65.2 65.0 62.6 62.3 69.1 69.0 73.6 73.9

Employed

9,773 9,608 35,268 35,474 36,204 36,348 21,067 21,011 15,138 15,338 56,160 57,919

Employment-population ratio

44.2 44.5 56.0 56.5 63.1 63.1 60.6 60.5 67.1 67.2 72.2 72.5

Unemployed

499 400 1,272 1,227 1,160 1,056 700 647 460 409 1,120 1,157

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.0 3.5 3.3 3.1 2.8 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.0 2.0

Men

Civilian labor force

6,545 6,267 21,367 21,454 19,003 19,371 11,579 11,711 7,424 7,660 28,530 29,034

Participation rate

59.0 58.2 68.1 68.0 71.3 72.0 69.1 70.0 75.1 75.3 77.8 77.6

Employed

6,254 6,062 20,612 20,760 18,477 18,883 11,249 11,391 7,229 7,492 28,007 28,476

Employment-population ratio

56.4 56.3 65.7 65.8 69.3 70.2 67.1 68.0 73.1 73.7 76.3 76.1

Unemployed

291 205 755 693 526 488 331 320 195 168 523 559

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.3 3.5 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.2 1.8 1.9

Women

Civilian labor force

3,728 3,741 15,173 15,247 18,361 18,034 10,188 9,947 8,174 8,087 28,750 30,042

Participation rate

33.8 34.5 47.9 48.8 59.8 58.8 56.6 55.2 64.5 64.0 69.9 70.6

Employed

3,519 3,546 14,656 14,713 17,727 17,466 9,818 9,619 7,909 7,846 28,152 29,443

Employment-population ratio

31.9 32.7 46.3 47.1 57.8 57.0 54.5 53.4 62.4 62.1 68.5 69.2

Unemployed

209 195 517 533 634 568 370 327 265 241 597 599

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.2 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.1 2.0

White

Civilian labor force

8,142 8,034 28,152 28,458 29,022 28,806 16,699 16,453 12,322 12,353 44,486 45,848

Participation rate

48.3 48.5 56.9 57.9 64.2 63.8 61.4 60.8 68.5 68.2 72.8 73.3

Employed

7,796 7,739 27,332 27,580 28,237 28,086 16,248 16,018 11,989 12,067 43,685 45,008

Employment-population ratio

46.3 46.7 55.3 56.1 62.5 62.2 59.8 59.2 66.6 66.6 71.5 72.0

Unemployed

346 295 820 878 784 721 451 435 333 286 801 839

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.7 2.9 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.3 1.8 1.8

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

1,126 1,061 5,481 5,448 5,464 5,609 3,426 3,466 2,038 2,143 5,585 5,716

Participation rate

36.7 37.0 61.1 59.5 68.7 69.4 67.6 66.9 70.8 73.8 77.4 76.8

Employed

1,021 996 5,147 5,212 5,220 5,360 3,251 3,304 1,969 2,055 5,399 5,544

Employment-population ratio

33.3 34.7 57.4 56.9 65.7 66.3 64.1 63.8 68.4 70.8 74.8 74.5

Unemployed

105 65 333 236 243 250 175 162 69 88 186 172

Unemployment rate

9.3 6.1 6.1 4.3 4.5 4.5 5.1 4.7 3.4 4.1 3.3 3.0

Asian

Civilian labor force

471 473 1,550 1,380 1,392 1,505 762 794 630 711 5,951 6,168

Participation rate

38.8 37.3 62.1 59.3 67.0 69.6 64.6 68.5 70.3 70.9 75.0 74.2

Employed

453 451 1,496 1,348 1,330 1,474 731 783 599 691 5,839 6,064

Employment-population ratio

37.4 35.6 59.9 58.0 64.0 68.2 61.9 67.5 66.8 69.0 73.6 73.0

Unemployed

18 22 54 32 62 31 31 11 31 19 112 104

Unemployment rate

3.8 4.7 3.5 2.3 4.5 2.0 4.1 1.4 4.9 2.7 1.9 1.7

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,767 5,650 7,673 7,796 5,341 5,677 3,269 3,479 2,072 2,198 4,879 5,353

Participation rate

58.8 58.1 70.1 71.5 72.3 75.1 70.4 73.5 75.6 77.8 79.8 79.2

Employed

5,551 5,477 7,409 7,589 5,154 5,503 3,156 3,365 1,998 2,138 4,728 5,224

Employment-population ratio

56.6 56.4 67.7 69.6 69.8 72.8 68.0 71.1 72.9 75.7 77.3 77.3

Unemployed

215 173 264 207 187 174 113 114 73 60 151 129

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.1 3.4 2.7 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.3 3.5 2.7 3.1 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: October 04, 2019