HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2018
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2018

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

10,611 10,273 36,147 36,540 37,583 37,364 22,278 21,767 15,305 15,597 55,711 57,279

Participation rate

46.4 46.4 57.8 58.0 65.9 65.2 63.5 62.6 69.8 69.1 74.2 73.6

Employed

9,985 9,773 34,676 35,268 36,249 36,204 21,452 21,067 14,797 15,138 54,464 56,160

Employment-population ratio

43.7 44.2 55.4 56.0 63.6 63.1 61.2 60.6 67.5 67.1 72.6 72.2

Unemployed

626 499 1,471 1,272 1,333 1,160 826 700 508 460 1,247 1,120

Unemployment rate

5.9 4.9 4.1 3.5 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.2 3.3 2.9 2.2 2.0

Men

Civilian labor force

6,597 6,545 21,038 21,367 18,950 19,003 11,771 11,579 7,180 7,424 28,110 28,530

Participation rate

58.4 59.0 68.1 68.1 71.9 71.3 69.8 69.1 75.6 75.1 78.6 77.8

Employed

6,276 6,254 20,236 20,612 18,367 18,477 11,389 11,249 6,978 7,229 27,519 28,007

Employment-population ratio

55.5 56.4 65.5 65.7 69.7 69.3 67.6 67.1 73.5 73.1 76.9 76.3

Unemployed

321 291 802 755 583 526 381 331 201 195 592 523

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.4 3.8 3.5 3.1 2.8 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.1 1.8

Women

Civilian labor force

4,015 3,728 15,109 15,173 18,633 18,361 10,507 10,188 8,125 8,174 27,600 28,750

Participation rate

34.7 33.8 47.7 47.9 60.8 59.8 57.7 56.6 65.4 64.5 70.3 69.9

Employed

3,709 3,519 14,440 14,656 17,882 17,727 10,063 9,818 7,819 7,909 26,945 28,152

Employment-population ratio

32.1 31.9 45.6 46.3 58.4 57.8 55.2 54.5 63.0 62.4 68.6 68.5

Unemployed

305 209 669 517 750 634 444 370 306 265 655 597

Unemployment rate

7.6 5.6 4.4 3.4 4.0 3.5 4.2 3.6 3.8 3.2 2.4 2.1

White

Civilian labor force

8,353 8,142 27,815 28,152 29,483 29,022 17,354 16,699 12,129 12,322 43,807 44,486

Participation rate

47.9 48.3 56.7 56.9 65.1 64.2 62.6 61.4 69.0 68.5 73.8 72.8

Employed

7,934 7,796 26,887 27,332 28,501 28,237 16,722 16,248 11,779 11,989 42,914 43,685

Employment-population ratio

45.5 46.3 54.8 55.3 62.9 62.5 60.3 59.8 67.0 66.6 72.3 71.5

Unemployed

419 346 928 820 982 784 632 451 349 333 893 801

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.3 3.3 2.9 3.3 2.7 3.6 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.0 1.8

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

1,187 1,126 5,499 5,481 5,446 5,464 3,425 3,426 2,021 2,038 5,114 5,585

Participation rate

37.0 36.7 60.8 61.1 69.6 68.7 68.0 67.6 72.7 70.8 78.3 77.4

Employed

1,056 1,021 5,083 5,147 5,189 5,220 3,273 3,251 1,916 1,969 4,955 5,399

Employment-population ratio

32.9 33.3 56.2 57.4 66.4 65.7 65.0 64.1 68.9 68.4 75.9 74.8

Unemployed

131 105 416 333 257 243 152 175 105 69 159 186

Unemployment rate

11.1 9.3 7.6 6.1 4.7 4.5 4.4 5.1 5.2 3.4 3.1 3.3

Asian

Civilian labor force

559 471 1,590 1,550 1,263 1,392 616 762 647 630 5,594 5,951

Participation rate

44.8 38.8 63.5 62.1 67.0 67.0 61.5 64.6 73.2 70.3 73.7 75.0

Employed

532 453 1,539 1,496 1,216 1,330 599 731 616 599 5,444 5,839

Employment-population ratio

42.7 37.4 61.4 59.9 64.5 64.0 59.9 61.9 69.7 66.8 71.7 73.6

Unemployed

27 18 51 54 47 62 16 31 31 31 150 112

Unemployment rate

4.9 3.8 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.5 2.7 4.1 4.8 4.9 2.7 1.9

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,884 5,767 7,020 7,673 5,450 5,341 3,404 3,269 2,046 2,072 4,626 4,879

Participation rate

59.8 58.8 70.2 70.1 74.0 72.3 72.6 70.4 76.5 75.6 79.3 79.8

Employed

5,644 5,551 6,706 7,409 5,215 5,154 3,277 3,156 1,938 1,998 4,501 4,728

Employment-population ratio

57.4 56.6 67.1 67.7 70.8 69.8 69.9 68.0 72.5 72.9 77.1 77.3

Unemployed

240 215 314 264 234 187 127 113 107 73 125 151

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.7 4.5 3.4 4.3 3.5 3.7 3.5 5.2 3.5 2.7 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: October 05, 2018