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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2020
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Dec.
2020

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

9,918 9,246 35,923 34,751 37,499 35,714 21,736 20,293 15,763 15,421 60,174 60,174

Participation rate

46.6 45.5 58.2 55.2 64.7 62.6 62.3 60.4 68.4 65.7 73.8 72.1

Employed

9,330 8,288 34,585 32,006 36,516 33,538 21,134 18,925 15,382 14,613 59,096 57,985

Employment-population ratio

43.8 40.8 56.0 50.8 63.0 58.8 60.5 56.3 66.8 62.3 72.5 69.5

Unemployed

588 958 1,337 2,745 983 2,175 602 1,368 381 808 1,079 2,190

Unemployment rate

5.9 10.4 3.7 7.9 2.6 6.1 2.8 6.7 2.4 5.2 1.8 3.6

Men

Civilian labor force

6,256 5,957 21,324 20,740 18,923 17,955 11,400 10,767 7,523 7,188 29,596 29,814

Participation rate

58.1 57.1 68.0 65.2 71.2 68.6 69.0 66.6 74.8 71.8 77.5 76.2

Employed

5,871 5,380 20,573 19,060 18,452 16,828 11,104 10,052 7,348 6,775 29,044 28,777

Employment-population ratio

54.6 51.5 65.6 59.9 69.4 64.3 67.2 62.2 73.1 67.7 76.1 73.5

Unemployed

385 577 751 1,680 471 1,127 295 714 176 413 552 1,036

Unemployment rate

6.2 9.7 3.5 8.1 2.5 6.3 2.6 6.6 2.3 5.7 1.9 3.5

Women

Civilian labor force

3,662 3,289 14,599 14,011 18,576 17,759 10,336 9,526 8,240 8,233 30,578 30,361

Participation rate

34.8 33.3 48.1 45.0 59.3 57.5 56.3 54.6 63.5 61.2 70.6 68.6

Employed

3,459 2,908 14,012 12,946 18,064 16,711 10,030 8,873 8,034 7,838 30,052 29,207

Employment-population ratio

32.8 29.5 46.2 41.6 57.6 54.1 54.6 50.8 61.9 58.3 69.3 66.0

Unemployed

203 381 586 1,065 512 1,048 307 653 206 395 526 1,153

Unemployment rate

5.5 11.6 4.0 7.6 2.8 5.9 3.0 6.9 2.5 4.8 1.7 3.8

White

Civilian labor force

7,833 7,369 27,777 26,982 29,094 27,827 16,547 15,482 12,547 12,345 46,530 46,201

Participation rate

48.5 47.6 57.5 55.0 63.8 61.8 61.2 59.3 67.7 65.3 73.1 71.3

Employed

7,372 6,674 26,946 25,050 28,376 26,255 16,139 14,524 12,238 11,731 45,773 44,654

Employment-population ratio

45.6 43.1 55.8 51.1 62.3 58.3 59.7 55.7 66.0 62.1 71.9 69.0

Unemployed

461 696 831 1,932 718 1,572 409 958 309 614 757 1,547

Unemployment rate

5.9 9.4 3.0 7.2 2.5 5.6 2.5 6.2 2.5 5.0 1.6 3.3

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

1,184 1,117 5,427 4,998 5,461 5,181 3,454 3,208 2,007 1,973 5,876 5,983

Participation rate

38.9 37.3 60.3 54.7 68.1 64.5 65.7 63.4 72.5 66.5 77.2 76.0

Employed

1,092 949 5,050 4,439 5,256 4,761 3,304 2,913 1,952 1,848 5,728 5,707

Employment-population ratio

35.9 31.7 56.1 48.6 65.5 59.3 62.9 57.6 70.5 62.3 75.3 72.5

Unemployed

91 169 378 559 205 420 150 295 56 125 148 276

Unemployment rate

7.7 15.1 7.0 11.2 3.8 8.1 4.3 9.2 2.8 6.3 2.5 4.6

Asian

Civilian labor force

433 376 1,396 1,375 1,415 1,229 818 697 597 531 6,346 6,392

Participation rate

35.9 38.5 59.2 53.3 65.9 62.1 64.6 60.3 67.8 64.6 74.8 72.8

Employed

422 346 1,371 1,263 1,395 1,160 807 660 588 499 6,191 6,098

Employment-population ratio

35.0 35.5 58.1 48.9 65.0 58.6 63.8 57.1 66.8 60.7 72.9 69.4

Unemployed

11 30 25 112 20 69 11 37 9 32 155 295

Unemployment rate

2.6 8.0 1.8 8.1 1.4 5.6 1.3 5.3 1.5 6.0 2.4 4.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,587 5,365 7,807 7,751 5,726 5,702 3,520 3,312 2,206 2,390 5,585 5,482

Participation rate

59.6 56.8 71.1 67.7 74.0 72.8 73.1 71.9 75.4 74.3 78.8 77.7

Employed

5,277 4,806 7,560 6,947 5,541 5,267 3,415 3,038 2,126 2,230 5,459 5,192

Employment-population ratio

56.3 50.9 68.9 60.7 71.6 67.3 70.9 65.9 72.7 69.3 77.0 73.6

Unemployed

310 559 247 804 184 435 105 275 79 160 126 290

Unemployment rate

5.5 10.4 3.2 10.4 3.2 7.6 3.0 8.3 3.6 6.7 2.3 5.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 08, 2021