HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2018
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2018
Aug.
2017
Aug.
2018

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

10,499 10,307 36,098 36,344 37,076 36,930 22,015 21,457 15,060 15,473 55,222 57,237

Participation rate

45.9 46.3 57.9 57.6 65.3 64.9 63.2 62.5 68.6 68.5 73.4 73.5

Employed

9,924 9,790 34,278 34,919 35,617 35,552 21,106 20,593 14,511 14,959 53,720 55,906

Employment-population ratio

43.4 44.0 55.0 55.4 62.7 62.5 60.6 60.0 66.1 66.3 71.4 71.8

Unemployed

575 516 1,821 1,425 1,458 1,378 909 864 550 514 1,503 1,331

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.0 5.0 3.9 3.9 3.7 4.1 4.0 3.7 3.3 2.7 2.3

Men

Civilian labor force

6,607 6,612 21,224 21,339 18,583 18,769 11,611 11,439 6,972 7,330 27,855 28,666

Participation rate

58.0 59.0 68.4 68.2 71.3 71.1 69.4 69.3 74.6 74.1 77.9 77.9

Employed

6,253 6,324 20,223 20,593 17,969 18,161 11,211 11,048 6,758 7,112 27,183 28,104

Employment-population ratio

54.9 56.4 65.2 65.8 68.9 68.8 67.0 67.0 72.3 71.9 76.0 76.3

Unemployed

354 288 1,001 747 614 609 400 390 214 218 672 562

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.4 4.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.0 2.4 2.0

Women

Civilian labor force

3,893 3,695 14,874 15,004 18,492 18,161 10,404 10,018 8,088 8,143 27,367 28,571

Participation rate

33.8 33.5 47.5 47.2 60.2 59.5 57.5 56.2 64.2 64.2 69.3 69.6

Employed

3,671 3,466 14,055 14,326 17,648 17,391 9,895 9,545 7,753 7,847 26,537 27,802

Employment-population ratio

31.9 31.4 44.9 45.1 57.5 57.0 54.6 53.6 61.5 61.8 67.2 67.7

Unemployed

221 229 819 678 844 770 509 473 335 296 831 769

Unemployment rate

5.7 6.2 5.5 4.5 4.6 4.2 4.9 4.7 4.1 3.6 3.0 2.7

White

Civilian labor force

8,188 8,042 27,799 27,944 29,011 28,751 17,084 16,544 11,927 12,207 43,590 44,629

Participation rate

47.1 47.9 57.0 56.7 64.3 63.8 62.3 61.3 67.5 67.7 72.9 72.7

Employed

7,805 7,652 26,684 26,983 27,981 27,824 16,448 15,980 11,533 11,843 42,490 43,654

Employment-population ratio

44.9 45.5 54.7 54.8 62.1 61.8 60.0 59.2 65.3 65.7 71.0 71.1

Unemployed

383 390 1,115 960 1,030 927 637 563 393 364 1,100 975

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.9 4.0 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.5 2.2

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

1,202 1,172 5,535 5,481 5,410 5,488 3,390 3,371 2,020 2,117 4,973 5,429

Participation rate

37.2 37.3 61.0 60.6 69.5 70.0 67.2 68.3 73.7 72.7 76.9 76.2

Employed

1,087 1,074 5,001 5,107 5,079 5,175 3,178 3,142 1,901 2,033 4,780 5,225

Employment-population ratio

33.6 34.1 55.1 56.5 65.2 66.0 63.0 63.7 69.4 69.8 73.9 73.3

Unemployed

115 99 533 374 330 313 212 228 118 85 193 204

Unemployment rate

9.5 8.4 9.6 6.8 6.1 5.7 6.2 6.8 5.9 4.0 3.9 3.8

Asian

Civilian labor force

566 525 1,574 1,629 1,292 1,304 666 714 626 590 5,493 5,879

Participation rate

44.1 41.6 62.1 60.3 68.1 65.8 63.8 64.6 73.2 67.3 74.2 75.3

Employed

528 517 1,512 1,591 1,242 1,246 640 691 601 555 5,323 5,749

Employment-population ratio

41.0 41.0 59.7 58.9 65.4 62.9 61.4 62.5 70.4 63.4 71.9 73.6

Unemployed

39 8 62 38 50 58 26 24 24 34 169 130

Unemployment rate

6.9 1.5 3.9 2.3 3.9 4.5 3.8 3.3 3.9 5.8 3.1 2.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,813 5,801 6,875 7,644 5,279 5,335 3,269 3,329 2,010 2,006 4,660 4,765

Participation rate

58.4 58.7 69.5 70.1 73.3 73.0 72.8 71.9 74.3 74.8 78.9 78.5

Employed

5,583 5,549 6,532 7,309 5,069 5,114 3,138 3,205 1,931 1,909 4,483 4,632

Employment-population ratio

56.1 56.2 66.0 67.0 70.4 69.9 69.8 69.2 71.4 71.2 75.9 76.3

Unemployed

230 252 343 335 210 222 131 124 79 98 177 132

Unemployment rate

4.0 4.3 5.0 4.4 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.9 4.9 3.8 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: September 07, 2018