HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2018
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2018
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2018

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

10,148 10,265 35,760 36,011 37,897 37,132 22,376 21,729 15,521 15,403 55,824 58,701

Participation rate

44.8 46.0 57.5 57.8 66.2 65.6 63.4 63.0 70.7 69.7 73.4 73.6

Employed

9,455 9,604 34,245 34,631 36,590 35,952 21,512 20,975 15,078 14,977 54,701 57,519

Employment-population ratio

41.8 43.1 55.1 55.6 63.9 63.5 61.0 60.8 68.7 67.8 72.0 72.1

Unemployed

693 661 1,515 1,380 1,307 1,180 864 754 443 427 1,123 1,182

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.4 4.2 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.9 3.5 2.9 2.8 2.0 2.0

Men

Civilian labor force

6,439 6,492 20,590 21,055 19,408 18,877 12,007 11,558 7,401 7,319 28,070 29,166

Participation rate

57.1 57.9 66.7 67.5 73.2 72.0 71.0 70.1 77.0 75.4 78.0 77.7

Employed

6,011 6,102 19,744 20,218 18,696 18,278 11,515 11,185 7,180 7,093 27,482 28,504

Employment-population ratio

53.3 54.5 64.0 64.8 70.5 69.8 68.1 67.8 74.7 73.1 76.4 75.9

Unemployed

428 389 846 837 712 599 491 373 220 227 589 663

Unemployment rate

6.6 6.0 4.1 4.0 3.7 3.2 4.1 3.2 3.0 3.1 2.1 2.3

Women

Civilian labor force

3,709 3,774 15,170 14,956 18,489 18,255 10,369 10,171 8,120 8,084 27,753 29,535

Participation rate

32.6 34.0 48.4 48.1 60.2 60.0 56.4 56.5 65.8 65.2 69.3 69.9

Employed

3,444 3,502 14,501 14,412 17,894 17,674 9,996 9,790 7,898 7,884 27,219 29,015

Employment-population ratio

30.3 31.6 46.3 46.4 58.3 58.1 54.4 54.3 64.0 63.6 68.0 68.7

Unemployed

265 271 669 543 595 581 373 381 223 200 534 520

Unemployment rate

7.1 7.2 4.4 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.6 3.7 2.7 2.5 1.9 1.8

White

Civilian labor force

7,996 8,117 27,793 27,800 29,362 29,042 17,071 16,938 12,290 12,104 43,988 45,623

Participation rate

46.8 47.9 56.8 57.2 65.1 64.8 61.8 62.1 70.3 69.1 72.8 72.8

Employed

7,497 7,669 26,665 26,873 28,456 28,225 16,494 16,416 11,962 11,809 43,181 44,743

Employment-population ratio

43.9 45.2 54.5 55.3 63.1 63.0 59.7 60.2 68.5 67.4 71.5 71.4

Unemployed

499 448 1,128 927 905 817 577 522 328 295 807 881

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.5 4.1 3.3 3.1 2.8 3.4 3.1 2.7 2.4 1.8 1.9

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

1,116 1,123 5,302 5,456 5,710 5,292 3,654 3,233 2,056 2,059 5,067 5,590

Participation rate

34.1 35.2 59.9 59.2 70.1 68.5 68.9 65.5 72.5 73.7 78.4 77.8

Employed

982 956 4,993 5,101 5,431 5,027 3,449 3,062 1,982 1,965 4,909 5,477

Employment-population ratio

30.0 30.0 56.4 55.3 66.7 65.0 65.0 62.1 69.8 70.3 76.0 76.2

Unemployed

134 166 309 355 279 265 205 171 75 94 158 114

Unemployment rate

12.0 14.8 5.8 6.5 4.9 5.0 5.6 5.3 3.6 4.6 3.1 2.0

Asian

Civilian labor force

493 469 1,478 1,394 1,437 1,366 754 687 683 679 5,495 6,146

Participation rate

39.4 40.6 60.0 58.6 68.1 66.5 64.7 64.8 72.3 68.3 72.8 74.5

Employed

483 455 1,451 1,374 1,389 1,331 739 669 650 662 5,372 5,981

Employment-population ratio

38.6 39.4 58.9 57.8 65.8 64.8 63.5 63.1 68.7 66.6 71.2 72.5

Unemployed

10 14 27 20 48 35 14 18 34 17 123 166

Unemployment rate

2.0 2.9 1.8 1.4 3.4 2.6 1.9 2.6 4.9 2.5 2.2 2.7

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,637 5,870 7,419 7,606 5,247 5,554 3,273 3,486 1,975 2,068 4,755 5,158

Participation rate

58.7 59.4 70.6 71.4 74.1 75.8 73.2 74.7 75.8 77.7 78.2 77.9

Employed

5,296 5,566 7,104 7,339 5,067 5,364 3,142 3,348 1,925 2,016 4,615 5,050

Employment-population ratio

55.2 56.3 67.6 68.9 71.6 73.2 70.3 71.7 73.9 75.8 75.9 76.3

Unemployed

341 304 315 267 180 190 130 138 50 52 141 108

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.2 4.3 3.5 3.4 3.4 4.0 4.0 2.5 2.5 3.0 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 04, 2019