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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2022
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2022

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

8,921 9,016 35,575 35,243 35,710 36,169 20,644 20,343 15,067 15,826 61,068 63,458

Participation rate

45.9 46.0 55.5 56.2 63.4 63.3 61.5 61.5 66.1 65.9 72.0 72.9

Employed

8,365 8,534 33,774 33,915 34,236 35,132 19,736 19,735 14,501 15,397 59,654 62,292

Employment-population ratio

43.1 43.5 52.7 54.1 60.8 61.5 58.8 59.6 63.6 64.1 70.3 71.6

Unemployed

555 481 1,801 1,328 1,474 1,037 908 608 566 429 1,414 1,166

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.3 5.1 3.8 4.1 2.9 4.4 3.0 3.8 2.7 2.3 1.8

Men

Civilian labor force

5,734 5,935 21,327 21,024 18,040 18,239 10,842 10,574 7,198 7,665 30,142 31,772

Participation rate

57.8 58.9 65.3 65.3 69.9 69.2 68.5 67.3 72.3 72.0 75.9 77.1

Employed

5,414 5,641 20,390 20,321 17,343 17,779 10,417 10,317 6,926 7,461 29,440 31,203

Employment-population ratio

54.6 56.0 62.5 63.2 67.2 67.4 65.8 65.7 69.5 70.0 74.2 75.8

Unemployed

320 294 937 703 697 461 424 257 272 204 702 568

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.0 4.4 3.3 3.9 2.5 3.9 2.4 3.8 2.7 2.3 1.8

Women

Civilian labor force

3,186 3,081 14,248 14,220 17,670 17,929 9,802 9,769 7,868 8,161 30,926 31,686

Participation rate

33.5 32.3 45.3 46.6 57.8 58.3 55.3 56.2 61.3 61.0 68.6 69.1

Employed

2,951 2,893 13,384 13,594 16,893 17,353 9,318 9,418 7,575 7,935 30,214 31,088

Employment-population ratio

31.0 30.3 42.5 44.5 55.3 56.4 52.6 54.2 59.1 59.3 67.0 67.8

Unemployed

235 188 864 625 777 576 484 351 294 225 712 598

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.1 6.1 4.4 4.4 3.2 4.9 3.6 3.7 2.8 2.3 1.9

White

Civilian labor force

7,191 7,376 27,116 27,096 27,649 27,679 15,851 15,388 11,798 12,292 46,822 48,351

Participation rate

48.5 48.7 54.8 55.5 62.3 62.4 60.5 60.6 65.0 64.9 70.7 71.8

Employed

6,786 7,022 26,027 26,244 26,637 26,987 15,218 14,987 11,419 12,000 45,906 47,525

Employment-population ratio

45.8 46.4 52.6 53.7 60.1 60.9 58.0 59.0 62.9 63.3 69.4 70.6

Unemployed

405 354 1,089 852 1,012 693 633 400 379 292 916 826

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.8 4.0 3.1 3.7 2.5 4.0 2.6 3.2 2.4 2.0 1.7

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

873 956 5,639 5,468 5,326 5,504 3,232 3,265 2,094 2,239 6,041 6,549

Participation rate

32.5 35.4 57.2 58.5 67.6 66.7 64.9 63.7 72.3 71.6 77.1 78.2

Employed

759 870 5,074 5,106 4,975 5,236 3,023 3,101 1,952 2,135 5,834 6,379

Employment-population ratio

28.3 32.2 51.5 54.7 63.2 63.4 60.7 60.5 67.4 68.2 74.4 76.2

Unemployed

114 86 565 363 351 268 209 164 142 104 207 170

Unemployment rate

13.0 9.0 10.0 6.6 6.6 4.9 6.5 5.0 6.8 4.6 3.4 2.6

Asian

Civilian labor force

393 369 1,516 1,403 1,313 1,348 749 728 564 620 6,568 7,003

Participation rate

38.8 36.3 56.5 57.9 67.5 61.8 69.6 62.5 64.9 61.1 75.7 75.6

Employed

382 359 1,433 1,373 1,264 1,311 718 703 546 608 6,360 6,854

Employment-population ratio

37.7 35.3 53.4 56.7 65.0 60.1 66.7 60.3 62.9 59.9 73.3 74.0

Unemployed

11 11 83 31 49 37 31 26 18 12 208 149

Unemployment rate

2.7 2.8 5.5 2.2 3.7 2.8 4.2 3.5 3.2 1.9 3.2 2.1

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,314 5,472 7,898 8,305 5,668 5,830 3,550 3,459 2,118 2,371 5,907 6,171

Participation rate

57.1 58.1 67.5 68.1 73.0 74.1 73.3 71.4 72.5 78.4 78.8 79.8

Employed

5,054 5,214 7,504 8,029 5,406 5,657 3,372 3,361 2,034 2,296 5,698 6,038

Employment-population ratio

54.4 55.3 64.2 65.9 69.6 71.9 69.6 69.4 69.7 75.9 76.0 78.1

Unemployed

260 258 395 276 262 173 179 98 84 75 209 133

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.7 5.0 3.3 4.6 3.0 5.0 2.8 3.9 3.2 3.5 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: November 04, 2022