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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2021
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2020
Apr.
2021

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

8,688 9,039 33,203 34,768 35,935 35,627 20,344 20,372 15,591 15,254 60,075 60,786

Participation rate

43.3 44.3 54.5 55.4 62.6 63.2 59.7 61.1 66.8 66.2 71.5 72.1

Employed

6,872 8,205 27,557 32,451 30,634 33,622 17,168 19,147 13,466 14,475 55,151 58,757

Employment-population ratio

34.2 40.2 45.2 51.7 53.4 59.7 50.4 57.5 57.7 62.8 65.7 69.7

Unemployed

1,816 835 5,646 2,317 5,301 2,005 3,176 1,225 2,125 780 4,924 2,030

Unemployment rate

20.9 9.2 17.0 6.7 14.8 5.6 15.6 6.0 13.6 5.1 8.2 3.3

Men

Civilian labor force

5,639 5,862 19,816 20,760 18,400 18,199 10,927 10,878 7,473 7,321 29,815 29,914

Participation rate

55.7 55.7 64.4 65.5 68.8 69.6 66.3 67.5 72.9 72.9 76.0 76.3

Employed

4,598 5,362 16,773 19,329 15,904 17,148 9,297 10,214 6,606 6,934 27,582 28,896

Employment-population ratio

45.4 50.9 54.5 61.0 59.5 65.6 56.4 63.4 64.4 69.1 70.3 73.7

Unemployed

1,041 500 3,043 1,431 2,496 1,051 1,629 664 867 387 2,232 1,018

Unemployment rate

18.5 8.5 15.4 6.9 13.6 5.8 14.9 6.1 11.6 5.3 7.5 3.4

Women

Civilian labor force

3,049 3,177 13,387 14,008 17,535 17,428 9,417 9,494 8,118 7,934 30,260 30,872

Participation rate

30.6 32.2 44.4 45.1 57.2 57.7 53.5 55.2 62.0 61.0 67.6 68.5

Employed

2,274 2,843 10,784 13,122 14,730 16,474 7,870 8,933 6,860 7,541 27,569 29,861

Employment-population ratio

22.8 28.8 35.8 42.2 48.0 54.5 44.8 51.9 52.4 58.0 61.6 66.3

Unemployed

775 335 2,603 886 2,805 954 1,547 561 1,258 393 2,692 1,012

Unemployment rate

25.4 10.5 19.4 6.3 16.0 5.5 16.4 5.9 15.5 5.0 8.9 3.3

White

Civilian labor force

6,820 7,106 25,823 26,693 28,252 27,505 15,700 15,332 12,552 12,173 46,210 46,873

Participation rate

45.1 45.6 54.1 54.7 62.2 62.3 59.0 59.8 66.8 65.9 70.7 71.2

Employed

5,490 6,554 21,730 25,174 24,247 26,173 13,349 14,527 10,898 11,646 42,461 45,475

Employment-population ratio

36.3 42.1 45.6 51.6 53.4 59.3 50.1 56.6 58.0 63.0 65.0 69.1

Unemployed

1,330 552 4,094 1,519 4,005 1,332 2,350 805 1,654 527 3,750 1,398

Unemployment rate

19.5 7.8 15.9 5.7 14.2 4.8 15.0 5.3 13.2 4.3 8.1 3.0

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

999 1,001 4,925 5,444 5,139 5,394 3,108 3,399 2,031 1,995 5,956 5,984

Participation rate

33.6 36.3 55.7 57.8 64.8 66.5 62.0 65.7 69.6 67.7 74.3 76.7

Employed

786 795 3,973 4,871 4,322 4,972 2,580 3,135 1,742 1,836 5,442 5,679

Employment-population ratio

26.4 28.8 44.9 51.7 54.5 61.3 51.5 60.6 59.7 62.4 67.9 72.8

Unemployed

213 206 952 573 817 423 528 264 289 159 515 305

Unemployment rate

21.3 20.5 19.3 10.5 15.9 7.8 17.0 7.8 14.2 7.9 8.6 5.1

Asian

Civilian labor force

492 476 1,187 1,434 1,164 1,226 625 669 539 556 6,304 6,342

Participation rate

41.1 39.9 50.4 54.2 59.2 64.0 60.9 62.3 57.4 66.1 73.0 73.4

Employed

338 461 882 1,284 902 1,117 477 609 426 508 5,805 6,119

Employment-population ratio

28.2 38.6 37.5 48.5 45.9 58.3 46.4 56.7 45.3 60.4 67.2 70.8

Unemployed

154 15 304 151 262 108 148 60 114 48 499 223

Unemployment rate

31.4 3.2 25.7 10.5 22.5 8.8 23.7 9.0 21.1 8.7 7.9 3.5

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,099 5,275 7,027 7,480 5,727 5,728 3,413 3,439 2,314 2,289 5,710 5,924

Participation rate

55.9 56.3 65.6 67.1 72.0 73.5 70.2 73.2 74.9 74.1 77.2 78.4

Employed

4,121 4,839 5,656 6,976 4,763 5,298 2,805 3,156 1,958 2,142 5,103 5,685

Employment-population ratio

45.1 51.7 52.8 62.6 59.9 68.0 57.7 67.1 63.3 69.3 69.0 75.2

Unemployed

979 436 1,371 504 964 430 608 283 356 147 607 239

Unemployment rate

19.2 8.3 19.5 6.7 16.8 7.5 17.8 8.2 15.4 6.4 10.6 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: May 07, 2021