Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2020
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2020
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2020
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2020
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2020
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2020

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

9,588 9,052 36,439 35,692 37,881 36,145 21,794 20,609 16,086 15,536 59,700 59,639

Participation rate

46.3 45.4 58.0 56.1 65.3 63.1 62.3 60.3 70.0 67.3 74.0 72.1

Employed

9,137 8,243 35,160 32,910 36,862 33,863 21,138 19,205 15,725 14,658 58,520 57,199

Employment-population ratio

44.1 41.4 56.0 51.7 63.6 59.1 60.4 56.1 68.4 63.5 72.6 69.2

Unemployed

452 809 1,279 2,782 1,018 2,282 657 1,404 362 878 1,180 2,440

Unemployment rate

4.7 8.9 3.5 7.8 2.7 6.3 3.0 6.8 2.2 5.7 2.0 4.1

Men

Civilian labor force

6,019 5,834 21,537 21,416 19,509 18,417 11,713 10,968 7,797 7,449 29,182 29,332

Participation rate

58.4 58.2 67.8 66.3 72.4 69.5 69.9 66.9 76.5 73.7 77.4 76.0

Employed

5,779 5,388 20,821 19,754 19,072 17,345 11,432 10,301 7,641 7,043 28,604 28,124

Employment-population ratio

56.0 53.7 65.6 61.1 70.8 65.5 68.2 62.9 75.0 69.7 75.8 72.9

Unemployed

241 446 715 1,662 437 1,073 281 667 156 406 578 1,208

Unemployment rate

4.0 7.7 3.3 7.8 2.2 5.8 2.4 6.1 2.0 5.4 2.0 4.1

Women

Civilian labor force

3,569 3,218 14,903 14,277 18,371 17,728 10,082 9,641 8,290 8,087 30,519 30,306

Participation rate

34.3 32.5 48.0 45.6 59.2 57.6 55.3 54.1 64.8 62.4 71.1 68.7

Employed

3,358 2,855 14,339 13,157 17,790 16,518 9,706 8,904 8,084 7,614 29,916 29,075

Employment-population ratio

32.3 28.9 46.2 42.1 57.3 53.6 53.3 50.0 63.1 58.7 69.7 66.0

Unemployed

211 363 564 1,120 581 1,210 375 737 206 473 603 1,231

Unemployment rate

5.9 11.3 3.8 7.8 3.2 6.8 3.7 7.6 2.5 5.8 2.0 4.1

White

Civilian labor force

7,606 7,143 28,132 27,651 29,209 27,891 16,498 15,529 12,712 12,362 46,426 46,420

Participation rate

48.1 47.3 57.5 56.1 64.2 62.2 60.6 58.9 69.6 66.8 73.3 71.5

Employed

7,302 6,580 27,218 25,811 28,507 26,330 16,051 14,604 12,456 11,726 45,614 44,762

Employment-population ratio

46.2 43.6 55.7 52.4 62.7 58.7 59.0 55.4 68.2 63.4 72.1 69.0

Unemployed

303 563 915 1,840 702 1,562 446 926 256 636 812 1,659

Unemployment rate

4.0 7.9 3.3 6.7 2.4 5.6 2.7 6.0 2.0 5.1 1.7 3.6

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

986 1,029 5,526 5,156 5,640 5,430 3,490 3,351 2,150 2,080 5,730 5,800

Participation rate

36.3 36.0 59.0 55.3 69.4 66.1 67.5 64.3 72.6 69.3 77.6 76.6

Employed

899 861 5,224 4,524 5,428 4,941 3,335 3,028 2,093 1,913 5,550 5,481

Employment-population ratio

33.1 30.1 55.8 48.5 66.7 60.1 64.5 58.1 70.7 63.7 75.1 72.4

Unemployed

87 168 302 632 213 490 155 323 58 167 180 319

Unemployment rate

8.8 16.3 5.5 12.3 3.8 9.0 4.4 9.6 2.7 8.0 3.1 5.5

Asian

Civilian labor force

517 457 1,484 1,553 1,430 1,310 780 733 651 577 6,238 6,105

Participation rate

39.4 42.7 60.5 55.9 69.7 67.8 69.2 64.9 70.2 71.9 75.5 72.0

Employed

487 395 1,470 1,410 1,398 1,205 776 660 622 545 6,075 5,748

Employment-population ratio

37.2 36.9 59.9 50.8 68.1 62.3 68.9 58.4 67.1 67.8 73.5 67.8

Unemployed

30 62 14 142 32 105 3 73 29 32 164 356

Unemployment rate

5.8 13.5 0.9 9.2 2.3 8.0 0.4 9.9 4.5 5.6 2.6 5.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,391 5,167 7,850 7,902 5,876 5,762 3,622 3,499 2,254 2,263 5,548 5,619

Participation rate

58.4 57.0 71.6 69.0 74.9 72.3 73.4 70.8 77.4 74.7 79.4 78.7

Employed

5,228 4,724 7,603 7,154 5,720 5,363 3,508 3,254 2,212 2,109 5,402 5,261

Employment-population ratio

56.6 52.1 69.4 62.4 72.9 67.3 71.1 65.8 75.9 69.6 77.3 73.7

Unemployed

164 443 246 748 155 399 113 245 42 154 146 358

Unemployment rate

3.0 8.6 3.1 9.5 2.6 6.9 3.1 7.0 1.9 6.8 2.6 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: November 06, 2020