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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Apr.
2022

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

9,039 9,300 34,768 36,498 35,627 35,628 20,372 20,056 15,254 15,572 60,786 61,702

Participation rate

44.3 44.9 55.4 56.8 63.2 63.5 61.1 61.0 66.2 67.0 72.1 72.9

Employed

8,205 8,808 32,451 35,168 33,622 34,586 19,147 19,361 14,475 15,225 58,757 60,579

Employment-population ratio

40.2 42.5 51.7 54.7 59.7 61.7 57.5 58.9 62.8 65.5 69.7 71.6

Unemployed

835 492 2,317 1,330 2,005 1,042 1,225 694 780 347 2,030 1,123

Unemployment rate

9.2 5.3 6.7 3.6 5.6 2.9 6.0 3.5 5.1 2.2 3.3 1.8

Men

Civilian labor force

5,862 6,070 20,760 21,661 18,199 18,452 10,878 10,975 7,321 7,477 29,914 30,510

Participation rate

55.7 56.2 65.5 66.6 69.6 70.2 67.5 68.4 72.9 73.0 76.3 76.7

Employed

5,362 5,747 19,329 20,909 17,148 17,881 10,214 10,612 6,934 7,270 28,896 29,899

Employment-population ratio

50.9 53.2 61.0 64.3 65.6 68.0 63.4 66.1 69.1 71.0 73.7 75.2

Unemployed

500 324 1,431 752 1,051 570 664 364 387 207 1,018 610

Unemployment rate

8.5 5.3 6.9 3.5 5.8 3.1 6.1 3.3 5.3 2.8 3.4 2.0

Women

Civilian labor force

3,177 3,229 14,008 14,837 17,428 17,176 9,494 9,080 7,934 8,095 30,872 31,192

Participation rate

32.2 32.5 45.1 46.8 57.7 57.6 55.2 54.0 61.0 62.2 68.5 69.6

Employed

2,843 3,061 13,122 14,259 16,474 16,705 8,933 8,750 7,541 7,955 29,861 30,679

Employment-population ratio

28.8 30.9 42.2 44.9 54.5 56.0 51.9 52.1 58.0 61.2 66.3 68.4

Unemployed

335 168 886 578 954 471 561 331 393 140 1,012 513

Unemployment rate

10.5 5.2 6.3 3.9 5.5 2.7 5.9 3.6 5.0 1.7 3.3 1.6

White

Civilian labor force

7,106 7,313 26,693 27,803 27,505 27,347 15,332 15,200 12,173 12,148 46,873 47,415

Participation rate

45.6 46.8 54.7 55.8 62.3 62.3 59.8 59.7 65.9 65.9 71.2 72.0

Employed

6,554 6,948 25,174 26,904 26,173 26,653 14,527 14,759 11,646 11,894 45,475 46,650

Employment-population ratio

42.1 44.4 51.6 54.0 59.3 60.7 56.6 58.0 63.0 64.6 69.1 70.8

Unemployed

552 365 1,519 899 1,332 694 805 441 527 254 1,398 764

Unemployment rate

7.8 5.0 5.7 3.2 4.8 2.5 5.3 2.9 4.3 2.1 3.0 1.6

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

1,001 1,087 5,444 5,642 5,394 5,500 3,399 3,315 1,995 2,185 5,984 6,241

Participation rate

36.3 36.3 57.8 59.1 66.5 68.6 65.7 66.2 67.7 72.5 76.7 78.4

Employed

795 1,002 4,871 5,324 4,972 5,224 3,135 3,121 1,836 2,104 5,679 6,090

Employment-population ratio

28.8 33.5 51.7 55.8 61.3 65.1 60.6 62.3 62.4 69.8 72.8 76.5

Unemployed

206 85 573 318 423 276 264 195 159 81 305 151

Unemployment rate

20.5 7.8 10.5 5.6 7.8 5.0 7.8 5.9 7.9 3.7 5.1 2.4

Asian

Civilian labor force

476 430 1,434 1,597 1,226 1,377 669 743 556 633 6,342 6,453

Participation rate

39.9 36.6 54.2 60.3 64.0 65.9 62.3 64.8 66.1 67.3 73.4 74.4

Employed

461 419 1,284 1,547 1,117 1,348 609 716 508 631 6,119 6,285

Employment-population ratio

38.6 35.6 48.5 58.4 58.3 64.6 56.7 62.5 60.4 67.1 70.8 72.5

Unemployed

15 11 151 50 108 29 60 27 48 2 223 168

Unemployment rate

3.2 2.5 10.5 3.1 8.8 2.1 9.0 3.6 8.7 0.3 3.5 2.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,275 5,268 7,480 8,220 5,728 5,660 3,439 3,333 2,289 2,327 5,924 6,317

Participation rate

56.3 56.3 67.1 69.3 73.5 73.7 73.2 72.7 74.1 75.2 78.4 79.8

Employed

4,839 5,012 6,976 7,943 5,298 5,484 3,156 3,196 2,142 2,289 5,685 6,189

Employment-population ratio

51.7 53.5 62.6 67.0 68.0 71.4 67.1 69.7 69.3 74.0 75.2 78.2

Unemployed

436 256 504 278 430 176 283 138 147 38 239 128

Unemployment rate

8.3 4.9 6.7 3.4 7.5 3.1 8.2 4.1 6.4 1.6 4.0 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: May 06, 2022