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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-38. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
July
2021
July
2022
16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
July
2021
July
2022
July
2021
July
2022
July
2021
July
2022
July
2021
July
2022
July
2021
July
2022

Total not in the labor force

98,653 98,690 14,728 15,011 23,300 22,833 60,625 60,846 39,776 40,584 58,877 58,106

Do not want a job now(1)

91,835 92,467 12,893 13,343 20,108 20,059 58,834 59,064 36,597 37,729 55,238 54,738

Want a job(1)

6,818 6,224 1,835 1,668 3,191 2,774 1,791 1,781 3,178 2,856 3,639 3,368

Did not search for work in previous year

4,244 3,904 1,138 930 1,823 1,688 1,284 1,286 1,903 1,794 2,341 2,110

Searched for work in previous year(2),
but not in past 4 weeks

2,573 2,320 697 739 1,368 1,086 508 495 1,275 1,062 1,298 1,258

Not available to work now

651 706 240 205 298 362 112 139 235 247 415 458

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

1,923 1,614 457 533 1,070 724 396 357 1,040 814 883 800

Discouraged over job prospects(4)

539 472 150 139 296 229 94 104 339 292 200 181

Reasons other than discouragement

1,383 1,142 307 394 775 495 302 253 701 523 683 619

Family responsibilities

187 127 10 25 148 83 28 19 71 47 116 80

In school or training

141 89 91 73 50 16 0 0 85 34 56 55

Ill health or disability

181 175 16 33 98 75 67 67 111 67 70 108

Other(5)

874 751 190 263 478 321 207 167 433 374 441 377

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job, such as passive jobseekers.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: August 05, 2022