HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-38. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2017
16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2017
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2017
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2017
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2017
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2017

Total not in the labor force

94,539 95,301 17,578 17,257 23,019 22,874 53,942 55,170 37,898 38,380 56,640 56,921

Do not want a job now(1)

88,926 90,364 16,046 15,971 20,552 20,738 52,328 53,654 35,265 36,093 53,661 54,270

Want a job(1)

5,613 4,938 1,532 1,287 2,468 2,136 1,613 1,515 2,633 2,287 2,979 2,650

Did not search for work in previous year

3,322 2,909 826 720 1,375 1,167 1,122 1,022 1,522 1,252 1,801 1,657

Searched for work in previous year(2),
but not in past 4 weeks

2,290 2,029 705 567 1,093 968 492 494 1,112 1,035 1,179 994

Not available to work now

590 494 225 151 292 260 72 83 232 198 358 296

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

1,700 1,535 480 416 801 709 419 410 880 837 820 698

Discouraged over job prospects(4)

487 524 110 125 234 251 143 149 288 335 199 190

Reasons other than discouragement

1,213 1,010 370 291 567 458 276 262 592 503 621 508

Family responsibilities

165 204 16 13 102 139 47 52 53 55 112 149

In school or training

273 175 196 150 63 15 14 9 143 116 130 59

Ill health or disability

147 133 13 23 96 40 39 70 79 55 68 77

Other(5)

628 499 146 104 306 263 176 131 317 276 311 223

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: November 03, 2017