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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-38. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
June
2020
June
2021
16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021
June
2020
June
2021

Total not in the labor force

99,321 99,172 16,410 15,142 23,718 23,461 59,193 60,569 40,431 40,206 58,890 58,965

Do not want a job now(1)

90,688 92,303 13,770 13,056 19,812 20,337 57,106 58,910 36,129 36,841 54,559 55,462

Want a job(1)

8,633 6,869 2,640 2,086 3,907 3,123 2,087 1,659 4,301 3,365 4,332 3,503

Did not search for work in previous year

5,569 4,229 1,599 1,314 2,424 1,703 1,546 1,212 2,681 2,002 2,888 2,226

Searched for work in previous year(2),
but not in past 4 weeks

3,064 2,640 1,041 772 1,483 1,421 540 447 1,620 1,363 1,444 1,277

Not available to work now

578 784 182 264 287 425 109 94 240 336 338 448

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

2,486 1,856 859 508 1,196 995 431 353 1,380 1,027 1,106 829

Discouraged over job prospects(4)

684 631 189 148 358 327 136 156 395 419 289 212

Reasons other than discouragement

1,803 1,225 670 360 838 669 295 197 985 608 818 617

Family responsibilities

176 173 42 17 107 126 26 31 64 52 112 121

In school or training

192 172 150 123 34 49 8 0 86 96 107 76

Ill health or disability

105 132 6 27 62 55 37 50 55 86 50 46

Other(5)

1,329 749 472 193 633 439 223 116 781 374 549 374

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job, such as passive jobseekers.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: July 02, 2021