HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-38. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2017

Total not in the labor force

95,051 95,406 18,131 17,743 23,794 23,305 53,126 54,358 38,566 38,546 56,485 56,860

Do not want a job now(1)

88,884 89,472 16,335 16,069 21,214 20,835 51,335 52,568 35,627 35,833 53,257 53,639

Want a job(1)

6,166 5,934 1,795 1,673 2,580 2,471 1,791 1,790 2,939 2,713 3,227 3,221

Did not search for work in previous year

3,506 3,585 990 944 1,374 1,433 1,141 1,208 1,544 1,594 1,962 1,991

Searched for work in previous year(2),
but not in past 4 weeks

2,660 2,349 805 730 1,206 1,038 649 582 1,395 1,119 1,265 1,230

Not available to work now

571 598 215 269 253 229 103 100 223 217 348 381

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

2,089 1,752 590 461 952 809 546 482 1,172 903 917 849

Discouraged over job prospects(4)

623 532 149 112 314 277 160 142 413 305 210 227

Reasons other than discouragement

1,466 1,220 441 349 639 531 386 339 759 598 707 622

Family responsibilities

272 139 25 14 176 94 71 31 95 44 177 96

In school or training

249 224 204 168 35 38 11 18 141 115 108 109

Ill health or disability

198 160 14 9 101 46 83 105 105 75 93 85

Other(5)

746 697 199 158 327 354 220 185 418 364 329 333

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 03, 2017