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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-38. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
June
2019
June
2020
16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020
June
2019
June
2020

Total not in the labor force

94,917 99,321 14,988 16,410 22,776 23,718 57,154 59,193 37,870 40,431 57,048 58,890

Do not want a job now(1)

89,192 90,688 12,998 13,770 20,524 19,812 55,670 57,106 35,145 36,129 54,048 54,559

Want a job(1)

5,725 8,633 1,989 2,640 2,252 3,907 1,484 2,087 2,725 4,301 3,000 4,332

Did not search for work in previous year

3,435 5,569 1,212 1,599 1,212 2,424 1,011 1,546 1,601 2,681 1,834 2,888

Searched for work in previous year(2),
but not in past 4 weeks

2,290 3,064 777 1,041 1,040 1,483 472 540 1,124 1,620 1,166 1,444

Not available to work now

720 578 330 182 299 287 90 109 313 240 407 338

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

1,571 2,486 447 859 741 1,196 382 431 811 1,380 759 1,106

Discouraged over job prospects(4)

425 684 105 189 182 358 138 136 295 395 130 289

Reasons other than discouragement

1,146 1,803 342 670 559 838 244 295 516 985 629 818

Family responsibilities

188 176 14 42 143 107 32 26 77 64 111 112

In school or training

137 192 110 150 28 34 0 8 74 86 63 107

Ill health or disability

154 105 8 6 71 62 76 37 36 55 118 50

Other(5)

666 1,329 211 472 319 633 137 223 329 781 337 549

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job, such as passive jobseekers.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: July 02, 2020