HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-38. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2017
16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2017
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2017

Total not in the labor force

94,481 94,771 17,932 17,489 23,574 22,952 52,975 54,329 37,890 38,181 56,592 56,590

Do not want a job now(1)

88,810 89,210 16,093 15,806 21,227 20,614 51,491 52,791 35,232 35,576 53,578 53,634

Want a job(1)

5,671 5,560 1,840 1,683 2,347 2,338 1,484 1,538 2,658 2,605 3,014 2,955

Did not search for work in previous year

3,262 3,341 1,028 960 1,250 1,323 984 1,058 1,488 1,451 1,774 1,891

Searched for work in previous year(2),
but not in past 4 weeks

2,409 2,219 812 723 1,097 1,016 500 480 1,169 1,154 1,240 1,065

Not available to work now

695 685 343 348 291 270 60 66 300 300 395 385

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

1,715 1,534 469 375 806 745 440 414 870 855 845 680

Discouraged over job prospects(4)

568 455 139 112 284 223 145 119 369 319 199 135

Reasons other than discouragement

1,146 1,080 330 263 521 522 295 295 500 535 646 544

Family responsibilities

205 159 20 8 129 103 55 48 23 43 182 116

In school or training

220 193 174 141 36 48 11 4 127 121 93 71

Ill health or disability

164 147 12 4 67 58 85 85 89 76 75 71

Other(5)

557 580 123 110 289 313 145 157 261 295 296 286

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: May 05, 2017