Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Statistical summary table. Changes in selected labor force indicators with a statistical significance test at a 90% confidence level
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Dec.
2020
Current 1-month change
(Dec.20-Nov.20)
Current 3-month change
(Dec.20-Sept.20)
Current 6-month change
(Dec.20-June20)
Current 9-month change
(Dec.20-Mar.20)
Current 12-month change
(Dec.20-Dec.19)
Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

261,230 145 - - 488 - - 1,026 - - 1,472 - - 1,049 - -

Civilian labor force

160,567 31 560 No 489 748 No 770 909 No -2,154 881 Yes -4,012 843 Yes

Participation rate

61.5 -0.02 0.21 No 0.07 0.29 No 0.05 0.35 No -1.18 0.34 Yes -1.79 0.32 Yes

Employed

149,830 21 566 No 2,287 773 Yes 7,730 938 Yes -5,706 906 Yes -8,905 867 Yes

Employment-population ratio

57.4 -0.02 0.22 No 0.77 0.30 Yes 2.74 0.36 Yes -2.52 0.35 Yes -3.65 0.33 Yes

Unemployed

10,736 8 383 No -1,799 470 Yes -6,961 580 Yes 3,551 448 Yes 4,892 412 Yes

Unemployment rate

6.7 0.00 0.23 No -1.14 0.28 Yes -4.39 0.35 Yes 2.27 0.27 Yes 3.14 0.25 Yes

Not in labor force

100,663 115 560 No -1 748 No 256 909 No 3,626 881 Yes 5,061 843 Yes

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

6.7 0.00 0.23 No -1.14 0.28 Yes -4.39 0.35 Yes 2.27 0.27 Yes 3.14 0.25 Yes

Adult men (20 years and over)

6.4 -0.26 0.31 No -0.96 0.38 Yes -3.78 0.46 Yes 2.30 0.36 Yes 3.25 0.33 Yes

Adult women (20 years and over)

6.3 0.13 0.32 No -1.42 0.40 Yes -4.97 0.49 Yes 2.26 0.37 Yes 3.01 0.34 Yes

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

16.0 2.08 1.72 Yes -0.24 2.01 No -6.62 2.43 Yes 1.88 2.06 No 3.00 1.97 Yes

White

6.0 0.10 0.23 No -0.96 0.29 Yes -4.01 0.35 Yes 2.10 0.27 Yes 2.90 0.25 Yes

Black or African American

9.9 -0.36 0.83 No -2.02 1.03 Yes -5.40 1.22 Yes 3.16 0.98 Yes 3.74 0.93 Yes

Asian

5.9 -0.76 0.91 No -2.91 1.17 Yes -7.97 1.50 Yes 1.79 1.04 Yes 3.37 0.92 Yes

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.3 0.86 0.67 Yes -1.00 0.82 Yes -5.16 0.99 Yes 3.34 0.78 Yes 5.04 0.70 Yes

Total, 25 years and over

5.8 -0.17 0.22 No -1.16 0.28 Yes -3.88 0.34 Yes 2.31 0.26 Yes 2.99 0.24 Yes

Less than a high school diploma

9.8 0.51 1.17 No -0.90 1.47 No -6.63 1.82 Yes 2.88 1.39 Yes 4.43 1.24 Yes

High school graduates, no college

7.8 0.05 0.51 No -1.17 0.65 Yes -4.37 0.79 Yes 3.49 0.59 Yes 4.15 0.54 Yes

Some college or associate degree

6.3 -0.04 0.42 No -1.80 0.55 Yes -4.57 0.66 Yes 2.60 0.49 Yes 3.48 0.45 Yes

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.8 -0.44 0.29 Yes -0.94 0.37 Yes -3.10 0.45 Yes 1.33 0.33 Yes 1.85 0.31 Yes

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,210 -258 311 No -1,829 394 Yes -7,073 501 Yes 3,012 355 Yes 4,507 316 Yes

Job leavers

743 45 100 No -65 126 No 172 126 Yes 27 128 No -71 129 No

Reentrants

2,250 282 180 Yes 127 215 No -84 240 No 478 216 Yes 516 208 Yes

New entrants

509 -42 92 No -26 106 No -48 115 No -17 109 No -65 108 No

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,904 449 243 Yes 352 247 Yes 51 270 No -520 274 Yes 806 236 Yes

5 to 14 weeks

2,222 -182 198 No -532 233 Yes -9,322 406 Yes 437 215 Yes 540 204 Yes

15 to 26 weeks

1,572 -303 169 Yes -3,362 266 Yes -335 208 Yes 788 165 Yes 751 161 Yes

27 weeks and over

3,956 27 221 No 1,551 247 Yes 2,598 251 Yes 2,768 237 Yes 2,779 227 Yes

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,170 -471 334 Yes -113 373 No -2,868 444 Yes 383 380 Yes 1,998 337 Yes

Slack work or business conditions

4,891 -332 314 Yes 10 339 No -3,033 418 Yes 763 337 Yes 2,257 295 Yes

Could only find part-time work

1,045 -122 144 No -75 160 No 107 164 No -266 173 Yes -214 165 Yes

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,237 -343 455 No -753 572 Yes 1,170 627 Yes -2,124 621 Yes -3,412 592 Yes

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,186 103 210 No 255 219 Yes -268 247 Yes 744 211 Yes 953 199 Yes

Discouraged workers

663 6 119 No 73 121 No -15 133 No 127 121 Yes 384 104 Yes

Footnotes
(1) Needed value represents the minimum change needed to be statistically significant at a 90% confidence level. These values are based on standard error models that were updated with the release of January 2019 data.

- Standard errors cannot be calculated for population levels.

NOTE: Data are seasonally adjusted except for civilian noninstitutional population. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. The over-the-month changes for January in this table include the effects of population control updates. Differences published in this table may not match differences published elsewhere due to rounding.

 

Last Modified Date: January 08, 2021