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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Statistical summary table. Changes in selected labor force indicators with a statistical significance test at a 90% confidence level
[Numbers in thousands]
Category May
2022
Current 1-month change
(May22-Apr.22)
Current 3-month change
(May22-Feb.22)
Current 6-month change
(May22-Nov.21)
Current 9-month change
(May22-Aug.21)
Current 12-month change
(May22-May21)
Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

263,679 120 - - 355 - - 1,650 - - 2,068 - - 2,469 - -

Civilian labor force

164,376 330 557 No 385 747 No 2,250 861 Yes 2,871 858 Yes 3,575 890 Yes

Participation rate

62.3 0.10 0.21 No 0.06 0.28 No 0.47 0.33 Yes 0.60 0.33 Yes 0.78 0.34 Yes

Employed

158,426 321 560 No 704 767 No 3,102 880 Yes 5,259 879 Yes 6,876 914 Yes

Employment-population ratio

60.1 0.09 0.21 No 0.19 0.29 No 0.81 0.33 Yes 1.54 0.33 Yes 2.06 0.35 Yes

Unemployed

5,950 9 286 No -320 344 No -852 373 Yes -2,389 389 Yes -3,301 415 Yes

Unemployment rate

3.6 0.00 0.17 No -0.20 0.21 No -0.58 0.23 Yes -1.54 0.24 Yes -2.13 0.25 Yes

Not in labor force

99,302 -211 557 No -31 747 No -600 861 No -804 858 No -1,107 890 Yes

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

3.6 0.00 0.17 No -0.20 0.21 No -0.58 0.23 Yes -1.54 0.24 Yes -2.13 0.25 Yes

Adult men (20 years and over)

3.4 -0.16 0.23 No -0.17 0.28 No -0.59 0.30 Yes -1.72 0.32 Yes -2.49 0.34 Yes

Adult women (20 years and over)

3.4 0.16 0.23 No -0.28 0.29 No -0.58 0.31 Yes -1.41 0.32 Yes -1.98 0.34 Yes

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

10.4 0.18 1.39 No 0.12 1.61 No -0.55 1.70 No -0.92 1.69 No 0.76 1.72 No

White

3.2 -0.01 0.17 No -0.09 0.21 No -0.47 0.22 Yes -1.33 0.23 Yes -1.86 0.25 Yes

Black or African American

6.2 0.34 0.65 No -0.38 0.80 No -0.30 0.84 No -2.50 0.90 Yes -2.92 0.95 Yes

Asian

2.4 -0.68 0.59 Yes -0.68 0.72 No -1.49 0.81 Yes -2.09 0.83 Yes -3.12 0.91 Yes

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4.3 0.22 0.46 No -0.10 0.55 No -0.81 0.60 Yes -1.81 0.63 Yes -2.78 0.68 Yes

Total, 25 years and over

3.0 0.01 0.16 No -0.29 0.20 Yes -0.62 0.21 Yes -1.51 0.23 Yes -2.12 0.24 Yes

Less than a high school diploma

5.2 -0.19 0.88 No 0.84 1.02 No -0.37 1.13 No -2.63 1.20 Yes -3.76 1.30 Yes

High school graduates, no college

3.8 -0.08 0.34 No -0.71 0.44 Yes -1.40 0.49 Yes -2.09 0.50 Yes -3.12 0.54 Yes

Some college or associate degree

3.4 0.34 0.30 Yes -0.35 0.39 No -0.29 0.41 No -1.50 0.44 Yes -2.55 0.48 Yes

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.0 -0.07 0.20 No -0.22 0.26 No -0.30 0.27 Yes -0.78 0.28 Yes -1.17 0.30 Yes

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,736 -103 192 No -308 237 Yes -633 257 Yes -1,705 274 Yes -3,086 309 Yes

Job leavers

764 -29 103 No -199 132 Yes -73 131 No -66 130 No -19 135 No

Reentrants

1,943 61 170 No -4 202 No -211 215 No -503 219 Yes -231 223 Yes

New entrants

535 20 91 No 118 101 Yes 83 104 No 21 107 No 9 112 No

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,066 -161 217 No -65 217 No 81 215 No -44 216 No 92 223 No

5 to 14 weeks

1,767 150 168 No -33 197 No 64 195 No -160 201 No -451 217 Yes

15 to 26 weeks

661 110 100 Yes -74 124 No -209 131 Yes -587 144 Yes -569 150 Yes

27 weeks and over

1,356 -127 132 No -346 172 Yes -837 194 Yes -1,749 214 Yes -2,409 238 Yes

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

4,328 295 269 Yes 193 308 No 62 317 No -153 317 No -939 341 Yes

Slack work or business conditions

2,996 349 234 Yes 289 260 Yes 93 270 No -191 271 No -1,020 299 Yes

Could only find part-time work

999 -72 139 No -61 157 No -60 158 No -18 156 No 1 161 No

Part time for noneconomic reasons

20,806 -20 479 No 139 602 No 366 638 No 476 621 No 1,444 625 Yes

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,472 -150 178 No 1 185 No -138 191 No -104 188 No -474 209 Yes

Discouraged workers

415 -41 96 No 24 97 No -36 101 No 26 96 No -177 113 Yes

Footnotes
(1) Needed value represents the minimum change needed to be statistically significant at a 90% confidence level. These values are based on standard error models that were updated with the release of January 2019 data.

- Standard errors cannot be calculated for population levels.

NOTE: Data are seasonally adjusted except for civilian noninstitutional population. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. The over-the-month changes for January in this table include the effects of population control updates. Differences published in this table may not match differences published elsewhere due to rounding.

 

Last Modified Date: June 03, 2022