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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Statistical summary table. Changes in selected labor force indicators with a statistical significance test at a 90% confidence level
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Dec.
2019
Current 1-month change
(Dec.19-Nov.19)
Current 3-month change
(Dec.19-Sept.19)
Current 6-month change
(Dec.19-June19)
Current 9-month change
(Dec.19-Mar.19)
Current 12-month change
(Dec.19-Dec.18)
Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

260,181 161 - - 543 - - 1,144 - - 1,644 - - 1,293 - -

Civilian labor force

164,556 209 520 No 505 694 No 1,423 801 Yes 1,621 804 Yes 1,445 792 Yes

Participation rate

63.2 0.04 0.20 No 0.06 0.27 No 0.27 0.31 No 0.22 0.31 No 0.24 0.31 No

Employed

158,803 267 524 No 505 713 No 1,655 820 Yes 2,062 824 Yes 1,978 813 Yes

Employment-population ratio

61.0 0.06 0.20 No 0.07 0.27 No 0.37 0.32 Yes 0.41 0.32 Yes 0.46 0.31 Yes

Unemployed

5,753 -58 267 No 0 314 No -232 337 No -441 338 Yes -533 333 Yes

Unemployment rate

3.5 -0.04 0.16 No -0.01 0.19 No -0.17 0.21 No -0.31 0.21 Yes -0.36 0.20 Yes

Not in labor force

95,625 -48 520 No 38 694 No -280 801 No 23 804 No -152 792 No

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

3.5 -0.04 0.16 No -0.01 0.19 No -0.17 0.21 No -0.31 0.21 Yes -0.36 0.20 Yes

Adult men (20 years and over)

3.1 -0.07 0.21 No -0.10 0.25 No -0.22 0.27 No -0.47 0.27 Yes -0.46 0.27 Yes

Adult women (20 years and over)

3.2 -0.05 0.22 No 0.07 0.26 No -0.13 0.28 No -0.14 0.28 No -0.27 0.28 No

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

12.6 0.58 1.48 No 0.14 1.70 No -0.10 1.77 No -0.14 1.77 No 0.01 1.75 No

White

3.2 -0.07 0.16 No -0.04 0.19 No -0.10 0.21 No -0.23 0.21 Yes -0.27 0.21 Yes

Black or African American

5.9 0.35 0.61 No 0.42 0.72 No -0.08 0.77 No -0.67 0.79 No -0.66 0.78 No

Asian

2.5 -0.06 0.55 No 0.06 0.65 No 0.38 0.67 No -0.53 0.72 No -0.74 0.72 Yes

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4.2 -0.01 0.44 No 0.29 0.51 No -0.16 0.55 No -0.52 0.56 No -0.21 0.54 No

Total, 25 years and over

2.8 -0.06 0.15 No -0.03 0.18 No -0.18 0.19 No -0.24 0.19 Yes -0.31 0.19 Yes

Less than a high school diploma

5.2 -0.08 0.80 No 0.40 0.93 No -0.13 0.99 No -0.58 1.00 No -0.57 0.97 No

High school graduates, no college

3.7 0.01 0.33 No 0.06 0.39 No -0.20 0.42 No 0.00 0.41 No -0.11 0.41 No

Some college or associate degree

2.7 -0.18 0.27 No -0.18 0.33 No -0.32 0.35 No -0.65 0.36 Yes -0.58 0.35 Yes

Bachelor's degree and higher

1.9 -0.02 0.19 No -0.08 0.24 No -0.17 0.25 No -0.09 0.25 No -0.24 0.25 No

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,686 -118 180 No 111 213 No -58 228 No -140 228 No -206 225 No

Job leavers

829 53 99 No -11 122 No -60 128 No 49 124 No 2 126 No

Reentrants

1,655 -8 150 No -14 176 No -195 187 Yes -347 189 Yes -313 188 Yes

New entrants

551 -30 90 No -122 108 Yes 14 103 No -54 106 No -49 106 No

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,065 39 200 No 196 197 No 116 201 No -51 205 No -52 204 No

5 to 14 weeks

1,730 -23 161 No -48 183 No -102 186 No -82 186 No -277 189 Yes

15 to 26 weeks

812 -53 111 No 6 125 No 36 125 No -124 130 No -87 129 No

27 weeks and over

1,186 -33 115 No -132 146 No -227 157 Yes -119 152 No -125 150 No

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

4,148 -140 256 No -188 290 No -202 297 No -369 299 Yes -507 295 Yes

Slack work or business conditions

2,657 23 214 No 57 235 No -47 242 No -230 244 No -238 240 No

Could only find part-time work

1,215 -44 143 No -95 162 No -123 165 No -132 166 No -272 169 Yes

Part time for noneconomic reasons

21,586 54 459 No 27 573 No 48 611 No 254 599 No 356 578 No

Persons not in the labor force
(not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,246 - - - - - - - - - - - - -310 171 Yes

Discouraged workers

277 - - - - - - - - - - - - -98 82 Yes

Footnotes
(1) Needed value represents the minimum change needed to be statistically significant at a 90% confidence level. These values are based on standard error models that were updated with the release of January 2019 data.

- Standard errors cannot be calculated for population levels. Only the over-the-year change is displayed for series that are not seasonally adjusted.

NOTE: Data are seasonally adjusted except where noted. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. The over-the-month changes for January in this table include the effects of population control updates. Differences published in this table may not match differences published elsewhere due to rounding.

 

Last Modified Date: January 10, 2020