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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
Statistical summary table. Changes in selected labor force indicators with a statistical significance test at a 90% confidence level
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Oct.
2022
Current 1-month change
(Oct.22-Sept.22)
Current 3-month change
(Oct.22-July22)
Current 6-month change
(Oct.22-Apr.22)
Current 9-month change
(Oct.22-Jan.22)
Current 12-month change
(Oct.22-Oct.21)
Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant Actual Needed(1) Statistically significant

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

264,535 179 - - 523 - - 976 - - 1,333 - - 2,627 - -

Civilian labor force

164,667 -22 559 No 707 750 No 621 865 No 980 862 Yes 3,057 893 Yes

Participation rate

62.2 -0.05 0.21 No 0.14 0.28 No 0.00 0.33 No 0.06 0.33 No 0.54 0.34 Yes

Employed

158,608 -328 562 No 318 770 No 503 884 No 1,434 882 Yes 4,374 916 Yes

Employment-population ratio

60.0 -0.16 0.21 No 0.00 0.29 No -0.03 0.33 No 0.24 0.33 No 1.07 0.35 Yes

Unemployed

6,059 306 286 Yes 389 338 Yes 118 363 No -454 367 Yes -1,316 391 Yes

Unemployment rate

3.7 0.19 0.17 Yes 0.22 0.20 Yes 0.06 0.22 No -0.30 0.22 Yes -0.88 0.24 Yes

Not in labor force

99,868 201 559 No -183 750 No 355 865 No 352 862 No -430 893 No

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

3.7 0.19 0.17 Yes 0.22 0.20 Yes 0.06 0.22 No -0.30 0.22 Yes -0.88 0.24 Yes

Adult men (20 years and over)

3.3 0.06 0.22 No 0.14 0.27 No -0.16 0.29 No -0.46 0.29 Yes -0.93 0.31 Yes

Adult women (20 years and over)

3.4 0.37 0.23 Yes 0.36 0.28 Yes 0.25 0.30 No -0.15 0.30 No -0.87 0.33 Yes

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

11.0 -0.36 1.44 No -0.46 1.66 No 0.80 1.66 No 0.14 1.67 No -0.66 1.81 No

White

3.2 0.18 0.17 Yes 0.15 0.20 No 0.01 0.22 No -0.17 0.22 No -0.71 0.23 Yes

Black or African American

5.9 0.08 0.65 No -0.06 0.78 No 0.06 0.82 No -1.00 0.84 Yes -1.86 0.90 Yes

Asian

2.9 0.47 0.58 No 0.33 0.71 No -0.14 0.78 No -0.63 0.80 No -1.31 0.87 Yes

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4.2 0.31 0.45 No 0.23 0.53 No 0.02 0.56 No -0.77 0.58 Yes -1.58 0.63 Yes

Total, 25 years and over

3.0 0.24 0.16 Yes 0.20 0.19 Yes 0.05 0.21 No -0.39 0.21 Yes -0.95 0.23 Yes

Less than a high school diploma

6.3 0.74 0.94 No 0.42 1.15 No 0.95 1.16 No 0.04 1.21 No -0.97 1.27 No

High school graduates, no college

3.9 0.24 0.36 No 0.35 0.44 No 0.10 0.46 No -0.65 0.46 Yes -1.41 0.52 Yes

Some college or associate degree

3.0 0.15 0.29 No 0.16 0.35 No -0.08 0.38 No -0.57 0.39 Yes -1.33 0.42 Yes

Bachelor's degree and higher

1.9 0.14 0.19 No -0.10 0.25 No -0.09 0.26 No -0.35 0.26 Yes -0.49 0.28 Yes

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,663 168 185 No 116 226 No -176 244 No -557 249 Yes -1,037 267 Yes

Job leavers

862 -43 110 No 20 132 No 69 134 No -90 139 No 17 142 No

Reentrants

1,886 46 169 No 60 198 No 4 207 No -73 205 No -320 222 Yes

New entrants

485 38 86 No 25 101 No -30 105 No 52 100 No -52 111 No

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,211 57 219 No 131 220 No -16 226 No -206 228 No 160 229 No

5 to 14 weeks

1,783 138 170 No 11 197 No 166 194 No 176 193 No -93 208 No

15 to 26 weeks

805 -94 119 No 87 129 No 254 123 Yes -11 133 No -196 147 Yes

27 weeks and over

1,165 98 117 No 98 147 No -318 168 Yes -526 172 Yes -1,174 197 Yes

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

3,660 -183 255 No -264 292 No -373 301 Yes -57 292 No -738 314 Yes

Slack work or business conditions

2,534 -43 223 No -163 250 No -113 254 No 104 244 No -574 270 Yes

Could only find part-time work

870 -82 131 No -40 146 No -201 154 Yes -99 149 No -91 155 No

Part time for noneconomic reasons

21,274 41 485 No 171 609 No 448 647 No 1,076 626 Yes 735 639 Yes

Persons not in the labor force

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,504 -96 179 No -41 189 No -118 193 No -22 188 No -181 203 No

Discouraged workers

371 -114 95 Yes -53 96 No -85 99 No -37 95 No -84 103 No

Footnotes
(1) Needed value represents the minimum change needed to be statistically significant at a 90% confidence level. These values are based on standard error models that were updated with the release of January 2019 data.

- Standard errors cannot be calculated for population levels.

NOTE: Data are seasonally adjusted except for civilian noninstitutional population. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. The over-the-month changes for January in this table include the effects of population control updates. Differences published in this table may not match differences published elsewhere due to rounding.

 

Last Modified Date: November 04, 2022