Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Help & Tutorials

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey - Field Definitions


These sectors include: Mining and Logging; Construction; Durable Goods Manufacturing; Nondurable Goods Manufacturing; Wholesale Trade; Retail Trade; Transportation, Warehousing, and Utilities; Information; Finance and Insurance; Real Estate and Rental and Leasing; Professional and Business Services; Educational Services; Health Care and Social Assistance; Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation; Accommodation and Food Services; Other Services; Federal Government; State and Local Government Education; State and Local Government, excluding Education.

State or Region

The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census regions are:

  • Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont
  • South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia
  • Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin
  • West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming

Note: state and regional data are only available at the total nonfarm level.


Indicates the Metropolitan Statistical Areas for which data are available.

NOTE: Data for Metropolitan Statistical Areas are not currently available in this database.

Data Element

Job Openings (JO) - are all positions that are open (not filled) on the last business day of the month. The positions can be full-time or part-time, and they can be permanent, short-term, or seasonal. A job is "open" only if it meets all three of the following conditions: 1) a specific position exists and there is work available for that position; 2) the job could start within 30 days, whether or not the establishment finds a suitable candidate during that time; and 3) there is active recruiting for workers from outside the establishment location that has the opening.

Hires (HI) - are all additions to the payroll during the month.

Total Separations (TS) - are all employees separated from the payroll during the calendar month.

Total separations are further broken down into:

  • Quits (QU) - Employees who left voluntarily. Exception: retirements or transfers to other locations are reported with Other Separations.
  • Layoffs and Discharges (LD) - Involuntary separations initiated by the employer.
  • Other Separations (OS) - retirements; transfers to other locations; deaths; or separations due to employee disability.

Size Class

Indicates the establishment size for which the data were reported.

Size         Employees        













Note: size class data are only available at the total private level.


Rate - The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100. All other data element rates (hires, total separations, quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations) are computed by dividing the data element level by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Level - The total number of job openings, hires, total separations, quits, layoffs and discharges and/or other separations.

Seasonal Adjustment

Seasonal Adjustment - Select Seasonal Adjustment selection field: Select "Not seasonally adjusted" or "Seasonally adjusted" by clicking the check box next to the desired form of data.


Last Modified Date: January 21, 2022