Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print
LAU LAU Program Links

Regional and State Unemployment, 2022 Annual Average Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, March 1, 2023                           USDL-23-0397

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau 
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 REGIONAL AND STATE UNEMPLOYMENT -- 2022 ANNUAL AVERAGES


In 2022, annual average unemployment rates decreased in 49 states and the District of
Columbia, while the rate was little changed in 1 state, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. Employment-population ratios increased in 36 states and 
the District and were little changed in 14 states. The U.S. jobless rate declined by
1.7 percentage points from the prior year to 3.6 percent, while the national employment-
population ratio rose by 1.6 points to 60.0 percent.

Regional Unemployment

Unemployment rates decreased from 2021 in all four regions: the Northeast (-2.3 
percentage points), the West (-2.2 points), the South (-1.4 points), and the Midwest
(-1.2 points). The South, 3.4 percent, registered a jobless rate lower than the U.S.
rate in 2022, while the Northeast and West, 4.0 percent each, had rates higher than the
national figure. The unemployment rates in the Midwest (3.5 percent) and South (3.4 
percent) were the lowest in their annual average series. All region, division, and 
state series begin in 1976. (See table 1.)
 
All nine geographic divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in 2022,
with the largest of these occurring in the Pacific and Middle Atlantic (-2.6 percentage
points and -2.4 points, respectively). The smallest rate decreases were in the East 
South Central (-0.9 percentage point) and West North Central (-1.0 point). The West 
North Central had the lowest jobless rate, 2.6 percent, followed by the South Atlantic,
3.2 percent. The rates in these two divisions set new annual average series lows, as
did the rates in the East South Central (3.4 percent) and Mountain (3.5 percent). The
highest jobless rates among the divisions were in the Middle Atlantic and Pacific, 4.2
percent each, followed by the East North Central, 3.9 percent.

 ___________________________________________________________________________________
|                                                                                   |
|                 Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data                |
|										    |
| Effective with this news release, data for regions, divisions, states, the 	    |
| District of Columbia, and modeled substate areas have been re-estimated from 2018 |
| through 2022. The annual average data shown in tables 1 and 2 were affected, as   |
| were monthly seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data. Information on |
| these data revisions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.		    |
|___________________________________________________________________________________|


State Unemployment

In 2022, 49 states and the District of Columbia had unemployment rate decreases and 1
state had little change. The largest decreases occurred in California and New Mexico 
(-3.1 percentage points each). Eight additional states and the District had rate declines
of at least 2.0 percentage points. (See table A.)

Nineteen states and the District of Columbia set new annual average series low unemployment
rates in 2022. North Dakota and South Dakota had the lowest jobless rates among the 
states, 2.1 percent each. Nevada had the highest unemployment rate, 5.4 percent. Overall,
21 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 3.6 percent, 8 states
and the District had higher rates, and 21 states had rates that were not appreciably
different from that of the nation. (See tables B and C.)

Regional Employment-Population Ratios

In 2022, all four census regions had increases in their employment-population ratios--
the proportion of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over
who are employed. The West had the largest ratio increase (+2.1 percentage points), 
followed by the Northeast (+2.0 points). The Midwest had the highest employment-population
ratio, 61.7 percent, while the South had the lowest ratio, 58.9 percent. (See table 2.)

All nine census divisions had over-the-year increases in their employment-population 
ratios in 2022, the largest of which were in the Pacific (+2.4 percentage points) and
Middle Atlantic (+2.1 points). Three divisions had ratios notably higher than the U.S.
ratio of 60.0 percent: the West North Central, 64.8 percent; New England, 62.2 percent;
and Mountain, 61.6 percent. Three divisions had ratios that were lower than the national
average: the East South Central, 56.0 percent; Middle Atlantic, 58.9 percent; and South
Atlantic, 59.0 percent.

State Employment-Population Ratios

In 2022, employment-population ratios increased in 36 states and the District of Columbia.
Connecticut (+3.6 percentage points) and the District (+3.0 points) had the largest 
increases, with an additional nine states experiencing ratio increases of at least 2.0
points. The remaining 14 states had ratios that were not notably different from those of
the previous year, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the
significant changes. (See table D.)

Nebraska had the highest proportion of employed persons in 2022, 68.1 percent, followed
by North Dakota, 67.8 percent. The District of Columbia had the highest annual average
employment-population ratio in its series, 67.4 percent. West Virginia and Mississippi
had the lowest employment-population ratios among the states, 52.5 percent and 52.7
percent, respectively. Overall, 23 states and the District had employment-population
ratios higher than the U.S. ratio of 60.0 percent, 18 states had lower ratios, and 9 
states had ratios that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See
table E.)

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2023 is scheduled
to be released on Monday, March 13, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2023 is scheduled to be
released on Friday, March 17, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).



Table A.  States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes, 
2021-22 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate           |               
                                |-------------------------| Over-the-year 
             State              |            |            |  rate change  
                                |    2021    |    2022    |               
--------------------------------|------------|------------|---------------
Alabama ........................|     3.4    |     2.6    |      -0.8
Alaska .........................|     6.4    |     4.0    |      -2.4
Arizona ........................|     5.1    |     3.8    |      -1.3
Arkansas .......................|     4.1    |     3.3    |       -.8
California .....................|     7.3    |     4.2    |      -3.1
Colorado .......................|     5.4    |     3.0    |      -2.4
Connecticut ....................|     6.3    |     4.2    |      -2.1
Delaware .......................|     5.5    |     4.5    |      -1.0
District of Columbia ...........|     6.8    |     4.7    |      -2.1
Florida ........................|     4.6    |     2.9    |      -1.7
                                |            |            |
Georgia ........................|     3.9    |     3.0    |       -.9
Hawaii .........................|     6.0    |     3.5    |      -2.5
Idaho ..........................|     3.5    |     2.7    |       -.8
Illinois .......................|     6.1    |     4.6    |      -1.5
Indiana ........................|     3.9    |     3.0    |       -.9
Iowa ...........................|     3.8    |     2.7    |      -1.1
Kansas .........................|     3.3    |     2.7    |       -.6
Louisiana ......................|     5.6    |     3.7    |      -1.9
Maine ..........................|     4.6    |     3.0    |      -1.6
Maryland .......................|     5.3    |     3.2    |      -2.1
                                |            |            |
Massachusetts ..................|     5.5    |     3.8    |      -1.7
Michigan .......................|     5.8    |     4.2    |      -1.6
Minnesota ......................|     3.8    |     2.7    |      -1.1
Mississippi ....................|     5.5    |     3.9    |      -1.6
Missouri .......................|     4.1    |     2.5    |      -1.6
Montana ........................|     3.4    |     2.6    |       -.8
Nebraska .......................|     2.7    |     2.3    |       -.4
Nevada .........................|     6.9    |     5.4    |      -1.5
New Hampshire ..................|     3.4    |     2.5    |       -.9
New Jersey .....................|     6.6    |     3.7    |      -2.9
                                |            |            |
New Mexico .....................|     7.1    |     4.0    |      -3.1
New York .......................|     7.0    |     4.3    |      -2.7
North Carolina .................|     4.9    |     3.7    |      -1.2
North Dakota ...................|     3.1    |     2.1    |      -1.0
Ohio ...........................|     5.1    |     4.0    |      -1.1
Oklahoma .......................|     4.0    |     3.0    |      -1.0
Oregon .........................|     5.2    |     4.2    |      -1.0
Pennsylvania ...................|     6.0    |     4.4    |      -1.6
Rhode Island ...................|     5.5    |     3.2    |      -2.3
South Carolina .................|     3.9    |     3.2    |       -.7
                                |            |            |
South Dakota ...................|     2.6    |     2.1    |       -.5
Tennessee ......................|     4.5    |     3.4    |      -1.1
Texas ..........................|     5.6    |     3.9    |      -1.7
Utah ...........................|     2.7    |     2.3    |       -.4
Vermont ........................|     3.7    |     2.6    |      -1.1
Virginia .......................|     3.9    |     2.9    |      -1.0
Washington .....................|     5.2    |     4.2    |      -1.0
West Virginia ..................|     5.1    |     3.9    |      -1.2
Wisconsin ......................|     3.8    |     2.9    |       -.9
Wyoming ........................|     4.6    |     3.6    |      -1.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


Table B.  States with new series low unemployment rates,
2022 annual averages (1)
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate
--------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama .............................|           2.6
Alaska ..............................|           4.0
Arkansas ............................|           3.3
District of Columbia ................|           4.7
Georgia .............................|           3.0
Idaho ...............................|           2.7
Kansas ..............................|           2.7
Kentucky ............................|           3.9
Louisiana ...........................|           3.7
Maryland ............................|           3.2
                                     |
Mississippi .........................|           3.9
Missouri ............................|           2.5
Montana .............................|           2.6
Nebraska ............................|           2.3
North Dakota ........................|           2.1
Ohio ................................|           4.0
South Dakota ........................|           2.1
Utah ................................|           2.3
West Virginia .......................|           3.9
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.9
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) All state series begin in 1976.


Table C.  States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., 2022 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States .......................|           3.6
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           2.6
California ..........................|           4.2
Colorado ............................|           3.0
Delaware ............................|           4.5
District of Columbia ................|           4.7
Florida .............................|           2.9
Georgia .............................|           3.0
Idaho ...............................|           2.7
Illinois ............................|           4.6
Indiana .............................|           3.0
                                     |
Iowa ................................|           2.7
Kansas ..............................|           2.7
Maine ...............................|           3.0
Michigan ............................|           4.2
Minnesota ...........................|           2.7
Missouri ............................|           2.5
Montana .............................|           2.6
Nebraska ............................|           2.3
Nevada ..............................|           5.4
New Hampshire .......................|           2.5
                                     |
New York ............................|           4.3
North Dakota ........................|           2.1
Oklahoma ............................|           3.0
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.4
South Dakota ........................|           2.1
Utah ................................|           2.3
Vermont .............................|           2.6
Virginia ............................|           2.9
Washington ..........................|           4.2
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.9
--------------------------------------------------------------


Table D.  States with statistically significant employment-population 
ratio changes, 2021-22 annual averages
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Ratio          |               
                                |-------------------------| Over-the-year 
             State              |            |            | ratio change  
                                |    2021    |    2022    |               
--------------------------------|------------|------------|---------------
Alabama ........................|    54.7    |    55.5    |       0.8
Alaska .........................|    60.6    |    62.6    |       2.0
Arizona ........................|    58.2    |    59.3    |       1.1
Arkansas .......................|    54.4    |    55.6    |       1.2
California .....................|    56.6    |    59.3    |       2.7
Colorado .......................|    64.4    |    66.3    |       1.9
Connecticut ....................|    59.2    |    62.8    |       3.6
District of Columbia ...........|    64.4    |    67.4    |       3.0
Florida ........................|    55.5    |    57.6    |       2.1
Hawaii .........................|    56.0    |    58.1    |       2.1
                                |            |            |
Illinois .......................|    59.3    |    61.5    |       2.2
Indiana ........................|    60.5    |    61.6    |       1.1
Iowa ...........................|    64.8    |    66.3    |       1.5
Louisiana ......................|    54.7    |    56.5    |       1.8
Maryland .......................|    61.5    |    62.8    |       1.3
Massachusetts ..................|    61.5    |    62.7    |       1.2
Michigan .......................|    55.8    |    57.3    |       1.5
Minnesota ......................|    64.9    |    66.3    |       1.4
Missouri .......................|    60.2    |    61.1    |        .9
Montana ........................|    60.2    |    61.4    |       1.2
                                |            |            |
Nevada .........................|    55.9    |    57.9    |       2.0
New Jersey .....................|    58.8    |    61.5    |       2.7
New Mexico .....................|    52.5    |    54.2    |       1.7
New York .......................|    55.3    |    57.7    |       2.4
North Carolina .................|    56.5    |    58.7    |       2.2
North Dakota ...................|    66.5    |    67.8    |       1.3
Ohio ...........................|    58.2    |    59.0    |        .8
Oklahoma .......................|    58.3    |    59.1    |        .8
Oregon .........................|    58.8    |    60.2    |       1.4
Pennsylvania ...................|    57.7    |    59.1    |       1.4
                                |            |            |
Rhode Island ...................|    60.1    |    61.3    |       1.2
Texas ..........................|    59.9    |    61.4    |       1.5
Utah ...........................|    66.0    |    67.1    |       1.1
Vermont ........................|    59.9    |    61.5    |       1.6
Virginia .......................|    61.2    |    63.0    |       1.8
Washington .....................|    59.9    |    61.4    |       1.5
West Virginia ..................|    51.2    |    52.5    |       1.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------


Table E.  States with employment-population ratios significantly
different from that of the U.S., 2022 annual averages
----------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Ratio          
----------------------------------------------------------------
United States .......................|           60.0
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           55.5
Alaska ..............................|           62.6
Arkansas ............................|           55.6
California ..........................|           59.3
Colorado ............................|           66.3
Connecticut .........................|           62.8
Delaware ............................|           57.7
District of Columbia ................|           67.4
Florida .............................|           57.6
Hawaii ..............................|           58.1
                                     |
Idaho ...............................|           61.4
Illinois ............................|           61.5
Indiana .............................|           61.6
Iowa ................................|           66.3
Kansas ..............................|           64.6
Kentucky ............................|           55.6
Louisiana ...........................|           56.5
Maine ...............................|           56.8
Maryland ............................|           62.8
Massachusetts .......................|           62.7
                                     |
Michigan ............................|           57.3
Minnesota ...........................|           66.3
Mississippi .........................|           52.7
Montana .............................|           61.4
Nebraska ............................|           68.1
Nevada ..............................|           57.9
New Hampshire .......................|           64.5
New Jersey ..........................|           61.5
New Mexico ..........................|           54.2
New York ............................|           57.7
                                     |
North Carolina ......................|           58.7
North Dakota ........................|           67.8
South Carolina ......................|           54.7
South Dakota ........................|           66.8
Tennessee ...........................|           57.9
Texas ...............................|           61.4
Utah ................................|           67.1
Vermont .............................|           61.5
Virginia ............................|           63.0
Washington ..........................|           61.4
West Virginia .......................|           52.5
Wisconsin ...........................|           63.1
----------------------------------------------------------------



Last Modified Date: March 01, 2023