Workers in these occupations move people and goods.
Overall employment in transportation and material moving occupations is projected to grow 6 percent from 2021 to 2031, about as fast as the average for all occupations; this increase is expected to result in about 861,800 new jobs over the decade. In addition to new jobs from growth, opportunities arise from the need to replace workers who leave their occupations permanently. More than 1.9 million openings each year, on average, are projected to come from growth and replacement needs.
The median annual wage for this group was $36,860 in May 2021, which was lower than the median annual wage for all occupations of $45,760.
BLS employment projections, wage, and other data for related occupations not shown in the following table are available on the Data for Occupations Not Covered in Detail page. Information highlighting physical demands, cognitive and mental requirements, and other qualifications for workers in this group are available in a BLS Occupational Requirements Survey (ORS) profile.
|OCCUPATION||JOB SUMMARY||ENTRY-LEVEL EDUCATION||2021 MEDIAN PAY|
|Airline and Commercial Pilots||
Airline and commercial pilots fly and navigate airplanes, helicopters, and other aircraft.
|See How to Become One||$134,630|
|Air Traffic Controllers||
Air traffic controllers coordinate the movement of aircraft to maintain safe distances between them.
|Delivery Truck Drivers and Driver/Sales Workers||
Delivery truck drivers and driver/sales workers pick up, transport, and drop off packages and small shipments within a local region or urban area.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$36,660|
Flight attendants provide routine services and respond to emergencies to ensure the safety and comfort of airline passengers.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$61,640|
|Hand Laborers and Material Movers||
Hand laborers and material movers manually move freight, stock, or other materials.
|See How to Become One||$30,320|
|Heavy and Tractor-trailer Truck Drivers||
Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers transport goods from one location to another.
|Postsecondary nondegree award||$48,310|
|Material Moving Machine Operators||
Material moving machine operators use equipment to transport objects.
|See How to Become One||$38,380|
|Passenger Vehicle Drivers||
Passenger vehicle drivers operate buses, taxis, and other modes of transportation to take people from place to place.
|See How to Become One||$37,540|
Railroad workers ensure that passenger and freight trains operate safely. They may drive trains, coordinate the activities of the trains, or control signals and switches in the rail yard.
|High school diploma or equivalent||$64,150|
|Water Transportation Workers||
Water transportation workers operate and maintain vessels that take cargo and people over water.
|See How to Become One||$62,760|
The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey.
Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation.
Last Modified Date: Thursday, September 8, 2022