Data for Occupations Not Covered in Detail

Although employment for hundreds of occupations is covered in detail in the Occupational Outlook Handbook, this page presents summary data on additional occupations for which employment projections are prepared but detailed occupational information is not developed. For each occupation, the Occupational Information Network (O*NET) code, the occupational definition, 2016 employment, the May 2016 median annual wage, the projected employment change and growth rate from 2016 to 2026, and education and training categories are presented. In addition, select occupations include links to career videos from CareerOneStop.

Occupational Groups (Note—click a link below to scroll the page to the occupational group):

Management occupations

Business and financial operations occupations

Computer and mathematical occupations

Architecture and engineering occupations

Life, physical, and social science occupations

Community and social service occupations

Legal occupations

Education, training, and library occupations

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

Healthcare support occupations

Protective service occupations

Food preparation and serving related occupations

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

Personal care and service occupations

Sales and related occupations

Office and administrative support occupations

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

Construction and extraction occupations

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

Production occupations

Transportation and material moving occupations

 

Management occupations

Legislators

Develop, introduce or enact laws and statutes at the local, tribal, State, or Federal level. Includes only workers in elected positions.

  • 2016 employment: 55,500
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $23,470
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 3,900
    • Growth rate: 7 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

Plan, direct, or coordinate transportation, storage, or distribution activities in accordance with organizational policies and applicable government laws or regulations. Includes logistics managers.

Education administrators, all other

All education administrators not listed separately.

Postmasters and mail superintendents

Plan, direct, or coordinate operational, administrative, management, and supportive services of a U.S. post office; or coordinate activities of workers engaged in postal and related work in assigned post office.

  • 2016 employment: 14,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $71,670
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: -3,000
    • Growth rate: -21 percent (Decline)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Managers, all other

All managers not listed separately.

 

Business and financial operations occupations

Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes

Represent and promote artists, performers, and athletes in dealings with current or prospective employers. May handle contract negotiation and other business matters for clients.

  • 2016 employment: 19,100
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $62,080
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 900
    • Growth rate: 5 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Compliance officers

Examine, evaluate, and investigate eligibility for or conformity with laws and regulations governing contract compliance of licenses and permits, and perform other compliance and enforcement inspection and analysis activities not classified elsewhere. Excludes "Financial Examiners" (13-2061), “Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents" (13-2081), “Occupational Health and Safety Specialists” (29-9011), “Occupational Health and Safety Technicians” (29-9012), "Transportation Security Screeners" (33-9093), “Agricultural Inspectors” (45-2011), “Construction and Building Inspectors” (47-4011), and “Transportation Inspectors” (53-6051).

Farm labor contractors

Recruit and hire seasonal or temporary agricultural laborers. May transport, house, and provide meals for workers.

  • 2016 employment: 3,000
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $35,160
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 200
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Business operations specialists, all other

All business operations specialists not listed separately.

Credit analysts

Analyze credit data and financial statements of individuals or firms to determine the degree of risk involved in extending credit or lending money. Prepare reports with credit information for use in decision making.

  • 2016 employment: 73,800
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $69,930
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 6,200
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Credit counselors

Advise and educate individuals or organizations on acquiring and managing debt. May provide guidance in determining the best type of loan and explaining loan requirements or restrictions. May help develop debt management plans, advise on credit issues, or provide budget, mortgage, and bankruptcy counseling.

Tax preparers

Prepare tax returns for individuals or small businesses. Excludes “Accountants and Auditors” (13-2011).

  • 2016 employment: 95,900
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $36,550
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 10,400
    • Growth rate: 11 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Financial specialists, all other

All financial specialists not listed separately.

 

Computer and mathematical occupations

Computer occupations, all other

All computer occupations not listed separately. Excludes “Computer and Information Systems Managers” (11-3021), “Computer Hardware Engineers” (17-2061), “Electrical and Electronics Engineers” (17-2070), “Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary” (25-1021), “Multimedia Artists and Animators” (27-1014), “Graphic Designers” (27-1024), “Computer Operators” (43-9011), and “Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairs” (49-2011).

Mathematical technicians

Apply standardized mathematical formulas, principles, and methodology to technological problems in engineering and physical sciences in relation to specific industrial and research objectives, processes, equipment, and products.

  • 2016 employment: 600
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $49,660
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 0
    • Growth rate: 7 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Mathematical science occupations, all other

All mathematical scientists not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 2,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $65,050
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 200
    • Growth rate: 11 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

 

Architecture and engineering occupations

Engineers, all other

All engineers not listed separately.

Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other

All engineering technicians, except drafters, not listed separately.

 

Life, physical, and social science occupations

Biological scientists, all other

All biological scientists not listed separately.

Life scientists, all other

All life scientists not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 8,900
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $73,860
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 800
    • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Physical scientists, all other

All physical scientists not listed separately.

Social scientists and related workers, all other

All social scientists and related workers not listed separately.

Social science research assistants

Assist social scientists in laboratory, survey, and other social science research. May help prepare findings for publication and assist in laboratory analysis, quality control, or data management. Excludes “Graduate Teaching Assistants" (25-1191).

Forest and conservation technicians

Provide technical assistance regarding the conservation of soil, water, forests, or related natural resources. May compile data pertaining to size, content, condition, and other characteristics of forest tracts, under the direction of foresters; or train and lead forest workers in forest propagation, fire prevention and suppression. May assist conservation scientists in managing, improving, and protecting rangelands and wildlife habitats. Excludes “Conservation Scientists” (19-1031) and “Foresters” (19-1032).

  • 2016 employment: 33,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $35,560
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 1,300
    • Growth rate: 4 percent (Slower than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Associate's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other

All life, physical, and social science technicians not listed separately.

 

Community and social service occupations

Counselors, all other

All counselors not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 31,800
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $44,350
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 4,500
    • Growth rate: 14 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Master's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Community and social service specialists, all other

All community and social service specialists not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 100,300
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $43,120
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 13,200
    • Growth rate: 13 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Clergy

Conduct religious worship and perform other spiritual functions associated with beliefs and practices of religious faith or denomination. Provide spiritual and moral guidance and assistance to members.

  • 2016 employment: 243,900
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $45,740
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 19,600
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Directors, religious activities and education

Plan, direct, or coordinate programs designed to promote the religious education or activities of a denominational group. May provide counseling and guidance relative to marital, health, financial, and religious problems.

  • 2016 employment: 147,100
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $38,610
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 10,800
    • Growth rate: 7 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Religious workers, all other

All religious workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 53,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $28,820
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 4,100
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

 

Legal occupations

Judicial law clerks

Assist judges in court or by conducting research or preparing legal documents. Excludes "Lawyers" (23-1011) and "Paralegals and Legal Assistants" (23-2011).

  • 2016 employment: 14,000
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $51,760
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 800
    • Growth rate: 6 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Doctoral or professional degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers

Search real estate records, examine titles, or summarize pertinent legal or insurance documents or details for a variety of purposes. May compile lists of mortgages, contracts, and other instruments pertaining to titles by searching public and private records for law firms, real estate agencies, or title insurance companies.

  • 2016 employment: 69,000
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $45,800
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 2,800
    • Growth rate: 4 percent (Slower than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Legal support workers, all other

All legal support workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 50,900
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $54,650
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 1,800
    • Growth rate: 4 percent (Slower than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Associate's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

 

Education, training, and library occupations

Graduate teaching assistants

Assist faculty or other instructional staff in postsecondary institutions by performing teaching or teaching-related duties, such as teaching lower level courses, developing teaching materials, preparing and giving examinations, and grading examinations or papers. Graduate teaching assistants must be enrolled in a graduate school program. Graduate assistants who primarily perform non-teaching duties, such as research, should be reported in the occupational category related to the work performed. Excludes “Teacher Assistants” (25-9041).

  • 2016 employment: 168,300
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $34,240
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 12,900
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Home economics teachers, postsecondary

Teach courses in childcare, family relations, finance, nutrition, and related subjects pertaining to home management. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

  • 2016 employment: 3,500
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $69,190
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 300
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Master's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary

Teach courses pertaining to recreation, leisure, and fitness studies, including exercise physiology and facilities management. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

  • 2016 employment: 20,600
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $59,180
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 2,000
    • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Doctoral or professional degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Postsecondary teachers, all other

All postsecondary teachers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 236,500
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $64,400
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 22,200
    • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Doctoral or professional degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Special education teachers, all other

All special education teachers not listed separately.

Self-enrichment education teachers

Teach or instruct courses other than those that normally lead to an occupational objective or degree. Courses may include self-improvement, nonvocational, and nonacademic subjects. Teaching may or may not take place in a traditional educational institution. Excludes “Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors” (39-9031). Flight instructors are included with “Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers” (53-2010).

  • 2016 employment: 354,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $37,330
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 52,700
    • Growth rate: 15 percent (Much faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Teachers and instructors, all other

All teachers and instructors not listed separately.

Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists

Prepare, plan, and operate multimedia teaching aids for use in education. May record, catalogue, and file materials.

  • 2016 employment: 11,300
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $47,840
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 1,000
    • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Farm and home management advisors

Advise, instruct, and assist individuals and families engaged in agriculture, agricultural-related processes, or home economics activities. Demonstrate procedures and apply research findings to solve problems; and instruct and train in product development, sales, and the use of machinery and equipment to promote general welfare. Includes county agricultural agents, feed and farm management advisers, home economists, and extension service advisors.

  • 2016 employment: 10,400
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $49,490
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 800
    • Growth rate: 7 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Master's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Education, training, and library workers, all other

All education, training, and library workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 112,700
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $42,600
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 11,800
    • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

 

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

Merchandise displayers and window trimmers

Plan and erect commercial displays, such as those in windows and interiors of retail stores and at trade exhibitions.

  • 2016 employment: 141,400
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $26,700
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 5,300
    • Growth rate: 4 percent (Slower than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Set and exhibit designers

Design special exhibits and movie, television, and theater sets. May study scripts, confer with directors, and conduct research to determine appropriate architectural styles.

Designers, all other

All designers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 9,000
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $53,380
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 600
    • Growth rate: 6 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other

All entertainers and performers, sports and related workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 26,700
  • May 2016 median annual wage: Data unavailable
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 2,100
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Media and communication workers, all other

All media and communication workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 32,900
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $43,600
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 2,900
    • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Radio operators

Receive and transmit communications using radiotelephone equipment in accordance with government regulations. May repair equipment. Excludes “Radio, Cellular, and Tower Equipment Installers and Repairs” (49-2021).

  • 2016 employment: 900
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $46,250
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 0
    • Growth rate: -1 percent (Little or no change)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Media and communication equipment workers, all other

All media and communication equipment workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 20,600
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $75,700
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 1,600
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

 

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

Therapists, all other

All therapists not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 24,100
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $56,700
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 4,800
    • Growth rate: 20 percent (Much faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other

All health diagnosing and treating practitioners not listed separately.

Dietetic technicians

Assist in the provision of food service and nutritional programs, under the supervision of a dietitian. May plan and produce meals based on established guidelines, teach principles of food and nutrition, or counsel individuals.

  • 2016 employment: 33,400
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $26,350
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 3,100
    • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Associate's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Respiratory therapy technicians

Provide respiratory care under the direction of respiratory therapists and physicians.

  • 2016 employment: 10,800
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $49,780
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: -6,100
    • Growth rate: -56 percent (Decline)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Associate's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Ophthalmic medical technicians

Assist ophthalmologists by performing ophthalmic clinical functions. May administer eye exams, administer eye medications, and instruct the patient in care and use of corrective lenses.

Hearing aid specialists

Select and fit hearing aids for customers. Administer and interpret tests of hearing. Assess hearing instrument efficacy. Take ear impressions and prepare, design, and modify ear molds. Excludes “Audiologists” (29-1181).

  • 2016 employment: 6,800
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $50,250
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 1,300
    • Growth rate: 19 percent (Much faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Health technologists and technicians, all other

All health technologists and technicians not listed separately.

Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other

All healthcare practitioners and technical workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 40,000
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $48,820
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 4,800
    • Growth rate: 12 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Postsecondary nondegree award
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

 

Healthcare support occupations

Medical equipment preparers

Prepare, sterilize, install, or clean laboratory or healthcare equipment. May perform routine laboratory tasks and operate or inspect equipment.

  • 2016 employment: 54,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $34,400
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 5,900
    • Growth rate: 11 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Pharmacy aides

Record drugs delivered to the pharmacy, store incoming merchandise, and inform the supervisor of stock needs. May operate cash register and accept prescriptions for filling.

  • 2016 employment: 36,900
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $25,240
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: -1,800
    • Growth rate: -5 percent (Decline)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Healthcare support workers, all other

All healthcare support workers not listed separately

 

Protective service occupations

First-line supervisors of correctional officers

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of correctional officers and jailers.

  • 2016 employment: 45,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $60,560
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: -3,500
    • Growth rate: -8 percent (Decline)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

First-line supervisors of police and detectives

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of members of police force.

  • 2016 employment: 104,700
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $84,840
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 6,900
    • Growth rate: 7 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in fire fighting and fire prevention and control.

First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other

All protective service supervisors not listed separately above.

  • 2016 employment: 75,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $47,820
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 3,400
    • Growth rate: 5 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Parking enforcement workers

Patrol assigned area, such as public parking lot or city streets to issue tickets to overtime parking violators and illegally parked vehicles.

  • 2016 employment: 9,400
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $37,950
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: -3,300
    • Growth rate: -35 percent (Decline)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Animal control workers

Handle animals for the purpose of investigations of mistreatment, or control of abandoned, dangerous, or unattended animals.

  • 2016 employment: 13,400
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $34,550
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 1,100
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Crossing guards

Guide or control vehicular or pedestrian traffic at such places as streets, schools, railroad crossings, or construction sites.

  • 2016 employment: 74,300
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $26,700
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 6,300
    • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers

Monitor recreational areas, such as pools, beaches, or ski slopes to provide assistance and protection to participants.

  • 2016 employment: 152,100
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $20,290
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 11,700
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Transportation security screeners

Conduct screening of passengers, baggage, or cargo to ensure compliance with Transportation Security Administration (TSA) regulations. May operate basic security equipment such as x-ray machines and hand wands at screening checkpoints.

Protective service workers, all other

All protective service workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 133,800
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $28,720
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 11,300
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

 

Food preparation and serving related occupations

First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in preparing and serving food.

  • 2016 employment: 936,900
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $31,480
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 87,500
    • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Dishwashers

Clean dishes, kitchen, food preparation equipment, or utensils.

  • 2016 employment: 514,300
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $20,800
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 22,200
    • Growth rate: 4 percent (Slower than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

 

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers

Directly supervise and coordinate work activities of cleaning personnel in hotels, hospitals, offices, and other establishments.

  • 2016 employment: 243,500
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $38,190
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 20,900
    • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in landscaping or groundskeeping activities. Work may involve reviewing contracts to ascertain service, machine, and workforce requirements; answering inquiries from potential customers regarding methods, material, and price ranges; and preparing estimates according to labor, material, and machine costs.

  • 2016 employment: 178,300
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $45,740
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 17,100
    • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

Perform any combination of light cleaning duties to maintain private households or commercial establishments, such as hotels and hospitals, in a clean and orderly manner. Duties may include making beds, replenishing linens, cleaning rooms and halls, and vacuuming.

  • 2016 employment: 1,443,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $21,820
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 80,400
    • Growth rate: 6 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Building cleaning workers, all other

All building cleaning workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 16,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $29,700
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 2,000
    • Growth rate: 13 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

 

Personal care and service occupations

First-line supervisors of personal service workers

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of personal service workers, such as flight attendants, hairdressers, or caddies.

  • 2016 employment: 276,100
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $36,700
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 35,900
    • Growth rate: 13 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Motion picture projectionists

Set up and operate motion picture projection and related sound reproduction equipment.

  • 2016 employment: 5,800
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $22,100
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: -600
    • Growth rate: -10 percent (Decline)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers

Assist patrons at entertainment events by performing duties, such as collecting admission tickets and passes from patrons, assisting in finding seats, searching for lost articles, and locating such facilities as rest rooms and telephones.

  • 2016 employment: 117,700
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $19,920
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 8,800
    • Growth rate: 7 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Amusement and recreation attendants

Perform a variety of attending duties at amusement or recreation facility. May schedule use of recreation facilities, maintain and provide equipment to participants of sporting events or recreational pursuits, or operate amusement concessions and rides.

  • 2016 employment: 300,000
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $20,160
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 27,800
    • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Costume attendants

Select, fit, and take care of costumes for cast members, and aid entertainers. May assist with multiple costume changes during performances.

  • 2016 employment: 6,600
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $45,900
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 600
    • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants

Provide personal items to patrons or customers in locker rooms, dressing rooms, or coatrooms.

Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other

All entertainment attendants and related workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 14,600
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $23,270
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 1,700
    • Growth rate: 11 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Embalmers

Prepare bodies for interment in conformity with legal requirements.

  • 2016 employment: 3,700
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $40,150
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 0
    • Growth rate: -1 percent (Little or no change)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Associate's degree
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Long-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Funeral attendants

Perform a variety of tasks during funeral, such as placing casket in parlor or chapel prior to service; arranging floral offerings or lights around casket; directing or escorting mourners; closing casket; and issuing and storing funeral equipment.

  • 2016 employment: 36,100
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $24,830
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 1,000
    • Growth rate: 3 percent (Slower than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Makeup artists, theatrical and performance

Apply makeup to performers to reflect period, setting, and situation of their role.

  • 2016 employment: 4,800
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $60,970
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 500
    • Growth rate: 11 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: Postsecondary nondegree award
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Shampooers

Shampoo and rinse customers' hair.

  • 2016 employment: 21,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $19,700
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 2,600
    • Growth rate: 12 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Baggage porters and bellhops

Handle baggage for travelers at transportation terminals or for guests at hotels or similar establishments.

  • 2016 employment: 45,100
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $22,260
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 3,700
    • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Concierges

Assist patrons at hotel, apartment, or office building with personal services. May take messages, arrange or give advice on transportation, business services or entertainment, or monitor guest requests for housekeeping and maintenance.

  • 2016 employment: 32,500
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $29,250
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 3,700
    • Growth rate: 11 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Tour guides and escorts

Escort individuals or groups on sightseeing tours or through places of interest, such as industrial establishments, public buildings, and art galleries.

  • 2016 employment: 45,800
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $24,920
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 5,000
    • Growth rate: 11 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Travel guides

Plan, organize, and conduct long distance travel , tours, and expeditions for individuals and groups.

  • 2016 employment: 3,600
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $32,100
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 200
    • Growth rate: 6 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Residential advisors

Coordinate activities in resident facilities in secondary and college dormitories, group homes, or similar establishments. Order supplies and determine need for maintenance, repairs, and furnishings. May maintain household records and assign rooms. May assist residents with problem solving or refer them to counseling resources.

  • 2016 employment: 118,800
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $25,570
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 15,300
    • Growth rate: 13 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Personal care and service workers, all other

All personal care and service workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 88,900
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $25,420
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 6,000
    • Growth rate: 7 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

 

Sales and related occupations

First-line supervisors of retail sales workers

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of retail sales workers in an establishment or department. Duties may include management functions, such as purchasing, budgeting, accounting, and personnel work, in addition to supervisory duties.

  • 2016 employment: 1,532,400
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $39,040
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 77,300
    • Growth rate: 5 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of sales workers other than retail sales workers. May perform duties, such as budgeting, accounting, and personnel work, in addition to supervisory duties.

  • 2016 employment: 405,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $73,150
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 26,000
    • Growth rate: 6 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Gaming change persons and booth cashiers

Exchange coins, tokens and chips for patrons' money. May issue payoffs and obtain customer's signature on receipt. May operate a booth in the slot machine area and furnish change persons with money bank at the start of the shift, or count and audit money in drawers. Excludes “Cashiers” (41-2011).

  • 2016 employment: 23,400
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $23,780
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 600
    • Growth rate: 3 percent (Slower than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Counter and rental clerks

Receive orders, generally in person, for repairs, rentals, and services. May describe available options, compute cost, and accept payment. Excludes “Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop” (35-3022), “Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks” (43-4081), “Order Clerks” (43-4151), and “Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks” (43-4181).

  • 2016 employment: 458,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $25,550
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 25,100
    • Growth rate: 5 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Sales representatives, services, all other

All services sales representatives not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 983,000
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $52,490
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 94,200
    • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Demonstrators and product promoters

Demonstrate merchandise and answer questions for the purpose of creating public interest in buying the product. May sell demonstrated merchandise.

  • 2016 employment: 94,700
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $25,610
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 6,700
    • Growth rate: 7 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Telemarketers

Solicit donations or orders for goods or services over the telephone.

  • 2016 employment: 216,600
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $24,300
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: -100
    • Growth rate: 0 percent (Little or no change)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers

Sell goods or services door-to-door or on the street.

  • 2016 employment: 82,400
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $24,330
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 5,200
    • Growth rate: 6 percent (As fast as average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Sales and related workers, all other

All sales and related workers not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 95,900
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $37,190
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 9,400
    • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

 

Office and administrative support occupations

First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers

Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of clerical and administrative support workers.

  • 2016 employment: 1,506,300
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $54,340
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 51,200
    • Growth rate: 3 percent (Slower than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
    • Typical on-the-job training: None
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Switchboard operators, including answering service

Operate telephone business systems equipment or switchboards to relay incoming, outgoing, and interoffice calls. May supply information to callers and record messages.

  • 2016 employment: 93,200
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $28,030
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: -18,500
    • Growth rate: -20 percent (Decline)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Telephone operators

Provide information by accessing alphabetical, geographical, or other directories. Assist customers with special billing requests, such as charges to a third party and credits or refunds for incorrectly dialed numbers or bad connections. May handle emergency calls and assist children or people with physical disabilities to make telephone calls.

  • 2016 employment: 9,100
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $37,000
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: -2,000
    • Growth rate: -23 percent (Decline)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Communications equipment operators, all other

All communications equipment operators not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 2,400
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $39,640
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 200
    • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Financial clerks, all other

All financial clerks not listed separately.

  • 2016 employment: 36,600
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $39,540
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 3,600
    • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

Cargo and freight agents

Expedite and route movement of incoming and outgoing cargo and freight shipments in airline, train, and trucking terminals, and shipping docks. Take orders from customers and arrange pickup of freight and cargo for delivery to loading platform. Prepare and examine bills of lading to determine shipping charges and tariffs.

  • 2016 employment: 89,800
  • May 2016 median annual wage: $41,920
  • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
    • Number of new jobs: 9,300
    • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
  • Education and training:
    • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
    • Work experience in a related occupation: None
    • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
  • Couriers and messengers

    Pick up and deliver messages, documents, packages, and other items between offices or departments within an establishment or directly to other business concerns, traveling by foot, bicycle, motorcycle, automobile, or public conveyance. Excludes "Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers" (53-3033).

    • 2016 employment: 95,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $28,170
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 8,000
      • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance

    Schedule and dispatch workers, work crews, equipment, or service vehicles for conveyance of materials, freight, or passengers, or for normal installation, service, or emergency repairs rendered outside the place of business. Duties may include using radio, telephone, or computer to transmit assignments and compiling statistics and reports on work progress.

    • 2016 employment: 201,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $37,940
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 0
      • Growth rate: 0 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Meter readers, utilities

    Read meter and record consumption of electricity, gas, water, or steam.

    • 2016 employment: 34,800
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $38,940
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -1,500
      • Growth rate: -4 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Computer operators

    Monitor and control electronic computer and peripheral electronic data processing equipment to process business, scientific, engineering, and other data according to operating instructions. Monitor and respond to operating and error messages. May enter commands at a computer terminal and set controls on computer and peripheral devices. Excludes “Computer Occupations” (15-1100) and "Data Entry Keyers" (43-9021).

    • 2016 employment: 51,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $42,270
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -11,800
      • Growth rate: -23 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Data entry keyers

    Operate data entry device, such as keyboard or photo composing perforator. Duties may include verifying data and preparing materials for printing. Excludes "Word Processors and Typists" (43-9022).

    • 2016 employment: 203,800
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $30,100
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -43,100
      • Growth rate: -21 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Word processors and typists

    Use word processor, computer or typewriter to type letters, reports, forms, or other material from rough draft, corrected copy, or voice recording. May perform other clerical duties as assigned. Excludes “Data Entry Keyers" (43-9021), "Secretaries and Administrative Assistants" (43-6011 through 43-6014), "Court Reporters" (23-2091), and "Medical Transcriptionists" (31-9094).

    • 2016 employment: 74,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $38,740
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -25,000
      • Growth rate: -33 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service

    Prepare incoming and outgoing mail for distribution. Use hand or mail handling machines to time stamp, open, read, sort, and route incoming mail; and address, seal, stamp, fold, stuff, and affix postage to outgoing mail or packages. Duties may also include keeping necessary records and completed forms.

    • 2016 employment: 95,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $29,160
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -7,100
      • Growth rate: -7 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Office machine operators, except computer

    Operate one or more of a variety of office machines, such as photocopying, photographic, and duplicating machines, or other office machines. Excludes “Computer Operators" (43-9011), "Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service" (43-9051) and "Billing and Posting Clerks" (43-3021).

    • 2016 employment: 59,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $30,460
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -9,400
      • Growth rate: -16 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Proofreaders and copy markers

    Read transcript or proof type setup to detect and mark for correction any grammatical, typographical, or compositional errors. Excludes workers whose primary duty is editing copy. Includes proofreaders of Braille.

    • 2016 employment: 14,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $36,960
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 300
      • Growth rate: 2 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: None
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Statistical assistants

    Compile and compute data according to statistical formulas for use in statistical studies. May perform actuarial computations and compile charts and graphs for use by actuaries. Includes actuarial clerks.

    • 2016 employment: 11,800
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $46,850
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 1,100
      • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: None
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Office and administrative support workers, all other

    All office and administrative support workers not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 243,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $34,020
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 22,300
      • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

     

    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

    First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

    Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of agricultural, forestry, aquacultural, and related workers. Excludes “First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers" (37-1012).

    Agricultural inspectors

    Inspect agricultural commodities, processing equipment, and facilities, and fish and logging operations, to ensure compliance with regulations and laws governing health, quality, and safety.

    • 2016 employment: 15,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $42,800
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 700
      • Growth rate: 5 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: Bachelor's degree
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Graders and sorters, agricultural products

    Grade, sort, or classify unprocessed food and other agricultural products by size, weight, color, or condition. Excludes “Agricultural Inspectors" (45-2011).

    • 2016 employment: 42,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $22,520
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -400
      • Growth rate: -1 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

     

    Construction and extraction occupations

    First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

    Directly supervise and coordinate activities of construction or extraction workers.

    Paperhangers

    Cover interior walls or ceilings of rooms with decorative wallpaper or fabric, or attach advertising posters on surfaces such as walls and billboards. May remove old materials or prepare surfaces to be papered.

    • 2016 employment: 5,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $33,770
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 300
      • Growth rate: 5 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Long-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Pipelayers

    Lay pipe for storm or sanitation sewers, drains, and water mains. Perform any combination of the following tasks: grade trenches or culverts, position pipe, or seal joints. Excludes “Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers" (51-4121).

    • 2016 employment: 44,100
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $38,410
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 7,600
      • Growth rate: 17 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Plasterers and stucco masons

    Apply interior or exterior plaster, cement, stucco, or similar materials. May also set ornamental plaster.

    • 2016 employment: 27,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $38,890
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 1,100
      • Growth rate: 4 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Long-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Fence erectors

    Erect and repair fences and fence gates, using hand and power tools.

    • 2016 employment: 25,100
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $33,150
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 2,800
      • Growth rate: 11 percent (Faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Highway maintenance workers

    Maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport runways, and rights-of-way. Duties include patching broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, highway markers, and snow fences. May also mow or clear brush from along road or plow snow from roadway. Excludes “Tree Trimmers and Pruners" (37-3013).

    • 2016 employment: 149,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $38,130
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 10,300
      • Growth rate: 7 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators

    Lay, repair, and maintain track for standard or narrow-gauge railroad equipment used in regular railroad service or in plant yards, quarries, sand and gravel pits, and mines. Includes ballast cleaning machine operators and railroad bed tamping machine operators.

    • 2016 employment: 14,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $53,970
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 1,200
      • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners

    Clean and repair septic tanks, sewer lines, or drains. May patch walls and partitions of tank, replace damaged drain tile, or repair breaks in underground piping.

    • 2016 employment: 28,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $36,430
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 4,800
      • Growth rate: 17 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Segmental pavers

    Lay out, cut, and place segmental paving units. Includes installers of bedding and restraining materials for the paving units.

    • 2016 employment: 2,100
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $33,530
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 300
      • Growth rate: 12 percent (Faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Construction and related workers, all other

    All construction and related workers not listed separately.

    Derrick operators, oil and gas

    Rig derrick equipment and operate pumps to circulate mud through drill hole.

    • 2016 employment: 11,100
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $48,130
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 2,800
      • Growth rate: 26 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Rotary drill operators, oil and gas

    Set up or operate a variety of drills to remove underground oil and gas, or remove core samples for testing during oil and gas exploration. Excludes “Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas” (47-5021).

    • 2016 employment: 16,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $54,430
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 4,000
      • Growth rate: 24 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining

    Operate equipment to increase oil flow from producing wells or to remove stuck pipe, casing, tools, or other obstructions from drilling wells. May also perform similar services in mining exploration operations. Includes fishing-tool technicians.

    • 2016 employment: 41,400
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $48,610
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 9,700
      • Growth rate: 23 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Earth drillers, except oil and gas

    Operate a variety of drills such as rotary, churn, and pneumatic to tap sub-surface water and salt deposits, to remove core samples during mineral exploration or soil testing, and to facilitate the use of explosives in mining or construction. May use explosives. Includes horizontal and earth boring machine operators.

    • 2016 employment: 19,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $44,360
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 3,900
      • Growth rate: 20 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters

    Place and detonate explosives to demolish structures or to loosen, remove, or displace earth, rock, or other materials. May perform specialized handling, storage, and accounting procedures. Includes seismograph shooters. Excludes “Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas" (47-5021) who may also work with explosives.

    • 2016 employment: 6,300
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $52,170
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 500
      • Growth rate: 7 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
      • Typical on-the-job training: Long-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Continuous mining machine operators

    Operate self-propelled mining machines that rip coal, metal and nonmetal ores, rock, stone, or sand from the mine face and load it onto conveyors or into shuttle cars in a continuous operation.

    • 2016 employment: 12,300
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $51,840
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -500
      • Growth rate: -4 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Mine cutting and channeling machine operators

    Operate machinery such as longwall shears, plows, and cutting machines to cut or channel along the face or seams of coal mines, stone quarries, or other mining surfaces to facilitate blasting, separating, or removing minerals or materials from mines or from the Earth's surface. Includes shale planers.

    • 2016 employment: 6,100
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $51,900
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -300
      • Growth rate: -5 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Mining machine operators, all other

    All mining machine operators not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 2,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $48,010
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 0
      • Growth rate: 0 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Rock splitters, quarry

    Separate blocks of rough dimension stone from quarry mass using jackhammer and wedges.

    • 2016 employment: 3,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $34,020
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -200
      • Growth rate: -6 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Roof bolters, mining

    Operate machinery to install roof support bolts in underground mine.

    • 2016 employment: 3,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $56,780
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -200
      • Growth rate: -5 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Roustabouts, oil and gas

    Assemble or repair oil field equipment using hand and power tools. Perform other tasks as needed.

    • 2016 employment: 50,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $37,340
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 12,200
      • Growth rate: 24 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Helpers--extraction workers

    Help extraction craft workers, such as earth drillers, blasters and explosives workers, derrick operators, and mining machine operators, by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include supplying equipment or cleaning work area. Apprentice workers are classified with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2231).

    • 2016 employment: 17,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $35,790
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 3,300
      • Growth rate: 20 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Extraction workers, all other

    All extraction workers not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 4,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $48,750
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 700
      • Growth rate: 16 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

     

    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

    First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers

    Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of mechanics, installers, and repairers. Excludes team or work leaders.

    • 2016 employment: 462,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $63,540
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 32,800
      • Growth rate: 7 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
      • Typical on-the-job training: None
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers

    Repair, maintain, or install computers, word processing systems, automated teller machines, and electronic office machines, such as duplicating and fax machines.

    • 2016 employment: 119,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $37,100
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -800
      • Growth rate: -1 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: Some college, no degree
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairs

    Repair, install or maintain mobile or stationary radio transmitting, broadcasting, and receiving equipment, and two-way radio communications systems used in cellular telecommunications, mobile broadband, ship-to-shore, aircraft-to-ground communications, and radio equipment in service and emergency vehicles. May test and analyze network coverage.

    Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers

    Repair, adjust, or install audio or television receivers, stereo systems, camcorders, video systems, or other electronic home entertainment equipment.

    • 2016 employment: 31,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $37,410
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 400
      • Growth rate: 1 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: Postsecondary nondegree award
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Security and fire alarm systems installers

    Install, program, maintain, and repair security and fire alarm wiring and equipment. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. Excludes “Electricians" (47-2111) who do a broad range of electrical wiring.

    • 2016 employment: 72,300
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $44,330
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 10,400
      • Growth rate: 14 percent (Faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Bicycle repairers

    Repair and service bicycles.

    • 2016 employment: 12,400
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $27,630
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 3,700
      • Growth rate: 29 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Recreational vehicle service technicians

    Diagnose, inspect, adjust, repair, or overhaul recreational vehicles including travel trailers. May specialize in maintaining gas, electrical, hydraulic, plumbing, or chassis/towing systems as well as repairing generators, appliances, and interior components. Includes workers who perform customized van conversions. Excludes “Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics" (49-3023) and "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031) who also work on recreation vehicles.

    • 2016 employment: 13,800
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $36,430
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -100
      • Growth rate: -1 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Long-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Tire repairers and changers

    Repair and replace tires.

    • 2016 employment: 111,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $25,040
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 900
      • Growth rate: 1 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Mechanical door repairers

    Install, service, or repair automatic door mechanisms and hydraulic doors. Includes garage door mechanics.

    • 2016 employment: 20,400
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $38,480
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 2,100
      • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door

    Install, repair, and maintain mechanical regulating and controlling devices, such as electric meters, gas regulators, thermostats, safety and flow valves, and other mechanical governors.

    • 2016 employment: 46,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $54,520
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 2,300
      • Growth rate: 5 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Home appliance repairers

    Repair, adjust, or install all types of electric or gas household appliances, such as refrigerators, washers, dryers, and ovens.

    • 2016 employment: 46,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $37,570
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -400
      • Growth rate: -1 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons

    Build or repair equipment such as furnaces, kilns, cupolas, boilers, converters, ladles, soaking pits and ovens, using refractory materials.

    • 2016 employment: 1,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $45,230
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -100
      • Growth rate: -3 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Camera and photographic equipment repairers

    Repair and adjust cameras and photographic equipment, including commercial video and motion picture camera equipment.

    • 2016 employment: 4,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $41,060
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 100
      • Growth rate: 3 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Long-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Musical instrument repairers and tuners

    Repair percussion, stringed, reed, or wind instruments. May specialize in one area, such as piano tuning. Excludes “Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers" (49-2097) who repair electrical and electronic musical instruments.

    • 2016 employment: 8,300
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $35,010
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 200
      • Growth rate: 2 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Apprenticeship
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Watch repairers

    Repair, clean, and adjust mechanisms of timing instruments, such as watches and clocks. Includes watchmakers, watch technicians, and mechanical timepiece repairers.

    • 2016 employment: 1,800
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $36,740
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -500
      • Growth rate: -29 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Long-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other

    All precision instrument and equipment repairers not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 12,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $56,230
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 400
      • Growth rate: 3 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Long-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers

    Install, service, adjust, or repair coin, vending, or amusement machines including video games, juke boxes, pinball machines, or slot machines.

    • 2016 employment: 36,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $33,070
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -4,600
      • Growth rate: -12 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Commercial divers

    Work below surface of water, using scuba gear to inspect, repair, remove, or install equipment and structures. May use a variety of power and hand tools, such as drills, sledgehammers, torches, and welding equipment. May conduct tests or experiments, rig explosives, or photograph structures or marine life. Excludes “Fishers and Related Fishing Workers" (45-3011), "Athletes and Sports Competitors" (27-2021), and "Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers" (33-3051).

    • 2016 employment: 4,100
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $49,090
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 400
      • Growth rate: 11 percent (Faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: Postsecondary nondegree award
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Fabric menders, except garment

    Repair tears, holes, and other defects in fabrics, such as draperies, linens, parachutes, and tents.

    • 2016 employment: 700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $26,920
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -100
      • Growth rate: -8 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Long-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Locksmiths and safe repairers

    Repair and open locks; make keys; change locks and safe combinations; and install and repair safes.

    Manufactured building and mobile home installers

    Move or install mobile homes or prefabricated buildings.

    • 2016 employment: 4,300
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $29,810
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -400
      • Growth rate: -9 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Riggers

    Set up or repair rigging for construction projects, manufacturing plants, logging yards, ships and shipyards, or for the entertainment industry.

    • 2016 employment: 20,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $45,690
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 2,100
      • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Signal and track switch repairers

    Install, inspect, test, maintain, or repair electric gate crossings, signals, signal equipment, track switches, section lines, or intercommunications systems within a railroad system.

    • 2016 employment: 10,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $65,350
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 100
      • Growth rate: 1 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers

    Help installation, maintenance, and repair workers in maintenance, parts replacement, and repair of vehicles, industrial machinery, and electrical and electronic equipment. Perform duties such as furnishing tools, materials, and supplies to other workers; cleaning work area, machines, and tools; and holding materials or tools for other workers.

    • 2016 employment: 120,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $27,510
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 13,300
      • Growth rate: 11 percent (Faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other

    All, installation, maintenance, and repair workers not listed separately.

     

    Production occupations

    First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

    Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of production and operating workers, such as inspectors, precision workers, machine setters and operators, assemblers, fabricators, and plant and system operators. Excludes team or work leaders.

    • 2016 employment: 621,400
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $57,780
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -500
      • Growth rate: 0 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
      • Typical on-the-job training: None
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

    Use hand or hand tools to perform routine cutting and trimming of meat, poultry, and seafood.

    • 2016 employment: 156,400
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $24,490
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 1,200
      • Growth rate: 1 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Slaughterers and meat packers

    Work in slaughtering, meat packing, or wholesale establishments performing precision functions involving the preparation of meat. Work may include specialized slaughtering tasks, cutting standard or premium cuts of meat for marketing, making sausage, or wrapping meats. Excludes “Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers" (51-3022) who perform routine meat cutting.

    • 2016 employment: 82,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $26,590
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 400
      • Growth rate: 1 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Layout workers, metal and plastic

    Lay out reference points and dimensions on metal or plastic stock or workpieces, such as sheets, plates, tubes, structural shapes, castings, or machine parts, for further processing. Includes shipfitters.

    • 2016 employment: 9,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $45,820
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -600
      • Growth rate: -7 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

    Perform precision smoothing, sharpening, polishing, or grinding of metal objects.

    • 2016 employment: 9,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $36,650
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -300
      • Growth rate: -3 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

    All metal workers and plastic workers not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 23,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $33,280
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -1,500
      • Growth rate: -7 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Prepress technicians and workers

    Format and proof text and images submitted by designers and clients into finished pages that can be printed. Includes digital and photo typesetting. May produce printing plates.

    Printing press operators

    Set up and operate digital, letterpress, lithographic, flexographic, gravure, or other printing machines. Includes short-run offset printing presses.

    • 2016 employment: 178,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $35,530
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -16,800
      • Growth rate: -9 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Print binding and finishing workers

    Bind books and other publications or finish printed products by hand or machine. May set up binding and finishing machines.

    Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

    Operate or tend washing or dry-cleaning machines to wash or dry-clean industrial or household articles, such as cloth garments, suede, leather, furs, blankets, draperies, linens, rugs, and carpets. Includes spotters and dyers of these articles.

    Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

    Press or shape articles by hand or machine.

    • 2016 employment: 45,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $21,300
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -3,000
      • Growth rate: -7 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Sewing machine operators

    Operate or tend sewing machines to join, reinforce, decorate, or perform related sewing operations in the manufacture of garment or nongarment products.

    • 2016 employment: 153,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $23,670
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -21,900
      • Growth rate: -14 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Shoe and leather workers and repairers

    Construct, decorate, or repair leather and leather-like products, such as luggage, shoes, and saddles.

    • 2016 employment: 11,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $23,940
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -300
      • Growth rate: -2 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Shoe machine operators and tenders

    Operate or tend a variety of machines to join, decorate, reinforce, or finish shoes and shoe parts.

    • 2016 employment: 3,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $26,150
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -300
      • Growth rate: -8 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Sewers, hand

    Sew, join, reinforce, or finish, usually with needle and thread, a variety of manufactured items. Includes weavers and stitchers. Excludes “Fabric Menders, Except Garment" (49-9093).

    • 2016 employment: 13,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $24,520
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -500
      • Growth rate: -4 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

    Design, make, alter, repair, or fit garments.

    • 2016 employment: 44,300
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $28,240
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -100
      • Growth rate: 0 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders

    Operate or tend machines to bleach, shrink, wash, dye, or finish textiles or synthetic or glass fibers.

    • 2016 employment: 11,300
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $27,270
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -1,900
      • Growth rate: -17 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines that cut textiles.

    • 2016 employment: 15,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $26,090
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -2,400
      • Growth rate: -16 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines that knit, loop, weave, or draw in textiles. Excludes “Sewing Machine Operators" (51-6031).

    • 2016 employment: 22,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $27,470
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -4,100
      • Growth rate: -18 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines that wind or twist textiles; or draw out and combine sliver, such as wool, hemp, or synthetic fibers. Includes slubber machine and drawing frame operators.

    • 2016 employment: 30,800
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $27,500
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -5,000
      • Growth rate: -16 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers

    Set up, operate, or tend machines that extrude and form continuous filaments from synthetic materials, such as liquid polymer, rayon, and fiberglass.

    Fabric and apparel patternmakers

    Draw and construct sets of precision master fabric patterns or layouts. May also mark and cut fabrics and apparel.

    • 2016 employment: 5,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $39,650
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -800
      • Growth rate: -15 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Upholsterers

    Make, repair, or replace upholstery for household furniture or transportation vehicles.

    • 2016 employment: 41,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $33,050
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 1,000
      • Growth rate: 3 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other

    All textile, apparel, and furnishings workers not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 16,300
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $25,890
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -500
      • Growth rate: -3 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Model makers, wood

    Construct full-size and scale wooden precision models of products. Includes wood jig builders and loft workers.

    • 2016 employment: 1,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $40,890
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 100
      • Growth rate: 4 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Patternmakers, wood

    Plan, lay out, and construct wooden unit or sectional patterns used in forming sand molds for castings.

    • 2016 employment: 1,800
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $46,510
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 100
      • Growth rate: 4 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Woodworkers, all other

    All woodworkers not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 12,100
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $28,500
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 500
      • Growth rate: 4 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Chemical plant and system operators

    Control or operate entire chemical processes or system of machines.

    • 2016 employment: 33,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $59,920
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -3,100
      • Growth rate: -9 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Gas plant operators

    Distribute or process gas for utility companies and others by controlling compressors to maintain specified pressures on main pipelines.

    • 2016 employment: 17,300
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $67,580
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 0
      • Growth rate: 0 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Long-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

    Operate or control petroleum refining or processing units. May specialize in controlling manifold and pumping systems, gauging or testing oil in storage tanks, or regulating the flow of oil into pipelines.

    • 2016 employment: 41,800
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $67,400
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 1,200
      • Growth rate: 3 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Plant and system operators, all other

    All plant and system operators not listed separately.

    Chemical equipment operators and tenders

    Operate or tend equipment to control chemical changes or reactions in the processing of industrial or consumer products. Equipment used includes devulcanizers, steam-jacketed kettles, and reactor vessels. Excludes “Chemical Plant and System Operators" (51-8091).

    • 2016 employment: 74,100
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $47,780
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -3,600
      • Growth rate: -5 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend continuous flow or vat-type equipment; filter presses; shaker screens; centrifuges; condenser tubes; precipitating, fermenting, or evaporating tanks; scrubbing towers; or batch stills. These machines extract, sort, or separate liquids, gases, or solids from other materials to recover a refined product. Includes dairy processing equipment operators. Excludes “Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders" (51-9011).

    Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines to crush, grind, or polish materials, such as coal, glass, grain, stone, food, or rubber.

    • 2016 employment: 30,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $34,390
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -2,000
      • Growth rate: -7 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Grinding and polishing workers, hand

    Grind, sand, or polish, using hand tools or hand-held power tools, a variety of metal, wood, stone, clay, plastic, or glass objects. Includes chippers, buffers, and finishers.

    • 2016 employment: 26,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $28,720
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -5,400
      • Growth rate: -20 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines to mix or blend materials, such as chemicals, tobacco, liquids, color pigments, or explosive ingredients. Excludes “Food Batchmakers" (51-3092).

    • 2016 employment: 131,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $35,680
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -4,100
      • Growth rate: -3 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Cutters and trimmers, hand

    Use hand tools or hand-held power tools to cut and trim a variety of manufactured items, such as carpet, fabric, stone, glass, or rubber.

    • 2016 employment: 14,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $27,600
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -1,500
      • Growth rate: -10 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines that cut or slice materials, such as glass, stone, cork, rubber, tobacco, food, paper, or insulating material. Excludes “Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders" (51-7040), "Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4031), and "Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders" (51-6062).

    • 2016 employment: 63,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $32,870
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -2,500
      • Growth rate: -4 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines, such as glass forming machines, plodder machines, and tuber machines, to shape and form products, such as glassware, food, rubber, soap, brick, tile, clay, wax, tobacco, or cosmetics. Excludes “Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders" (51-9196) and "Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders" (51-6042).

    Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

    Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. Includes activities, such as annealing glass, drying lumber, curing rubber, removing moisture from materials, or boiling soap.

    • 2016 employment: 21,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $36,040
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -1,100
      • Growth rate: -5 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

    Operate or tend machines to prepare industrial or consumer products for storage or shipment. Includes cannery workers who pack food products.

    • 2016 employment: 383,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $28,290
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 6,700
      • Growth rate: 2 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Semiconductor processors

    Perform any or all of the following functions in the manufacture of electronic semiconductors: load semiconductor material into furnace; saw formed ingots into segments; load individual segment into crystal growing chamber and monitor controls; locate crystal axis in ingot using x-ray equipment and saw ingots into wafers; and clean, polish, and load wafers into series of special purpose furnaces, chemical baths, and equipment used to form circuitry and change conductive properties.

    • 2016 employment: 25,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $35,660
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -1,300
      • Growth rate: -5 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

    Perform work involved in developing and processing photographic images from film or digital media. May perform precision tasks such as editing photographic negatives and prints.

    • 2016 employment: 26,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $26,470
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -4,900
      • Growth rate: -18 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

    Operate or tend bonding machines that use adhesives to join items for further processing or to form a completed product. Processes include joining veneer sheets into plywood; gluing paper; or joining rubber and rubberized fabric parts, plastic, simulated leather, or other materials. Excludes “Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders" (51-6042).

    • 2016 employment: 17,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $32,290
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -500
      • Growth rate: -3 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

    Operate or tend machines to wash or clean products, such as barrels or kegs, glass items, tin plate, food, pulp, coal, plastic, or rubber, to remove impurities.

    • 2016 employment: 17,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $28,550
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 100
      • Growth rate: 0 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders

    Operate or tend equipment, such as cooling and freezing units, refrigerators, batch freezers, and freezing tunnels, to cool or freeze products, food, blood plasma, and chemicals.

    • 2016 employment: 8,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $29,190
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 200
      • Growth rate: 2 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Etchers and engravers

    Engrave or etch metal, wood, rubber, or other materials. Includes such workers as etcher-circuit processors, pantograph engravers, and silk screen etchers. Photoengravers are included in "Prepress Technicians and Workers" (51-5111).

    • 2016 employment: 10,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $31,110
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 100
      • Growth rate: 1 percent (Little or no change)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

    Mold, shape, form, cast, or carve products such as food products, figurines, tile, pipes, and candles consisting of clay, glass, plaster, concrete, stone, or combinations of materials.

    Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend paper goods machines that perform a variety of functions, such as converting, sawing, corrugating, banding, wrapping, boxing, stitching, forming, or sealing paper or paperboard sheets into products.

    • 2016 employment: 94,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $36,990
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -8,500
      • Growth rate: -9 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Tire builders

    Operate machines to build tires.

    • 2016 employment: 22,300
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $41,680
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -2,700
      • Growth rate: -12 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Helpers--production workers

    Help production workers by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Apprentice workers are classified in the appropriate production occupations (51-0000).

    • 2016 employment: 426,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $24,830
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 49,500
      • Growth rate: 12 percent (Faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Production workers, all other

    All production workers not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 263,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $28,770
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 12,800
      • Growth rate: 5 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

     

    Transportation and material moving occupations

    Aircraft cargo handling supervisors

    Supervise and coordinate the activities of ground crew in the loading, unloading, securing, and staging of aircraft cargo or baggage. May determine the quantity and orientation of cargo and compute aircraft center of gravity. May accompany aircraft as member of flight crew and monitor and handle cargo in flight, and assist and brief passengers on safety and emergency procedures. Includes loadmasters.

    • 2016 employment: 7,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $47,360
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 500
      • Growth rate: 6 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
      • Typical on-the-job training: None
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand

    Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of helpers, laborers, or material movers.

    First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

    Directly supervise and coordinate activities of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators and helpers.

    Airfield operations specialists

    Ensure the safe takeoff and landing of commercial and military aircraft. Duties include coordination between air-traffic control and maintenance personnel; dispatching; using airfield landing and navigational aids; implementing airfield safety procedures; monitoring and maintaining flight records; and applying knowledge of weather information.

    • 2016 employment: 8,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $48,910
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 800
      • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Long-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians

    Drive ambulance or assist ambulance driver in transporting sick, injured, or convalescent persons. Assist in lifting patients.

    • 2016 employment: 17,300
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $23,850
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 3,800
      • Growth rate: 22 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Motor vehicle operators, all other

    All motor vehicle operators not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 56,200
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $27,150
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 5,800
      • Growth rate: 10 percent (Faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Subway and streetcar operators

    Operate subway or elevated suburban trains with no separate locomotive, or electric-powered streetcar, to transport passengers. May handle fares.

    • 2016 employment: 12,800
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $64,680
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 500
      • Growth rate: 4 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Rail transportation workers, all other

    All rail transportation workers not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 4,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $60,420
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 100
      • Growth rate: 3 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Bridge and lock tenders

    Operate and tend bridges, canal locks, and lighthouses to permit marine passage on inland waterways, near shores, and at danger points in waterway passages. May supervise such operations. Includes drawbridge operators, lock operators, and slip bridge operators.

    • 2016 employment: 3,700
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $49,090
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 200
      • Growth rate: 5 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Parking lot attendants

    Park vehicles or issue tickets for customers in a parking lot or garage. May collect fee.

    • 2016 employment: 151,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $21,730
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 9,000
      • Growth rate: 6 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Automotive and watercraft service attendants

    Service automobiles, buses, trucks, boats, and other automotive or marine vehicles with fuel, lubricants, and accessories. Collect payment for services and supplies. May lubricate vehicle, change motor oil, install antifreeze, or replace lights or other accessories, such as windshield wiper blades or fan belts. May repair or replace tires.

    • 2016 employment: 110,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $22,420
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 11,700
      • Growth rate: 11 percent (Faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Traffic technicians

    Conduct field studies to determine traffic volume, speed, effectiveness of signals, adequacy of lighting, and other factors influencing traffic conditions, under direction of traffic engineer.

    • 2016 employment: 6,600
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $45,150
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 600
      • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Transportation inspectors

    Inspect equipment or goods in connection with the safe transport of cargo or people. Includes rail transportation inspectors, such as freight inspectors; rail inspectors; and other inspectors of transportation vehicles, not elsewhere classified. Excludes “Transportation Security Screeners” (33-9093).

    Transportation attendants, except flight attendants

    Provide services to ensure the safety and comfort of passengers aboard ships, buses, trains, or within the station or terminal. Perform duties such as greeting passengers, explaining the use of safety equipment, serving meals or beverages, or answering questions related to travel. Excludes “Baggage Porters and Bellhops” (39-6011).

    • 2016 employment: 18,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $26,060
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 1,600
      • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Transportation workers, all other

    All transportation workers not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 38,000
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $35,660
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 3,100
      • Growth rate: 8 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators

    Operate steam, gas, electric motor, or internal combustion engine driven compressors. Transmit, compress, or recover gases, such as butane, nitrogen, hydrogen, and natural gas.

    • 2016 employment: 3,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $60,470
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 100
      • Growth rate: 3 percent (Slower than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers

    Tend, control, or operate power-driven, stationary, or portable pumps and manifold systems to transfer gases, oil, other liquids, slurries, or powdered materials to and from various vessels and processes.

    • 2016 employment: 11,900
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $42,470
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 1,600
      • Growth rate: 14 percent (Faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Wellhead pumpers

    Operate power pumps and auxiliary equipment to produce flow of oil or gas from wells in oil field.

    • 2016 employment: 11,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $49,610
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 2,500
      • Growth rate: 22 percent (Much faster than average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: High school diploma or equivalent
      • Work experience in a related occupation: Less than 5 years
      • Typical on-the-job training: Moderate-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Mine shuttle car operators

    Operate diesel or electric-powered shuttle car in underground mine to transport materials from working face to mine cars or conveyor.

    • 2016 employment: 1,500
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $56,450
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: -300
      • Growth rate: -22 percent (Decline)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Tank car, truck, and ship loaders

    Load and unload chemicals and bulk solids, such as coal, sand, and grain into or from tank cars, trucks, or ships using material moving equipment. May perform a variety of other tasks relating to shipment of products. May gauge or sample shipping tanks and test them for leaks.

    • 2016 employment: 10,800
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $35,770
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 600
      • Growth rate: 5 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:

    Material moving workers, all other

    All material moving workers not listed separately.

    • 2016 employment: 24,400
    • May 2016 median annual wage: $28,370
    • Projected employment change, 2016–26:
      • Number of new jobs: 2,300
      • Growth rate: 9 percent (As fast as average)
    • Education and training:
      • Typical entry-level education: No formal educational credential
      • Work experience in a related occupation: None
      • Typical on-the-job training: Short-term on-the-job training
    • O*NET and CareerOneStop:
     
Suggested citation:

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Data for Occupations Not Covered in Detail,
on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/ooh/about/data-for-occupations-not-covered-in-detail.htm (visited November 28, 2017).

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, October 24, 2017