Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

August 1984

Discouraged workers: how strong are their links to the job market?

Paul O. Flaim

More than half of the discouraged workers have not looked for work in more than a year; while some of them return to work or resume job search, the majority seldom test the job market.

Download PDF »