Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

January 1984

Productivity trends in manufacturing in the U.S. and 11 other countries

Donato Alvarez, Brian Cooper

For the U.S. and most industrial rivals, output per hour in manufacturing rose in 1982; unit labor costs, measured in U.S. dollars, increased by 12 percent in the U.S. in comparison to the other 11 nations.

Download PDF »