Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

February 1987

Retail liquor stores experience flat trend in productivity

James York

Output per hour of all persons remained relatively stable during 1972-85; technological innovations have not been sufficient to offset weak demand and small, labor-intensive operations.

Download PDF »