Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

March 1988

Productivity in industrial inorganic chemicals

Horst Brand, Ziaul Z. Ahmed

Output per hour improvements were retarded by slack demand; economies of scale could not be fully exploited, but cutbacks of less efficient plants, together with technical advances, bolstered productivity levels. The absence of any long-term improvement in productivity did not characterize all of the industry's components.

Download PDF »