Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

February 1989

Labor market changes and adjustments: how do the U.S. and Japan compare?

Robert W. Bednarzik, Clinton R. Shiells

Both countries are flexible in how they react to structural changes in the labor market, with each using different methods and programs to adjust to such changes rather quickly. This article analyzes labor market flexibility and adjustment capabilities of Japan and the United States. It examines the job shift to services and trends in wages, productivity, and exchange rates to judge the international competitive position of each country.

Download PDF »