Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

January 1992

Collective bargaining, 1991: recession colors talks

Michael H. Cimini, Susan L. Behrmann

The 1991 economic downturn compounded problems facing negotiators since the 1980's-competition, deregulation, and spiraling costs for health care. The effects of the Persian Gulf war influenced some talks. This article recaps changes in wages and working conditions brought about through collective bargaining negotiations during 1991.

Download PDF »