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April 1997

Gender differences in occupational employment

Barbara H. Wooton

Substantial differences in occupational employment by gender still remain, but the degree of these differences varies according to several factors, such as educational attainment and age. This analysis seeks to update past research on occupational differences between the sexes by evaluating trends over the past two decades, particularly, during the period from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s. Current patterns and changes are discussed. Analysis of aggregate levels of occupational differences using a summary measure is included. The article concludes with discussion on gender-dominated jobs.

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