Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

May 2003

Regulatory reform and labor outcomes in the U.S. electricity sector

M. Scott Niederjohn

Although employment reductions have been associated with deregulation of the U.S. electricity sector, reductions in earnings have not; in fact, premium and real weekly earnings for electricity-sector employees have risen.

Download PDF »