In October 2003, 77 million persons used a computer at work. These workers accounted for 55.5 percent of total employment.
About 2 of every 5 employed individuals connected to the Internet or used e-mail while on the job. (These two tasks will be collectively referred to as "Internet use.")
Women were more likely than men to use a computer and the Internet. Computer-use rates for women and men were 61.8 and 49.9 percent, respectively; the Internet-use rate for women was 45.1 percent, compared with 38.7 percent for men.
The greater likelihood of women to use a computer at work is due largely to their concentration in occupations in which computer use is most prevalent. For instance, nearly three-fourths of employed women are in management and professional and sales and office occupations; the computer-use rate for women in these two occupations combined was very high (74.8 percent).
In contrast, nearly two-fifths of men hold natural resources, construction, and maintenance and production, transportation, and material moving jobs. For men, the combined computer-use rate in these two occupational categories was 26.0 percent—30 percentage points lower than the rate for all workers.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Computer use at work in 2003 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2005/aug/wk1/art03.htm (visited January 31, 2023).