More than half (53.0 percent) of teens aged 16 to 19 years were enrolled in school sometime during the summer of 2009, a percentage close to 3 times higher than it was in 1989 (19.4 percent). Over the same period, the employment-population ratio for 16- to 19-year-olds declined from 57.0 percent to 32.9 percent.
Teens who are enrolled in school are much less likely to hold jobs in the summer than are youths who are not enrolled. The employment-population ratio for enrolled youths was 25.5 percent in summer 2009, compared with 41.3 percent for nonenrolled youths.
In addition to higher summertime enrollment rates, a second possible reason for lower employment-population ratios among teens is that students are facing greater academic demands and pressures than in the past, which, together with the desire to achieve, may incline them toward placing greater emphasis on academics than on working.
The recent declines in summer employment rates among teens have been large and unprecedented, and have occurred across all major demographic groups.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Summertime school enrollment and employment among teens at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2010/ted_20100602.htm (visited January 31, 2023).