Consumer prices increase 2.3 percent from April 2011 to April 2012
May 16, 2012
Over the last 12 months, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.3 percent before seasonal adjustment. This was the smallest 12-month change since a 2.1-percent increase in February 2010–February 2011.
The housing index increased 1.7 percent from April 2011 to April 2012. Housing is the largest component of the CPI-U, accounting for 40.6 percent of expenditures by consumers. The index for transportation, which accounts for 17.6 percent of consumer expenditures, increased 2.9 percent over the year.
The index for food and beverages (which account for 15.1 percent of consumer expenditures) increased 3.0 percent from April 2011 to April 2012. Prices for food at home rose 3.3 percent over the year, while prices for food away from home rose 2.9 percent.
The index for medical care (which accounts for 7.0 percent of consumer expenditures) rose 3.4 percent from April 2011 to April 2012.
Education and communication accounts for 6.7 percent of consumer expenditures, and the index for this category increased 2.0 percent from April 2011 to April 2012. The index for education rose 4.3 percent over the year, while the index for communication changed little.
The index for recreation (which accounts for 6.0 percent of consumer expenditures) increased 1.1 percent from April 2011 to April 2012. The index for apparel (which accounts for 3.6 percent of consumer expenditures) rose 5.1 percent over the last 12 months, the largest 12-month change (increase or decrease) since January 1990–January 1991.
These data are from the BLS Consumer Price Index program. To learn more, see "Consumer Price Index — April 2012" (HTML) (PDF), news release USDL-12-0953. The percent of total consumer expenditures for each category is also called the relative importance of the category.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Consumer prices increase 2.3 percent from April 2011 to April 2012 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2012/ted_20120516.htm (visited April 20, 2018).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
African Americans in the U.S. Labor Force
A look at employment and unemployment trends of African Americans from 1972 to 2016 and projected to 2026.
Industry on Tap: Breweries
A look at employment, wages, and job safety in breweries and producer prices for beer.
Differences in Parents’ Time Use between the Summer and the School Year
A look at how parents of school-age children spend their time in the summer and the school year.
Hispanics in the United States: Celebrating National Hispanic Heritage Month
A look at employment, earnings, consumer spending, time use, and workplace injuries and illnesses for the Hispanic or Latino U.S. population.