Sector employment shifts around the world
July 06, 2012
The United States and other industrialized nations have experienced an employment shift away from the goods-producing sector and toward the service-providing sector in recent decades.
In 1980, agriculture accounted for 3.4 percent of employment in the United States, and that share had fallen to 1.6 percent by 2011. Germany, Canada, and the United Kingdom had similarly low shares of their total employment in agriculture in 1980, and all three countries saw those shares decline by 2011. The Republic of Korea (commonly called South Korea), France, and Japan had larger employment shares in agriculture in 1980; all three countries saw those shares drop sharply by 2011.
Employment in industry—which includes manufacturing, mining, and construction—declined as a share of total employment in all the countries shown in the chart. At the same time, services accounted for a larger share of employment in each country in 2011 than in 1980. About 8 in 10 workers in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and France were employed in services in 2011. About 7 in 10 workers in Germany, Japan, and South Korea were employed in services in 2011.
These data are from the International Labor Comparisons program. For more information, see "International Comparisons of Annual Labor Force Statistics, Adjusted to U.S. Concepts, 16 Countries, 1970-2011," (HTML) (PDF). Data for Germany in 1980 include only West Germany. Agriculture includes agriculture, forestry, hunting, and fishing. Services include transportation, communication, public utilities, trade, finance, public administration, private household services, and miscellaneous services.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Sector employment shifts around the world on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2012/ted_20120706.htm (visited April 09, 2020).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
- Job Flexibilities and Work Schedules in 2017–18
Examines data on job flexibilities, such as working at home, flexible schedules, and shift work.
- Labor Market Activity of Blacks in the United States
Examines data on the labor market and related topics for the Black or African American population.
- Workers’ Access to and Use of Leave from Their Jobs in 2017–18
Examines the reasons for which workers can take leave, their use of leave, and the reasons they did not take available leave even when they needed to.
- A look at employment and wages in U.S. establishments with foreign ownership
Examines employment and wages in U.S. establishments that have at least one foreign owner with at least 10 percent ownership.