Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Consumer Price Index up 1.5 percent, December 2012 to December 2013

January 17, 2014

From December 2012 to December 2013, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) all items index increased 1.5 percent before seasonal adjustment. This is an increase over the October and November 12-month changes of 1.0 percent and 1.2 percent, respectively. The index for all items less food and energy has risen 1.7 percent over the last 12 months, the same figure as for the 12-month periods ending September, October, and November.

Percent change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, not seasonally adjusted, selected expenditures, December 2012–December 2013
Expenditure categoryPercent change

All items




Food at home


Nonalcoholic beverages


Meats, poultry, fish and eggs


Food away from home




Fuel oil




Natural gas




All items less food and energy


Airline fares


New vehicles




Medical care




The CPI rose 1.5 percent in 2013 after a 1.7- percent increase in 2012. This is lower than the 2.4-percent average annual increase over the last 10 years. This is the first time the CPI has gone up less than 2.0 percent for consecutive years since 1997-98. 

The energy index, while volatile from month to month, increased 0.5 percent in 2013, the same increase as in 2012. The gasoline index declined in 2013, falling 1.0 percent after rising 1.7 percent in 2012. The fuel oil index also turned down in 2013, falling 1.8 percent after rising 3.6 percent in 2012. In contrast, the energy services index increased 2.4 percent in 2013 after declining 1.1 percent in 2012. The electricity index, which fell 0.5 percent in 2012, rose 3.2 percent in 2013. The index for natural gas fell slightly in 2013, declining 0.1 percent; it has declined 5 years in a row. Despite the modest increases the past 2 years, the energy index has risen at a 5.9-percent annual rate over the last 10 years.

The index for food rose 1.1 percent in 2013 following a 1.8 percent increase in 2012. Aside from a decline in 2009, this is its smallest December-to-December increase since 1976. The index for food at home, which rose 1.3 percent in 2012, increased 0.4 percent in 2013. Four of the six major grocery store food group indexes declined in 2013; the nonalcoholic beverages index posted the largest decrease, falling 1.4 percent. The only major grocery store food group indexes to rise were the indexes for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, which increased 2.9 percent, and for cereals and bakery products, which advanced 0.5 percent. The index for food away from home rose 2.1 percent in 2013, a modest deceleration from the 2012 increase of 2.5 percent. Over the last 10 years, the food index has risen at an average annual rate of 2.6 percent.

These data are from the BLS Consumer Price Index program. To learn more, see "Consumer Price Index — December 2013" (HTML) (PDF), news release USDL‑14‑0037.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Consumer Price Index up 1.5 percent, December 2012 to December 2013 at (visited July 16, 2024).

Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics