Youth unemployment rate, 11.5 percent; employment–population ratio, 53.2 percent in July 2016

August 22, 2016

The youth labor force—16- to 24-year-olds working or actively looking for work—grows sharply between April and July each year. During these months, large numbers of high school and college students search for or take summer jobs, and many graduates enter the labor market to look for or begin permanent employment.

Unemployment rate, employment–population ratio, and labor force participation rate, persons age 16 to 24 years, July 2000 to July 2016, not seasonally adjusted
Month Unemployment rate Employment–population ratio Labor force participation rate

Jul 2000

9.6 64.8 71.6

Aug 2000

8.8 62.8 68.9

Sep 2000

8.7 58.5 64.1

Oct 2000

8.4 59.3 64.8

Nov 2000

8.7 58.8 64.4

Dec 2000

8.3 59.4 64.7

Jan 2001

10.3 57.1 63.6

Feb 2001

10.3 57.1 63.6

Mar 2001

10.2 57.2 63.8

Apr 2001

9.6 57.0 63.1

May 2001

10.0 56.7 62.9

Jun 2001

11.6 61.1 69.1

Jul 2001

10.5 63.3 70.7

Aug 2001

10.7 58.9 66.0

Sep 2001

10.5 56.4 62.9

Oct 2001

11.0 56.3 63.2

Nov 2001

11.2 56.1 63.1

Dec 2001

11.0 55.6 62.4

Jan 2002

12.9 53.0 60.8

Feb 2002

12.5 54.0 61.7

Mar 2002

12.9 54.1 62.1

Apr 2002

11.6 54.2 61.3

May 2002

11.6 55.2 62.5

Jun 2002

13.2 59.2 68.2

Jul 2002

12.4 60.9 69.5

Aug 2002

11.5 58.4 66.0

Sep 2002

11.4 54.9 62.0

Oct 2002

11.2 55.1 62.0

Nov 2002

11.7 54.7 61.9

Dec 2002

10.9 54.6 61.3

Jan 2003

12.7 52.7 60.4

Feb 2003

12.7 52.8 60.5

Mar 2003

12.2 52.3 59.6

Apr 2003

12.0 52.7 59.9

May 2003

13.0 53.1 61.0

Jun 2003

14.8 56.9 66.8

Jul 2003

13.3 58.3 67.3

Aug 2003

11.9 56.2 63.7

Sep 2003

12.5 52.6 60.1

Oct 2003

11.6 53.1 60.1

Nov 2003

11.6 53.1 60.1

Dec 2003

10.5 53.0 59.2

Jan 2004

12.8 52.0 59.6

Feb 2004

12.3 51.9 59.1

Mar 2004

12.1 51.6 58.7

Apr 2004

11.1 52.7 59.3

May 2004

12.2 52.9 60.2

Jun 2004

13.4 56.6 65.3

Jul 2004

12.3 58.9 67.2

Aug 2004

11.1 56.7 63.8

Sep 2004

11.5 52.5 59.4

Oct 2004

11.6 53.7 60.8

Nov 2004

11.1 53.7 60.4

Dec 2004

10.5 53.7 59.9

Jan 2005

12.4 51.6 58.9

Feb 2005

13.0 51.0 58.7

Mar 2005

11.7 51.9 58.8

Apr 2005

11.2 52.1 58.7

May 2005

11.9 52.8 60.0

Jun 2005

12.6 57.2 65.4

Jul 2005

11.0 59.3 66.6

Aug 2005

10.8 56.7 63.6

Sep 2005

10.7 53.1 59.5

Oct 2005

10.3 53.8 60.1

Nov 2005

10.7 53.7 60.1

Dec 2005

9.4 53.6 59.2

Jan 2006

11.1 51.7 58.1

Feb 2006

11.3 52.1 58.8

Mar 2006

10.3 52.4 58.4

Apr 2006

9.7 52.7 58.3

May 2006

10.2 53.6 59.7

Jun 2006

11.9 57.6 65.3

Jul 2006

11.2 59.2 66.7

Aug 2006

10.4 57.2 63.9

Sep 2006

10.5 52.9 59.1

Oct 2006

10.2 53.6 59.7

Nov 2006

10.1 53.7 59.7

Dec 2006

9.1 54.3 59.7

Jan 2007

10.9 52.1 58.4

Feb 2007

10.3 52.0 58.0

Mar 2007

9.7 52.3 58.0

Apr 2007

9.7 51.9 57.4

May 2007

10.2 52.1 57.9

Jun 2007

12.0 56.4 64.1

Jul 2007

10.8 58.0 65.0

Aug 2007

10.5 54.5 60.9

Sep 2007

11.0 52.0 58.5

Oct 2007

10.3 52.2 58.2

Nov 2007

10.3 52.4 58.4

Dec 2007

10.7 51.6 57.8

Jan 2008

12.3 50.1 57.2

Feb 2008

11.8 49.6 56.3

Mar 2008

11.1 50.1 56.4

Apr 2008

10.3 51.2 57.1

May 2008

13.3 51.4 59.3

Jun 2008

14.4 54.6 63.8

Jul 2008

14.0 56.0 65.1

Aug 2008

13.0 53.6 61.5

Sep 2008

13.4 50.1 57.9

Oct 2008

13.2 49.9 57.5

Nov 2008

13.3 49.1 56.6

Dec 2008

13.7 48.9 56.6

Jan 2009

15.8 46.6 55.3

Feb 2009

16.4 46.9 56.2

Mar 2009

16.1 46.8 55.8

Apr 2009

15.8 47.3 56.1

May 2009

18.0 46.8 57.1

Jun 2009

19.9 49.8 62.2

Jul 2009

18.5 51.4 63.0

Aug 2009

18.0 48.6 59.2

Sep 2009

18.2 45.1 55.2

Oct 2009

18.5 44.3 54.4

Nov 2009

18.1 44.4 54.2

Dec 2009

17.5 44.2 53.6

Jan 2010

19.8 42.6 53.1

Feb 2010

19.2 43.2 53.5

Mar 2010

18.4 43.7 53.6

Apr 2010

18.5 44.2 54.2

May 2010

18.4 44.9 55.1

Jun 2010

20.0 47.2 59.0

Jul 2010

19.1 48.9 60.5

Aug 2010

17.8 47.6 57.9

Sep 2010

17.6 44.5 54.0

Oct 2010

18.1 44.4 54.3

Nov 2010

17.4 44.7 54.0

Dec 2010

16.7 44.1 52.9

Jan 2011

18.9 43.2 53.3

Feb 2011

18.2 43.6 53.2

Mar 2011

17.2 44.2 53.5

Apr 2011

16.5 44.4 53.2

May 2011

17.5 44.6 54.1

Jun 2011

18.9 47.6 58.7

Jul 2011

18.1 48.8 59.5

Aug 2011

17.5 47.3 57.3

Sep 2011

17.0 45.1 54.4

Oct 2011

16.2 45.9 54.8

Nov 2011

15.9 45.5 54.2

Dec 2011

15.5 45.1 53.4

Jan 2012

16.8 43.7 52.6

Feb 2012

17.0 44.3 53.3

Mar 2012

16.0 44.6 53.1

Apr 2012

15.4 44.8 53.0

May 2012

16.3 45.6 54.5

Jun 2012

18.1 48.7 59.5

Jul 2012

17.1 50.2 60.5

Aug 2012

16.8 46.8 56.3

Sep 2012

15.2 45.6 53.8

Oct 2012

15.5 46.0 54.5

Nov 2012

14.8 46.1 54.1

Dec 2012

15.2 45.4 53.5

Jan 2013

17.6 44.2 53.7

Feb 2013

16.7 44.4 53.3

Mar 2013

15.9 44.4 52.8

Apr 2013

15.1 45.3 53.3

May 2013

16.4 45.6 54.5

Jun 2013

18.0 49.2 60.0

Jul 2013

16.3 50.7 60.5

Aug 2013

15.6 48.0 56.9

Sep 2013

14.8 46.5 54.6

Oct 2013

14.4 46.3 54.1

Nov 2013

13.1 46.7 53.7

Dec 2013

12.3 46.7 53.2

Jan 2014

14.9 44.8 52.7

Feb 2014

14.9 44.8 52.6

Mar 2014

14.3 46.3 54.0

Apr 2014

11.9 46.5 52.8

May 2014

13.4 47.3 54.6

Jun 2014

15.0 50.1 59.0

Jul 2014

14.3 51.9 60.5

Aug 2014

13.0 49.0 56.4

Sep 2014

13.6 46.8 54.2

Oct 2014

12.2 48.6 55.4

Nov 2014

11.7 48.1 54.5

Dec 2014

11.2 47.5 53.5

Jan 2015

12.9 46.2 53.1

Feb 2015

12.2 47.1 53.6

Mar 2015

12.3 46.7 53.3

Apr 2015

10.7 47.2 52.8

May 2015

12.3 48.4 55.2

Jun 2015

13.7 51.3 59.4

Jul 2015

12.2 52.7 60.0

Aug 2015

10.9 50.8 57.0

Sep 2015

10.9 47.6 53.5

Oct 2015

10.6 48.5 54.2

Nov 2015

10.4 48.1 53.6

Dec 2015

10.1 48.7 54.2

Jan 2016

10.8 47.2 52.9

Feb 2016

10.8 48.0 53.7

Mar 2016

10.4 48.3 53.9

Apr 2016

9.9 48.1 53.4

May 2016

10.6 49.1 54.9

Jun 2016

12.3 51.9 59.2

Jul 2016

11.5 53.2 60.1

In July 2016, 11.5 percent of people 16 to 24 years old were counted as unemployed, little changed from a year earlier. These young people were not employed, were available for work, and had actively looked for a job sometime during the prior 4 weeks. The unemployment rate of young people was 12.2 percent a year earlier, in July 2015. Since 2000, the youth unemployment rate in July has been as low as 9.6 percent and as high as 19.1 percent.

The youth labor force participation rate (the proportion of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 to 24 years old that is working or looking for work) was 60.1 percent in July, also little changed from a year earlier. The participation rate was 60.5 percent in 2010 and 71.6 percent in 2000.

The month of July typically is the summertime peak in youth employment. In 2016, 53.2 percent of young people 16 to 24 years old were employed in July, little changed from 52.7 percent in 2015. Before 2003, the July youth employment–population ratio was above 60.0 percent, as it had been for decades; in 2010 and 2011 it was below 50.0 percent.

These data are from the Current Population Survey and are not seasonally adjusted. For more information, see "Employment and Unemployment among Youth — Summer 2016" (HTML) (PDF).

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Youth unemployment rate, 11.5 percent; employment–population ratio, 53.2 percent in July 2016 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2016/youth-unemployment-rate-11-point-5-percent-employment-population-ratio-53-point-2-percent-in-july-2016.htm (visited December 13, 2017).

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