errata

A previous version of this chart's title said that the chart's dates went to 2006. It has been corrected to 2016.

CPI up 2.1 percent over the 12 months ending December 2016

January 23, 2017

From December 2015 to December 2016, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) all items index rose 2.1 percent. Prices for energy were up 5.4 percent over the year and prices for medical care increased 4.1 percent. Since 1996, the December-to-December change in the all items index has averaged 2.2 percent, while the price change for energy and medical care averaged 3.7 percent and 3.6 percent, respectively.

December 12-month consumer price index percent change for selected categories, 1996–2016
Year All items Energy Apparel Education and communication services (1) Food Housing Medical care Recreation Transportation Public transportation

1996

3.3% 8.6% -0.2%   4.3% 2.9% 3.0% 3.0% 4.4% 11.2%

1997

1.7 -3.4 1.0   1.5 2.4 2.8 1.5 -1.4 -2.9

1998

1.6 -8.8 -0.7   2.3 2.3 3.4 1.2 -1.7 2.2

1999

2.7 13.4 -0.5   1.9 2.2 3.7 0.8 5.4 6.8

2000

3.4 14.2 -1.8   2.8 4.3 4.2 1.7 4.1 4.1

2001

1.6 -13.0 -3.2   2.8 2.9 4.7 1.5 -3.8 -2.2

2002

2.4 10.7 -1.8   1.5 2.4 5.0 1.1 3.8 -0.9

2003

1.9 6.9 -2.1   3.6 2.2 3.7 1.1 0.3 1.3

2004

3.3 16.6 -0.2   2.7 3.0 4.2 0.7 6.5 -0.1

2005

3.4 17.1 -1.1   2.3 4.0 4.3 1.1 4.8 5.9

2006

2.5 2.9 0.9   2.1 3.3 3.6 1.0 1.6 0.1

2007

4.1 17.4 -0.3   4.9 3.0 5.2 0.8 8.3 7.2

2008

0.1 -21.3 -1.0   5.9 2.4 2.6 1.8 -13.3 1.8

2009

2.7 18.2 1.9   -0.5 -0.3 3.4 -0.4 14.4 3.2

2010

1.5 7.7 -1.1 1.7 1.5 0.3 3.3 -0.8 5.3 4.9

2011

3.0 6.6 4.6 2.2 4.7 1.9 3.5 1.0 5.2 3.8

2012

1.7 0.5 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.7 3.2 0.8 1.6 2.4

2013

1.5 0.5 0.6 2.0 1.1 2.2 2.0 0.4 0.5 -0.1

2014

0.8 -10.6 -2.0 0.9 3.4 2.5 3.0 0.0 -6.2 -2.9

2015

0.7 -12.6 -0.9 1.9 0.8 2.1 2.6 0.7 -4.1 -1.0

2016

2.1 5.4 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 3.0 4.1 0.8 2.5 -2.3
Footnotes:

(1) 12-month changes for education and communication services were not published until 2010.

From December 2015 to December 2016, prices for housing increased by 3.0 percent. Prices for food decreased 0.2 percent over the same time period. Since 1996, the December-to-December change in prices for food and housing both averaged 2.4 percent.

These data are from the Consumer Price Index program and are not seasonally adjusted. For more information, see "Consumer Price Index — December 2016" (HTML) (PDF). Also see Charts related to the latest "U.S. Consumer Price Index" news release.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, CPI up 2.1 percent over the 12 months ending December 2016 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2017/cpi-up-2-point-1-percent-over-the-12-months-ending-december-2016.htm (visited December 11, 2017).

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