Unemployment rate and employment-population ratio vary by race and ethnicity
January 13, 2017
Labor market outcomes in the United States vary considerably across race and ethnicity groups. In 2016, for example, the overall civilian unemployment rate was 4.9 percent, while the rates for the major race and ethnicity groups ranged from 3.6 percent for Asians to 8.4 percent for Blacks or African Americans; the rate for Whites was 4.3 percent in 2016, and the rate for Hispanics or Latinos was 5.8 percent.
|Race or ethnicity group||Unemployment rate||Employment–population ratio|
Black or African American
Hispanic or Latino
Similarly, the employment–population ratio (that is, the proportion of the population that is employed) for all race and ethnicity groups combined was 59.7 percent in 2016, while the ratio ranged from 56.4 percent for Blacks or African Americans to 62.0 percent for Hispanics and Latinos. The employment–population ratio was 60.2 percent for Whites and 60.9 percent for Asians in 2016.
These data are annual averages from the Current Population Survey. Labor market differences among the race and ethnicity groups are associated with many factors, not all of which are measurable. These factors include variations across the groups in educational attainment; the occupations and industries in which the groups work; the geographic areas of the country in which the groups are concentrated, including whether they tend to reside in urban or rural settings; and the degree of discrimination encountered in the workplace.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Unemployment rate and employment-population ratio vary by race and ethnicity on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2017/unemployment-rate-and-employment-population-ratio-vary-by-race-and-ethnicity.htm (visited March 22, 2018).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
African Americans in the U.S. Labor Force
A look at employment and unemployment trends of African Americans from 1972 to 2016 and projected to 2026.
Industry on Tap: Breweries
A look at employment, wages, and job safety in breweries and producer prices for beer.
Differences in Parents’ Time Use between the Summer and the School Year
A look at how parents of school-age children spend their time in the summer and the school year.
Hispanics in the United States: Celebrating National Hispanic Heritage Month
A look at employment, earnings, consumer spending, time use, and workplace injuries and illnesses for the Hispanic or Latino U.S. population.