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Employment–population ratio for people with a disability increases to series high in 2023

March 05, 2024

In 2023, the labor force participation rate (24.2 percent) and the employmentpopulation ratio (22.5 percent) for people with a disability continued to rise. Both measures are the highest they have been since these data were first reported in June 2008. The unemployment rate for people with a disability (7.2 percent) changed little over the year and reached a series low in 2023.

Labor force characteristics of people 16 years and over by disability status, 2009–23
Year Labor force participation rate, with a disability Labor force participation rate, with no disability Employmentpopulation ratio, with a disability Employmentpopulation ratio, with no disability Unemployment rate, with a disability Unemployment rate, with no disability

2009

22.4 70.9 19.2 64.5 14.5 9.0

2010

21.8 70.1 18.6 63.5 14.8 9.4

2011

20.9 69.7 17.8 63.6 15.0 8.7

2012

20.6 69.4 17.8 63.9 13.4 7.9

2013

20.3 68.9 17.6 64.0 13.2 7.1

2014

19.5 68.7 17.1 64.6 12.5 5.9

2015

19.5 68.5 17.5 65.0 10.7 5.1

2016

20.0 68.5 17.9 65.3 10.5 4.6

2017

20.6 68.6 18.7 65.7 9.2 4.2

2018

20.8 68.4 19.1 65.9 8.0 3.7

2019

20.8 68.7 19.3 66.3 7.3 3.5

2020

20.5 67.1 17.9 61.8 12.6 7.9

2021

21.3 67.1 19.1 63.7 10.1 5.1

2022

23.1 67.8 21.3 65.4 7.6 3.5

2023

24.2 68.1 22.5 65.8 7.2 3.5

The employmentpopulation ratio for people with no disability was 65.8 percent in 2023, nearly three times the rate of people with a disability. The lower employmentpopulation ratio among people with a disability (22.5 percent) reflects, in part, the older age profile of people with a disability; older workers are less likely to be employed regardless of disability status. The unemployment rate for people with a disability (7.2 percent) continued to be about twice as high as the rate for people with no disability (3.5 percent) in 2023.

These data are from the Current Population Survey. For more information, see “Persons with a Disability: Labor Force Characteristics — 2023.” For more statistics on people with a disability, see the Disability section of our Demographic Characteristics page.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Employment–population ratio for people with a disability increases to series high in 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2024/employment-population-ratio-for-people-with-a-disability-increases-to-series-high-in-2023.htm (visited May 25, 2024).

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