Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

22-843-PHI
Thursday, May 05, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Business Employment Dynamics in the District of Columbia — Third Quarter 2021

From June 2021 to September 2021, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in the District of Columbia were 38,409, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 23,534, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 14,875 jobs in the private sector during the third quarter of 2021. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 7,732. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the third quarter of 2021, gross job gains represented 7.9 percent of private-sector employment in the District of Columbia; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 7.2 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In the District of Columbia, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 31,163 in the third quarter of 2021, an increase of 5,728 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 7,246 jobs gained in the third quarter of 2021, a decrease of 418 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the third quarter of 2021, gross job losses represented 4.8 percent of private-sector employment in the District of Columbia; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.2 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In the District of Columbia, contracting establishments lost 18,143 jobs in the third quarter of 2021, a decrease of 2,699 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 5,391 jobs, an increase of 866 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in all five industry sectors in the District of Columbia in the third quarter of 2021. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 10,323 jobs. This was the result of 12,728 gross job gains and 2,405 gross job losses. Professional and business services showed a net gain of 3,240 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Fourth Quarter 2021 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 27, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, District of Columbia, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept.
2021
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept.
2021

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

37,965 24,490 25,353 33,099 38,409 8.2 5.3 5.5 7.0 7.9

At expanding establishments

29,645 18,452 20,852 25,435 31,163 6.4 4.0 4.5 5.4 6.4

At opening establishments

8,320 6,038 4,501 7,664 7,246 1.8 1.3 1.0 1.6 1.5

Gross job losses

26,667 25,795 24,772 25,367 23,534 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.4 4.8

At contracting establishments

21,453 21,013 20,348 20,842 18,143 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 3.7

At closing establishments

5,214 4,782 4,424 4,525 5,391 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1

Net employment change (2)

11,298 -1,305 581 7,732 14,875 2.5 -0.2 0.2 1.6 3.1

Financial activities

Gross job gains

970 915 889 1,026 1,323 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.9 5.0

At expanding establishments

759 643 665 803 1,006 2.8 2.4 2.5 3.1 3.8

At opening establishments

211 272 224 223 317 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.2

Gross job losses

993 1,232 1,073 1,074 1,185 3.7 4.7 4.1 4.1 4.5

At contracting establishments

809 953 838 916 938 3.0 3.6 3.2 3.5 3.6

At closing establishments

184 279 235 158 247 0.7 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-23 -317 -184 -48 138 -0.1 -1.3 -0.8 -0.2 0.5

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

11,493 8,923 8,666 10,067 11,300 7.1 5.4 5.3 6.1 6.8

At expanding establishments

9,257 6,905 7,164 7,782 8,501 5.7 4.2 4.4 4.7 5.1

At opening establishments

2,236 2,018 1,502 2,285 2,799 1.4 1.2 0.9 1.4 1.7

Gross job losses

8,548 9,670 7,983 10,050 8,060 5.2 5.9 4.8 6.1 4.8

At contracting establishments

6,729 7,959 6,478 8,137 6,214 4.1 4.9 3.9 4.9 3.7

At closing establishments

1,819 1,711 1,505 1,913 1,846 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.1

Net employment change (2)

2,945 -747 683 17 3,240 1.9 -0.5 0.5 0.0 2.0

Education and health services

Gross job gains

4,469 4,547 5,163 3,680 4,946 4.0 4.1 4.7 3.3 4.5

At expanding establishments

3,759 3,284 4,509 2,866 3,840 3.4 3.0 4.1 2.6 3.5

At opening establishments

710 1,263 654 814 1,106 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.7 1.0

Gross job losses

5,323 2,987 5,360 5,020 4,535 4.9 2.7 4.8 4.6 4.2

At contracting establishments

4,577 2,493 4,983 4,412 3,927 4.2 2.3 4.5 4.0 3.6

At closing establishments

746 494 377 608 608 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-854 1,560 -197 -1,340 411 -0.9 1.4 -0.1 -1.3 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

10,729 4,132 4,507 11,240 12,728 29.1 10.8 11.9 25.7 23.6

At expanding establishments

7,924 3,072 3,813 8,840 11,208 21.5 8.0 10.1 20.2 20.8

At opening establishments

2,805 1,060 694 2,400 1,520 7.6 2.8 1.8 5.5 2.8

Gross job losses

5,160 4,981 3,761 2,564 2,405 14.0 13.0 9.9 5.9 4.4

At contracting establishments

3,877 3,838 2,819 1,864 1,914 10.5 10.0 7.4 4.3 3.5

At closing establishments

1,283 1,143 942 700 491 3.5 3.0 2.5 1.6 0.9

Net employment change (2)

5,569 -849 746 8,676 10,323 15.1 -2.2 2.0 19.8 19.2

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

3,754 2,170 2,051 2,808 3,115 5.9 3.4 3.3 4.4 4.9

At expanding establishments

2,680 1,721 1,635 1,928 2,716 4.2 2.7 2.6 3.0 4.3

At opening establishments

1,074 449 416 880 399 1.7 0.7 0.7 1.4 0.6

Gross job losses

2,547 2,563 2,843 2,665 2,956 3.9 4.0 4.5 4.2 4.6

At contracting establishments

2,076 2,052 2,201 2,245 1,660 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.5 2.6

At closing establishments

471 511 642 420 1,296 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.7 2.0

Net employment change (2)

1,207 -393 -792 143 159 2.0 -0.6 -1.2 0.2 0.3

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept.
2021
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept.
2021

United States(1)

9.5 7.4 6.8 6.7 7.2 6.0 5.7 5.4 5.9 6.2

Alabama

7.8 7.6 5.9 6.2 6.6 5.9 5.5 5.9 6.0 6.7

Alaska

12.2 13.4 11.0 9.5 10.4 9.8 7.7 9.4 9.2 9.5

Arizona

7.8 7.3 6.3 6.8 6.9 6.1 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.0

Arkansas

7.6 7.2 5.9 5.5 6.6 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.6 5.9

California

8.9 8.5 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.1 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.3

Colorado

10.1 7.5 8.6 7.8 8.1 6.4 7.2 5.6 6.4 7.0

Connecticut

11.4 6.6 6.3 6.6 6.8 5.1 5.9 5.3 5.9 6.0

Delaware

10.3 6.8 6.8 6.4 7.2 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.4 7.0

District of Columbia

8.2 5.3 5.5 7.0 7.9 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.4 4.8

Florida

9.5 8.0 6.9 7.8 9.2 6.7 6.0 5.8 6.2 6.0

Georgia

9.3 7.9 6.7 6.9 7.4 6.5 5.2 5.7 6.2 6.2

Hawaii

7.5 14.7 8.5 10.7 7.2 12.2 4.6 5.9 5.6 6.6

Idaho

8.4 8.7 8.1 7.2 7.7 6.4 6.1 5.7 7.2 7.3

Illinois

9.7 6.5 7.2 6.0 6.3 5.6 6.1 4.9 5.6 6.0

Indiana

8.3 6.8 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.2 5.0 5.1 6.0 5.8

Iowa

7.5 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.2 5.5 5.1 5.4 6.0 6.0

Kansas

7.9 7.0 6.2 6.2 6.6 5.9 5.9 5.5 6.1 6.6

Kentucky

9.0 7.3 7.3 6.4 6.6 5.1 6.1 5.1 6.5 6.5

Louisiana

9.1 8.7 6.4 6.8 6.9 7.0 5.6 5.9 6.2 8.6

Maine

12.3 8.5 9.0 7.7 7.8 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 8.0

Maryland

11.2 7.3 6.3 6.6 7.5 5.5 5.8 5.5 6.6 6.7

Massachusetts

12.4 7.0 6.6 6.9 7.2 5.4 5.5 5.0 5.7 5.9

Michigan

10.9 6.7 8.5 6.2 6.6 4.8 6.9 4.9 5.6 6.1

Minnesota

9.0 6.9 9.2 6.1 6.4 5.4 6.8 4.9 5.5 6.8

Mississippi

8.7 8.0 5.6 6.4 7.5 5.5 4.9 6.6 6.5 6.2

Missouri

8.5 7.1 6.3 6.0 6.7 5.7 5.2 5.3 6.3 6.1

Montana

9.9 9.4 8.8 8.3 8.4 7.2 6.8 6.9 8.1 8.3

Nebraska

8.2 6.8 6.5 6.2 6.2 5.8 5.5 6.2 6.0 6.6

Nevada

12.9 8.8 7.3 9.5 8.9 6.4 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.8

New Hampshire

11.8 7.4 7.4 7.0 7.0 5.3 6.4 5.4 6.4 6.8

New Jersey

15.7 8.1 7.0 7.2 7.4 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.1

New Mexico

8.5 7.3 8.5 7.1 7.9 6.1 7.5 5.7 6.6 6.3

New York

13.3 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.5 5.9 6.3 5.4 5.7 6.0

North Carolina

8.7 7.9 6.6 6.4 6.8 5.6 5.0 5.4 5.8 6.4

North Dakota

8.9 7.2 7.8 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1 6.5 6.5 6.7

Ohio

7.8 6.6 6.1 5.9 6.1 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.8 6.0

Oklahoma

7.1 7.9 6.1 6.5 7.1 6.6 5.8 6.1 6.0 7.0

Oregon

9.0 7.4 8.5 6.6 7.0 6.3 6.5 5.6 6.6 6.5

Pennsylvania

10.3 6.2 6.4 5.6 6.2 4.9 5.3 4.6 5.3 5.3

Rhode Island

13.0 7.6 9.8 7.0 7.6 5.3 7.1 5.5 6.4 6.6

South Carolina

8.8 8.0 6.2 6.3 7.2 5.9 5.2 6.1 6.5 6.6

South Dakota

8.6 7.2 7.3 6.8 6.6 5.5 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.5

Tennessee

8.1 7.5 5.6 5.9 6.8 5.5 4.6 5.0 5.8 5.5

Texas

7.3 7.6 5.7 6.7 7.1 6.1 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.4

Utah

9.1 8.1 7.1 6.9 7.3 6.3 5.6 6.1 6.0 6.8

Vermont

12.9 7.6 8.2 8.4 7.9 5.8 8.0 6.1 6.8 7.5

Virginia

10.4 7.0 6.0 6.2 6.8 5.4 5.3 5.4 6.0 6.1

Washington

8.9 7.2 7.9 6.7 7.2 6.3 6.1 5.4 5.8 5.7

West Virginia

8.9 7.4 7.2 6.5 6.7 6.9 6.2 5.8 6.4 6.5

Wisconsin

7.6 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.1 5.1 4.7 5.4 5.8

Wyoming

10.8 10.0 9.1 8.8 8.9 7.7 7.7 8.3 8.5 8.6

Puerto Rico

11.1 6.6 6.6 7.7 8.3 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.1

Virgin Islands

7.8 9.9 7.4 10.6 7.4 12.5 5.8 10.8 6.2 8.5

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, May 05, 2022