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News Release Information

22-1607-PHI
Monday, August 01, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Business Employment Dynamics in Maryland — Fourth Quarter 2021

From September 2021 to December 2021, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Maryland were 152,777, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 120,002, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 32,775 jobs in the private sector during the fourth quarter of 2021. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 18,879. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the fourth quarter of 2021, gross job gains represented 7.2 percent of private-sector employment in Maryland; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 7.7 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Maryland, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 131,991 in the fourth quarter of 2021, an increase of 7,900 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 20,786 jobs gained in the fourth quarter of 2021, a decrease of 12,642 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the fourth quarter of 2021, gross job losses represented 5.7 percent of private-sector employment in Maryland; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.4 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Maryland, contracting establishments lost 97,125 jobs in the fourth quarter of 2021, a decrease of 14,972 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 22,877 jobs, a decrease of 3,666 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in all 11 industry sectors in Maryland in the fourth quarter of 2021. Professional and business services had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 10,120 jobs. This was the result of 37,198 gross job gains and 27,078 gross job losses. The leisure and hospitality industry had a net gain of 8,582 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for First Quarter 2022 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 26, 2022.

Upcoming Revisions and Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Business Employment

The release of First Quarter 2022 Business Employment Dynamics data will incorporate annual revisions in accordance with standard procedures.

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Maryland, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept.
2021
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept.
2021
Dec.
2021

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

147,691 129,076 137,692 157,519 152,777 7.3 6.3 6.6 7.5 7.2

At expanding establishments

124,255 109,351 110,307 124,091 131,991 6.1 5.3 5.3 5.9 6.2

At opening establishments

23,436 19,725 27,385 33,428 20,786 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.0

Gross job losses

119,660 114,275 136,921 138,640 120,002 5.8 5.5 6.6 6.7 5.7

At contracting establishments

94,347 90,990 102,457 112,097 97,125 4.6 4.4 4.9 5.4 4.6

At closing establishments

25,313 23,285 34,464 26,543 22,877 1.2 1.1 1.7 1.3 1.1

Net employment change (2)

28,031 14,801 771 18,879 32,775 1.5 0.8 0.0 0.8 1.5

Construction

Gross job gains

11,522 9,864 9,345 10,566 11,200 7.1 6.0 5.8 6.7 7.0

At expanding establishments

9,532 8,344 7,551 8,363 9,725 5.9 5.1 4.7 5.3 6.1

At opening establishments

1,990 1,520 1,794 2,203 1,475 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.4 0.9

Gross job losses

9,711 9,997 12,362 11,275 9,162 6.1 6.2 7.7 7.1 5.7

At contracting establishments

7,624 8,113 9,827 9,382 7,354 4.8 5.0 6.1 5.9 4.6

At closing establishments

2,087 1,884 2,535 1,893 1,808 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.2 1.1

Net employment change (2)

1,811 -133 -3,017 -709 2,038 1.0 -0.2 -1.9 -0.4 1.3

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

5,264 4,056 3,472 3,948 4,734 4.9 3.7 3.1 3.6 4.4

At expanding establishments

4,754 3,713 2,984 3,248 4,347 4.4 3.4 2.7 3.0 4.0

At opening establishments

510 343 488 700 387 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.4

Gross job losses

3,421 3,604 6,671 3,261 2,972 3.2 3.3 6.1 3.0 2.7

At contracting establishments

3,018 3,085 5,759 2,755 2,411 2.8 2.8 5.3 2.5 2.2

At closing establishments

403 519 912 506 561 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5

Net employment change (2)

1,843 452 -3,199 687 1,762 1.7 0.4 -3.0 0.6 1.7

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

4,334 3,607 3,909 4,199 5,332 5.4 4.5 4.8 5.2 6.5

At expanding establishments

3,677 3,031 3,175 3,499 4,674 4.6 3.8 3.9 4.3 5.7

At opening establishments

657 576 734 700 658 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8

Gross job losses

3,245 3,429 3,833 4,420 3,629 4.1 4.3 4.7 5.5 4.5

At contracting establishments

2,295 2,494 2,912 3,162 2,425 2.9 3.1 3.6 3.9 3.0

At closing establishments

950 935 921 1,258 1,204 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.6 1.5

Net employment change (2)

1,089 178 76 -221 1,703 1.3 0.2 0.1 -0.3 2.0

Retail trade

Gross job gains

17,183 18,891 18,385 15,707 16,401 6.6 7.1 6.9 5.8 6.2

At expanding establishments

15,449 16,685 15,983 13,727 14,047 5.9 6.3 6.0 5.1 5.3

At opening establishments

1,734 2,206 2,402 1,980 2,354 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.9

Gross job losses

15,893 14,557 17,303 20,209 14,816 6.2 5.5 6.4 7.6 5.6

At contracting establishments

12,896 11,619 13,963 17,092 12,994 5.0 4.4 5.2 6.4 4.9

At closing establishments

2,997 2,938 3,340 3,117 1,822 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.7

Net employment change (2)

1,290 4,334 1,082 -4,502 1,585 0.4 1.6 0.5 -1.8 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

14,498 5,742 5,585 13,929 11,197 14.3 5.5 5.5 13.6 10.5

At expanding establishments

13,116 4,913 4,325 12,951 10,318 12.9 4.7 4.3 12.6 9.7

At opening establishments

1,382 829 1,260 978 879 1.4 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.8

Gross job losses

8,704 9,146 6,946 10,646 10,369 8.6 8.8 6.8 10.4 9.7

At contracting establishments

7,297 8,552 6,035 10,151 9,969 7.2 8.2 5.9 9.9 9.3

At closing establishments

1,407 594 911 495 400 1.4 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.4

Net employment change (2)

5,794 -3,404 -1,361 3,283 828 5.7 -3.3 -1.3 3.2 0.8

Information

Gross job gains

1,700 1,655 2,434 3,136 2,488 5.2 5.2 7.4 9.4 7.3

At expanding establishments

1,203 1,219 1,703 2,363 2,058 3.7 3.8 5.2 7.1 6.0

At opening establishments

497 436 731 773 430 1.5 1.4 2.2 2.3 1.3

Gross job losses

2,000 1,567 1,883 1,923 1,801 6.2 4.9 5.8 5.7 5.3

At contracting establishments

1,407 1,223 1,374 1,406 1,395 4.4 3.8 4.2 4.2 4.1

At closing establishments

593 344 509 517 406 1.8 1.1 1.6 1.5 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-300 88 551 1,213 687 -1.0 0.3 1.6 3.7 2.0

Financial activities

Gross job gains

7,699 5,802 6,284 8,277 6,934 6.0 4.5 4.9 6.5 5.4

At expanding establishments

5,781 4,424 4,732 6,112 5,608 4.5 3.4 3.7 4.8 4.4

At opening establishments

1,918 1,378 1,552 2,165 1,326 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.0

Gross job losses

6,493 5,779 7,277 8,536 6,433 5.0 4.5 5.6 6.6 5.0

At contracting establishments

4,813 4,276 4,900 5,949 5,117 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.6 4.0

At closing establishments

1,680 1,503 2,377 2,587 1,316 1.3 1.2 1.8 2.0 1.0

Net employment change (2)

1,206 23 -993 -259 501 1.0 0.0 -0.7 -0.1 0.4

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

35,270 30,692 33,349 36,188 37,198 8.0 6.8 7.4 8.0 8.0

At expanding establishments

29,575 25,662 25,804 26,290 32,191 6.7 5.7 5.7 5.8 6.9

At opening establishments

5,695 5,030 7,545 9,898 5,007 1.3 1.1 1.7 2.2 1.1

Gross job losses

26,076 26,002 34,420 33,076 27,078 5.8 5.8 7.6 7.3 5.8

At contracting establishments

20,154 19,863 24,344 25,512 20,874 4.5 4.4 5.4 5.6 4.5

At closing establishments

5,922 6,139 10,076 7,564 6,204 1.3 1.4 2.2 1.7 1.3

Net employment change (2)

9,194 4,690 -1,071 3,112 10,120 2.2 1.0 -0.2 0.7 2.2

Education and health services

Gross job gains

20,631 19,766 18,924 19,992 21,146 5.0 4.6 4.5 4.7 5.0

At expanding establishments

17,842 17,894 15,617 15,589 18,340 4.3 4.2 3.7 3.7 4.3

At opening establishments

2,789 1,872 3,307 4,403 2,806 0.7 0.4 0.8 1.0 0.7

Gross job losses

17,028 16,681 20,518 19,436 17,272 4.1 3.9 4.9 4.6 4.0

At contracting establishments

12,998 13,586 14,232 15,652 13,727 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.2

At closing establishments

4,030 3,095 6,286 3,784 3,545 1.0 0.7 1.5 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

3,603 3,085 -1,594 556 3,874 0.9 0.7 -0.4 0.1 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

23,270 22,206 28,174 32,445 28,755 11.0 10.3 12.6 13.9 11.8

At expanding establishments

18,625 18,756 23,478 25,738 24,674 8.8 8.7 10.5 11.0 10.1

At opening establishments

4,645 3,450 4,696 6,707 4,081 2.2 1.6 2.1 2.9 1.7

Gross job losses

21,237 18,475 19,392 19,607 20,173 10.0 8.6 8.7 8.3 8.3

At contracting establishments

17,423 14,403 14,749 16,273 16,128 8.2 6.7 6.6 6.9 6.6

At closing establishments

3,814 4,072 4,643 3,334 4,045 1.8 1.9 2.1 1.4 1.7

Net employment change (2)

2,033 3,731 8,782 12,838 8,582 1.0 1.7 3.9 5.6 3.5

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,408 4,736 6,195 6,751 5,813 7.5 6.6 8.5 9.0 7.6

At expanding establishments

3,964 3,741 4,025 4,819 4,738 5.5 5.2 5.5 6.4 6.2

At opening establishments

1,444 995 2,170 1,932 1,075 2.0 1.4 3.0 2.6 1.4

Gross job losses

4,801 4,277 5,096 4,876 4,718 6.7 5.9 6.9 6.5 6.2

At contracting establishments

3,463 3,188 3,448 3,668 3,335 4.8 4.4 4.7 4.9 4.4

At closing establishments

1,338 1,089 1,648 1,208 1,383 1.9 1.5 2.2 1.6 1.8

Net employment change (2)

607 459 1,099 1,875 1,095 0.8 0.7 1.6 2.5 1.4

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept.
2021
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept.
2021
Dec.
2021

United States(1)

7.4 6.8 6.7 7.2 7.7 5.7 5.4 5.9 6.2 5.4

Alabama

7.6 5.9 6.2 6.6 7.6 5.5 5.9 6.0 6.7 5.3

Alaska

13.4 11.0 9.5 10.4 11.9 7.7 9.4 9.2 9.5 8.7

Arizona

7.3 6.3 6.8 6.9 6.8 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.0 4.9

Arkansas

7.2 5.9 5.5 6.6 7.6 5.2 5.1 5.6 5.9 4.5

California

8.5 7.7 7.8 7.8 8.5 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.3 5.5

Colorado

7.5 8.6 7.8 8.1 7.6 7.2 5.6 6.4 7.0 6.1

Connecticut

6.6 6.3 6.6 6.8 6.9 5.9 5.3 5.9 6.0 5.4

Delaware

6.8 6.8 6.4 7.2 8.3 6.0 6.0 6.4 7.0 6.1

District of Columbia

5.3 5.5 7.0 7.9 7.3 5.5 5.3 5.4 4.8 5.0

Florida

8.0 6.9 7.8 9.2 7.7 6.0 5.8 6.2 6.0 6.1

Georgia

7.9 6.7 6.9 7.4 8.1 5.2 5.7 6.2 6.2 5.7

Hawaii

14.7 8.5 10.7 7.2 6.8 4.6 5.9 5.6 6.6 4.8

Idaho

8.7 8.1 7.2 7.7 8.6 6.1 5.7 7.2 7.3 6.3

Illinois

6.5 7.2 6.0 6.3 7.5 6.1 4.9 5.6 6.0 4.9

Indiana

6.8 6.0 5.7 6.3 7.3 5.0 5.1 6.0 5.8 4.7

Iowa

6.8 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.6 5.1 5.4 6.0 6.0 5.2

Kansas

7.0 6.2 6.2 6.6 7.6 5.9 5.5 6.1 6.6 5.3

Kentucky

7.3 7.3 6.4 6.6 7.4 6.1 5.1 6.5 6.5 5.0

Louisiana

8.7 6.4 6.8 6.9 9.7 5.6 5.9 6.2 8.6 5.6

Maine

8.5 9.0 7.7 7.8 8.2 6.3 6.3 7.8 8.0 7.0

Maryland

7.3 6.3 6.6 7.5 7.2 5.8 5.5 6.6 6.7 5.7

Massachusetts

7.0 6.6 6.9 7.2 7.0 5.5 5.0 5.7 5.9 5.7

Michigan

6.7 8.5 6.2 6.6 7.5 6.9 4.9 5.6 6.1 5.3

Minnesota

6.9 9.2 6.1 6.4 7.3 6.8 4.9 5.5 6.8 5.2

Mississippi

8.0 5.6 6.4 7.5 8.0 4.9 6.6 6.5 6.2 5.7

Missouri

7.1 6.3 6.0 6.7 7.4 5.2 5.3 6.3 6.1 5.5

Montana

9.4 8.8 8.3 8.4 10.0 6.8 6.9 8.1 8.3 7.2

Nebraska

6.8 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.7 5.5 6.2 6.0 6.6 5.5

Nevada

8.8 7.3 9.5 8.9 8.2 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.8 4.9

New Hampshire

7.4 7.4 7.0 7.0 7.8 6.4 5.4 6.4 6.8 6.7

New Jersey

8.1 7.0 7.2 7.4 8.8 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.1 5.3

New Mexico

7.3 8.5 7.1 7.9 8.0 7.5 5.7 6.6 6.3 6.3

New York

7.4 6.9 7.1 7.5 7.7 6.3 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.5

North Carolina

7.9 6.6 6.4 6.8 8.1 5.0 5.4 5.8 6.4 5.2

North Dakota

7.2 7.8 6.9 7.5 7.7 7.1 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.5

Ohio

6.6 6.1 5.9 6.1 7.0 5.2 5.0 5.8 6.0 5.2

Oklahoma

7.9 6.1 6.5 7.1 7.4 5.8 6.1 6.0 7.0 6.4

Oregon

7.4 8.5 6.6 7.0 7.7 6.5 5.6 6.6 6.5 6.2

Pennsylvania

6.2 6.4 5.6 6.2 6.8 5.3 4.6 5.3 5.3 4.8

Rhode Island

7.6 9.8 7.0 7.6 8.5 7.1 5.5 6.4 6.6 6.5

South Carolina

8.0 6.2 6.3 7.2 7.9 5.2 6.1 6.5 6.6 5.3

South Dakota

7.2 7.3 6.8 6.6 7.2 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.5 5.9

Tennessee

7.5 5.6 5.9 6.8 7.4 4.6 5.0 5.8 5.5 4.9

Texas

7.6 5.7 6.7 7.1 7.7 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.4 4.7

Utah

8.1 7.1 6.9 7.3 7.5 5.6 6.1 6.0 6.8 5.8

Vermont

7.6 8.2 8.4 7.9 8.1 8.0 6.1 6.8 7.5 6.9

Virginia

7.0 6.0 6.2 6.8 7.1 5.3 5.4 6.0 6.1 5.4

Washington

7.2 7.9 6.7 7.2 7.8 6.1 5.4 5.8 5.7 5.1

West Virginia

7.4 7.2 6.5 6.7 7.8 6.2 5.8 6.4 6.5 5.9

Wisconsin

6.3 5.8 5.8 5.5 6.5 5.1 4.7 5.4 5.8 5.4

Wyoming

10.0 9.1 8.8 8.9 10.1 7.7 8.3 8.5 8.6 7.8

Puerto Rico

6.6 6.6 7.7 8.3 6.4 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.5

Virgin Islands

9.9 7.4 10.6 7.4 8.1 5.8 10.8 6.2 8.5 9.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, August 01, 2022