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News Release Information

21-1576-PHI
Thursday, August 26, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:

Business Employment Dynamics in Maryland — Fourth Quarter 2020

From September 2020 to December 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Maryland were 145,664, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 120,506, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 25,158 jobs in the private sector during the fourth quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 98,438. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the fourth quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 7.1 percent of private-sector employment in Maryland; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 7.4 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Maryland, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 122,984 in the fourth quarter of 2020, a decrease of 50,372 jobs compared to the previous quarter. Opening establishments accounted for 22,680 jobs gained in the fourth quarter of 2020, a decrease of 19,701 jobs from the previous quarter. (See table 1.)

Gross job losses

In the fourth quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 5.9 percent of private-sector employment in Maryland; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.7 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Maryland, contracting establishments lost 94,056 jobs in the fourth quarter of 2020, an increase of 3,301 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 26,450 jobs, a decrease of 94 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 of the 11 industry sectors in Maryland in the fourth quarter of 2020. Professional and business services had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 8,482 jobs. This was the result of 34,963 gross job gains and 26,481 gross job losses. The transportation and warehousing industry had a net gain of 5,860 jobs. Maryland’s information sector had a net loss of 446 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for First Quarter 2021 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 27, 2021 at 10:00 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Fourth Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Maryland, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

141,093 124,904 97,171 215,737 145,664 6.4 5.7 4.7 11.0 7.1

At expanding establishments

113,258 100,644 72,716 173,356 122,984 5.1 4.6 3.5 8.8 6.0

At opening establishments

27,835 24,260 24,455 42,381 22,680 1.3 1.1 1.2 2.2 1.1

Gross job losses

128,868 148,152 450,701 117,299 120,506 5.9 6.7 21.9 5.9 5.9

At contracting establishments

103,030 116,368 369,202 90,755 94,056 4.7 5.3 17.9 4.6 4.6

At closing establishments

25,838 31,784 81,499 26,544 26,450 1.2 1.4 4.0 1.3 1.3

Net employment change (2)

12,225 -23,248 -353,530 98,438 25,158 0.5 -1.0 -17.2 5.1 1.2

Construction

Gross job gains

11,440 11,711 8,712 11,839 11,200 6.9 7.0 5.3 7.5 7.0

At expanding establishments

9,180 9,560 6,609 9,566 9,322 5.5 5.7 4.0 6.1 5.8

At opening establishments

2,260 2,151 2,103 2,273 1,878 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.2

Gross job losses

11,163 11,883 18,114 12,029 10,038 6.7 7.0 11.1 7.7 6.2

At contracting establishments

8,724 9,286 14,680 8,763 7,752 5.2 5.5 9.0 5.6 4.8

At closing establishments

2,439 2,597 3,434 3,266 2,286 1.5 1.5 2.1 2.1 1.4

Net employment change (2)

277 -172 -9,402 -190 1,162 0.2 0.0 -5.8 -0.2 0.8

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

4,252 2,997 2,460 4,477 5,328 3.8 2.7 2.3 4.2 5.0

At expanding establishments

3,710 2,468 2,026 3,918 4,831 3.3 2.2 1.9 3.7 4.5

At opening establishments

542 529 434 559 497 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Gross job losses

3,462 4,237 8,508 3,580 3,460 3.1 3.7 7.8 3.4 3.2

At contracting establishments

3,170 3,427 7,216 2,856 3,036 2.8 3.0 6.6 2.7 2.8

At closing establishments

292 810 1,292 724 424 0.3 0.7 1.2 0.7 0.4

Net employment change (2)

790 -1,240 -6,048 897 1,868 0.7 -1.0 -5.5 0.8 1.8

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

4,006 4,230 2,869 4,698 4,350 4.6 4.9 3.5 6.0 5.4

At expanding establishments

3,231 3,404 2,125 3,786 3,717 3.7 3.9 2.6 4.8 4.6

At opening establishments

775 826 744 912 633 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.2 0.8

Gross job losses

3,634 4,314 10,579 4,227 3,307 4.2 5.0 12.7 5.4 4.1

At contracting establishments

2,671 3,424 8,472 2,987 2,323 3.1 4.0 10.2 3.8 2.9

At closing establishments

963 890 2,107 1,240 984 1.1 1.0 2.5 1.6 1.2

Net employment change (2)

372 -84 -7,710 471 1,043 0.4 -0.1 -9.2 0.6 1.3

Retail trade

Gross job gains

17,079 18,660 14,202 36,082 16,641 6.2 6.7 5.5 14.5 6.4

At expanding establishments

14,674 17,188 12,080 30,927 14,851 5.3 6.2 4.7 12.4 5.7

At opening establishments

2,405 1,472 2,122 5,155 1,790 0.9 0.5 0.8 2.1 0.7

Gross job losses

17,403 16,944 62,817 14,668 15,073 6.3 6.2 24.4 5.8 5.8

At contracting establishments

14,953 14,807 53,327 12,304 12,227 5.4 5.4 20.7 4.9 4.7

At closing establishments

2,450 2,137 9,490 2,364 2,846 0.9 0.8 3.7 0.9 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-324 1,716 -48,615 21,414 1,568 -0.1 0.5 -18.9 8.7 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

10,126 4,262 11,564 8,224 14,575 10.8 4.5 12.2 8.6 14.3

At expanding establishments

8,837 3,436 10,805 7,437 13,206 9.4 3.6 11.4 7.8 13.0

At opening establishments

1,289 826 759 787 1,369 1.4 0.9 0.8 0.8 1.3

Gross job losses

4,730 8,379 16,240 5,845 8,715 5.1 8.7 17.1 6.1 8.6

At contracting establishments

4,006 7,346 13,742 4,992 7,276 4.3 7.6 14.5 5.2 7.2

At closing establishments

724 1,033 2,498 853 1,439 0.8 1.1 2.6 0.9 1.4

Net employment change (2)

5,396 -4,117 -4,676 2,379 5,860 5.7 -4.2 -4.9 2.5 5.7

Information

Gross job gains

1,785 1,402 1,380 2,044 1,644 5.0 4.0 4.1 6.4 5.1

At expanding establishments

1,397 1,064 847 1,370 1,198 3.9 3.0 2.5 4.3 3.7

At opening establishments

388 338 533 674 446 1.1 1.0 1.6 2.1 1.4

Gross job losses

1,631 1,850 5,510 1,573 2,090 4.6 5.2 16.4 4.9 6.5

At contracting establishments

1,308 1,281 3,830 1,271 1,406 3.7 3.6 11.4 4.0 4.4

At closing establishments

323 569 1,680 302 684 0.9 1.6 5.0 0.9 2.1

Net employment change (2)

154 -448 -4,130 471 -446 0.4 -1.2 -12.3 1.5 -1.4

Financial activities

Gross job gains

7,027 5,703 5,259 6,953 7,382 5.3 4.3 4.1 5.5 5.8

At expanding establishments

5,342 4,277 3,617 5,464 5,753 4.0 3.2 2.8 4.3 4.5

At opening establishments

1,685 1,426 1,642 1,489 1,629 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.3

Gross job losses

7,287 6,490 12,450 6,542 6,520 5.4 4.8 9.5 5.1 5.1

At contracting establishments

5,894 5,033 9,666 4,867 4,774 4.4 3.7 7.4 3.8 3.7

At closing establishments

1,393 1,457 2,784 1,675 1,746 1.0 1.1 2.1 1.3 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-260 -787 -7,191 411 862 -0.1 -0.5 -5.4 0.4 0.7

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

33,333 29,762 24,302 38,515 34,963 7.1 6.5 5.4 8.9 7.8

At expanding establishments

26,183 23,415 17,507 28,731 29,485 5.6 5.1 3.9 6.6 6.6

At opening establishments

7,150 6,347 6,795 9,784 5,478 1.5 1.4 1.5 2.3 1.2

Gross job losses

32,430 31,900 58,859 30,353 26,481 6.9 6.9 13.3 7.0 5.9

At contracting establishments

24,821 24,944 45,955 23,480 20,152 5.3 5.4 10.4 5.4 4.5

At closing establishments

7,609 6,956 12,904 6,873 6,329 1.6 1.5 2.9 1.6 1.4

Net employment change (2)

903 -2,138 -34,557 8,162 8,482 0.2 -0.4 -7.9 1.9 1.9

Education and health services

Gross job gains

18,118 17,792 11,426 26,943 20,616 4.0 3.9 2.6 6.6 4.9

At expanding establishments

14,994 14,433 7,848 21,379 17,642 3.3 3.2 1.8 5.2 4.2

At opening establishments

3,124 3,359 3,578 5,564 2,974 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.4 0.7

Gross job losses

18,719 19,068 60,764 18,308 17,014 4.1 4.2 14.3 4.5 4.1

At contracting establishments

14,948 15,072 49,782 15,577 13,018 3.3 3.3 11.7 3.8 3.1

At closing establishments

3,771 3,996 10,982 2,731 3,996 0.8 0.9 2.6 0.7 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-601 -1,276 -49,338 8,635 3,602 -0.1 -0.3 -11.7 2.1 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

27,363 22,250 10,520 64,451 22,700 9.7 7.9 4.7 34.0 10.7

At expanding establishments

20,947 16,505 6,542 53,665 18,281 7.4 5.9 2.9 28.3 8.6

At opening establishments

6,416 5,745 3,978 10,786 4,419 2.3 2.0 1.8 5.7 2.1

Gross job losses

22,288 34,790 173,825 13,298 21,816 7.9 12.4 78.0 7.0 10.4

At contracting establishments

17,867 26,547 147,495 9,253 17,681 6.3 9.5 66.2 4.9 8.4

At closing establishments

4,421 8,243 26,330 4,045 4,135 1.6 2.9 11.8 2.1 2.0

Net employment change (2)

5,075 -12,540 -163,305 51,153 884 1.8 -4.5 -73.3 27.0 0.3

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,561 4,745 3,452 10,470 5,380 6.6 5.6 4.6 15.3 7.5

At expanding establishments

4,075 3,702 1,955 6,343 3,993 4.8 4.4 2.6 9.3 5.6

At opening establishments

1,486 1,043 1,497 4,127 1,387 1.8 1.2 2.0 6.0 1.9

Gross job losses

5,158 7,541 21,798 5,783 4,931 6.2 9.0 29.4 8.4 6.9

At contracting establishments

3,849 4,639 13,923 3,561 3,453 4.6 5.5 18.8 5.2 4.8

At closing establishments

1,309 2,902 7,875 2,222 1,478 1.6 3.5 10.6 3.2 2.1

Net employment change (2)

403 -2,796 -18,346 4,687 449 0.4 -3.4 -24.8 6.9 0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020

United States(1)

6.2 5.5 4.8 9.4 7.4 5.5 6.1 17.0 6.0 5.7

Alabama

6.2 5.5 4.8 7.8 7.8 5.5 5.9 12.6 5.9 5.0

Alaska

10.3 9.2 6.9 12.2 13.4 10.2 9.5 24.5 9.9 7.7

Arizona

6.4 5.6 5.7 7.9 7.4 5.2 5.9 11.7 6.2 4.9

Arkansas

6.5 5.1 4.8 7.5 7.1 4.9 5.5 12.0 5.6 5.1

California

6.8 6.1 5.2 8.7 8.4 6.0 6.7 18.6 7.3 6.2

Colorado

6.7 6.3 5.8 10.0 7.5 6.2 7.0 14.9 6.3 7.2

Connecticut

5.5 5.2 4.3 11.2 6.5 5.6 5.9 19.7 5.1 5.8

Delaware

6.7 6.2 4.9 10.3 6.7 6.2 6.6 17.7 6.3 5.7

District of Columbia

5.4 5.2 3.3 8.3 5.2 4.7 5.3 22.4 5.8 5.5

Florida

6.6 5.4 6.1 9.5 7.6 5.9 6.2 13.9 6.8 5.6

Georgia

6.5 5.6 5.4 9.2 7.8 5.5 5.9 15.0 6.4 5.2

Hawaii

5.7 5.2 3.6 7.4 14.7 5.2 5.8 29.8 12.7 4.6

Idaho

7.7 7.6 6.4 8.4 8.7 6.3 6.1 11.2 6.5 6.1

Illinois

5.6 5.0 4.6 9.7 6.5 5.2 6.0 18.4 5.6 6.1

Indiana

6.0 4.9 4.7 8.3 6.9 5.1 6.0 13.7 5.4 5.0

Iowa

5.8 5.2 4.4 7.4 6.8 5.5 5.9 13.0 5.6 5.1

Kansas

6.3 5.4 5.0 7.9 7.0 5.7 6.0 13.3 6.0 6.0

Kentucky

6.2 5.3 4.6 8.8 6.8 5.6 6.1 15.3 5.0 5.4

Louisiana

5.9 5.3 4.5 8.8 8.7 5.7 6.3 16.9 7.2 5.5

Maine

7.3 6.4 5.4 12.0 8.5 6.9 7.0 21.7 6.0 6.3

Maryland

6.4 5.7 4.7 11.0 7.1 5.9 6.7 21.9 5.9 5.9

Massachusetts

5.8 5.2 3.7 12.5 7.0 5.6 6.0 24.2 5.6 5.6

Michigan

5.8 5.0 4.0 10.9 6.8 5.3 5.7 20.7 4.8 7.0

Minnesota

5.8 5.0 4.3 9.0 7.0 5.6 5.6 17.6 5.4 6.9

Mississippi

6.2 5.6 5.1 8.7 7.9 5.6 6.2 12.9 5.5 4.9

Missouri

6.2 5.2 4.7 8.5 7.2 5.3 5.7 14.3 5.7 5.3

Montana

8.6 7.7 6.8 9.9 9.3 7.2 7.7 13.8 7.2 6.8

Nebraska

6.2 5.8 4.9 8.1 6.8 5.8 6.1 12.1 5.9 5.6

Nevada

6.8 5.4 5.3 12.8 8.9 5.0 6.3 29.2 6.4 5.7

New Hampshire

6.6 6.0 4.5 11.9 7.4 6.0 6.4 18.8 5.1 6.5

New Jersey

6.5 5.7 4.6 15.7 8.1 5.8 6.3 28.1 5.8 5.9

New Mexico

7.0 6.1 4.5 8.3 7.1 6.3 6.5 17.6 6.0 7.6

New York

6.0 5.5 3.9 13.3 7.4 5.7 6.4 26.9 5.9 6.4

North Carolina

6.3 5.8 4.8 8.5 7.8 5.4 5.7 14.5 5.6 5.1

North Dakota

6.7 6.8 5.2 8.8 7.2 6.6 7.0 17.2 6.9 7.1

Ohio

5.7 5.1 4.5 7.7 6.6 5.3 5.6 14.4 5.3 5.2

Oklahoma

6.5 5.4 5.6 6.8 7.8 6.2 6.7 12.3 6.4 5.6

Oregon

6.7 6.2 5.0 9.0 7.4 5.8 6.5 18.4 6.2 6.5

Pennsylvania

5.4 4.9 3.6 10.3 6.2 4.9 5.6 18.2 5.0 5.3

Rhode Island

6.5 6.1 4.5 12.9 7.5 5.9 6.5 25.2 5.3 7.1

South Carolina

6.5 5.5 5.1 8.8 8.1 5.9 6.6 14.9 6.1 5.3

South Dakota

6.4 6.0 5.1 8.6 7.2 5.8 6.6 11.6 5.5 6.2

Tennessee

5.7 4.9 4.4 8.1 7.5 5.0 5.3 13.7 5.4 4.6

Texas

6.0 5.0 4.7 7.2 7.5 5.1 5.5 13.6 6.0 4.8

Utah

6.8 6.6 6.5 9.1 8.1 6.3 6.4 10.9 6.2 5.5

Vermont

6.9 5.8 4.6 12.3 7.6 6.4 7.6 18.5 5.7 7.9

Virginia

6.5 5.6 4.7 10.2 7.0 5.5 6.1 18.2 5.3 5.3

Washington

6.6 7.4 4.9 8.9 7.1 5.8 7.4 16.9 6.2 6.0

West Virginia

6.2 6.0 5.1 8.8 7.4 7.1 6.8 13.8 7.0 6.2

Wisconsin

5.4 5.0 4.4 7.6 6.3 5.0 5.3 14.4 5.2 5.1

Wyoming

9.4 8.6 6.4 10.7 10.0 8.7 9.3 18.1 7.7 7.6

Puerto Rico

5.4 5.0 4.0 11.0 6.6 4.9 5.2 16.9 5.1 4.9

Virgin Islands

10.3 7.2 5.3 8.4 8.9 7.3 8.3 19.8 12.3 5.4

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, August 26, 2021