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News Release Information

15-900-CHI
Monday, July 27, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Occupational Employment and Wages in Elkhart-Goshen — May 2014

Workers in the Elkhart-Goshen Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $18.12 in May 2014, about 20 percent below the nationwide average of $22.71, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, no wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 22 major occupational groups. Seventeen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal; computer and mathematical; and architecture and engineering.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 1 of the 22 occupational groups: production. Conversely, 19 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including office and administrative support; food preparation and serving related; and sales and related. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Elkhart-Goshen Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2014
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesElkhartUnited StatesElkhartPercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0%100.0%$22.71$18.12*-20

Management

5.04.3*54.0844.70*-17

Business and financial operations

5.12.4*34.8128.33*-19

Computer and mathematical

2.80.7*40.3728.76*-29

Architecture and engineering

1.81.5*39.1928.50*-27

Life, physical, and social science

0.80.2*33.6925.73*-24

Community and social services

1.40.6*21.7919.22*-12

Legal

0.80.4*48.6129.87*-39

Education, training, and library

6.24.1*25.1019.48*-22

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.30.7*26.8220.31*-24

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.83.4*36.5431.98*-12

Healthcare support

2.91.5*13.8613.13*-5

Protective service

2.40.7*21.1419.13*-10

Food preparation and serving related

9.15.6*10.579.84*-7

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.21.9*12.6812.44-2

Personal care and service

3.11.4*12.0111.46-5

Sales and related

10.57.7*18.5919.012

Office and administrative support

16.012.4*17.0815.55*-9

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.30.1*12.0911.98-1

Construction and extraction

3.92.9*22.4021.47-4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.94.221.7417.97*-17

Production

6.635.3*17.0614.90*-13

Transportation and material moving

6.87.816.5715.29*-8

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Elkhart is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Elkhart-Goshen had 42,270 jobs in production, accounting for 35.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.6-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $14.90, significantly below the national wage of $17.06.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the production group included team assemblers (13,210); helpers--production workers (3,140); and welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers (2,280). Among the higher paying jobs were chemical equipment operators and tenders; and tool and die makers, with mean hourly wages of $25.11 and $24.52, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($9.51) and bakers ($10.60). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2014/may/oes_21140.htm .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Elkhart-Goshen Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, fiberglass laminators and fabricators were employed at 73.9 times the national rate in Elkhart, and upholsterers, at 24.9 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, bakers had a location quotient of 0.9 in Elkhart, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Indiana Department of Workforce Development.

Note

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year. May 2014 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, and November 2011. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 74.3 percent based on establishments and 70.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57.1 percent of total national employment. (Response rates are slightly lower for these estimates due to the federal shutdown in October 2013.) The sample in the Elkhart-Goshen Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,361 establishments with a response rate of 77 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.

The May 2014 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Elkhart-Goshen, Ind. Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Elkhart County.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/midwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2014/may/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Elkhart-Goshen Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2014
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Production Occupations

42,2705.3$14.90$30,990

First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers

1,8303.523.6749,230

Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers

3301.813.9629,040

Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters

3404.916.7534,830

Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators

1,23073.913.6628,410

Team Assemblers

13,21013.214.0229,160

Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other

3,29015.513.8928,900

Bakers

1400.910.6022,060

Butchers and Meat Cutters

900.711.8124,560

Food Batchmakers

600.514.0629,240

Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders

1103.511.6824,290

Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic

6204.716.8034,950

Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic

803.821.0443,750

Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

5208.214.2129,560

Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

(5)(5)17.9437,320

Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

1505.218.5938,670

Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

1,3608.112.6626,340

Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

(5)(5)16.5034,330

Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

2403.815.5332,300

Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

2306.214.1929,510

Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

(5)(5)12.0124,980

Machinists

8402.416.7234,780

Model Makers, Metal and Plastic

407.623.1448,130

Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

4203.714.2329,590

Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

2703.118.0137,460

Tool and Die Makers

2904.324.5251,000

Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers

2,2807.015.5332,300

Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

1202.414.0129,140

Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

402.419.0139,550

Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

1404.313.2027,450

Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other

25012.613.7628,610

Printing Press Operators

(5)(5)15.5032,250

Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers

1000.69.5119,780

Sewing Machine Operators

6905.512.2925,560

Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

1309.913.1827,420

Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers

904.916.5834,490

Upholsterers

66024.913.6328,340

Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters

1,81023.218.0637,570

Furniture Finishers

1309.813.2827,630

Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood

1704.213.4527,970

Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing

5809.213.8928,900

Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators

800.820.9943,660

Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders

801.425.1152,240

Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand

36013.913.2027,450

Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

1000.916.8835,110

Cutters and Trimmers, Hand

503.414.3229,790

Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

3706.613.0927,230

Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

(5)(5)15.5232,290

Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers

1,3803.215.6032,460

Dental Laboratory Technicians

(5)(5)18.1337,720

Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders

7702.313.9629,050

Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

6307.814.9531,090

Painters, Transportation Equipment

3508.019.6640,890

Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers

604.013.7828,660

Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders

29017.813.1327,310

Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders

905.6(5)(5)

Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic

501.714.5730,300

Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

1602.015.2731,760

Helpers--Production Workers

3,1408.412.5326,070

Production Workers, All Other

3902.015.8032,870

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Elkhart-Goshen, IN, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_21140.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, July 27, 2015