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News Release Information

18-938-CHI
Thursday, July 05, 2018

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Chicago Area Employment — May 2018

Local Rate of Employment Growth Below National Average

Total nonfarm employment for the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 4,753,500 in May 2018, up 38,600, or 0.8 percent, over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the Chicago metropolitan area has had over-the-year employment increases each month since October 2010. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

The Chicago metropolitan area is made up of four metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights Metropolitan Division, which accounted for 80 percent of the area’s workforce, added 32,500 jobs from May a year ago. In the Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. Metropolitan Division, employment increased by 4,800. Employment in the Elgin, Ill. Metropolitan Division increased by 1,500 from May a year ago, while employment in the Gary, Ind. Metropolitan Division was little changed over the year.

Industry employment

Government employment increased by 10,600 since May 2017, the largest employment gain in the Chicago area. The local rate of job growth was 1.9 percent. The national rate of government employment was unchanged over the year.

In the greater Chicago metropolitan area, education and health services had the second-largest employment gain from May 2017 to May 2018, adding 9,900 jobs. The Chicago area’s 1.4-percent rate of job growth in education and health services was less than the nationwide advance of 1.9 percent. Local employment growth in the supersector was concentrated in the Chicago division, which added 10,800 jobs. (See chart 2.)

Locally, the trade, transportation, and utilities supersector added 9,000 jobs. The Chicago area’s 1.0-percent employment increase was lower than the national rate of 1.3 percent. Local employment growth in the supersector was concentrated in the Chicago division which added 8,200 jobs.

Three other local supersectors each gained at least 6,200 jobs: construction (+6,600), financial activities (+6,300), and manufacturing (+6,200). The Chicago area’s construction industry job growth rate of 3.7 percent was lower than the 4.2-percent national increase. Employment in Chicago’s financial activities industry grew by 2.1 percent; nationally, employment in this industry grew 1.5 percent over the year. The local manufacturing industry job growth rate of 1.5 percent was lower than the 2.1-percent national gain.

Three Chicago area supersectors lost more than 2,000 jobs since last May: information (-4,600, down 5.7 percent), professional and business services (-2,500, down 0.3 percent), and leisure and hospitality (-2,100, down 0.4 percent). Nationally, employment in the information sector decreased by 0.6 percent, while professional and business services and leisure and hospitality employment rose by 2.4 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively, from the previous May.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Chicago was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in May 2018. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with the rates of job growth in 5 areas exceeding the national increase of 1.6 percent. Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington had the fastest rate of job growth, up 3.4 percent, followed by Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (3.1 percent). Chicago had the slowest rate of job growth, 0.8 percent, followed by Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach (0.9 percent). (See chart 3 and table 2.)

Dallas added the largest number of jobs over the year, 122,000, followed by New York-Newark-Jersey City (+116,200). Miami had the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 23,400 jobs. Annual gains in the remaining nine metropolitan areas ranged from 81,200 in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim to 38,600 in Chicago.

Over the year, professional and business services added the most jobs in five areas: Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Dallas, Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria. Education and health services gained the most jobs in three areas: New York, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, and Phoenix.

The information supersector lost the most jobs over the year in five areas. Dallas and Phoenix were the only metropolitan area to have no annual job losses in any supersector.

Metropolitan area employment data for June 2018 are scheduled to be released on Friday, July 20, 2018.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability–that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois; Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana; and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.

  • The Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Ill. Metropolitan Division includes Cook, DuPage, Grundy, Kendall, McHenry, and Will Counties in Illinois.
  • The Elgin, Ill. Metropolitan Division includes DeKalb and Kane Counties.
  • The Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. Metropolitan Division includes Lake County in Illinois and Kenosha County in Wisconsin.
  • The Gary, Ind. Metropolitan Division includes Jasper, Lake, Newton, and Porter Counties in Indiana.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, the Chicago metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and IndustryMay
2017
Mar
2018
Apr
2018
May
2018(p)
May 2017 to
May 2018(p)
Net
change
Percent
change

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

4,714.94,656.24,695.14,753.538.60.8

Mining and logging

1.61.51.61.60.00.0

Construction

176.8165.4173.8183.46.63.7

Manufacturing

415.4420.2419.6421.66.21.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

943.7941.7944.9952.79.01.0

Information

80.175.875.675.5-4.6-5.7

Financial activities

302.8306.5305.6309.16.32.1

Professional and business services

824.7799.2813.7822.2-2.5-0.3

Education and health services

729.0733.7736.5738.99.91.4

Leisure and hospitality

492.3460.7474.3490.2-2.1-0.4

Other services

196.1192.9193.5195.3-0.8-0.4

Government

552.4558.6556.0563.010.61.9

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

3,754.33,712.83,740.63,786.832.50.9

Mining and logging

1.21.11.21.20.00.0

Construction

130.5122.5127.1134.84.33.3

Manufacturing

284.9287.1287.5289.14.21.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

742.5742.6744.6750.78.21.1

Information

71.067.166.966.8-4.2-5.9

Financial activities

261.9265.5264.6267.96.02.3

Professional and business services

693.0670.6680.6688.0-5.0-0.7

Education and health services

596.2602.4604.7607.010.81.8

Leisure and hospitality

392.2370.6381.3392.40.20.1

Other services

159.8157.0157.4158.8-1.0-0.6

Government

421.1426.3424.7430.19.02.1

Elgin, IL Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

260.9258.2258.4262.41.50.6

Mining and logging

0.10.10.10.10.00.0

Construction

13.311.913.114.20.96.8

Manufacturing

35.735.435.335.70.00.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

48.648.448.748.90.30.6

Information

3.43.23.23.2-0.2-5.9

Financial activities

10.410.710.710.80.43.8

Professional and business services

38.038.037.238.00.00.0

Education and health services

32.832.132.332.7-0.1-0.3

Leisure and hospitality

25.924.624.625.3-0.6-2.3

Other services

9.49.29.39.40.00.0

Government

43.344.643.944.10.81.8

Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

418.4411.1419.1423.24.81.1

Mining and logging

0.10.10.10.10.00.0

Construction

14.814.816.116.11.38.8

Manufacturing

59.262.261.361.22.03.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

93.792.493.193.5-0.2-0.2

Information

3.73.63.63.6-0.1-2.7

Financial activities

21.821.721.721.7-0.1-0.5

Professional and business services

70.267.572.772.72.53.6

Education and health services

47.346.947.146.8-0.5-1.1

Leisure and hospitality

41.335.937.640.8-0.5-1.2

Other services

13.413.313.413.50.10.7

Government

52.952.752.453.20.30.6

Gary, IN Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

281.3274.1277.0281.1-0.2-0.1

Mining and logging

0.20.20.20.20.00.0

Construction

18.216.217.518.30.10.5

Manufacturing

35.635.535.535.60.00.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

58.958.358.559.60.71.2

Information

2.01.91.91.9-0.1-5.0

Financial activities

8.78.68.68.70.00.0

Professional and business services

23.523.123.223.50.00.0

Education and health services

52.752.352.452.4-0.3-0.6

Leisure and hospitality

32.929.630.831.7-1.2-3.6

Other services

13.513.413.413.60.10.7

Government

35.135.035.035.60.51.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
AreaMay
2017
Mar
2018
Apr
2018
May
2018(p)
May 2017 to
May 2018(p)
Net
change
Percent
change

United States(1)

Total nonfarm

146,937147,384148,366149,3092,3721.6

Mining and logging

672712721732608.9

Construction

6,9906,8897,0837,2812914.2

Manufacturing

12,38912,57612,59912,6512622.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,34027,42227,49327,6943541.3

Information

2,7892,7552,7632,771-18-0.6

Financial activities

8,4198,5038,5098,5451261.5

Professional and business services

20,41720,57620,81520,9084912.4

Education and health services

23,19523,63423,69523,6324371.9

Leisure and hospitality

16,28515,82216,13716,5472621.6

Other services

5,7915,7995,8445,889981.7

Government

22,65022,69622,70722,65990.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

Total nonfarm

2,723.52,744.62,757.12,769.546.01.7

Mining and logging

1.61.61.61.60.00.0

Construction

120.5124.1126.3129.79.27.6

Manufacturing

166.5168.7168.8168.92.41.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

599.4613.3612.8616.817.42.9

Information

99.990.991.291.2-8.7-8.7

Financial activities

170.1169.1169.7169.4-0.7-0.4

Professional and business services

497.2496.0497.9496.9-0.3-0.1

Education and health services

341.2353.6353.2351.710.53.1

Leisure and hospitality

296.1292.4299.5308.612.54.2

Other services

100.598.298.799.5-1.0-1.0

Government

330.5336.7337.4335.24.71.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (NECTA)

Total nonfarm

2,744.52,719.12,763.92,789.645.11.6

Mining, logging, and construction

112.0107.7113.8119.67.66.8

Manufacturing

185.8187.9188.1188.42.61.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

422.9414.6419.7424.01.10.3

Information

79.479.779.179.60.20.3

Financial activities

184.1181.3182.8183.4-0.7-0.4

Professional and business services

481.3485.0497.0500.919.64.1

Education and health services

583.3588.8592.8589.86.51.1

Leisure and hospitality

275.7258.4269.5282.56.82.5

Other services

102.6100.8105.5105.42.82.7

Government

317.4314.9315.6316.0-1.4-0.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,714.94,656.24,695.14,753.538.60.8

Mining and logging

1.61.51.61.60.00.0

Construction

176.8165.4173.8183.46.63.7

Manufacturing

415.4420.2419.6421.66.21.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

943.7941.7944.9952.79.01.0

Information

80.175.875.675.5-4.6-5.7

Financial activities

302.8306.5305.6309.16.32.1

Professional and business services

824.7799.2813.7822.2-2.5-0.3

Education and health services

729.0733.7736.5738.99.91.4

Leisure and hospitality

492.3460.7474.3490.2-2.1-0.4

Other services

196.1192.9193.5195.3-0.8-0.4

Government

552.4558.6556.0563.010.61.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,585.53,660.13,687.33,707.5122.03.4

Mining, logging, and construction

212.9217.2223.9227.214.36.7

Manufacturing

269.0275.7276.9276.67.62.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

758.0771.4774.7780.422.43.0

Information

83.283.883.884.10.91.1

Financial activities

292.7297.5297.0298.15.41.8

Professional and business services

588.1605.0611.9613.625.54.3

Education and health services

442.7452.1453.3455.612.92.9

Leisure and hospitality

378.1382.9390.5395.517.44.6

Other services

122.1126.6127.4127.65.54.5

Government

438.7447.9447.9448.810.12.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

Total nonfarm

3,029.03,074.93,098.83,108.279.22.6

Mining and logging

78.077.878.179.31.31.7

Construction

218.1227.2228.6229.511.45.2

Manufacturing

218.7222.7227.6227.28.53.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

613.0623.8626.7626.713.72.2

Information

32.531.531.231.6-0.9-2.8

Financial activities

158.0161.7161.8162.34.32.7

Professional and business services

476.9503.4505.7510.533.67.0

Education and health services

386.7385.2388.2388.41.70.4

Leisure and hospitality

322.0317.3324.4326.14.11.3

Other services

111.2109.3112.0111.40.20.2

Government

413.9415.0414.5415.21.30.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

Total nonfarm

6,049.66,101.86,115.06,130.881.21.3

Mining and logging

3.02.92.92.9-0.1-3.3

Construction

238.4242.8247.8244.66.22.6

Manufacturing

509.1508.8507.6508.2-0.9-0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,092.71,088.01,085.11,086.2-6.5-0.6

Information

237.5245.6245.5245.47.93.3

Financial activities

340.1338.9340.9339.1-1.0-0.3

Professional and business services

903.3923.8926.1929.526.22.9

Education and health services

1,010.71,036.81,036.01,035.925.22.5

Leisure and hospitality

747.1756.2763.4774.727.63.7

Other services

205.9200.3201.6202.1-3.8-1.8

Government

761.8757.7758.1762.20.40.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,645.82,671.02,666.62,669.223.40.9

Mining and logging

0.70.80.80.80.114.3

Construction

129.1138.5140.0142.713.610.5

Manufacturing

89.594.396.397.88.39.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

596.9599.2596.6600.03.10.5

Information

51.850.650.450.6-1.2-2.3

Financial activities

179.1179.5179.2180.61.50.8

Professional and business services

434.7439.4437.6434.90.20.0

Education and health services

395.8395.2394.1394.0-1.8-0.5

Leisure and hospitality

328.9333.1332.6328.4-0.5-0.2

Other services

123.9124.6124.7124.80.90.7

Government

315.4315.8314.3314.6-0.8-0.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

9,710.19,667.99,723.59,826.3116.21.2

Mining, logging, and construction

400.3385.9395.3407.26.91.7

Manufacturing

365.4362.5361.9363.1-2.3-0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,735.91,737.61,740.41,758.122.21.3

Information

285.2285.8281.6282.1-3.1-1.1

Financial activities

772.0774.0772.8773.71.70.2

Professional and business services

1,543.71,537.21,546.81,566.022.31.4

Education and health services

1,938.51,980.31,987.31,989.851.32.6

Leisure and hospitality

934.5874.9900.2946.311.81.3

Other services

424.8419.2423.5427.93.10.7

Government

1,309.81,310.51,313.71,312.12.30.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,925.22,917.32,948.22,964.939.71.4

Mining, logging, and construction

119.4110.4115.0118.5-0.9-0.8

Manufacturing

180.3179.9180.3182.21.91.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

520.3523.8525.5528.38.01.5

Information

46.444.944.844.7-1.7-3.7

Financial activities

213.7214.4215.2217.03.31.5

Professional and business services

468.7464.3474.0479.310.62.3

Education and health services

641.4658.6661.3655.514.12.2

Leisure and hospitality

272.9258.0267.2274.61.70.6

Other services

121.7119.3120.4121.3-0.4-0.3

Government

340.4343.7344.5343.53.10.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

Total nonfarm

2,025.62,090.82,094.12,087.461.83.1

Mining and logging

3.23.13.23.20.00.0

Construction

112.0119.6121.5123.511.510.3

Manufacturing

121.7127.9127.9129.37.66.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

390.0400.2397.5397.67.61.9

Information

36.636.136.437.00.41.1

Financial activities

184.8189.5189.3188.94.12.2

Professional and business services

342.6349.7350.8347.75.11.5

Education and health services

305.3319.1319.9318.112.84.2

Leisure and hospitality

225.5233.4234.9233.68.13.6

Other services

66.365.565.867.10.81.2

Government

237.6246.7246.9241.43.81.6

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Total nonfarm

2,393.92,417.92,427.32,435.841.91.8

Mining and logging

0.40.50.50.50.125.0

Construction

116.5119.1120.8122.15.64.8

Manufacturing

138.6142.1142.3142.23.62.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

379.5381.1381.8382.02.50.7

Information

103.3108.6108.5108.45.14.9

Financial activities

142.0142.3142.9143.01.00.7

Professional and business services

475.4486.7488.9490.715.33.2

Education and health services

350.2358.3356.2356.66.41.8

Leisure and hospitality

275.2269.5274.5278.12.91.1

Other services

87.684.084.484.6-3.0-3.4

Government

325.2325.7326.5327.62.40.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,286.93,288.33,303.03,328.241.31.3

Mining, logging, and construction

160.3160.4161.3162.42.11.3

Manufacturing

54.854.755.055.70.91.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

405.2406.2407.0412.87.61.9

Information

74.074.874.774.90.91.2

Financial activities

157.4157.9159.1159.31.91.2

Professional and business services

745.3748.0752.2761.115.82.1

Education and health services

437.7445.5448.2447.69.92.3

Leisure and hospitality

335.5326.9331.6337.82.30.7

Other services

207.3208.4208.7211.03.71.8

Government

709.4705.5705.2705.6-3.8-0.5

Footnotes
(1) U.S. data are preliminary for two months after they are first published.
(p) Preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, July 05, 2018