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News Release Information

18-1159-CHI
Thursday, August 02, 2018

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Detroit Area Employment — June 2018

Local Area Job Growth Up 0.8 Percent Over the Year

Total nonfarm employment in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 2,051,400 in June 2018, up 16,800, or 0.8 percent, over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the Detroit metropolitan area has had over-the-year employment increases each month since June 2010. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

The Detroit metropolitan area is made up of two metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills division, which accounted for 62 percent of the metropolitan area's employment, added 6,600 jobs from June a year ago, a gain of 0.5 percent. The Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division, the area’s other employment center, added 10,200 jobs over the 12-month period, a 1.3-percent rise.

Industry employment

The leisure and hospitality supersector added 11,900 jobs in the local area from June 2017 to June 2018. The Detroit area’s 5.7-percent rate of job growth in leisure and hospitality was higher than the nationwide increase of 1.6 percent. (See chart 2.) Local job gains were concentrated in the Detroit division, up 8,600 from the previous June.

Two local supersectors gained 3,500 jobs over the year: mining, logging, and construction and trade, transportation, and utilities. Employment in Detroit’s mining, logging, and construction industry grew 4.6 percent over the year. The Warren division added 2,300 jobs and the Detroit division added 1,200 jobs in this industry. The area’s trade, transportation, and utilities industry’s job growth rate of 0.9 percent was comparable to the national increase of 1.1 percent. Local job gains were concentrated in the Detroit division, up 3,100, or 2.2 percent, from the previous June.

Professional and business services, Detroit’s largest supersector, lost 2,600 jobs from June 2017 to June 2018. Job losses were concentrated in the Warren division, down 2,400. The local area’s rate of loss for professional and business services was 0.7 percent while nationally this supersector increased by2.6 percent.

The information supersector in the Detroit area lost 1,000 jobs over the year, a decline of 2.6 percent. Nationally, information employment declined 1.0 percent from June the previous year. No other supersector in the Detroit area had a job loss greater than 1,000.

Metropolitan area employment data for July 2018 are scheduled to be released on Friday, August 17, 2018.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month’s employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey and administrative data and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, Mich. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

The Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich. Metropolitan Division includes Wayne County in Michigan.

The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. Metropolitan Division includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, and St. Clair Counties in Michigan.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available from the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, the United States and the Detroit metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and IndustryJun
2017
Apr
2018
May
2018
Jun
2018(p)
Jun 2017 to
Jun 2018(p)
Net
change
Percent
change

United States

Total nonfarm

147,578148,372149,334149,9802,4021.6

Mining and logging

684721730742588.5

Construction

7,1577,0817,2797,4392823.9

Manufacturing

12,50812,59812,65412,7952872.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,49827,49627,69027,8043061.1

Information

2,8092,7632,7652,781-28-1.0

Financial activities

8,5108,5058,5528,6371271.5

Professional and business services

20,60020,82220,93321,1345342.6

Education and health services

22,96623,69723,63323,4174512.0

Leisure and hospitality

16,75916,13416,55217,0272681.6

Other services

5,8495,8415,8865,9561071.8

Government

22,23822,71422,66022,248100.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

2,034.62,009.72,034.32,051.416.80.8

Mining, logging, and construction

76.771.478.080.23.54.6

Manufacturing

257.0252.7254.4257.20.20.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

370.4369.7372.5373.93.50.9

Information

27.726.726.726.7-1.0-3.6

Financial activities

117.2115.1117.3118.00.80.7

Professional and business services

398.7391.7393.4396.1-2.6-0.7

Education and health services

313.7313.3315.4313.90.20.1

Leisure and hospitality

207.8204.0212.1219.711.95.7

Other services

77.275.476.377.0-0.2-0.3

Government

188.2189.7188.2188.70.50.3

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

763.4765.5769.4773.610.21.3

Mining, logging, and construction

23.622.324.124.81.25.1

Manufacturing

93.993.391.792.7-1.2-1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

142.1142.8144.5145.23.12.2

Information

7.67.27.27.2-0.4-5.3

Financial activities

37.637.438.738.71.12.9

Professional and business services

128.9127.5126.9128.7-0.2-0.2

Education and health services

133.4132.6133.3131.5-1.9-1.4

Leisure and hospitality

81.086.087.789.68.610.6

Other services

28.628.028.328.4-0.2-0.7

Government

86.788.487.086.80.10.1

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

1,271.21,244.21,264.91,277.86.60.5

Mining, logging, and construction

53.149.153.955.42.34.3

Manufacturing

163.1159.4162.7164.51.40.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

228.3226.9228.0228.70.40.2

Information

20.119.519.519.5-0.6-3.0

Financial activities

79.677.778.679.3-0.3-0.4

Professional and business services

269.8264.2266.5267.4-2.4-0.9

Education and health services

180.3180.7182.1182.42.11.2

Leisure and hospitality

126.8118.0124.4130.13.32.6

Other services

48.647.448.048.60.00.0

Government

101.5101.3101.2101.90.40.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, August 02, 2018