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News Release Information

18-535-CHI
Thursday, May 31, 2018

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Indiana — Third Quarter 2017

From June 2017 to September 2017, gross job losses in Indiana totaled 144,972, while gross job gains numbered 143,839, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,133. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 5,297. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job losses are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job gains are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job losses and the number of gross job gains is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.).

Gross job losses represented 5.5 percent of private sector employment in Indiana in the quarter ended September 2017; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.1 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Since the series inception in 1992, the rate of gross job losses in Indiana has been below the U.S. rate each quarter, with three exceptions. Gross job gains accounted for 5.5 percent of private sector employment in Indiana in the quarter ended September 2017, lower than the national rate of 6.0 percent. Since the series began, Indiana’s rate of gross job gains has been below the national rate, with only one exception.

During the third quarter of 2017, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in six industry sectors in Indiana. For example, within retail trade, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,507. While almost 20,000 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the industry, more than 21,300 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the 3-months ended in September 2017. In leisure and hospitality, more than 25,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and more than 26,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. In each of the remaining sectors with net employment losses, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 800. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in five industry sectors. Within education and health services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,240. In each of the four remaining sectors with net employment gains, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by less than 700.

Indiana was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in all five states in the division in the third quarter of 2017. (See table A.) All five states had rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 6.1-percent national rate. The five states also had rates of gross job gains that were below the 6.0-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, September 2017, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,256,0006.07,396,0006.1-140,000-0.1

East North Central (1)

989,7981,078,677-88,879

Illinois

287,4915.6309,6656.0-22,174-0.4

Indiana

143,8395.5144,9725.5-1,1330.0

Michigan

196,7435.3221,3876.0-24,644-0.7

Ohio

239,3335.1262,3465.6-23,013-0.5

Wisconsin

122,3925.0140,3075.7-17,915-0.7

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2017 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 25, 2018.

Effects of Hurricanes Irma and Maria on the Business Employment Dynamics

Hurricanes Irma and Maria made landfall in the United States on September 7 and September 20, 2017, respectively, during the BED third quarter reference period. These events did not cause changes to BED methodology. However, they did affect data collection in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. For more information, please visit the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) section of the following webpage: www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the second time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Indiana, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept
2017
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept
2017

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

149,878142,574149,579148,779143,8395.85.45.75.75.5

At expanding establishments

127,031123,879126,974125,312122,1744.94.74.84.84.7

At opening establishments

22,84718,69522,60523,46721,6650.90.70.90.90.8

Gross job losses

133,516137,206131,859143,482144,9725.15.25.15.55.5

At contracting establishments

115,129115,588112,108122,525121,9894.44.44.34.74.6

At closing establishments

18,38721,61819,75120,95722,9830.70.80.80.80.9

Net employment change (2)

16,3625,36817,7205,297-1,1330.70.20.60.20.0

Construction

Gross job gains

14,54513,65516,45513,60313,33611.010.312.09.89.7

At expanding establishments

12,56011,57614,41711,69011,2859.58.710.58.48.2

At opening establishments

1,9852,0792,0381,9132,0511.51.61.51.41.5

Gross job losses

11,85613,38912,14314,14812,6809.010.08.910.29.1

At contracting establishments

10,11311,52910,49012,08410,8287.78.67.78.77.8

At closing establishments

1,7431,8601,6532,0641,8521.31.41.21.51.3

Net employment change (2)

2,6892664,312-5456562.00.33.1-0.40.6

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

14,37917,75414,91217,99115,0012.73.32.83.42.8

At expanding establishments

13,13917,00014,36815,82713,8672.53.22.73.02.6

At opening establishments

1,2407545442,1641,1340.20.10.10.40.2

Gross job losses

15,45412,09212,00813,53914,7852.92.32.32.62.8

At contracting establishments

14,27810,97011,11212,05713,7702.72.12.12.32.6

At closing establishments

1,1761,1228961,4821,0150.20.20.20.30.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,0755,6622,9044,452216-0.21.00.50.80.0

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

5,1555,2496,0295,8385,5044.34.55.14.94.6

At expanding establishments

4,1614,3225,1064,6984,6133.53.74.33.93.9

At opening establishments

9949279231,1408910.80.80.81.00.7

Gross job losses

5,1155,0505,1255,1385,3854.34.34.34.34.5

At contracting establishments

4,1773,9873,9183,8614,2003.53.43.33.23.5

At closing establishments

9381,0631,2071,2771,1850.80.91.01.11.0

Net employment change (2)

401999047001190.00.20.80.60.1

Retail trade

Gross job gains

20,16316,75320,84619,84119,8166.05.06.35.95.9

At expanding establishments

17,81915,29518,23417,69117,8215.34.65.55.35.3

At opening establishments

2,3441,4582,6122,1501,9950.70.40.80.60.6

Gross job losses

18,27318,66817,61421,63121,3235.55.65.36.46.4

At contracting establishments

16,31316,79915,96218,80817,3024.95.04.85.65.2

At closing establishments

1,9601,8691,6522,8234,0210.60.60.50.81.2

Net employment change (2)

1,890-1,9153,232-1,790-1,5070.5-0.61.0-0.5-0.5

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

6,9077,8875,7225,3825,6245.76.44.74.44.6

At expanding establishments

6,2347,2665,1474,6814,9065.15.94.23.84.0

At opening establishments

6736215757017180.60.50.50.60.6

Gross job losses

5,6986,1946,8636,0275,7044.75.15.64.94.7

At contracting establishments

4,9635,0156,2615,0724,9694.14.15.14.14.1

At closing establishments

7351,1796029557350.61.00.50.80.6

Net employment change (2)

1,2091,693-1,141-645-801.01.3-0.9-0.5-0.1

Information

Gross job gains

1,3741,3821,5211,0551,0374.24.34.73.33.4

At expanding establishments

1,1121,1541,1348427383.43.63.52.62.4

At opening establishments

2622283872132990.80.71.20.71.0

Gross job losses

1,5951,5271,5721,9521,7404.84.74.86.15.6

At contracting establishments

1,2871,2811,3461,6711,6003.93.94.15.25.1

At closing establishments

3082462262811400.90.80.70.90.5

Net employment change (2)

-221-145-51-897-703-0.6-0.4-0.1-2.8-2.2

Financial activities

Gross job gains

6,5315,9205,8716,2076,7825.04.54.44.75.1

At expanding establishments

5,1334,7694,8014,9685,2873.93.63.63.84.0

At opening establishments

1,3981,1511,0701,2391,4951.10.90.80.91.1

Gross job losses

5,4055,7926,1366,0036,2354.14.44.74.64.8

At contracting establishments

4,3014,3014,8734,8294,9753.33.33.73.73.8

At closing establishments

1,1041,4911,2631,1741,2600.81.11.00.91.0

Net employment change (2)

1,126128-2652045470.90.1-0.30.10.3

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

27,08326,52324,22627,05525,1538.27.87.28.07.5

At expanding establishments

22,85922,72719,89821,84620,8516.96.75.96.56.2

At opening establishments

4,2243,7964,3285,2094,3021.31.11.31.51.3

Gross job losses

23,24624,28626,43524,58825,3326.97.27.87.37.5

At contracting establishments

19,46719,77621,62420,84520,9255.85.96.46.26.2

At closing establishments

3,7794,5104,8113,7434,4071.11.31.41.11.3

Net employment change (2)

3,8372,237-2,2092,467-1791.30.6-0.60.70.0

Education and health services

Gross job gains

18,74216,17419,68319,15718,4304.23.64.34.24.0

At expanding establishments

16,51214,22015,47216,49316,4393.73.23.43.63.6

At opening establishments

2,2301,9544,2112,6641,9910.50.40.90.60.4

Gross job losses

14,49617,53314,82815,13916,1903.33.93.33.43.6

At contracting establishments

12,74814,50713,04913,36814,0912.93.22.93.03.1

At closing establishments

1,7483,0261,7791,7712,0990.40.70.40.40.5

Net employment change (2)

4,246-1,3594,8554,0182,2400.9-0.31.00.80.4

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

25,86123,22225,76723,83725,3318.47.58.37.78.2

At expanding establishments

19,89118,80121,63819,29019,9926.56.17.06.26.5

At opening establishments

5,9704,4214,1294,5475,3391.91.41.31.51.7

Gross job losses

24,62924,40321,02827,01326,7048.08.06.88.78.7

At contracting establishments

21,26320,52216,78023,16622,0386.96.75.47.57.2

At closing establishments

3,3663,8814,2483,8474,6661.11.31.41.21.5

Net employment change (2)

1,232-1,1814,739-3,176-1,3730.4-0.51.5-1.0-0.5

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

6,4465,6355,7676,6415,6877.66.66.97.86.6

At expanding establishments

5,2384,6994,7095,4554,7126.25.55.66.45.5

At opening establishments

1,2089361,0581,1869751.41.11.31.41.1

Gross job losses

5,6096,0905,5895,9626,4836.67.26.67.07.7

At contracting establishments

4,5224,9154,5464,7675,3235.35.85.45.66.3

At closing establishments

1,0871,1751,0431,1951,1601.31.41.21.41.4

Net employment change (2)

837-455178679-7961.0-0.60.30.8-1.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017

United States(1)

6.46.26.06.26.05.85.95.45.86.1

Alabama

6.25.86.15.56.05.85.85.25.65.8

Alaska

9.19.89.411.08.511.210.09.89.910.5

Arizona

7.26.05.86.26.65.25.55.45.75.3

Arkansas

6.25.95.65.25.75.65.45.05.65.5

California

6.96.96.76.96.56.26.36.06.66.4

Colorado

7.16.66.87.16.66.26.56.26.36.4

Connecticut

5.25.15.55.75.25.45.25.15.15.7

Delaware

6.36.26.66.66.56.66.25.97.06.6

District of Columbia

6.25.65.75.75.45.85.64.75.65.3

Florida

7.46.76.16.65.65.86.15.56.17.5

Georgia

6.76.66.36.26.15.95.85.86.16.2

Hawaii

6.05.05.15.25.44.85.04.85.45.3

Idaho

7.97.57.97.36.77.36.76.36.66.6

Illinois

5.76.15.85.75.65.75.65.45.56.0

Indiana

5.85.45.75.75.55.15.25.15.55.5

Iowa

6.15.76.15.65.45.85.95.55.75.7

Kansas

6.25.95.85.56.35.65.75.66.65.7

Kentucky

6.86.15.76.15.96.35.85.45.95.8

Louisiana

6.85.96.46.26.16.56.55.96.56.1

Maine

6.77.47.27.76.57.47.16.47.77.5

Maryland

6.66.66.16.46.15.96.25.96.26.2

Massachusetts

5.75.65.56.15.55.45.45.15.25.6

Michigan

5.75.55.65.75.35.55.45.05.36.0

Minnesota

6.15.75.85.75.45.55.74.75.35.7

Mississippi

6.36.35.75.95.75.55.65.96.05.9

Missouri

5.75.75.95.65.95.45.64.95.65.9

Montana

7.67.88.17.97.27.77.57.17.78.0

Nebraska

6.45.75.95.65.95.96.25.26.15.9

Nevada

6.86.26.66.36.35.55.65.26.05.8

New Hampshire

6.46.35.76.65.66.35.95.65.96.5

New Jersey

6.36.45.56.76.05.95.95.85.56.2

New Mexico

7.06.66.46.76.56.26.56.26.36.3

New York

6.36.16.26.56.25.95.95.75.76.1

North Carolina

6.36.36.26.36.05.95.75.55.96.0

North Dakota

8.26.77.66.86.77.17.76.76.96.8

Ohio

5.75.75.75.85.15.75.45.15.45.6

Oklahoma

6.36.56.36.66.56.06.36.55.96.0

Oregon

6.96.66.96.56.56.46.35.75.96.3

Pennsylvania

5.65.45.25.55.45.15.15.05.25.2

Rhode Island

5.65.76.36.55.95.95.85.95.96.3

South Carolina

6.36.56.06.15.75.65.45.66.06.4

South Dakota

6.46.06.46.35.76.26.15.96.36.0

Tennessee

5.95.85.15.45.45.25.14.95.15.2

Texas

6.25.95.85.85.95.55.45.25.45.7

Utah

7.46.87.76.86.86.76.46.16.26.3

Vermont

7.27.06.67.96.77.47.06.86.87.8

Virginia

6.26.26.06.25.86.15.95.65.96.2

Washington

6.77.16.87.16.36.66.75.66.16.3

West Virginia

6.56.46.36.46.96.46.26.46.56.5

Wisconsin

5.55.55.95.65.05.65.34.85.55.7

Wyoming

8.58.88.88.58.78.88.78.19.07.9

Puerto Rico

5.85.85.15.24.15.75.45.75.26.2

Virgin Islands

6.26.05.36.24.26.86.05.54.78.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, May 31, 2018