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News Release Information

19-1531-CHI
Tuesday, October 08, 2019

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

County Employment and Wages in Ohio — First Quarter 2019

Employment increased in 9 of Ohio’s 14 large counties from March 2018 to March 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are those with annual average employment levels of 75,000 or more in 2018.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that employment gains ranged from 3.3 percent in Warren County to 0.6 percent in Cuyahoga County. (See table 1.)

Nationally, employment advanced 1.4 percent from March 2018 to March 2019, as 298 of the 355 largest U.S. counties registered increases. Midland, TX, had the largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment, with a gain of 5.8 percent. Bay, FL, had the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment, with a loss of 5.9 percent.

Among the 14 largest counties in Ohio, employment was highest in Franklin County (752,000) in March 2019, followed by Cuyahoga County (719,800). Four other counties—Hamilton (514,700), Summit (263,700), Montgomery (253,500), and Lucas (206,200)—had employment levels of more than 200,000. Collectively, Ohio's 14 large counties accounted for 66.5 percent of total employment within the state. Nationwide, the 355 largest counties made up 73.5 percent of total U.S. employment, which stood at 146.5 million in March 2019.

Average weekly wages increased in 13 of the 14 largest counties in Ohio from the first quarter of 2018 to the first quarter of 2019. Hamilton and Warren Counties had the largest percentage increase in average weekly wages, up 5.9 percent each, followed by Lake County at 4.4 percent. (See table 1.) Hamilton County recorded the highest average weekly wage among the state’s large counties at $1,284, followed by Delaware County at $1,256. Nationally, the average weekly wage increased 2.8 percent over the year to $1,184 in the first quarter of 2019.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 74 counties in Ohio with 2018 average annual employment levels below 75,000. Average weekly wages in these counties ranged from $1,075 to $588. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

In the first quarter of 2019, 9 of Ohio’s 14 largest counties had over-the-year wage gains above the national average of 2.8 percent. Hamilton and Warren Counties (5.9 percent) had the highest wage gains and ranked 10th among the 355 largest counties nationwide. In contrast, Lucas County had an over-the-year wage decline, down 0.3 percent, and ranked 332nd nationally. (See table 1.)

Nationally, 325 of the 355 largest counties had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages. San Francisco, CA, had the largest percentage wage gain at 10.2 percent, followed by Bay, FL (9.3 percent).

Of the 355 largest counties, 28 experienced an over-the-year decrease in average weekly wages. Elkhart, IN, had the largest percentage decrease in average weekly wages (-7.6 percent), followed by Olmsted, MN (-5.1 percent).

Large county average weekly wages

Average weekly wages in 6 of Ohio’s 14 largest counties placed in the top half of the national ranking among the 355 largest counties in the first quarter of 2019. Hamilton, Delaware, and Franklin Counties had average weekly wages above the U.S. average of $1,184 and ranked in the top 100 nationwide at 60th, 66th, and 91st, respectively.

Nationwide, average weekly wages were above the U.S. average ($1,184) in 92 of the 355 largest counties in the first quarter of 2019. New York, NY, had the highest average weekly wage at $3,153, followed by San Francisco, CA ($2,759), and Santa Clara, CA ($2,758).

Among the largest U.S. counties, 263 had average weekly wages below the national average in the first quarter of 2019. Cameron, TX, reported the lowest wage ($648), followed by Horry County, SC ($652), and Hidalgo County, TX ($662).

Average weekly wages in Ohio’s smaller counties

All 74 smaller counties in Ohio—those with 2018 employment below 75,000—had average weekly wages below the national average of $1,184. Among these smaller counties, Union had the highest average weekly wage at $1,075, while Meigs had the lowest at $588. (See table 2.)

When all 88 counties in Ohio were considered, all but 3 had wages lower than the national average. Seven reported average weekly wages less than $700, 31 reported wages from $700 to $799, 27 had wages from $800 to $899, 12 had wages from $900 to $999, and 11 had wages of $1,000 or higher. (See chart 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2018 edition of this publication contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2019 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/publications/employment-and-wages-annual-averages/2018/home.htm.

The County Employment and Wages release for second quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 20, 2019. The County Employment and Wages full data update for second quarter 2019 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, December 4, 2019.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. 13, the number of weeks in a quarter, then divide the result. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 14 largest counties in Ohio, first quarter 2019
AreaEmploymentAverage weekly wage (1)
March 2019 (thousands)Percent change, March 2018-19 (2)National ranking by percent change (3)Average weekly wageNational ranking by level (3)Percent change, first quarter 2018-19 (2)National ranking by percent change (3)

United States (4)

146,497.61.4--$1,184--2.8--

Ohio

5,363.20.7--1,035243.021

Butler, Ohio

155.61.01841,0161861.4269

Cuyahoga, Ohio

719.80.62321,176952.3200

Delaware, Ohio

87.91.71101,256663.592

Franklin, Ohio

752.01.21591,187913.875

Greene, Ohio

75.51.8941,0581573.1130

Hamilton, Ohio

514.71.01841,284605.910

Lake, Ohio

95.41.61189262654.452

Lorain, Ohio

97.00.72248603131.8241

Lucas, Ohio

206.2-0.33161,003195-0.3332

Mahoning, Ohio

96.4-0.93457723453.3110

Montgomery, Ohio

253.5-0.23089502382.9144

Stark, Ohio

157.5-0.23088423233.2125

Summit, Ohio

263.7-0.13041,0031952.5176

Warren, Ohio

94.03.3221,0991345.910

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Ohio, first quarter 2019
AreaEmployment March 2019Average weekly wage(1)

United States(2)

146,497,599$1,184

Ohio

5,363,2481,035

Adams

5,823740

Allen

50,378923

Ashland

19,123751

Ashtabula

30,271728

Athens

21,057817

Auglaize

21,936858

Belmont

22,273815

Brown

7,818646

Butler

155,6121,016

Carroll

6,124771

Champaign

10,679841

Clark

47,819812

Clermont

58,923872

Clinton

17,896988

Columbiana

29,475727

Coshocton

10,164813

Crawford

12,340781

Cuyahoga

719,8451,176

Darke

18,041786

Defiance

15,320865

Delaware

87,8681,256

Erie

34,448768

Fairfield

43,621732

Fayette

10,883702

Franklin

752,0061,187

Fulton

17,864804

Gallia

11,290732

Geauga

34,522834

Greene

75,5161,058

Guernsey

15,055819

Hamilton

514,7241,284

Hancock

45,6511,048

Hardin

8,440705

Harrison

3,724937

Henry

10,736782

Highland

10,467675

Hocking

6,410625

Holmes

19,489757

Huron

20,740785

Jackson

10,081677

Jefferson

20,494834

Knox

20,362830

Lake

95,399926

Lawrence

13,117681

Licking

60,568863

Logan

19,206857

Lorain

97,044860

Lucas

206,2451,003

Madison

16,950830

Mahoning

96,383772

Marion

24,904811

Medina

59,843865

Meigs

3,764588

Mercer

19,990762

Miami

40,344845

Monroe

2,907775

Montgomery

253,506950

Morgan

2,728720

Morrow

5,125707

Muskingum

32,663798

Noble

2,943772

Ottawa

12,387944

Paulding

4,695757

Perry

6,531765

Pickaway

13,894884

Pike

9,652973

Portage

54,713866

Preble

10,510822

Putnam

11,694761

Richland

49,762781

Ross

29,797905

Sandusky

25,453791

Scioto

23,128726

Seneca

19,569721

Shelby

27,427934

Stark

157,538842

Summit

263,6791,003

Trumbull

63,555808

Tuscarawas

36,003750

Union

33,5321,075

Van Wert

11,724763

Vinton

2,290677

Warren

93,9651,099

Washington

25,062915

Wayne

48,486927

Williams

17,380804

Wood

67,423934

Wyandot

9,650845

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

NOTE: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.

Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, first quarter 2019
StateEmploymentAverage weekly wage (1)
March 2019 (thousands)Percent change, March 2018-19Average weekly wageNational ranking by levelPercent change, first quarter 2018-19National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

146,497.61.4$1,184--2.8--

Alabama

1,978.01.6944382.532

Alaska

312.40.31,108183.39

Arizona

2,895.12.51,056223.021

Arkansas

1,218.50.7896452.238

California

17,436.41.81,40153.84

Colorado

2,690.31.91,23194.82

Connecticut

1,650.60.01,48742.334

Delaware

444.11.31,19913-0.151

District of Columbia

773.50.51,92110.249

Florida

8,894.32.11,015262.725

Georgia

4,488.62.11,121172.628

Hawaii

658.1-0.41,006273.48

Idaho

732.32.7828502.334

Illinois

5,912.00.11,27582.725

Indiana

3,059.11.2963330.948

Iowa

1,527.10.1942392.334

Kansas

1,379.30.6940403.212

Kentucky

1,882.60.6920412.238

Louisiana

1,916.8-0.1954342.532

Maine

599.81.2919423.116

Maryland

2,670.30.91,228101.745

Massachusetts

3,558.11.11,56133.57

Michigan

4,307.40.61,078200.150

Minnesota

2,840.80.51,203122.334

Mississippi

1,129.80.4779511.843

Missouri

2,788.40.5986312.628

Montana

458.80.9844493.116

Nebraska

965.60.1917432.238

Nevada

1,392.23.0992291.547

New Hampshire

656.21.21,156153.116

New Jersey

4,040.21.31,39961.745

New Mexico

825.41.3890473.212

New York

9,453.51.51,63922.628

North Carolina

4,458.52.01,054233.212

North Dakota

414.31.51,021253.39

Ohio

5,363.20.71,035243.021

Oklahoma

1,617.01.1953354.33

Oregon

1,921.91.31,060213.39

Pennsylvania

5,850.31.11,146162.824

Rhode Island

474.70.81,104191.843

South Carolina

2,110.02.0901443.021

South Dakota

419.00.4865482.725

Tennessee

3,004.22.0996281.942

Texas

12,455.62.21,204113.116

Utah

1,501.43.0978323.116

Vermont

309.10.4950363.75

Virginia

3,896.91.21,186142.141

Washington

3,371.11.81,36874.91

West Virginia

687.10.3896453.212

Wisconsin

2,838.90.1992292.628

Wyoming

269.01.9948373.75

Puerto Rico

875.82.2553(3)-2.1(3)

Virgin Islands

36.69.6966(3)-1.0(3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, October 08, 2019