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19-711-CHI
Friday, June 28, 2019

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Ohio — Third Quarter 2018

From June 2018 to September 2018, gross job losses in Ohio totaled 268,421, while gross job gains numbered 247,650, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer, noted that gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 20,771. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 10,465. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Ohio’s rate of gross job lossesas a percent of private sector employment was 5.7 percent, lower than the national rate of 6.0 percent in the third quarter of 2018. The state’s rate of gross job losses has been below the U.S. rate in all but two quarters since the series began in September 1992. Gross job gains represented 5.3 percent of private sector employment in Ohio while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in the state has been below the U.S. rate in all but one quarter since the series began.

During the third quarter of 2018, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in 8 of the 11 industry sectors in Ohio. For example, within leisure and hospitality, closing and contracting establishments lost just over 52,000 jobs while opening and expanding establishments gained slightly more than 46,000 jobs. The resulting net loss of 6,072 jobs was the largest of any Ohio sector in the third quarter of 2018. In professional and business services, nearly 48,200 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, and almost 44,300 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments, resulting in a net employment loss of 3,889, the second largest among the state’s sectors. Ohio’s retail trade sector lost nearly 36,500 jobs at closing and contracting establishments and gained just over 33,200 jobs at opening and expanding establishments, resulting in a net loss of 3,249 jobs. (See table 1.)

Three industry sectors in Ohio had net job gains in the third quarter of 2018. Within the education and health services sector, opening and expanding establishments gained almost 38,700 jobs while closing and contracting establishments lost nearly 37,600 jobs, resulting in a net gain of 1,079 jobs. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by less than 1,000 in the transportation and warehousing and wholesale trade sectors.

Ohio was among the five states in the East North Central Census division. Gross job losses exceeded gross gains in all five states in the division in the third quarter of 2018. (See table A.) Four of the five states had rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate. Michigan’s rate of gross job losses exceeded the national rate. All five states had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.0-percent national rate.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, September 2018, seasonally adjusted
Area Gross job gains Gross job losses Net change Net change as
a percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment
Total As a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,448,000 6.0 7,421,000 6.0 27,000 0.0

East North Central (1)

992,584 1,083,980 -91,396

Illinois

289,306 5.6 295,943 5.7 -6,637 -0.1

Indiana

139,020 5.2 142,048 5.4 -3,028 -0.2

Michigan

190,601 5.0 232,016 6.2 -41,415 -1.2

Ohio

247,650 5.3 268,421 5.7 -20,771 -0.4

Wisconsin

126,007 5.1 145,552 5.9 -19,545 -0.8

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2018 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 24, 2019.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Ohio, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

243,678 264,245 257,964 260,528 247,650 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.3

At expanding establishments

208,223 226,439 224,239 220,118 211,968 4.5 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5

At opening establishments

35,455 37,806 33,725 40,410 35,682 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8

Gross job losses

262,622 241,351 233,979 250,063 268,421 5.7 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.7

At contracting establishments

225,425 205,476 201,433 213,673 229,619 4.9 4.4 4.3 4.6 4.9

At closing establishments

37,197 35,875 32,546 36,390 38,802 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-18,944 22,894 23,985 10,465 -20,771 -0.4 0.5 0.5 0.2 -0.4

Construction

Gross job gains

18,272 21,400 23,030 22,522 19,212 8.4 9.9 10.5 10.1 8.7

At expanding establishments

15,231 17,759 19,511 18,961 16,530 7.0 8.2 8.9 8.5 7.5

At opening establishments

3,041 3,641 3,519 3,561 2,682 1.4 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.2

Gross job losses

23,375 24,431 19,240 19,281 21,235 10.7 11.3 8.7 8.7 9.6

At contracting establishments

20,114 21,056 16,361 16,089 18,435 9.2 9.7 7.4 7.3 8.3

At closing establishments

3,261 3,375 2,879 3,192 2,800 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-5,103 -3,031 3,790 3,241 -2,023 -2.3 -1.4 1.8 1.4 -0.9

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

18,274 27,094 21,678 20,651 18,724 2.6 4.0 3.1 3.0 2.7

At expanding establishments

17,311 26,035 20,847 19,561 17,597 2.5 3.8 3.0 2.8 2.5

At opening establishments

963 1,059 831 1,090 1,127 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Gross job losses

22,354 16,278 17,875 17,867 21,530 3.3 2.4 2.6 2.5 3.0

At contracting establishments

21,028 14,911 16,676 16,428 20,541 3.1 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.9

At closing establishments

1,326 1,367 1,199 1,439 989 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Net employment change (2)

-4,080 10,816 3,803 2,784 -2,806 -0.7 1.6 0.5 0.5 -0.3

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

9,698 10,538 9,961 10,425 10,145 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.3

At expanding establishments

8,011 8,887 8,613 8,888 8,438 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.6

At opening establishments

1,687 1,651 1,348 1,537 1,707 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

9,895 8,991 8,511 8,729 9,893 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.7 4.2

At contracting establishments

7,834 7,162 6,818 7,087 8,034 3.3 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.4

At closing establishments

2,061 1,829 1,693 1,642 1,859 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-197 1,547 1,450 1,696 252 -0.1 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.1

Retail trade

Gross job gains

33,212 31,673 32,582 30,760 33,240 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.9

At expanding establishments

30,249 28,511 29,861 27,306 30,253 5.2 5.0 5.2 4.8 5.4

At opening establishments

2,963 3,162 2,721 3,454 2,987 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5

Gross job losses

35,319 32,439 30,219 35,370 36,489 6.2 5.6 5.2 6.2 6.5

At contracting establishments

31,560 28,930 27,831 32,400 31,117 5.5 5.0 4.8 5.7 5.5

At closing establishments

3,759 3,509 2,388 2,970 5,372 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.5 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-2,107 -766 2,363 -4,610 -3,249 -0.5 0.0 0.5 -0.8 -0.6

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

9,560 13,784 10,250 11,621 10,130 5.1 7.2 5.3 5.9 5.1

At expanding establishments

8,540 12,784 9,322 10,231 9,152 4.6 6.7 4.8 5.2 4.6

At opening establishments

1,020 1,000 928 1,390 978 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5

Gross job losses

9,004 8,229 11,905 9,303 9,337 4.9 4.4 6.2 4.7 4.7

At contracting establishments

7,769 7,120 10,954 8,277 8,485 4.2 3.8 5.7 4.2 4.3

At closing establishments

1,235 1,109 951 1,026 852 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4

Net employment change (2)

556 5,555 -1,655 2,318 793 0.2 2.8 -0.9 1.2 0.4

Information

Gross job gains

3,651 3,064 3,114 3,260 2,812 5.1 4.3 4.3 4.6 4.0

At expanding establishments

3,104 2,598 2,582 2,333 2,421 4.3 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.4

At opening establishments

547 466 532 927 391 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.3 0.6

Gross job losses

3,284 3,765 3,063 3,153 3,878 4.6 5.2 4.3 4.4 5.4

At contracting establishments

2,856 3,247 2,403 2,652 3,136 4.0 4.5 3.4 3.7 4.4

At closing establishments

428 518 660 501 742 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.7 1.0

Net employment change (2)

367 -701 51 107 -1,066 0.5 -0.9 0.0 0.2 -1.4

Financial activities

Gross job gains

12,677 11,898 12,517 13,107 11,180 4.4 4.1 4.3 4.5 3.8

At expanding establishments

10,453 9,584 10,357 10,857 9,122 3.6 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.1

At opening establishments

2,224 2,314 2,160 2,250 2,058 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

12,147 13,006 11,250 11,376 12,903 4.2 4.5 3.8 3.9 4.5

At contracting establishments

9,969 10,498 9,128 8,874 10,651 3.4 3.6 3.1 3.0 3.7

At closing establishments

2,178 2,508 2,122 2,502 2,252 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

530 -1,108 1,267 1,731 -1,723 0.2 -0.4 0.5 0.6 -0.7

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

40,641 47,132 44,486 46,945 44,290 5.6 6.5 6.1 6.5 6.1

At expanding establishments

34,033 39,399 38,489 39,235 37,072 4.7 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.1

At opening establishments

6,608 7,733 5,997 7,710 7,218 0.9 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

46,552 41,487 43,204 43,944 48,179 6.4 5.7 6.0 6.0 6.6

At contracting establishments

38,458 34,400 36,120 36,936 40,900 5.3 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.6

At closing establishments

8,094 7,087 7,084 7,008 7,279 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-5,911 5,645 1,282 3,001 -3,889 -0.8 0.8 0.1 0.5 -0.5

Education and health services

Gross job gains

35,772 33,153 34,449 36,453 38,675 4.0 3.7 3.8 4.0 4.3

At expanding establishments

31,116 28,710 30,647 31,133 33,522 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.7

At opening establishments

4,656 4,443 3,802 5,320 5,153 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6

Gross job losses

35,143 33,445 31,120 35,081 37,596 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.9 4.1

At contracting establishments

30,272 28,434 26,642 29,438 31,232 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.4

At closing establishments

4,871 5,011 4,478 5,643 6,364 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7

Net employment change (2)

629 -292 3,329 1,372 1,079 0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

49,282 50,194 51,021 49,898 46,015 8.9 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.1

At expanding establishments

39,468 40,411 41,374 39,145 36,988 7.1 7.2 7.2 6.9 6.5

At opening establishments

9,814 9,783 9,647 10,753 9,027 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.6

Gross job losses

50,609 46,075 44,927 51,696 52,087 9.0 8.2 7.9 9.1 9.2

At contracting establishments

43,131 38,632 38,195 43,902 43,977 7.7 6.9 6.7 7.7 7.8

At closing establishments

7,478 7,443 6,732 7,794 8,110 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-1,327 4,119 6,094 -1,798 -6,072 -0.1 0.7 1.0 -0.3 -1.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

9,149 10,249 10,236 11,293 9,918 6.1 6.8 6.7 7.4 6.5

At expanding establishments

7,648 8,226 8,837 9,401 8,250 5.1 5.5 5.8 6.2 5.4

At opening establishments

1,501 2,023 1,399 1,892 1,668 1.0 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.1

Gross job losses

11,103 9,738 9,648 10,092 10,873 7.3 6.5 6.4 6.6 7.1

At contracting establishments

9,304 7,995 7,692 8,200 9,240 6.1 5.3 5.1 5.4 6.0

At closing establishments

1,799 1,743 1,956 1,892 1,633 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-1,954 511 588 1,201 -955 -1.2 0.3 0.3 0.8 -0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
Sept.
2018

United States(1)

6.0 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.1 5.6 5.4 5.8 6.0

Alabama

6.0 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.9

Alaska

8.7 9.7 9.8 10.9 8.9 10.8 10.2 8.8 10.7 10.6

Arizona

6.6 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.6 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.9 5.0

Arkansas

5.8 6.1 5.4 5.0 6.0 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.6 5.5

California

6.5 6.9 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.0 5.9 6.3 6.2

Colorado

6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.8

Connecticut

5.4 5.3 5.1 5.8 5.2 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.6

Delaware

6.4 7.0 7.1 6.5 5.6 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.0 6.6

District of Columbia

5.4 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.7 5.5 5.5

Florida

5.8 8.2 6.1 6.5 6.7 7.5 5.3 5.5 6.1 5.7

Georgia

6.2 6.9 6.5 6.2 6.7 6.1 5.6 5.6 6.4 6.2

Hawaii

5.4 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.8 5.5 5.5

Idaho

6.7 7.4 7.9 7.3 6.8 6.8 6.6 5.9 6.7 6.9

Illinois

5.6 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.6 6.0 5.3 5.1 5.5 5.7

Indiana

5.4 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.4

Iowa

5.5 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.7

Kansas

6.3 5.9 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.7

Kentucky

6.0 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0

Louisiana

6.2 6.2 6.5 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8 6.5 6.2

Maine

6.5 7.2 7.2 8.1 6.0 7.5 6.6 7.0 7.1 7.5

Maryland

6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.7 5.8 6.6

Massachusetts

5.4 5.7 5.4 6.1 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.4 6.2

Michigan

5.3 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.0 6.0 5.4 4.6 5.1 6.2

Minnesota

5.3 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.7

Mississippi

5.9 6.3 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.8 6.0 5.7

Missouri

5.9 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.2 5.7 6.0

Montana

7.2 8.5 7.8 8.0 7.2 7.9 7.4 7.1 7.8 7.9

Nebraska

5.9 6.2 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.8 6.0

Nevada

6.2 6.6 6.5 6.1 6.7 5.8 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.6

New Hampshire

5.5 6.7 6.1 6.7 5.6 6.6 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.8

New Jersey

6.0 6.4 5.6 6.5 6.0 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.3

New Mexico

6.6 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.5 6.2 6.4

New York

6.3 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.8 6.4

North Carolina

6.0 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.6 6.0 5.5 5.2 5.5 6.5

North Dakota

6.7 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.6

Ohio

5.3 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.7

Oklahoma

6.6 6.4 6.1 6.3 6.6 6.0 5.8 5.5 6.5 6.1

Oregon

6.6 6.8 7.8 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.0 5.6 6.2 6.3

Pennsylvania

5.5 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.2

Rhode Island

6.0 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.4

South Carolina

5.8 7.0 5.9 7.5 5.8 6.2 5.3 4.7 6.5 6.5

South Dakota

5.8 6.4 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.8

Tennessee

5.4 5.9 5.0 5.5 5.8 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.2

Texas

5.9 6.4 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.4

Utah

7.0 7.0 7.4 6.9 7.3 6.3 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.5

Vermont

6.5 7.4 6.4 7.2 6.9 7.8 6.5 7.0 7.3 7.4

Virginia

5.9 6.3 5.8 6.1 5.6 6.2 5.5 5.2 5.8 6.3

Washington

6.4 6.9 7.2 7.3 6.1 6.4 6.0 5.7 6.3 6.3

West Virginia

6.7 6.3 6.8 6.8 7.0 6.3 6.1 5.8 6.4 6.4

Wisconsin

5.0 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.1 5.7 5.0 4.7 5.5 5.9

Wyoming

8.7 8.7 8.4 8.2 8.2 7.9 8.4 8.0 8.3 8.3

Puerto Rico

4.5 7.1 8.4 8.0 7.2 6.8 11.8 6.8 6.2 5.8

Virgin Islands

4.2 9.2 12.0 12.5 10.9 11.6 28.2 16.8 8.6 6.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 28, 2019