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News Release Information

21-714-CHI
Friday, June 04, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Ohio — Third Quarter 2020

From June 2020 to September 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Ohio were 336,532, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 229,215, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 107,317 jobs in the private sector during the third quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 445,946. (See chart 1.)


The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the third quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 7.7 percent of private-sector employment in Ohio; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 9.4 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Ohio, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 285,310 in the third quarter of 2020, an increase of 116,108 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 51,222 jobs gained in the third quarter of 2020, an increase of 16,549 jobs from the previous quarter.


Gross job losses

In the third quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 5.3 percent of private-sector employment in Ohio; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.0 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Ohio, contracting establishments lost 194,738 jobs in the third quarter of 2020, a decrease of 378,883 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 34,477 jobs, a decrease of 41,723 jobs from the previous quarter.


Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in the 11 industry sectors in Ohio in the third quarter of 2020. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 37,086 jobs. This was the result of 72,280 gross job gains and 35,194 gross job losses. Three industries had net job gains of more than 15,000: retail trade (15,948), professional and business services (15,734), and education and health services (15,341).

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for fourth quarter 2020 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 28, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Third Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Ohio, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

253,121 269,713 239,254 203,875 336,532 5.3 5.7 5.1 4.5 7.7

At expanding establishments

213,213 227,670 202,346 169,202 285,310 4.5 4.8 4.3 3.7 6.5

At opening establishments

39,908 42,043 36,908 34,673 51,222 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 1.2

Gross job losses

275,676 249,121 264,866 649,821 229,215 5.9 5.3 5.6 14.4 5.3

At contracting establishments

237,935 210,728 229,589 573,621 194,738 5.1 4.5 4.9 12.7 4.5

At closing establishments

37,741 38,393 35,277 76,200 34,477 0.8 0.8 0.7 1.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-22,555 20,592 -25,612 -445,946 107,317 -0.6 0.4 -0.5 -9.9 2.4

Construction

Gross job gains

19,722 20,922 23,261 18,156 22,169 8.8 9.3 10.1 8.0 10.2

At expanding establishments

16,566 17,335 19,149 15,129 18,226 7.4 7.7 8.3 6.7 8.4

At opening establishments

3,156 3,587 4,112 3,027 3,943 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.8

Gross job losses

21,281 21,514 19,414 36,441 19,104 9.4 9.6 8.4 16.2 8.8

At contracting establishments

18,255 18,220 16,611 31,258 16,429 8.1 8.1 7.2 13.9 7.6

At closing establishments

3,026 3,294 2,803 5,183 2,675 1.3 1.5 1.2 2.3 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-1,559 -592 3,847 -18,285 3,065 -0.6 -0.3 1.7 -8.2 1.4

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

16,839 18,175 17,415 11,988 28,335 2.4 2.6 2.5 1.7 4.4

At expanding establishments

15,738 17,040 16,558 11,035 27,193 2.2 2.4 2.4 1.6 4.2

At opening establishments

1,101 1,135 857 953 1,142 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Gross job losses

22,631 19,717 20,035 63,847 22,603 3.3 2.8 2.9 9.5 3.5

At contracting establishments

21,451 18,346 18,986 61,868 21,234 3.1 2.6 2.7 9.2 3.3

At closing establishments

1,180 1,371 1,049 1,979 1,369 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Net employment change (2)

-5,792 -1,542 -2,620 -51,859 5,732 -0.9 -0.2 -0.4 -7.8 0.9

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

9,599 9,470 9,773 7,195 11,515 4.0 4.0 4.1 3.1 5.1

At expanding establishments

7,904 7,774 8,362 5,754 9,640 3.3 3.3 3.5 2.5 4.3

At opening establishments

1,695 1,696 1,411 1,441 1,875 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8

Gross job losses

10,092 10,578 9,115 22,218 10,001 4.2 4.5 3.9 9.7 4.5

At contracting establishments

8,424 8,629 7,534 19,437 8,254 3.5 3.7 3.2 8.5 3.7

At closing establishments

1,668 1,949 1,581 2,781 1,747 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.2 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-493 -1,108 658 -15,023 1,514 -0.2 -0.5 0.2 -6.6 0.6

Retail trade

Gross job gains

32,668 32,356 31,669 39,292 48,219 5.9 5.9 5.7 7.2 9.0

At expanding establishments

28,205 28,997 28,388 36,368 42,885 5.1 5.3 5.1 6.7 8.0

At opening establishments

4,463 3,359 3,281 2,924 5,334 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.0

Gross job losses

35,656 30,627 32,153 78,289 32,271 6.5 5.5 5.8 14.4 6.1

At contracting establishments

32,505 27,322 29,095 71,472 29,272 5.9 4.9 5.2 13.1 5.5

At closing establishments

3,151 3,305 3,058 6,817 2,999 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-2,988 1,729 -484 -38,997 15,948 -0.6 0.4 -0.1 -7.2 2.9

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

17,697 21,448 9,559 20,400 15,306 8.5 9.8 4.2 9.2 6.9

At expanding establishments

14,220 19,745 8,392 19,170 13,302 6.8 9.0 3.7 8.6 6.0

At opening establishments

3,477 1,703 1,167 1,230 2,004 1.7 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.9

Gross job losses

10,784 9,977 14,820 26,205 10,922 5.2 4.6 6.7 11.8 4.9

At contracting establishments

9,573 8,098 13,809 23,935 9,843 4.6 3.7 6.2 10.8 4.4

At closing establishments

1,211 1,879 1,011 2,270 1,079 0.6 0.9 0.5 1.0 0.5

Net employment change (2)

6,913 11,471 -5,261 -5,805 4,384 3.3 5.2 -2.5 -2.6 2.0

Information

Gross job gains

2,977 3,467 2,586 2,029 4,220 4.3 5.0 3.7 3.1 6.8

At expanding establishments

2,113 2,699 2,142 1,377 3,302 3.1 3.9 3.1 2.1 5.3

At opening establishments

864 768 444 652 918 1.2 1.1 0.6 1.0 1.5

Gross job losses

3,889 3,417 3,457 9,027 2,702 5.6 5.0 5.1 13.9 4.3

At contracting establishments

3,235 2,857 2,522 7,636 2,061 4.7 4.2 3.7 11.8 3.3

At closing establishments

654 560 935 1,391 641 0.9 0.8 1.4 2.1 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-912 50 -871 -6,998 1,518 -1.3 0.0 -1.4 -10.8 2.5

Financial activities

Gross job gains

12,676 12,678 11,092 9,494 12,008 4.3 4.3 3.8 3.3 4.3

At expanding establishments

10,666 10,055 9,243 7,258 9,853 3.6 3.4 3.2 2.5 3.5

At opening establishments

2,010 2,623 1,849 2,236 2,155 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

13,195 13,716 11,436 16,988 10,836 4.5 4.7 3.9 5.9 3.8

At contracting establishments

10,715 11,401 9,148 14,394 8,618 3.7 3.9 3.1 5.0 3.0

At closing establishments

2,480 2,315 2,288 2,594 2,218 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-519 -1,038 -344 -7,494 1,172 -0.2 -0.4 -0.1 -2.6 0.5

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

42,634 46,779 40,738 36,474 58,008 5.8 6.3 5.6 5.2 8.4

At expanding establishments

35,693 38,431 33,552 28,103 49,525 4.9 5.2 4.6 4.0 7.2

At opening establishments

6,941 8,348 7,186 8,371 8,483 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2

Gross job losses

49,898 47,284 45,813 93,817 42,274 6.8 6.5 6.3 13.4 6.2

At contracting establishments

41,660 38,600 38,644 84,659 34,291 5.7 5.3 5.3 12.1 5.0

At closing establishments

8,238 8,684 7,169 9,158 7,983 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-7,264 -505 -5,075 -57,343 15,734 -1.0 -0.2 -0.7 -8.2 2.2

Education and health services

Gross job gains

36,528 34,562 35,369 21,744 46,473 4.0 3.8 3.9 2.5 5.5

At expanding establishments

31,984 29,880 31,158 17,539 40,016 3.5 3.3 3.4 2.0 4.7

At opening establishments

4,544 4,682 4,211 4,205 6,457 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8

Gross job losses

38,825 33,216 33,870 84,209 31,132 4.3 3.7 3.7 9.6 3.6

At contracting establishments

33,432 27,886 30,165 76,343 25,911 3.7 3.1 3.3 8.7 3.0

At closing establishments

5,393 5,330 3,705 7,866 5,221 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-2,297 1,346 1,499 -62,465 15,341 -0.3 0.1 0.2 -7.1 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

48,310 54,575 44,201 27,593 72,280 8.5 9.6 7.7 5.5 16.0

At expanding establishments

39,162 43,412 34,364 20,159 56,636 6.9 7.6 6.0 4.0 12.5

At opening establishments

9,148 11,163 9,837 7,434 15,644 1.6 2.0 1.7 1.5 3.5

Gross job losses

54,571 45,415 59,627 182,695 35,194 9.7 8.0 10.4 36.4 7.7

At contracting establishments

46,159 38,229 50,939 152,204 28,633 8.2 6.7 8.9 30.3 6.3

At closing establishments

8,412 7,186 8,688 30,491 6,561 1.5 1.3 1.5 6.1 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-6,261 9,160 -15,426 -155,102 37,086 -1.2 1.6 -2.7 -30.9 8.3

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

10,320 10,872 10,176 6,918 15,438 6.7 7.1 6.7 4.9 11.6

At expanding establishments

8,334 8,609 8,377 5,306 12,781 5.4 5.6 5.5 3.8 9.6

At opening establishments

1,986 2,263 1,799 1,612 2,657 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.1 2.0

Gross job losses

11,066 10,001 11,416 31,774 8,473 7.2 6.5 7.4 22.6 6.4

At contracting establishments

9,189 8,039 8,917 26,679 7,015 6.0 5.2 5.8 19.0 5.3

At closing establishments

1,877 1,962 2,499 5,095 1,458 1.2 1.3 1.6 3.6 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-746 871 -1,240 -24,856 6,965 -0.5 0.6 -0.7 -17.7 5.2

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020

United States(1)

5.9 6.2 5.5 4.8 9.4 5.8 5.5 6.1 17.0 6.0

Alabama

5.8 6.2 5.5 4.8 7.8 5.9 5.5 5.9 12.6 5.9

Alaska

9.6 10.3 9.2 6.9 12.2 10.1 10.2 9.5 24.5 9.9

Arizona

6.3 6.4 5.6 5.7 7.9 4.9 5.2 5.9 11.7 6.2

Arkansas

5.6 6.5 5.1 4.8 7.5 5.8 4.9 5.5 12.0 5.6

California

6.3 6.8 6.1 5.2 8.7 6.0 6.0 6.7 18.6 7.3

Colorado

6.6 6.7 6.3 5.8 10.0 6.4 6.2 7.0 14.9 6.3

Connecticut

5.5 5.5 5.2 4.3 11.2 5.8 5.6 5.9 19.7 5.1

Delaware

6.2 6.7 6.2 4.9 10.3 6.3 6.2 6.6 17.7 6.3

District of Columbia

5.5 5.4 5.2 3.3 8.3 5.3 4.7 5.3 22.4 5.8

Florida

6.6 6.6 5.4 6.1 9.5 5.8 5.9 6.2 13.9 6.8

Georgia

6.2 6.5 5.6 5.4 9.2 6.0 5.5 5.9 15.0 6.4

Hawaii

5.6 5.7 5.2 3.6 7.4 5.2 5.2 5.8 29.8 12.7

Idaho

7.0 7.7 7.6 6.4 8.4 6.8 6.3 6.1 11.2 6.5

Illinois

5.0 5.6 5.0 4.6 9.7 5.6 5.2 6.0 18.4 5.6

Indiana

5.4 6.0 4.9 4.7 8.3 5.6 5.1 6.0 13.7 5.4

Iowa

5.3 5.8 5.2 4.4 7.4 5.7 5.5 5.9 13.0 5.6

Kansas

5.6 6.3 5.4 5.0 7.9 5.7 5.7 6.0 13.3 6.0

Kentucky

5.9 6.2 5.3 4.6 8.8 5.7 5.6 6.1 15.3 5.0

Louisiana

5.9 5.9 5.3 4.5 8.8 6.1 5.7 6.3 16.9 7.2

Maine

6.5 7.3 6.4 5.4 12.0 7.3 6.9 7.0 21.7 6.0

Maryland

6.2 6.4 5.7 4.7 11.0 6.3 5.9 6.7 21.9 5.9

Massachusetts

5.3 5.8 5.2 3.7 12.5 5.9 5.6 6.0 24.2 5.6

Michigan

5.1 5.8 5.0 4.0 10.9 5.9 5.3 5.7 20.7 4.8

Minnesota

5.4 5.8 5.0 4.3 9.0 5.8 5.6 5.6 17.6 5.4

Mississippi

5.7 6.2 5.6 5.1 8.7 5.7 5.6 6.2 12.9 5.5

Missouri

5.8 6.2 5.2 4.7 8.5 5.8 5.3 5.7 14.3 5.7

Montana

7.4 8.6 7.7 6.8 9.9 7.7 7.2 7.7 13.8 7.2

Nebraska

5.7 6.2 5.8 4.9 8.1 5.5 5.8 6.1 12.1 5.9

Nevada

6.1 6.8 5.4 5.3 12.8 5.5 5.0 6.3 29.2 6.4

New Hampshire

5.8 6.6 6.0 4.5 11.9 6.6 6.0 6.4 18.8 5.1

New Jersey

6.0 6.5 5.7 4.6 15.7 6.2 5.8 6.3 28.1 5.8

New Mexico

6.8 7.0 6.1 4.5 8.3 6.1 6.3 6.5 17.6 6.0

New York

5.8 6.0 5.5 3.9 13.3 5.9 5.7 6.4 26.9 5.9

North Carolina

5.8 6.3 5.8 4.8 8.5 6.0 5.4 5.7 14.5 5.6

North Dakota

6.5 6.7 6.8 5.2 8.8 7.1 6.6 7.0 17.2 6.9

Ohio

5.3 5.7 5.1 4.5 7.7 5.9 5.3 5.6 14.4 5.3

Oklahoma

6.4 6.5 5.4 5.6 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.7 12.3 6.4

Oregon

6.2 6.7 6.2 5.0 9.0 6.2 5.8 6.5 18.4 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.2 5.4 4.9 3.6 10.3 5.1 4.9 5.6 18.2 5.0

Rhode Island

6.0 6.5 6.1 4.5 12.9 6.2 5.9 6.5 25.2 5.3

South Carolina

6.0 6.5 5.5 5.1 8.8 5.9 5.9 6.6 14.9 6.1

South Dakota

5.9 6.4 6.0 5.1 8.6 6.0 5.8 6.6 11.6 5.5

Tennessee

5.5 5.7 4.9 4.4 8.1 5.1 5.0 5.3 13.7 5.4

Texas

5.9 6.0 5.0 4.7 7.2 5.3 5.1 5.5 13.6 6.0

Utah

6.8 6.8 6.6 6.5 9.1 6.3 6.3 6.4 10.9 6.2

Vermont

6.3 6.9 5.8 4.6 12.3 7.6 6.4 7.6 18.5 5.7

Virginia

5.5 6.5 5.6 4.7 10.2 6.3 5.5 6.1 18.2 5.3

Washington

6.1 6.6 7.4 4.9 8.9 6.1 5.8 7.4 16.9 6.2

West Virginia

5.9 6.2 6.0 5.1 8.8 6.7 7.1 6.8 13.8 7.0

Wisconsin

4.8 5.4 5.0 4.4 7.6 5.9 5.0 5.3 14.4 5.2

Wyoming

8.6 9.4 8.6 6.4 10.7 8.9 8.7 9.3 18.1 7.7

Puerto Rico

5.9 5.4 5.0 4.0 11.0 5.5 4.9 5.2 16.9 5.1

Virgin Islands

12.0 10.3 7.2 5.3 8.4 6.4 7.3 8.3 19.8 12.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 04, 2021